UAE tries to acquire strategic project nearby Sirte


UAE tries to acquire strategic project nearby Sirte

Sources revealed that the United Arab Emirates (UAE) has been trying to activate a secret strategic project in Libya to link the low lands, the desert south of the Gulf of Sidra, with the Mediterranean Sea. Abu-Dhabi is trying to compete with major countries such as the United Kingdom.

According to Al-Arabi Al-Jadid website, an unidentified source said that the first countries, including the UK, had put the project in front of the Libyan authorities since last decade. However, Muammar Gaddafi had obstructed it, but when the Dignity Operation, general Khalifa Haftar, controlled the oil crescent, nearby Sirte, the UAE was encouraged to communicate with Haftar to take the project.

The source commented that it looks like that the project was the most important reason for the UAE to support Haftar.

The source stated that if the sea waters reach the low lands of the desert through Sirte would bring positive impacts for Libya because it would improve the agriculture and animal wealth, it would also enable Libya to become a market between Europe and Africa. It would even make Libya attractive for the global attention, which is not accepted by the UAE; and that is why the UAE tries to compete with the big countries in Libya.

The sources added that Emirati officials had visited some areas around Sirte to explore the reality and to think practically to take the project.

The source stressed that the UAE would be shocked when it discovers that the British Petroleum (BP) is already carrying out oil exploration in the area since 2007. Moreover, the forces of Al-Bunyan Al-Marsous is one of the primary obstacles in front of the UAE.

The sources think that the UAE is ambitious to affect the Libyan ability in oil and gas production, adding that even Saudi Arabia, Russia, and France might exist in the area. The sources said that Egypt is trying to participate in executing parts of the project.

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LIBYA: THE NEW MAP WITH QADDAFI


LIBYA: THE NEW MAP WITH QADDAFI

Strategika51

In Libya, the money does not bring happiness and for some it’s hard to raise a new army. The son of Colonel Gaddafi is facing some difficulties to create the nucleus of a new armed force with which he intends to return to Tripoli.

However, Seif Al-Islam Gaddafi has strong advantages not least the support of the powerful tribal confederation Warfalla whose stronghold was never busy and always wears the green flag of the Libyan Djamahirya dismantled by NATO in 2011. alongside Warfallah Seif has the discreet but decisive support of certain factions of Zentene, a powerful military force of Tripolitania who held since 2011 and the Touareg and Toubbou Fezzan.

Seif Al-Islam Gaddafi has managed for now to raise funds and to reconnect with his old contacts in Ukraine for the supply of weapons in a country formally embargoed arms (not all since Marshal Haftar seems to have some facilities). He already has a relatively well-armed militia. One among thousands who swarm in Libya in the shadow of two rival governments manipulated by foreign powers. The challenge facing Seif al-Islam is to transform the militia into a powerful enough military force to impose and federate other power poles or face them. One thinks here of the Free Republic of Misrata, a bitter opponent of former loyalists or the Islamists who hold the capital Tripoli and its surroundings. Relations with powerful units Hafter Army still to be defined and still be a huge challenge for the future of Libya.

Another problem is the support of foreign powers in Gaddafi son project is far from over even if the latter eyeing towards Moscow and Beijing. Exit therefore France, South Korea, Denmark, the United Arab Emirates, Britain, Qatar and Turkey, all countries contributed to the destruction and the spread of chaos in Libya.

“These countries don’t have a milime (Penny) of dinar in the vast programme of contracts to rebuild the country once peace restored” swear those close to Seif.

It is therefore quite normal that the return of Gaddafi on the Libyan scene worried to no end the countries that supported the war in that country.

Libya – Why Was Muammar Gaddafi Killed – May We Never Forget Based on a Skype interview with Alex Knyazev, Russia TV24


Libya – Why Was Muammar Gaddafi Killed – May We Never Forget

Based on a Skype interview with Alex Knyazev, Russia TV24

Global Research, May 18, 2017
Russia TV24

The Text below is the transcript of the interview between Alex Knyazevof Russia TV24 and Peter Koenig.  

Questions Russia TV24: What were the reasons Mr. Gaddafi was killed and NATO invaded Libya?

