“Atrocious crimes against the Libyan people” (memorandum of Dr. Saïf al-Islam Gaddafi)


“Atrocious crimes against the Libyan people” (memorandum of Dr. Saïf al-Islam Gaddafi)

Mid-November a report by CNN had caused an uproar. According to the American television channel, in Libya refugees are auctioned as slaves. On a recurring basis the main Western media report catastrophic conditions for refugees in Libya. But it does almost never mention how it came to these catastrophic and chaotic situations in Libya.

In October 2017. Dr. Saïf al-Islam Kadhafi, son of Muammar al-Gaddafi, wrote a memorandum for the postponement Herland. You can find more information about Saif Kadhafi in emissions that appear [www.kla.tv/11375, http://www.kla.tv/11613%5D.

Herland is a political portal on the Internet, which was founded by the Norwegian Hanne n Herland, writer and historian of religions. The internet portal has about a million visitors per month.

The memorandum of Saif al-Gaddafi was published in different languages in the world. Its goal is to clarify some facts and describe the terrible crimes committed against the Libyan people. The introduction of the memorandum indicates that these crimes were committed in the name of humanitarian military intervention. He said that civilians must be protected, introduced democracy and prosperity. The Member States of NATO attacked Libya with all the weapons at their disposal, and with the help of some Arab States and some Libyans. The justification was as phony as that of the military intervention in Iraq in 2003, because it was actually the systematic destruction of a sovereign State and a peaceful nation. The memorandum aims to publicize the crimes committed by the international community, human rights organizations and other non-governmental organizations (NGOs). The Libya and its people in their tireless efforts should be helped to rebuild this small country. This is for the submission of the memorandum.

SAIF Kadhafi tells how the supposedly peaceful uprising began early 2011 as part of the Arab and how a propaganda machine against Muammar al-Gaddafi has in the meantime been put on. The cruel crimes perpetrated by the so-called peaceful demonstrators are listed with their sources.

The second part describes how the International Criminal Court (ICC) has implemented two weights and two measures in the Libyan civil war and in the intervention of NATO. While Libyan politicians were associated with fictitious crimes, the barbaric murder of Kadhafi and his son al-Moutassim by militias supported by NATO was ignored and not sentenced.

In a third part are listed the human rights violations committed by Libyan militias and their leaders. The militias have also practiced ethnic cleansing, the traffic in organs of prisoners, etc. In addition, militias and their leaders have destroyed vital Libyan infrastructure, as Tripoli airport and the air fleet, in July 2014. All these crimes have been ignored by the international community and United Nations agencies.

Finally, the fourth part of the memorandum lists the atrocities committed by NATO against the civilian population. Many civilians have been killed by NATO air operations. After that NATO had helped the militias to govern the Libya, still more terrible terrorist crimes have been committed against Libyans and foreigners. Human Rights Watch had reported all these victims and, in some cases, NATO admitted that she was responsible for the deaths of these innocent people. However, the International Criminal Court has issued no arrest warrant against militia leaders or NATO forces.

If the memorandum of Saif Gaddafi is true, the International Criminal Court would be a Stirrup of the United Nations and NATO, a political instrument for the further justification for war crimes. Human rights violations are not reported because the human rights would be violated, but only in order to obtain the benefits in terms of power politics. The Libyan case was intended to get rid of a bad leader, Muammar al-Gaddafi, despite the disastrous consequences for the country.

Subsequently, we publish the memorandum drafted by Mr. Saïf al-Islam al-Gaddafi, which appealed to many sources. The translation of Arabic to the french has been verified by Klagemauer.TV.

voir le memorandum: https://www.kla.tv/index.php?a=showlanguage&lang=fr

de dd

Liens : [1] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=POlbi9R9zdg
THE HANGING OF A LIBYAN SOLDIER IN THE STREETS OF BENGHAZI IN 2011 [2] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sRqj8GwtW0
CIVILIANS DRIVING TANKS IN THE STREETS OF BENGHAZI [3] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MxOEzgnqViE
BURNING AND EATING THE LIVER OF A SECURITY OFFICER IN 2011 IN THE CITY OF MISRATA [4] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jan/08/libyan-revolution-casualties-lower-expected-government
THE GUARDIAN REPORT ON THE ACTUAL NUMBER OF DEATHS IN THE 2011 WAR AMNESTY REPORT [5] https://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2012/11/14/amnesty-international-and-the-human-rights-industry/
RAPE CLAIMS [6] www.theguardian.com\world\2011\jun\09\libya-mass-rape-viagra-claim
RAPE CLAIMS IN 2011 [7] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dRBAKDnIoo
THE LIBYAN PILOTS IN MALTA [8] https://www.hrw.org/ar/world-report/2012/country-chapters/259719
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT [9] https://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2012/11/14/amnesty-international-and-the-human-rights-industry/
RAPE CLAIMS [10] https://www.hrw.org/news/2011/08/01/handing-qaddafi-get-out-jail-free-card
CRIMINAL JUSTICE COURT REPORT ON MUAMMAR QADDAFI, SAFI AL ISLAM AND ABDULLAH AL SANUSSI [11] https://www.icc-cpi.int/libya/gaddafi/Documents/GaddafiEng.pdf
CRIMINAL JUSTICE COURT REPORT ON SAIF AL ISLAM [12] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpBjcD8Mac8&bpctr=1472059121
MUAMMAR AL QADDAFI’S DEAD BODY [13] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pknYlmQSks&oref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D4pknYlmQSks&has_verified=1MUTTASIM
MUAMMAR AL QADDAFI’S BEFORE-AFTER DEATH FOOTAGE [14] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kqq_W4NhlFo
ABDULLAH AL SANNUSI’S IMPRISONMENT IN MILITIA’S PRISONS [15] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14786753
BBC REPORT ON ABDULHAKIM BELHAJ LIBYA [16] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReQ2MGUmXWA
GENERAL AMNESTY LAW [17] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUHodoC24Uk
SHELLING BANI WALID IN 2012 BY THE NEW GOVERNMENT’S MILITIAS IN 2012 [18] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yG-SJoFJn3o
BURNING OF HOUSES AND PROPERTIES IN THE CITY OF WERSHIFANA IN 2014 [19] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fIa5LPIIldw
A WIPEOUT OF THE CITY OF SIRTE BY THE SO CALLED “REBELS” IN 2011 [20] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZW96ltI1qok
THE DISTRUCTION OF THE CITY OF BENGHAZI [21] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=abVGdkdWgj0&oref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DabVGdkdWgj0&has_verified=1MUAMMAR
QADDAFI’S CONVOY AFTER GETTING STRIKED BY NATO IN 2011 [22] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrfSrvseOCg
BURNING OF TRIPOLI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT [23] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mgWdxbQM-7Y
BURNING OF LIBYA’S AIERIAL CONVOY AND AIRPLANES IN TRIPOLI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT [24] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBE3yFCSYio
SATTELITE IMAGES OF THE BURNING OIL TANKS IN TRIPOLI [25] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8tpk0TRbTo
OIL TANKS BURNING FOOTAGE LINK [26] http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/323668.aspx
YOUSEF AL-GHERIANI’S COURT DECISION [27] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uE6eXHuWcU
AL-JFAARA FAMILY MASSACRE IN BANI WALID 2011 [28] https://www.rt.com/news/bani-walid-siege-source-211/
RT REPORT ON THE SIEGE OF BANI WALID AND CHILDREEN DEATHS IN THE CITY BY MILITIA SHELLINGS [29] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTUdWFjnmHI
AL-KHWAILDI’S FAMILY MASSACRE BY NATO IN 2011 [30] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uE6eXHuWcU
MAJER MASSACRE BY NATO IN THE CITY OF ZLITIN 2011 [31] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t0ubOqaQk4
THE MURDER OF SAIF AL ARAB MUAMMAR AL QADDAFI BY NATO IN 2011 [32] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uopl8o27TRc
KIDNAPPING AND TORTURING THE ISLAMIC SCHOLAR AL MADANI AL SHWEERIF BY “THE REBELS” [33] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wrxLM7xgpg
HUSSAIN AL KARAMI’S (ISIS TERRORIST) FRIDAY PRAYER SPEECH IN THE CITY OF SIRTE [34] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYupUv6v9GM
THE FORCE-ENTRY OF MUHAMMED HASSAN’S HOME BY THE SO-CALLED REBELS IN 2011 [35] https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/12/03/interview-dark-inside-libyas-prisons
HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT ON THE DARK PRISONS OF LIBYA [36] http://www.masress.com/tahrirnews/311658
THE KILLING OF THE EGYPTIAN POPE IN THE CITY OF MISRATA IN 2012 [37] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/15/isis-21-egyptian-coptic-christians-beheading-libyaTHE
MURDER OF 21 EGYPTIAN CHRISTIANS BY ISIS TERRORISTS IN THE CITY OF SIRTE [38] http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/11548360/Islamic-State-murders-30-Ethiopian-Christians-in-Libya.html
THE MURDER OF 30 ETHIOPIAN CHRISTIANS IN LIBYA [39] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/05/american-teacher-ronnie-smith-shot-dead-jogging-benghazi
MURDERING OF THE AMERICAN TEACHER IN THE CITY OF BENGHAZI [40] https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/05/red-cross-staff-member-killed-libya-sirte
THE MURDER OF THE RED CROSS CREW IN THE CITY OF SIRTE [41] http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-22260856
THE FRENCH EMBASSY’S BOMBING IN TRIPOLI [42] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Arl2mY01l8
US EMBASSY ATTACKS IN BENGHAZI 2012 [43] https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMJVAMD7axg
TONY BLAIR ADDMITING THE “MISTAKE” OF THE INVASION OF IRAQ [44] http://www.ahmedmaiteeg.com/%D8%B9%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D8%A3%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%AF-%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%B1-%D9%85%D8%B9%D9%8A%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%82/
AHMED MAETIEG’s WEBPAGE [45] http://www.unmultimedia.org/arabic/radio/archives/195390/#.V74RTvkrKUk
NIHAD MAETIEG SPEECH ON one WEBPAGE [46] http://www.who.int/countryfocus/cooperation_strategy/ccsbrief_lby_en.pdf
WORLD HEALTH organization REPORT ON HEALTH-CARE IN LIBYA [47] http://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/about_us/166.htm
LIBYAN OIL EXPORT REPORT IN 2015 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hanne_Nabintu_Herland
https://libyaagainstsuperpowermedia.org/2017/10/23/exclusive-memorandum-on-Libya-fabrications-against-the-State-leadership-and-army-by-Dr-Saif-al-Islam-Gaddafi/