PK: Mr. Muammar Gaddafi was certainly not killed for humanitarian reasons.

Mr. Gaddafi wanted to empower Africa. He had a plan to create a new African Union, based on a new African economic system. He had a plan to introduce the ‘Gold Dinar’ as backing for African currencies, so they could become free from the dollar dominated western monetary system, that kept and keeps usurping Africa; Africa’s vast natural resources, especially oil and minerals. As a first step, he offered this lucrative and very beneficial alternative to other Muslim African states, but leaving it open for any other African countries to join.

At the time of Gaddafi’s atrocious murdering by Hillary Clinton, then Obama’s Secretary of State, and the French President Sarkozy, driven by NATO forces, on 20 October 2011 – Libya’s gold reserves were estimated at close to 150 tons, and about the same amount of silver. The estimated value at that time was US$ 7billion.

Image result for libya gold reserve

It’s your guess who may have stolen this enormous treasure from the people of Libya. As of this date, it is nowhere to be found.

Gaddafi also wanted to detach his oil sales from the dollar, i.e. no longer trading hydrocarbons in US dollars, as was the US / OPEC imposed rule since the early 1970s. Other African and Middle Eastern oil and gas producers would have followed. In fact, Iran had already in 2007, a plan to introduce the Tehran Oil Bourse, where anyone could trade hydrocarbons in currencies other than the US dollar. That idea came to a sudden halt, when Bush (George W) started accusing Iran of planning to build a nuclear bomb which was, of course a fabricated lie, confirmed by the 16most prominent US security agencies- and later also by the UN body for nuclear safety – the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), in Vienna. Washington needed a pretext to stop the Tehran Oil Bourse which would have decimated the need for dollars, and thereby most probably would have meant the end of the dollar hegemony.

Saddam Hussein had the same idea. He promised as soon as the murderous and criminal embargo imposed by the UN – of course dictated by Washington – would end in 2000, he would sell his petrol in euros. He was killed.

Gaddafi’s new plan for Africa would have meant an entirely new banking system for Africa, away from the now western (mainly France and UK) central banks dominated African currencies. -It could have meant the collapse of the US dollar -or at least an enormous blow to this fake dollar based western monetary system.

So, the Gold Dinar was not to happen. Anybody – to this day- who threatens the dollar hegemony will have to die. That means anybody other than China and Russia, because they have already a few years ago largely detached their economy from the dollar, by implementing hydrocarbons as well as other international contracts in gold or the respective local currencies. That alone has already helped reducing dollar holdings in international reserve coffers from almost 90% some 20 years ago to a rate fluctuating between 50% and 60% today.

Related imageThe also Washington / CIA induced “Arab Spring” was to turn the entire Middle East into one huge chaos zone- which today of course, it is. And there are no plans to secure it and to return it to normalcy, to what it was before. To the contrary, chaos allows to divide and conquer – to Balkanize, as is the plan for Syria and Iraq. One of the Washington led western goals of this chaos of constant conflict is to eventually install a system of private central banks in the Middle Eastern / North African countries controlled by Washington – privately owned central banks, à la Federal Reserve (FED), where the neocons, the Rothschilds and freemasonry would call the shots. That is expected to help stabilize the US dollar hegemony, as the hydrocarbons produced in this region generate trillions of dollars in trading per year.

Gaddafi also wanted to introduce, or had already started introducing into Africa a wireless telephone system that would do away with the US / European monopolies, with the Alcatels and AT and T’s of this world, which dominate and usurp the African market without scruples.

Gaddafi was not only the leader of Libya, he had ambitions to free Africa from the nefarious fangs of the west. Despite being called a dictator and despot by the west – they do that to anyone who doesn’t submit to Washington’s rules – he was very much liked by Libyans, by his people. He had a more than 80% approvalrate by the Libyan people. Libya’s oil fortune has allowed him to create a social system in his country where everybody would benefit from their land’s riches – free health care, free education, including scholarships abroad, modern infrastructure, top-notch technology in medicine, and more.

Russia TV24: Why the gold dinar would be unacceptable for the western leaders? Or not?