 

Advertisements

UAE newspaper: Qatar directed its allies the need to assassinate Saif al-Islam to prevent the organization of elections in Libya


UAE newspaper: Qatar directed its allies the need to assassinate Saif al-Islam to prevent the organization of elections in Libya

Abu Dhabi

I learned the newspaper “the statement” the UAE, the Libyan parties linked to the Doha system is currently working to shuffle the cards again in the country to prevent organized elections expected in the second half of this year.

Well-informed military sources in the western region’s “statement”, Qatar and directed its allies the need to prevent the elections organisation through the broadcast of chaos in the capital of Tripoli, and that both the terrorist Abdul Hakim Belhadj, Aamir Aljmahh fighter for al-Qaeda, the Muslim Brotherhood, and their terrorist Mufti Sadiq al-Ghiriani, and some guerrilla leaders “duress”, and prominent political figures from within the General National Conference ended its legitimacy, recognised the country planned to prevent Libya out of the dark tunnel which occurred seven years ago, driven by finding that any democratic election Transparent and fair, under international supervision, would be in their best interest.

The liquidation of Saif al-Islam

Qatar’s plan does not stop at this point, but includes another chapter on the work on the liquidation of Dr. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi. According to tribal sources, Qatar sought to convince its followers to monitor and liquidate it.

Adding that the leaders of political Islam and Qatari officials were surprised by supporters of the public system crawling on the electoral registration system to register after the word Seif al-Islam delivered on his behalf by his lawyer Khaled al-Zaidi.

They are sure that the Muslim Brotherhood candidates will face a severe electoral defeat that will necessarily lead them to return to their true size and remove them from the government. This may expose them to prosecution at home and abroad on charges of involvement in civil strife, murder, torture, terrorise and loot the country.

The sources said that the Qatari regime believes that the elimination of Saif al-Islam is necessary because of his influential icon in his father’s supporters, especially between the tribes and cities in the central regions and the west and south of the country.

The sources added that Qatar informed its allies in Libya that the liquidation of Saif al-Islam could lead to civil war, which could benefit from the forces of political Islam, first by eliminating a fierce competitor that differs intellectually  and ideologically, and has a clear popularity, and second postponement of the political solution until it is possible to put hands on all joints of the state.

Previous attempts

According to media reports, Qatar had previously sought the assassination of Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, when aircraft of the “Dawn of Libya” in the spring of 2015 bombed sites in the city of Zintan believed that Gaddafi resides in, and later found he was transferred after the Battalion received the “Abu Bakr Al-Siddiq”, which carried out his protection of an urgent warning from the “special services”.

The sources, who declined to be identified, said that a decision was taken to attack the capital Tripoli in the process similar to the “Dawn of Libya” in the summer of 2014, and militias from the cities of Misurata and Zawiya alongside the fighters of the defense of Benghazi, and some of the militias of the Western Mountain, Sabratha, and others will participate in the expected attack.

Sources added that the leaders of the “political” “Islam” in Libya during the past few days had meetings with Qatar officials in Doha, Istanbul and Tunisia to agree on the details of the plan, which should begin with some preliminary actions and publication of materials from the Qatari or sub-Qatar Media about the “impossibility of holding elections”, as well as refusal to support the “international” “political” “decision”.

As in the organisation of information campaigns, talking about civil war will lead to the victory of Jamahiriya supporters in elections.

The sources pointed out that the attack on Tripoli’s decision is ready, and most of the militias that will participate in, are those that have been expelled from the capital during the past year by militias belonging to what is called the Presidential Council of the Government of reconciliation from the West – centred.

Note: Well, the murder of Saif is beneficial to all rats without exception – from Haftar to Beljaz and Seraj in Tripoli and Salah Badi in Misurata.

EXCLUSIVE Memorandum on Libya: Fabrications against the State, Leadership and Army – by Dr. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi


EXCLUSIVE Memorandum on Libya: Fabrications against the State, Leadership and Army – by Dr. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi

Dr. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi is the son of the late Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi. This memorandum has been given to The Herland Report

In the Name of Allah (God) the Most Gracious and Compassionate.

This memorandum aimed to pinpoint some of facts that the Libyan people were subjected to during the past six years where the most horrendous crimes were committed against its people, writes Dr. Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, son of the late Libyan leader, Muammar Gaddafi.

These crimes were committed under the name of human intervention, protection of civilians, introducing democracy and prosperity where the NATO forces, with the help of some Arab countries and a few Libyans, attacked Libya with all weapons under its disposal. The justifications put forward were as false as the invasion of Iraq in 2003, and in fact it was a systematic destruction of a sovereign country and a peaceful nation.