PK: Yes, the gold Dinar was totally unacceptable for western leaders. It might have devastated the US dollar hegemony, as well as Europe’s control over the African economy – which is nothing less than neo-colonization of Africa – in many ways worse than what happened for the past 400 or 800 years of murderous military colonization and oppression -which is by the way still ongoing, just more discretely.

Image result for Alassane Ouattara

Look at the Ivory Coast 2010 presidential elections. Theirarguably ‘unelected’ President, Alassane Ouattara (picture on the right), was in a tie with the people’s candidate, Laurent Gbagbo. Gbagbo said he won the election and asked for a recount which was denied. Ouattara, a former IMF staff, was pushed in, basically by ‘recommendation’ of the IMF. He is the darling of the neoliberal international financial institutions – and is leading a neocon government – an economy at the service of western corporations. That’s what they wanted. That’s what they got. Modern colonization is well alive and thriving. I call this a financial coup, instigated by foreign financial institutions.

Image result for laurent gbagboMr. Laurent Gbagbo was accused of rape, murder and other atrocities and immediately transferred to the International Criminal Court (sic-sic) – what justice? – in The Hague, where he was waiting five years for a trial which started on 28 January 2016 and is ongoing. On 15 May 2017, it was extended at the Prosecutor’s request to collect further evidence. This by all likelihood is just a farce to dupe the public into believing that he is getting a fair trial. Already in hearings in 2014, Gbagbo was found guilty of all charges, including murder, rape and other crimes against humanity. Like Slobodan Milošević, he is an inconvenient prisoner, or worse would he be as a free man. So, he will most likely be locked away – and one day commit ‘suicide’ or die from a ‘heart attack’.  The classic. That’s how the west does away with potential witnesses of their atrocious crimes. End of story. Nobody barks, because the ‘free world’has been made believe by the western presstitute media that these people are inhuman tyrants. That’s precisely what the western media’s headlines proclaimed about Muammar Gaddafi: Death of a Tyrant.

On the other hand, in 2015, Ouattara was “reelected by a landslide”. That’s what western media say. Colonization under African ‘leadership’. He is protected by the French army.

Back to Libya: Take the specific case of France and West and Central Africa. The French Central Bank, the Banque de France, backs the West and Central African Monetary Union’s currency, the CFA franc. The West African Central Bank, for example, is covered, i.e. controlled, by about 70% of the Banque de France. Banque de France has an almost total control over the economy of its former West African colonies. No wonder, Sarkozy, a murderer and war criminal – sorry, it must be said, backed Hillary’s – also a murderer and war criminal, push for NATO to destroy the country and kill thousands of Libyans, including Libya’s leader, Muammar Gaddafi. Hillary’s infamous words: ‘We came we saw he died’. And that she said shamelessly, jokingly, laughing. Would the term human being still apply to such a monster?

Russia TV24: What countries are mostly interested in the Libyan recovery and why? What are the chances for the economy of Libya to be repaired?

PK: Well, if anybody should be interested in Libya’s recovery it would be first the Libyans who are still living in Libya, because they are now living in a Libya of chaos and high crime, of mafia-economics, of tyranny by gang leadership. They certainly have an interest to return to normalcy. North African neighboring countries should also be interested in restoring order and rebuilding Libya’s infrastructure and economy, stopping the spill-over of high crime and terrorism. They have lost an important trading partner.

Of course, the rest of Africa, who have suffered from continuous colonization of the west, after Gaddafi’s demise, should also be interested in reestablishing Libya. They know,it will never be the same Libya that was there to help their economy, to help them prying loose from the western boots and fangs of exploitation.

And Europe -should be most interested in reestablishing order and a real economy in Libya- cleaning it from a murderous Mafia that promotes drugs and slave trade ending up in Europe. Libya today is one of the key hubs for the boat refugees from Africa to Europe.Instead of helping Libyans to come to peace within its borders and to rebuild their country, the European Commission launched in 2015 a new European Border and Coast Guard Agency, targeting specifically Libya – destroying refugee boats, if they cannot stop them from leaving Tripoli, Benghazi and other Libyan Sea ports.

Of course, spineless Europe doesn’t dare saying they would like to remake Libya into a functional state.Libya is Washington’s territory – and Washington wants chaos to continue in Libya.As such Libya is a formidable ground for training and recruitment of terrorists, drug and slave trading; a country where crime prospers and the CIA takes their cut, as these criminal activities are directed by the CIA and their affiliates. The rest of the world doesn’t see that. For them it’s all the fault of the dictator Gaddafi, who thanks goodness was eliminated by the western powers, lords of money and greed.

Russia TV24: Decades ago Libya was very successful from an economic point of view. What main things could you remember?

PK: Libya was economically and socially a successful country, arguably the most successful of Africa. Prosperity from oil was largely shared by Gaddafi with his countrymen. Libya had a first-class social safety net, an excellent transportation infrastructure, free medical services, and modern hospitals,equipped with latest technology medical equipment, free education for everyone – and students could even receive scholarships to study abroad.

Image result for libya gaddafi

Under President Gaddafi, Libya built friendly relations based on solidarity with other African States and was always ready to help if a ‘brother nation’ was in trouble. Gaddafi was a bit like Hugo Chavez in South America. He had a large heart and charisma, maybe not so much for western leaders, but certainly for Libya’s own population. Yet, he is accused of tyranny by the West, and is said to having financially supported Sarkozy’s Presidential campaign – Sarkozy, the very ‘leader’ (sic-sic),who then helped Hillary lynch Gaddafi. If that doesn’t say a lot about Europe’s criminal leaders – what will?

Muammar Gaddafi was accused by Washington – an accusation immediately repeated by the spineless European puppets, of being responsible for the December 1988 PanAm Flight 103 bombing over Lockerbie, Scotland. More than 240 people perished in the crash. Not a shred of evidence was discovered that Libya was behind the plot. But it was a good reason to start a program of sanctions against Gaddafi’s regime. It was most likely a false flag. What interest would anybody have to bring down that flight, other than clamping down on an oil-rich country.

Russia TV24: Now we see oil production has grown to at least 50% of the 2011 level. Can we expect it to continue growing and affecting the oil market?

PK: Yes, Libyan oil production has increased to about 50% of its 2011 level. Libya is known for her high premium light petrol, commanding premium prices. It is a market niche which might well be affected by Libya’s stepped up production. But who really benefits from this production increase? – Most likely not the Libyans, but the international corporations, mostly American and French oil giants. They call the shots on the production levels. They are part of the international cartel of oil price manipulators, as are the Wall Street banksters,predominantly Goldman Sachs.

Russia TV24: The sanctions against Libya are lifted and all barriers for foreign investments have disappeared as well. Does it mean the county will face recovery soon?

PK: Sanctions may be lifted, but that does not mean that foreign investments will now flow to Libya. The country is still under chaos and disarray – and in my opinion will stay so in the foreseeable future. That’s in Washington’s interest.Investors are reluctant to put their money into a crime nest and a terrorist breeding ground which is working closely with Washington and its secret services – to provide terrorists to fight US-proxy wars around the Middle East, for example in Syria and Iraq – and now even in Afghanistan – and who knows where else.

Russia TV24:How do you assess the political situation in the country today?

PK: As much as I would like to end on a positive note, it is difficult. As long as the CIA, chief instigator of all wars in the Middle East, is using the purposefully created Libyan chaos to train and recruit Islamic State fighters, Al-Qaeda and other terrorist groups which vary only in name but have the same objective – namely regime change in Syria – prospects for a foreseeable bright future are dim.

Of course, a lot depends on the unpredictable Trump Presidency. Will he seek peace in the Middle East? – That would be the surprise of the Century – or will he continue on the track dictated by the Deep State (not least to save his skin) – continue destruction of the Middle East, Balkanization of Syria – all as a stepping stone to Full Spectrum Dominance – as is written in the American Bible – the PNAC – Plan for a New American Century – which outlines the ‘American Pax Romana’. They were the bloodiest 200 – 300 years of the Roman Empire. Here comes the positive note: It is unlikely that the American empire will last that long. It’s on its last legs.When it finally falters, Libya may recover, and so may the rest of the world.