Thus far, this memorandum is trying to present these crimes to the international community, human rights organisation and NGOs in order to stand by Libya and its people in its countless efforts to rebuild this small country.

Libya on the Cross Roads: The Beginning

Libya’s agony began on 15th February 2011 when a number of protests gathered, in its routine, to demonstrate in support for the Abu Saleem prisons incident. The demonstration was soon hijacked by elements of Jihadist groups such the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group LIFG. They attacked police stations and army barracks in Derna, Benghazi, Misratah and Al-Zawayh aiming at collecting weapons to be used in their planned war against the Libyan people and its legitimate government.

All these actions accompanied by a propaganda machine were launched by Aljazeera channel, Al-Arabiya, BBC, France 24 and others which were encouraging the Libyan people to confront the state police who try to protect governmental buildings and people’s properties from attacks and lootings.

Horrific scenes unfolded in the streets, bridges, and security forces buildings where the demonstrators committed unspeakable crimes against humanity. Security forces, military personnel and policemen were slaughtered as their throats were cut, their hearts were taken out of their bodies and their bodies cut into pieces in a real show of brutality and savageness.

For instance, in the first day of unrest 16-02-2011 and in the city of Misrata, the so called peaceful demonstrators have killed and burnt a man named Musa Al-Ahdab.  On the same day and in Benghazi a police officer was killed and his limbs were cut in pieces (1).

Those barbaric actions were committed by the armed demonstrators as they were using tanks, machine guns and anti-aircrafts machine guns throughout the cities of Misrata, Benghazi and Al-Azawiyah (2). These acts and scenes are well documented and can be seen on YouTube (3) and across social media.

Thus, the fallen victims were in their tens contrary to what was reported by the biased media. According to Aljazeera, Al-Arabiya and the Libyan oppositions groups, by the end of 2011 the number of people killed reached 50,000. However, in 2012 Abdulrahaim Alkeeb’s government announced that the number of victims from 17th February 2011 to the end of the war in October 2011 were 4,700 including the people who died via natural death (4). The highly claimed number of victims remained statistics figures without releasing the victims’ names or their identity as well as to claim for compensation from the governments.

The propaganda campaign and lies that accompanied the military insult did not stop at the aggregation of the victims but claimed that the regime used military aircrafts to attack the civilians, reported rapes by the army and security forces (5), Viagra found in tanks (6), African and Algerian mercenaries fighting along the Libyan army and the airmen defections to Malta (7). None of these claims proven until today and in fact bears any truth what so ever. UN, Western investigations, Amnesty International and the Human Rights Watch (8) have not proven any case of rip from the total of 8000 reported cases by the Libyan opposition figures.

In fact, all these cases were fabricated and lacked credibility. On the same ground, the use of Mirage aircraft from Al-Weathy airbase in the far West of Libya to attack the civilians in Benghazi also bears no weight as these aircrafts could not attack targets in Benghazi and return to its base in the West due to the distance and fuel consumption. It is impossible for this type of aircraft to attack targets in 1500 KM and return without refuelling as well as there were airbases around Benghazi accessible to the Libyan government to be used if needed.

Also, the Viagra found in tanks story was fallen on the same trap as the Libyan army has a professional, moral young army that neither think to commit such crimes nor need Viagra to activate their sexual desires. These fabricated stories are merely a SEX IT UP on the same line with the Iraqi seven minutes WMDs attack. Now, the Iraqi and the Libyan cases became laughing matters by the Iraqi, Libyan people, the American and the European media. (AMNESTY REPORT) (9)

The International Court of Justice (ICC)

The ICC issued a warrant (10) of arrest for Muammar Qaddafi, Saif Al-Islam Qaddafi  (11) and Abdullah Al-Senussi in 2011, charged with crimes against humanity allegedly committed in Libya. Despite the seriousness of the crime, the ICC has not conducted any investigations on the ground (Libya) as well as it reached its conclusions and identified the perpetrators within two weeks from the UN resolution for the ICC to proceed its work. The timing given for the charge to be announced was not presented and was not enough to even issue and investigate traffic penalties.

In this effect, Al-Jehani, the ICC-Libyan government coordinator, asserted that, “the ICC case against Libya was purely political because the NATO countries order the National Transitional Council (NTC) to prepare a list of officials for the ICC to be charged for crimes against humanity”. The NTC assigned Al-Jehani to prepare the list who produced and presented tens of names, however, the ICC selected only the above three names.

In his statement Al-Jehani also added that all the accusation was fabricated. He also asserted his views when he met Saif Al-Islam and told him that it’s impossible for the Libyan judiciary to find you guilty. Al-Jehani added that we (Al-Jehani and his team) fabricated this case against him because we simply knew in advance that the criminal part is a lost case but we brought it forward to implicate Saif Al-Islam in financial and corruption cases. Al-Jehani has justified his fabrications and lies as these lies are permissible during wars but it’s hard to be proven in the law of court, (Al-Jehani statement documented on 1/1/2012 and field in Al-Zintan court).

The ICC adopted a double standard on Libya’s civil war and the NATO intervention, implicating the Libyan political figures in fabricated crimes where ignored and failed to condemn the barbaric killing of Qaddafi (12) and his son Al-Motassem by the NATO backed militias (13).  

The only action the ICC made was to drop the case against Qaddafi after his death. However, the ICC had a strong case as the killing was well documented by the media and needs no evidence to bring those responsible to justice. The ICC could also easily reach and arrest these perpetrators as they assumed political positions and diplomatic posts in various European capitals.

A similar position was taken by the ICC against Abduallah Al-Senussi who was kidnapped from Mauritania by the Libyan government (14), it stopped calling for his extradition to stand trial at the ICC. It did not even follow his human rights violation and inhuman treatment in the militia’s prison even though he has been imprisoned by the well-known notorious jihadists, the Libyan Fighting Islamic Group. The head of the prison is the leader of LIFG, Abdul Hakiem Belhadj.

Belhadj is well-known to the CIA and Western governments. The CIA arrested him after his escape from Kandahar, interrogated and extradited to Libya in 2002 charging with terrorism (15). In 2009, he and the LIFG members were released from prison under the General Amnesty Law (16). Belhadj terrorist record speaks for itself. In 1994-97, he ordered a slaughter of 225 people and ordered the killing of the German tourists, Steven Baker and his wife Manuela Spiatzier in 1997.

Nevertheless, he assumed a high-ranking position in Libya. He was a minister of Defence, and is responsible of Tripoli security, General Manager of Libyan prisons and responsible directly of Al-Senussi cell. Bearing in mind Belhadj’s criminal record, the ICC expressed its reassurance that Al-Senussi is in the safe hands and supported his trial in Libya.

The NATO and small Gulf countries ignored Belhadj terrorist activities and recognised him as a political and military leader and above all a businessman. He owned the biggest TV station in North Africa, biggest airline company in Libya, cement factory, properties in Spain and Turkey and a private airport in Tripoli. This airport, however, has been used to channel and transport the terrorists from Libya to Syria. These terrorists were financed which was estimated to be 160 billion worth of dollars in 2010. Belhadj and others are responsible of the misuse of Libya’s assets and putting an end to Libya’s development plan worth 200 billion of dollars according to the World Bank. Belhadj is one example to the warlords’ lavish life where the ordinary Libyan citizens were plunged into severe poverty.

The Militias Human Rights Abuses

The militias’ leaders and war lords has committed heinous crimes against humanity, destroyed cities and vital infrastructures throughout the past six years. The following are few of the listed crimesPeople were burned, cooked alive and subjected to the ugliest forms of torture. Political prisoners, security personals and soldiers were thrown in the Iron and Steel smelting furnaces plant of Misratah. Above all, the militias traded in the prisons’ human organs. With the Libyan political scene growing more complicated, IS has also added more atrocities by slaughtering, crucifying people and cutting their organs in dramatic senses.

Unprecedented racial and ethnic cleansing, genocide was committed against five Libyan cities and its people. 55% of Libyan people were forced to flee their country to the neighbouring countries. In addition, hundreds of houses were burnt in Bani Walid (17) and five other cities in Warshafana (18).

Furthermore, the destruction and flattening of the city of Sirte (19) and bombardment of residential populated areas in Benghazi (20) and Dernah. Even the cosmopolitan Tripoli faced the same faith of ethnic and racial cleansing especially in the areas loyal to Qaddafi.

Besides the systematic human rights abuses, the militias and their leaders destroyed the Libyan essential infrastructures (21). In July 2014 (22), they set Tripoli airport (23) and the aviation fleet (24) on fire as well burning number 24 & 25 oil reservoirs (25). Despite the militias destructive actions and brutal torture, the international community and the UN legal bodies ignored all these crimes and failed to bring these warlords to justice (26).

NATO and Libyan Militias’ Atrocities against Civilian and Public Figures

The NATO military aircrafts targeted civilians across various Libyan cities, namely Zlitan, Sirte, Surman, Tripoli and Bani Walid. In the south of Zlitan and precisely in Majeer (27), 84 families mainly women and children were killed in cold blood while they were sleeping by NATO airstrikes (28). Media showed children’s bodies pulled out of rubble and a lady named Minsyah Khleifa Heblow was halved in two and others lay dead in a very disturbing scene.

In another case, the Khawildi Al-Ahmadi family was killed as NATO airstrikes hit their house and consequently killed two of their children (29). Also, Al-Jafarh family were killed in Bani Walid (30) as NATO targeted their house during the Holy month of Ramadan. Not to mention, the well documented and deliberate NATO Arial bombardment of Qaddafi and his convoy in Sirte and the killing of Qaddafi’s youngest son, Saif Al-Arab in his house in Tripoli (31).

The human rights abuse and systematic killing and torture of Libyan civilians continued after the militias assumed control of Libya. These people were civilians that did not participate in the civil war and the majority were old and cannot carry weapons. The popular comedian Youssef Al-Gharyani was detained and tortured by Al-Zawiyah militias.

Misratah militias has also detained and tortured the eighty-year-old and the Libyan Mufti in the 1970s, Al-Shaiek Al-Madani Al-Shwearief (32), because he did not approve and support the NATO intervention in Libya (33). The famous Libyan singer, Mohammed Hassan, was abused and put under house arrest (34). Others like the economist expert in the Ministry of Finance, Dr Abdul Hafied Al-Zalatni, was tried and sentenced to years of imprisonment.

Likewise, the Head of Islamic Call Society, Dr Mohammed Al-Shareef was sentenced for long term imprisonment. The Head of Customs Department and the Head of Training at the Ministry of Interior were also sentenced to long term imprisonment along with others who were sentenced to the death penalty and various terms of imprisonments. It’s rather absurd that these public figures were tried for drugs trafficking, human trafficking and rape in addition to 17 other charges (35). The question that presents itself is how all these old professional figures met and conspire together to commit crimes throughout a period of nine months?

After NATO helped those militias to rule Libya, more horrific terrorist crimes were committed against Libyan and foreign nationals. A Coptic man was killed at the Misratah’s battalion (36), murdering number of Coptic men in Sirte (37), murdering a number of Christian Ethiopian workers (38), murdering the American English teacher, Roni Smith, in Benghazi (39), killing the Red Cross staff inMisratah in 2014 (40) and the French Embassy bombing in Tripoli (41), above all, the murder of the American Ambassador in Benghazi, who helped and armed the militias throughout 2011 (42).

All the above victims were reported by the Human Rights Watch and in some cases NATO admitted responsibility of their death. 

However, the ICC turned a blind eye and failed to investigate such crimes despite various national and international bodies which demanded to initiate an open and transparent investigation as well as bringing perpetrates to justice. The ICC record showed failure in its responsibility regarding Libya’s civil war. It was evident as it has not produced a single warrant of arrest against these militia leaders and NATO forces. It seemed that it has been a deliberate policy of ICC to ignore these authentic crimes and only focuses on Saif Al-Islam indictment and trial.

When it comes to Qaddafi’s family, the ICC are seen not to be serious as in the case of Al-Saadi Qaddafi torture that the ICC prosecutor claimed that she is still investigating the case. However, he was shown in a video being interrogated and beaten in front of the camera. The same standard applied to the Abduallah Al-Senussi case where the ICC prosecutor claimed that she is still in deliberation of his death penalty. A similar claim was made by her predecessor regarding the bombing and killing of Qaddafi and hundreds in his convoy. The ICC never showed any seriousness in other crimes committed by the militias against thousands of Libyan people, except Saif Al-Islam in order to silent his voice and eliminate potential leadership.

The NATO countries and the Gulf mini-states should be held responsible for the chaos that has been created in Libya since 2011. They intervened in Libya in the pretext of Qaddafi killing his own people. The scenario of a leader killing his own people reminds us of Tony Blair (43)during the Iraq inquiry in 2016. He said it was “the right thing to do and if Saddam had remained in power during the Arab Spring he would have crushed the rebels”. By this kind of speculation, countries were destroyed, thousands of people were displaced and national assets were stolen. As a result of the NATO militarily intervention in Libya, Qaddafi, his sons and thousands of Libyan people were killed and millions more were displaced.

Six years on and the political settlement in Libya is far distant from being realised soon. With a glance, Libyan militias are fighting each other as well as Western countries military forces who are siding with different militias. France remains involved militarily and lost three soldiers in Benghazi in July 2016 by groups that were supporting the 2011 uprising. France then called the uprising a revolution that France ought to support and if its belief was true why is the war continuing today? And why 700 people mainly army officers assassinated? Why were the American Consulate Staff killed in Benghazi? Why the West ignoring is IS barbaric acts of cutting people’s throats in Sirte, Misratah and Dernah?

The answer to the later question is clear, those criminals were supported by the West in 2011 because they were fighting the apostate Libyan government as they claimed. Why was IS wearing the same Libyan soldiers uniform that was imported to the Libyan army in 2012, and who gives it to them?

Why did IS’ members receive a salary from the Libyan Defence Ministry? The answer to the above question is that search for the effective ruler of Libya namely Belhadj, Al-Shareef, the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group and their co-ruler, the National Congress members. Who governs Libya today is well known by Libyan people and by some international NGOs groups. Thus far, Libya today is under the rule of the Islamic Jihadist groups and the West is supporting them despite these groups’ crimes against Libya and its people.

At this moment of time, is it strange that the Western countries as far north as Norway and Canada and to the south, Malta and Italy, not to mention the Qatari forces, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Sudan and Morocco all assembled to launch a military aggression against civilians who were not being hostile against these countries, such as, Saif al-Arab Muammar Qaddafi and Khuwaylidi family and 84 of innocent victims of Madjer?

While these countries are patient and tolerant towards the supports of IS in Sirte, Misrata and Benghazi, they were also celebrating the IS bombings of the French and Belgium cities. Yet, the NATO countries and their allies should attack and bomb them as they did in Libya in 2011.