Gaddafi’s Ghosts: The possible unexpected change can happen in Libya


Gaddafi’s Ghosts:  The possible unexpected change can happen in Libya
With the release of the eldest son of Muammar Gaddafi and the Libyan people protests, it is likely that the powerful Libyan Jamahiriya completely change the balance of forces in the country.
With the defeat of the regime of Muammar Gaddafi and his death with the help of NATO, it found the total control of the country had fallen into the hands of rebels and revolutionaries, thus ending the socialist movement and the state ideology known as Jamahiriya, whose leader was Gaddafi himself. 
However, recently it has been reported that the eldest son of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, was not executed, and has been released from prison, now he could return with this movement .  In his article  for RT, the Dan Glazebrook writer analyzes the possible unexpected change may have for the liberation of Libya Saif al-Islam Gaddafi.
According to the analyst, “during destruction operations in Libya by NATO, there were several actions during which were supposed to be going to symbolically crowned Western supremacy over Libya,” such as the “fall of Tripoli” in August 2011, victorious speeches Cameron and Sarkozy next month, and the execution of Muammar Gaddafi, who arrived shortly after. All this, according Glazebrook, were “Pyrrhic victory”. But the death penalty imposed on the eldest son of Gaddafi in July 2015 turned out to be “greatest victory”.
However, according to media, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi was released on July 6 by an amnesty law issued by the Government of Libya. The son of Muammar Gaddafi had been sentenced to death in late July 2015 by a court in Tripoli, which found him guilty of allegedly inciting the killing of protesters on February 17, 2011, when the country was experiencing violent protests by groups opposed to government , supported by US and its NATO allies to overthrow the then Libyan leader.

Shut hopes forever

From the point of view of the journalist, the trial “was never recognized by the elected government,” then he moved to Tobruk. “But Western media reported on the death sentence for the eldest son of Gaddafi” because, according to the analyst, “waiting off forever the hopes of the Libyan people for the restoration of independence, peace and prosperity of the country “. 
What was most important about the release of the eldest son of Gaddafi? According says Dan Glazebrook, the important thing was “the recognition by elected officials of Libya, that there is no future for Libya without the participation of Libyan socialist movement”. According to the analyst, “this movement never was”.Conversely, after attempts to suppress, the same “it reborn increasingly”.
From the point of view of a journalist, it was “the death penalty itself that triggered the most open and widespread manifestations of support for the previous government”, with protests held in August 2015 across the country. 
According to Middle East Eye, an average cited by Glazebrook, “protests have been a public representation of an open secret in Libya, the pro Gaddafi movement that existed since the revolution of 2011 has grown strongly, and stems from the dissatisfaction of many citizens about life in recent years. ” According to political analyst Mohammed Eljarh, “some who had initially supported the revolution in 2011, also joined the protests.”
“Most Libyans just want a quiet life. They do not care who controls the money from Libya, they want a comfortable life. That’s why Gaddafi remained in power for 42 years. In that time wages paid on time … and live cheaply was, “says Mohammed Eljarh.
In addition, the American magazine ‘Foreigh Policy’, Mohammed Eljarh  published protests pro – Gaddafi “have the potential to become a national movement against the revolution of 2011, among other things, why more and more Libyans are deeply disillusioned by their result and the atrocities and abuses committed by Gaddafi groups post since the revolution, which exceed by far those committed during the Gaddafi regime “.
At the same time, according to the article Glazebrook, “the Green Resistance” (pro Gaddafi forces) is becoming an increasingly “more influential within the Libyan National (LNA) Army” force. The LNA entered into an alliance with pro-Gaddafi tribes in the east, and began recruiting supporters Gaddafi open in their military structures.Gaddafi commander, Ali Kanna, for example, who fled Libya after the revolution in 2011, reportedly has been welcomed by the LNA. 

The journalist believes that it is most likely that the Libyan, “is back. Even more with the eldest son of Muammar Gaddafi, Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, released from prison”.