Finally, in complement of its series of crimes against the Libyans, the Western countries have appointed a war criminal who was responsible for the destruction of Bani Walid and killing of its children, “Abdul-Rahman Al-Swehli” as a head of Libya’s highest authority, the State Council and appointed his nephew, “Ahmed Maiteeq” Vice President, (44)  his niece “Nihad Meitiq” (45) General Director of the Foreign and his brother in law, Faiez Al-Saraj, head of the presidential Council. In addition, Al-Swehli struck a deal with Belhadj, commander of the Islamic Fighting Group, to take the Islamist share of the presidential election.

However, it is well known in Libya that if elections were to be held today, the above-mentioned persons will not guarantee and secure even their family members’ vote. Belhadj popularity was demonstrated in the parliamentary elections where he got only 50 votes in the Sauaq Al-Joumah district, which has a population of 250 thousand people.

Meanwhile and during writing these lines, the cities of Libya and its population including the capital city Tripoli where a third of Libyan population are inhabited, are suffering water shortages, living in darkness because of power cuts, lacking medical facilities and basic human needs. Per the UN, 65% of hospitals stopped working (46). Whereas the Libyan Dinar lost 300% of its value and oil production fell from 1.9 million barrels a day into 250.000 barrels (47).

To add to the suffering of Libyan people, main roads were cut due to the military operations and act of banditry by the criminal gangs, in addition to the military operations and bombing campaign that stretches from Derna in the east to Sirte to the West through Benghazi and Ajdabiya. The most dominant in the daily news are kidnapping for ransom and booming arms trade to the extent that it is sold through the Internet and advertised on Facebook.

In conclusion, we ought to thank our brothers in Qatar and the UAE, Sudan, Tunisia, the Arab League, the NATO countries, the European Union and the people who helped Libya become a failed state. After the release of Islamist political prisoners and others, Libya became a home for the largest private prisons run by families and militias.

Also, a country attracted investors from around the world to a state exporting migrants including its own citizens, 55% of its population migrated and took refugee worldwide. A state that combined the finest legal and constitution experts in the world, that were able to forge a new and modern constitution, now transformed to a state governed by 1500 militias. And finally, a state where a crime of theft was considered strange and unusual, to a state where human mutilated bodies and decomposed bodies were dumped on the streets and road sides, which became a routine and normal across the country every morning.


The Herland Report comments:

Saif Al-Islam Qaddafi and the ICC case

Before the uprising, Saif Al-Islam was the architect of the new Libya. He presented his new vision of Libya free of political prisons, committed to human rights charter, distribution of wealth, prosperity and democracy (48). He embarked on political and economic reforms in Libya whereby the radical Islamic prisoners gained their freedom, rehabilitated and engaged in the Libyan society. Once the violent uprising erupted in some Libyan cities, local sources confirm that he offered his help by engaging in human relief efforts to help the displaced people around the country, released the uprising prisoners, securing the Misratah people who caught on the cross fire and sheltered the Benghazi people who fled the fighting areas.

(Photo: Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, Getty)

He also called and supported the peace efforts to solve the Libyan civil war. According to sources on the ground, he asked the University of Sirte’s administration to print 5000 leaflets and distributed to the peaceful convoy to Benghazi contained observing human rights, calling for the army to uphold the rule of engagement and prohibiting the use of force against the protesters. The later was stated by the Head of the Joint Operation Chamber in the 2011 Libyan war, Marchal Al-Hadi Embarrish, who was taken as a prisoner of war by the Al-Zintan militias, badly treated and deprived from medical treatment until he died of cancer in prison in 2014 (49).

Despite Saif Al-Islam Qaddafi’s tireless peace efforts, NATO aircrafts targeted him in an attempt to assassinate him that resulted in a permanent disability and killing of 29 of his comrades (50). Also, he lost his fingers and suffered multiple injuries. Yet, the ICC did not investigate the airstrike, nor oversee his five years of solitary confinement condition and his human rights generally. Furthermore, the ICC persisted demanding his arrest and trial despite he was sentenced to death by a Libyan court that set-in Al-Hadbah prison under Khaled Al-Shareef, the right man of Belhaj.

For these reasons, the unfair trail and dismissal of the case is the only outcome that should be endorsed. Indeed, it could be argued that the case should be completely dropped especially after the Attorney General assassination in Benghazi and fleeing most Public Prosecution team as they faced an immense pressure from the militias. With all these circumstances, the ICC arguments were that his death sentence has not been implemented and therefore he should be arrested and jailed in Al-Hadhaba prison.

However, his death sentence was appealed by the Libyan Ministry of Justice on the ground of unfair trial since the court was set in a prison controlled by the Al-Shareef who has power over the court and the judges. Nevertheless, the ICC continued calling for his retrial and turned a blind eye on the fact that Saif Al-Islam was in the Al-Zintan prison and the Tripoli court had tried him via close circuit TV. Therefore, the ICC should respect the Libyan law and be aware that a person should not be tried twice for one alleged crime. But the end game for the West and ICC is to get rid of Saif Al-Islam Qaddafi as they did with his father Qaddafi and his brothers.

It is time for the ICC to drop its double standards and side with the Libyan people in their ultimate aim that to salvage their country from these militias and build a new Libya where human rights, prosperity, development and rule of law prevails. We also call upon the ICC to drop its call for Saif Al-Islam to be extradited and tried by the ICC.

Instead, the ICC should recognise and respect the Libyan Ministry of Justice General Amnesty Law by which Saif Al-Islam Qaddafi should assume his role in the struggle for a new democratic Libya. In this respect and after the Western countries began to see their mistake, they should work with the sincere Libyans and NGOs to bring these militias and their leaders to justice for the sake of peace and reconciliation.

 

REFERENCES:

  1. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=POlbi9R9zdg  THE HANGING OF A LIBYAN SOLDIER IN THE STREETS OF BENGHAZI IN 2011
  2. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sRqj8GwtW0 CIVILIANS DRIVING TANKS IN THE STREETS OF BENGHAZI
  3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MxOEzgnqViE BURNING AND EATING THE LIVER OF A SECURITY OFFICER IN 2011 IN THE CITY OF MISRATA
  4. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/jan/08/libyan-revolution-casualties-lower-expected-government THE GUARDIAN REPORT ON THE ACTUAL NUMBER OF DEATHS IN THE 2011 WAR AMNESTY REPORT
  5. https://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2012/11/14/amnesty-international-and-the-human-rights-industry/ RAPE CLAIMS
  6. www.theguardian.com\world\2011\jun\09\libya-mass-rape-viagra-claim RAPE CLAIMS IN 2011
  7. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1dRBAKDnIoo THE LIBYAN PILOTS IN MALTA
  8. https://www.hrw.org/ar/world-report/2012/country-chapters/259719 HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT
  9. https://humanrightsinvestigations.org/2012/11/14/amnesty-international-and-the-human-rights-industry/ RAPE CLAIMS
  10. https://www.hrw.org/news/2011/08/01/handing-qaddafi-get-out-jail-free-card CRIMINAL JUSTICE COURT REPORT ON MUAMMAR QADDAFI, SAFI AL ISLAM AND ABDULLAH AL SANUSSI
  11. https://www.icc-cpi.int/libya/gaddafi/Documents/GaddafiEng.pdf CRIMINAL JUSTICE COURT REPORT ON SAIF AL ISLAM
  12. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TpBjcD8Mac8&bpctr=1472059121 MUAMMAR AL QADDAFI’S DEAD BODY
  13. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4pknYlmQSks&oref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3D4pknYlmQSks&has_verified=1MUTTASIM MUAMMAR AL QADDAFI’S BEFORE-AFTER DEATH FOOTAGE
  14. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kqq_W4NhlFo ABDULLAH AL SANNUSI’S IMPRISONMENT IN MILITIA’S PRISONS
  15. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14786753 BBC REPORT ON ABDULHAKIM BELHAJ LIBYA
  16. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReQ2MGUmXWA GENERAL AMNESTY LAW
  17. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FUHodoC24Uk SHELLING BANI WALID IN 2012 BY THE NEW GOVERNMENT’S MILITIAS IN 2012
  18. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yG-SJoFJn3o BURNING OF HOUSES AND PROPERTIES IN THE CITY OF WERSHIFANA IN 2014
  19. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fIa5LPIIldw A WIPEOUT OF THE CITY OF SIRTE BY THE SO CALLED “REBELS” IN 2011
  20. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZW96ltI1qok THE DISTRUCTION OF THE CITY OF BENGHAZI
  21. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=abVGdkdWgj0&oref=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DabVGdkdWgj0&has_verified=1MUAMMAR QADDAFI’S CONVOY AFTER GETTING STRIKED BY NATO IN 2011
  22. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WrfSrvseOCg BURNING OF TRIPOLI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
  23. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mgWdxbQM-7Y BURNING OF LIBYA’S AIERIAL CONVOY AND AIRPLANES IN TRIPOLI INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT
  24. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NBE3yFCSYio SATTELITE IMAGES OF THE BURNING OIL TANKS IN TRIPOLI
  25. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P8tpk0TRbTo OIL TANKS BURNING FOOTAGE LINK
  26. http://gate.ahram.org.eg/News/323668.aspx YOUSEF AL-GHERIANI’S COURT DECISION
  27. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uE6eXHuWcU AL-JFAARA FAMILY MASSACRE IN BANI WALID 2011
  28. https://www.rt.com/news/bani-walid-siege-source-211/ RT REPORT ON THE SIEGE OF BANI WALID AND CHILDREEN DEATHS IN THE CITY BY MILITIA SHELLINGS
  29. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YTUdWFjnmHI AL-KHWAILDI’S FAMILY MASSACRE BY NATO IN 2011
  30. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5uE6eXHuWcU MAJER MASSACRE BY NATO IN THE CITY OF ZLITIN 2011
  31. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6t0ubOqaQk4 THE MURDER OF SAIF AL ARAB MUAMMAR AL QADDAFI BY NATO IN 2011
  32. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Uopl8o27TRc KIDNAPPING AND TORTURING THE ISLAMIC SCHOLAR AL MADANI AL SHWEERIF BY “THE REBELS”
  33. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7wrxLM7xgpg HUSSAIN AL KARAMI’S (ISIS TERRORIST) FRIDAY PRAYER SPEECH IN THE CITY OF SIRTE
  34. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FYupUv6v9GM THE FORCE-ENTRY OF MUHAMMED HASSAN’S HOME BY THE SO-CALLED REBELS IN 2011
  35. https://www.hrw.org/news/2015/12/03/interview-dark-inside-libyas-prisons HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH REPORT ON THE DARK PRISONS OF LIBYA
  36. http://www.masress.com/tahrirnews/311658 THE KILLING OF THE EGYPTIAN POPE IN THE CITY OF MISRATA IN 2012
  37. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/feb/15/isis-21-egyptian-coptic-christians-beheading-libyaTHE MURDER OF 21 EGYPTIAN CHRISTIANS BY ISIS TERRORISTS IN THE CITY OF SIRTE
  38. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/africaandindianocean/libya/11548360/Islamic-State-murders-30-Ethiopian-Christians-in-Libya.html THE MURDER OF 30 ETHIOPIAN CHRISTIANS IN LIBYA
  39. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2013/dec/05/american-teacher-ronnie-smith-shot-dead-jogging-benghazi MURDERING OF THE AMERICAN TEACHER IN THE CITY OF BENGHAZI
  40. https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jun/05/red-cross-staff-member-killed-libya-sirte THE MURDER OF THE RED CROSS CREW IN THE CITY OF MISRATA
  41. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-22260856 THE FRENCH EMBASSY’S BOMBING IN TRIPOLI
  42. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1Arl2mY01l8 US EMBASSY ATTACKS IN BENGHAZI 2012
  43. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uMJVAMD7axg TONY BLAIR ADDMITING THE “MISTAKE” OF THE INVASION OF IRAQ
  44. http://www.ahmedmaiteeg.com/%D8%B9%D9%86-%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B3%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D8%A3%D8%AD%D9%85%D8%AF-%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%B1-%D9%85%D8%B9%D9%8A%D8%AA%D9%8A%D9%82/ AHMED MAETIEG’S WEBPAGE
  45. http://www.unmultimedia.org/arabic/radio/archives/195390/#.V74RTvkrKUk NIHAD MAETIEG SPEECH ON UN WEBPAGE
  46. http://www.who.int/countryfocus/cooperation_strategy/ccsbrief_lby_en.pdf WORLD HEALTH ORGANISATION REPORT ON HEALTH-CARE IN LIBYA
  47. http://www.opec.org/opec_web/en/about_us/166.htm LIBYAN OIL EXPORT REPORT IN 2015

 

The Herland Report references
48. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ReQ2MGUmXWA RELEASING ISLAMIC FIGHTING GROUPS FROM LIBYAN PRISONS
49. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dklztpN6ETUAL HADI EMBEERISH’S KIDNAPPING IN 2011
50. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yJ87DR1j_lc SAIF AL ISLAM’S ARRIVAL IN THE CITY OF ZINTAN
51. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YVa53FCoxn8 AFP REPORT ON TOURTURING PRISONERS IN NEW LIBYA

 

 

The Psychopath Bady decided to regroup and change the name of FAJR LIBYA …. ALSHOROOQ AND NOW AL SUMOOD


The Psychopath Bady decided to regroup and change the name of FAJR LIBYA …. ALSHOROOQ AND NOW AL SUMOOD

RESPONSIBLE FOR: THE GARGOUR MASSACRE, INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OF TRIPOLI, THE USE OF WHITE PHOSPHORUS IN BAN WALID, TAWERGHA GENOCIDE AND MISPLACEMENT, RAPES, KIDNAPPING, TARGET KILLING WHO EVER DISAGREES WITH THEM, EXPLOSIONS OF OIL FIELDS, HUMAN TRAFFICKING, ORGAN TRAFFICKING, ORPHAN CHILDREN TRAFFICKING. THEY ARE A GREAT BUNCH THE MOST HATED LIBYANS IN LIBYA

RESPONSIBLE FOR: THE GARGOUR MASSACRE, INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OF TRIPOLI, THE USE OF WHITE PHOSPHORUS IN BAN WALID, TAWERGHA GENOCIDE AND MISPLACEMENT, RAPES, KIDNAPPING, TARGET KILLING WHO EVER DISAGREES WITH THEM, EXPLOSIONS OF OIL FIELDS, HUMAN TRAFFICKING, ORGAN TRAFFICKING, ORPHAN CHILDREN TRAFFICKING. THEY ARE A GREAT BUNCH THE MOST HATED LIBYANS IN LIBYA

On the 15th of June 2015 Al Naba TV interviewed (the asshole self-made) COLONEL Salah Bady (phone interview)
Bady One of Fajr Libya’s main commanders announced a new operation under the name “Sumood” This means Resistance. ****(what resistance?)
Here is the summary of what (the psychopath) Bady said in his interview.