Europe did not listen: These are the ‘prophecies’ of Gaddafi and Assad met sadly
Several years before the deadly attacks in Europe, the leaders of Libya and Syria had already warned about the wave of terrorism with which the continent would find
While Europe is experiencing the consequences of the brutal  attacks  that rocked Brussels on March 22, killing 31 people, warnings about the possible increased terrorist threat in Europe began to ring several years earlier.
In 2011, the then leader Muammar Gaddafi Libya warned Tony Blair in two telephone conversations that his removal would open the door to the rise of Al Qaeda, which then undertake an invasion of Europe. In particular, he warned that the jihadists “want to control the Mediterranean and then attack Europe” as saying  ‘The Guardian’ .The same year, in an interview with France 24, Gaddafi  said  that “Libya plays an important role in security in the Mediterranean”.
In turn, in June 2013, Syrian President Bashar Al Assad also warned that if Europe began supplying weapons to the rebels, would strengthen the terrorists in the “backyard of Europe” and would cause chaos and poverty in Syria, he reported  ‘ The Telegpraph ‘ . Speaking to German newspaper ‘Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung’, Assad warned that lifting the arms embargo would also lead to “direct export of terrorism to Europe”. “Terrorists will be trained for combat and return home equipped with extremist ideology , ” he added the president.

“In Europe omit Brussels terrorists are the same who fought against al-Assad”

The head of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the Russian Parliament believes that the recent attacks show where it comes from the real threat.
“The perpetrators of the attacks in Brussels are the same jihadists who fought in Libya Muammar Gaddafi and Syria to  Bashar al Assad , ”  he wrote  in his Twitter account Aleksei Pushkov, director of the Foreign Affairs Committee of the State Duma of Russia. “That’s something that in Europe prefer to keep quiet , ” said the politician, who also expressed his condolences to the families of the victims of the attacks in Belgium.
“The time has come for Europe to understand where the real threat comes and forces with Russia,” Pushkov wrote. According to him, the terrorist attacks Tuesday in Brussels and Paris last November 13 who demonstrated the clear threat to the EU.
Source:

Pentagon Mercenaries: Blackwater, Al-Qaeda… what’s in a name?


Pentagon Mercenaries:
Blackwater, Al-Qaeda… what’s in a name?

By Finian Cunningham

CIA-linked private “security” companies are fighting in Yemen for the US-backed Saudi military campaign. Al-Qaeda-affiliated mercenaries are also being deployed. Melding private firms with terror outfits should not surprise. It’s all part of illegal war making.
Western news media scarcely report on the conflict in Yemen, let alone the heavy deployment of Western mercenaries in the fighting there. In the occasional Western report on Al-Qaeda and related terror groups in Yemen, it is usually in the context of intermittent drone strikes carried out by the US, or with the narrative that these militants are “taking advantage” of the chaos “to expand” their presence in the Arabian Peninsula, as reported here by the Washington Post.

This bifurcated Western media view of Yemen belies a more accurate and meaningful perspective, which is that the US-backed Saudi bombing campaign is actually coordinated with an on-the-ground military force that comprises regular troops, private security firms and Al-Qaeda type mercenaries redeployed from Syria.

There can be little doubt in Syria – despite Western denials – that the so-called Islamic State (IS, formerly ISIS/ISIL)) jihadists and related Al-Qaeda brigades in Jabhat al-Nusra, Jaish al-Fateh, Ahrar ash-Sham and so on, have been infiltrated, weaponized and deployed for the objective of regime-change by the US and its allies. If that is true for Syria, then it is also true for Yemen. Indeed, the covert connection becomes even more apparent in Yemen.

Last November, the New York Times confirmed what many Yemeni sources had long been saying. That the US-backed Saudi military coalition trying to defeat a popular uprising was relying on mercenaries supplied by private security firms tightly associated with the Pentagon and the CIA.

The mercenaries were recruited by companies linked to Erik Prince, the former US Special Forces commando-turned businessman, who set up Blackwater Worldwide. The latter and its re-branded incarnations, Xe Services and Academi, remain a top private security contractor for the Pentagon, despite employees being convicted for massacring civilians while on duty in Iraq in 2007. In 2010, for example, the Obama administration awarded the contractor more than $200 million in security and CIA work.

Erik Prince, who is based primarily in Virginia where he runs other military training centers, set up a mercenary hub in the United Arab Emirates five years ago with full support from the royal rulers of the oil-rich state. The UAE Company took the name Reflex Responses or R2. The NY Times reported that some 400 mercenaries were dispatched from the Emirates’ training camps to take up assignment in Yemen. Hundreds more are being trained up back in the UAE for the same deployment.