“The masks of many people have now fallen and their true colours have shown”
“There are plots being set inside Libya and outside” (he must be hallucinating from the drugs and alcohol or he is afraid what he did to the other militias they will do it to him… or he is afraid of the Libyan citizens which ever comes first..)
“The battalions that were fighting at the front lines have now got together to form Al Sumood”
“The objectives of “Al Sumood”are to confront all plots such as the Reconciliations and Truces. ****(Yes he is afraid that he will go to jail and have his assets frozen and have the same death that all traitors get)This is because we are worried that the same thing could happen in the Capital Tripoli ****(What worse could happen to Tripoli than to be hold captive by this asshole and his crew). So the forces will relocate around the Capital.”
“It will be an active force, from 7 different brigades who will protect the Institutions ***(what institutions there are no institutions only terrorists in the capital, NOTHING BUT NOTHING IS WORKING IN THE CAPITAL for fear of getting shot by these lunatics) in the Capital, we will prevent anyone that tries to enter the Capital, We will use extreme force ****(yes like SARIN GAS as we used in Ban Walid) on anyone who attempts too”
“We report back to the legislative body in Libya, the GNC, the Government and Daar Allfta”

This is a very sincere issue, it is very important that we take this announcement very seriously. The latest UN draft states that all armed groups will need to leave the cities, yet Bady here announces that there are plots being set which could refer to the UN Dialogue meaning that he will not hand over Tripoli or pull his forces out no matter what. ****(What to lose all the luxury, power and the thrill of watching the fear in the eyes of the Tripolitanian’s)
Shouldn’t it be necessary that the GNC make a clear statement that they have full control over these militias and show the world where they stand on this new operation? ***(The GNC has no control never had/have the ones who control Tripoli are BELHAJ, BADY and THE UNITED STATES REPRESENTED BY DEBORAH JONES…..)

Bady Interview: https://www.facebook.com/1439435110613235/videos/1430143946065/?permPage=1

OPINION: Libya has one government and one parliament


OPINION: Libya has one government and one parliament

By Azza K. Maghur

Everyone out there please read carefully & complete.

Libya has one government and one parliament.

Nevertheless, members of the international media and foreign policy makers around the world are distorting this simple fact by speaking of Libya’s government as divided. Repetition has created a misleading media narrative and imposed a perceptual reality that in effect divides Libya. It is pressuring the country’s beleaguered democratization process to a point where it may be aborted, or worse, push Libya towards partition.
A Constitutional Declaration was written in August 2011 to guide Libya forward through the transitional period following its Revolution. Nevertheless, this essential document and the plan it lays out to lead a unified Libya to a democratic civil state is overlooked.
It is disturbing to see legitimate institutions, formed within the framework of the Constitutional Declaration, equated with so-called governments and institutions that are the product of violence. How are acts of warstorming the doors of governmental institutions, forcibly occupying ministries, shelling cities with missiles and destroying the country’s largest airport along with hundreds of millions of dollars of planes – be considered comparable to democratic process?
Peaceful transfer of power is a cornerstone in the democratization processes of newborn democratic states. Libya went through three elections, two of which involved a transfer of power. In accordance with the Constitutional Declaration, Libyan voters elected the country’s House of Representatives (HoR) on 25 June 2014; the House of Representatives then appointed an interim government headed by Prime Minister Abdullah Al-Thinni.
How, after the hard-won steps Libya has taken towards democracy, can members of the diplomatic community and media refer to the democratically elected HoR as the “Tobruk parliament” and its legitimate government as the “Al-Thinni government,” thus ignoring the June 2014 election results and distorting the historical record?
Meanwhile, international media and diplomats refer to the remnant group of politicians in Tripoli as the “GNC,” the parliament that preceded the HoR. The General National Congress (GNC) mandate expired on 21 July 2014 when the results of the HOR election were announced. However, one week before, a coalition of Islamist and regional militias launched an armed operation, called Operation Dawn, to take over the capitol Tripoli. After weeks of urban warfare, it succeeded on 23 August. Operation Dawn’s first political move was to call on the GNC to resume sessions and to appoint a government. A small group of former GNC members began to meet and appointed Omar Al-Hassi as Prime Minister of, what he termed, a National Salvation Government.
Needless to say, the imposition of the rump GNC had no footing in the Constitutional Declaration and was in violation of democratic principles. The mandate of the GNC had expired and there is no constitutional provision for its return. In reality, the rump GNC, composed of thirty or fewer of the original 200-member parliament, became the political arm of the Operation Dawn militias.
How is it possible for a country unified under a Constitutional Declaration to have a “Tobruk parliament” and at the same time a rump “GNC”? The intent of this article is to dust off the truth and build a better understanding of Libya’s governing institutions and the plan laid out in the Constitutional Declaration.

Phase 1: The Constitutional Declaration, August 2011
The Constitutional Declaration was issued by the self-proclaimed political entity of the February 2011 Revolution, the National Transitional Council (NTC). It was simple and recognized the self-proclaimed NTC as the highest authority of the state, granting it a mix of legislative and executive powers. It allowed for the NTC to appoint (and dissolve) a cabinet to govern. A timetable stipulated that the NTC hand over power to an elected body, the GNC, within 240 days from the declaration of the liberation of Libya. Elections for the GNC were held on 7 July 2012 and on the 8 August, in a ceremonial event, the NTC publicly announced the transfer of power to the first parliament elected by Libyans in nearly 50 years.
The ceremony took place under the scrutiny of a people who had survived generations under dictatorship. On that remarkable day, at a time when militias were positioned in every corner, in every city, the NTC managed to transfer power to a purely civil entity chosen by the Libyan people. Nevertheless, the transfer ceremony was not without incident. Salah Badi, an elected GNC member who  demanded that a young Libyan woman leave the stage because her head was uncovered. Sarah Messelati, who was only 22, left the room quietly. However, shamefully no one in the gathering, including women representing 16% of elected GNC members, spoke up in her support. That day, everyone’s hearts and eyes were clinging to the power transfer ceremony and eager for it to take place as quickly and quietly as possible.
In addition to establishing the GNC, the Constitutional Declaration also created the Constitutional Drafting Assembly (CDA) tasked with writing the future Libyan constitution. It allowed 60 days for the CDA to draft the Constitution and then forward it to the Libyan people for referendum. This period was later extended to 180 days.

Phase 2: The General National Congress, July 2012-July 2014
In July 2012, the GNC replaced the NTC as the highest authority of Libya. The main goal and task of the GNC during its mandate was to establish the Constitutional Drafting Assembly (CDA). Following ratification of the Constitution, a second transfer of power would occur, with the GNC handing over to the newly-elected institutions prescribed in the Constitution. In summary, this second phase was about drafting a constitution and a subsequent peaceful power transfer, by which the transitional period would end and a new democratic civil state would be launched.
However, the GNC neglected its mandate, interfered with the executive branch and focused on promulgating a political isolation law by which Libyans became unequal before the law. This law was adopted in May 2013 under armed pressure from militias connected with sympathetic members of the GNC.
Finally, after eight months, the GNC realized it had been sharply diverted from its principle mission and appointed a committee to draft the CDA election law. The CDA election took place in February 2014, over a year and a half after the GNC assumed office. The CDA’s first session was held in the town of Baida in April 2014.