This is just one stream of several “soldiers of fortune” going into Yemen to fight against the uprising led by Houthi rebels, who are in alliance with remnants of the national army. That insurgency succeeded in kicking out the US and Saudi-backed president Abed Rabbo Mansour Hadi in early 2015. Hadi has been described as a foreign puppet, who presided over a corrupt regime of cronyism and vicious repression.

Since last March, the Saudis and other Persian Gulf Arab states have been bombing Yemen on a daily basis in order to overthrow the Houthi-led rebellion and reinstall the exiled Hadi.

Washington and Britain have supplied warplanes and missiles, as well as logistics, in the Saudi-led campaign, which has resulted in thousands of civilian deaths. The involvement of Blackwater-type mercenaries – closely associated with the Pentagon – can also be seen as another form of American contribution to the Saudi-led campaign.

The mercenaries sent from the UAE to Yemen are fighting alongside other mercenaries that the Saudis have reportedly enlisted from Sudan, Eritrea and Morocco. Most are former soldiers, who are paid up to $1,000 a week while serving in Yemen. Many of the Blackwater-connected fighters from the UAE are recruited from Latin America: El Salvador, Panama and primarily Colombia, which is considered to have good experience in counter-insurgency combat.

Also among the mercenaries are American, British, French and Australian nationals. They are reportedly deployed in formations along with regular troops from Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain and the UAE.

In recent months, the Houthi rebels (also known as Ansarullah) and their allies from the Yemeni army – who formed a united front called the Popular Committees – have inflicted heavy casualties on the US-Saudi coalition. Hundreds of troops have been reportedly killed in gun battles in the Yemeni provinces of Marib, in the east, and Taiz, to the west. The rebels’ use of Tochka ballistic missiles has had particularly devastating results.

So much so that it is reported that the Blackwater-affiliated mercenaries have “abandoned the Taiz front” after suffering heavy casualties over the last two months. “Most of the Blackwater operatives killed in Yemen were believed to be from Colombia and Argentina; however, there were also casualties from the United States, Australia and France,” Masdar News reports.

Into this murky mix are added extremist Sunni militants who have been dispatched to Yemen from Syria. They can be said to be closely related, if not fully integrated, with Al-Qaeda or IS in that they profess allegiance to a “caliphate” based on a fundamentalist Wahhabi, or Takfiri, ideology.

These militants began arriving in Yemen in large numbers within weeks of Russia’s military intervention in Syria beginning at the end of September, according to Yemeni Army spokesman Brigadier General Sharaf Luqman. Russian air power immediately began inflicting severe losses on the extremists there. Senior Yemeni military sources said that hundreds of IS-affiliated fighters were flown into Yemen’s southern port city of Aden onboard commercial aircraft belonging to Turkey, Qatar and the UAE.

Soon after the militants arrived, Aden residents said the city had descended into a reign of terror. The integrated relationship with the US-Saudi coalition can be deduced from the fact that Aden has served as a key forwarding military base for the coalition. Indeed, it was claimed by Yemen military sources that the newly arrived Takfiri militants were thence dispatched to the front lines in Taiz and Marib, where the Pentagon-affiliated mercenaries and Saudi troops were also assigned.

It is true that the Pentagon at times wages war on Al-Qaeda-related terrorists. The US airstrike in Libya on Friday, which killed some 40 IS operatives at an alleged training camp, is being trumpeted by Washington as a major blow against terrorism. And in Yemen since 2011, the CIA and Pentagon have killed many Al-Qaeda cadres in drone strikes, with the group’s leader being reportedly assassinated last June in a US operation.

Nevertheless, as the broader US-Saudi campaign in Yemen illustrates, the outsourcing of military services to private mercenaries in conjunction with terrorist militia is evidently an arm of covert force for Washington.

This is consistent with how the same groups have been deployed in Syria for the purpose of regime change there.

The blurring of lines between regular military, private security contractors with plush offices in Virginia and Abu Dhabi, and out-and-out terror groups is also appropriate. Given the nature of the illegal wars being waged, it all boils down to state-sponsored terrorism in the end.