Phase 2.5: The February Committee, February-April 2014
As the GNC tenure wore on, it became increasingly apparent that the body was unable to run the country efficiently and its interference with the executive was making governance an impossible mission. When the GNC finally initiated the process of drafting the CDA election law in April 2013, disgruntled Libyans were already in the streets demanding that the GNC step down and transfer power to a new representative body.
Every time the GNC stretched the period of fulfilling its major duty, the establishment of the CDA, it also stretched its own mandate and continued to be the highest authority in the country. It became clear that the simplicity of the Constitutional Declaration did not account for a separation or balance of powers between the executive and legislative branches of government. The conclusion reached by the citizenry and many members of the GNC was that the limitations of the Constitutional Declaration made the GNC inadequate as a vehicle to take Libya out of the transitional period to a modern constitution.
Under tremendous pressure from within the GNC and the general public, a Sixth Amendment to the Constitutional Declaration was adopted by the GNC, by which a new phase was drawn to revive the democratization process. The GNC created a constitutional committee called the February Committee to take the necessary steps to amend the Constitutional Declaration to allow new parliamentary and presidential elections. Accordingly, the GNC decided to end to its existence, even before a constitution was issued and transfer power to a new parliament. This new parliament would be based on democratic principles, including separation of powers between branches, a series of checks and balances and a distinctly separate executive branch headed by an elected president with a clear mandate to state powers. By taking this step, the legislative power would no longer be the highest authority of the state of Libya.
A new road map introduced by the February Committee added an additional phase to allow for a new parliamentary body, the House of Representatives (HoR) and a directly elected President. Most significantly, the February Committee introduced a conventional module of governance based on equilibrium and separation of powers.
On 31 March 2014, the GNC adopted the February Committee’s first set of recommendations. However, the matter of the election of a President of the State was postponed to be reviewed by the HoR. The newly elected HoR would resolve whether the President would be elected directly by the people (as recommended by the February Committee) or by the HoR. By doing so, the GNC again created hurdles to the democratization process. The elements of the February Committee proposal were interconnected and could only be adopted as a whole. Any substantive changes or postponement of the proposal’s clauses rendered the concept of democratization refreshment useless.

Therefore, a third and additional phase, which was not originally anticipated in the Constitutional Declaration, was adopted by the GNC in March. On 29 April , the GNC passed Election Law Number 10 of 2014 to provide for the election of the HoR. This third phase afforded a dignified exit to the GNC and a peaceful hand over to a new parliament. The GNC was under an obligation to fulfill the peaceful transfer of power to the HoR as its predecessor had to it. Any failure to do so entailed individual legal responsibility of GNC members before the law.

Phase 3: The House of Representatives, June 2014-present
The GNC adopted a series of required legislative steps to insure a peaceful transfer of power to the HoR. These included a decree issued by the GNC President ordering preparations for the ceremonial transfer of power to the HoR and calling on the HoR to convene.

Beginning in May 2014 armed conflict ignited in parts of Libya and till now, this continues to complicate Libya’s transition to democracy. At the time of the 25 June election, fighting was underway in the city of Benghazi. An thinkable tragedy unfolded the night of the election when Salwa Boughaigis, a prominent civil society activist, lawyer, and deputy president of the National Preparatory Dialogue Commission, was brutally murdered in her home in Benghazi, not long after she posted on social media photos of herself voting. Her husband, Essam Gheriani, was kidnapped and to date has not been found. A national hero for her role in the revolution, Boughaigis became one of hundreds of Libyan civil society activists, military and security professionals, politicians and media figures assassinated in the years following the revolution.
On 21 July 2014, the High National Elections Commission announced the results of the H0R election: 188 members out of 200 were elected. The remaining twelve would have been from communities that were prevented from voting by extremist militias. In addition Amazigh communities chose to boycott the election as part of their campaign against what they claimed was constitutional marginalization.

In line with the February Committee recommendations, the seat of the HoR would be located in Benghazi. Preparations were already in progress to refurbish the Tibesti Hotel as its headquarters in order to allow the HoR to begin meeting there by the end of July. However, the combination of armed conflict, the closure of the airport in Benghazi and other violent incidents made it infeasible for the HoR to convene in Benghazi. The freshly-elected body was forced to quickly find a new place to meet. Given that armed conflict had spread to Tripoli, HoR members followed the suggestion of the body’s senior members and convened in the quiet eastern city of Tobruk on 4 August.
By the time the HoR convened, Libya’s democratization process was in deep crisis, but still surviving. Urban warfare in Tripoli compelled many residents to flee the city, including government ministers who began meeting in the relatively calm and secured city of Beida where the Constitutional Drafting Assembly had been working. This phase of the transitional period can certainly not be described as peaceful. How could it be in a country in the grip of militias?
The inaugural meeting of the HoR was attended by 158 of the 188 elected members; thirty members boycotted in protest of the change of location and some remnant GNC members tried to halt the process under pretext of ceremonial procedure.

Despite the series of decrees the GNC had issued to initiate the necessary steps to ensure a peaceful transfer of power, members of the body, led by its President, Nouri Busahmain, refused to attend the meeting in Tobruk. However, the inaugural session was attended by the GNC’s First Deputy, Ezzedine al-Awami. Al-Awami represented a large bloc of GNC members who supported the democratization and legitimacy requirements defined by the Constitutional Declaration. This document, as amended by the February Committee, emphasizes that the HoR must convene within two weeks of the date of the HNEC announcement of the final election results. This precise date, 21 July 2014, constituted the transfer of power between the GNC and its successor. The Constitutional Declaration stipulates that power and legitimacy originate from the people as “the source of powers.” Therefore, all other related acts and decisions from the previous legislative power are considered ceremonial only and add nothing to the result of the elections.

Immediately after the GNC was announced to be back on stage by the Operation Dawn militias, the media began to use different terms when writing about Libya. The international press went from celebrating the HoR elections, covering the HNEC’s announcement of the winners and speculating on the leadership and political composition of the new parliament, to writing as if Libya had two parliaments and two governments, in effect rendering Libya’s short but rich democratization process insignificant.

The democratization process and its values, including the transfer of power, do not depend on protocol and ceremonies. Ceremonial procedures are never considered an impediment during the democratization process; the crucial and substantive principle of the transfer of power overrides ceremonial procedures. Peaceful transfer of power constitutes a vital obligation for democracy, while the ceremonial process of “hand over,” if any, is merely a public declaration of it. Ceremonial steps cannot be used to impede or block the democratization process. The rump GNC, however, reached a point where it denied any transfer of power, for the simple reason that the GNC President’s insistence to hold the handover ceremony in Tripoli was not accepted by the HoR. To accept the rump GNC’s position would be to say that one person, i.e. “the Speaker of the Parliament,” can twist the whole concept of democracy, and block it.

In addition to the pressures exerted on Libya’s democratization process, foreign policy makers and the international media are undermining the process by imposing an unlawful, illegitimate and artificial reality. Each of the many references to members of the former GNC as the “GNC,” as if the dissolved body continued to exist, constitutes a false and erroneous statement. There is no longer the GNC body; rather, there are some former members of the former GNC who are contravening the spirit of the Constitutional Declaration and the essence of democracy. The GNC wittingly ended its term in office, amending the Constitutional Declaration and issuing legislation and decrees. It can never reverse this process because it is a legal obligation and the GNC is obliged to fulfill this obligation.

The remnant GNC members are claiming that they are still in power based on their interpretation of the Libyan Supreme Court November 6, 2014 ruling. They argue that it dissolves the HoR. Regardless of whether or not this is a correct interpretation, dissolving the HoR does not allow the GNC to return as the governing authority in Libya. If the HoR were dissolved, it would only open venues for new elections, a new road map and a new phase in Libya’s difficult road towards democracy based on the Constitutional Declaration, a political agreement or on a new constitution.

Today there is neither a GNC, nor a so-called National Salvation Government. Legitimacy is not a carte blanche conferred by the media or policy makers. Power can be divided and shared, but legitimacy cannot. If democracy is not only about elections, it is certainly about the transfer of power. If elections alone do not consign legitimacy, then refusal to transfer power is the suffocation and poisoning of democracy itself. The conclusion is that Libya has one government and one parliament.

To think or write about the Libyan State in any other way, gives a false image of Libya and threatens the country’s troubled democratization process, recklessly pushing it towards possible partition.

Azza Kamel Maghur is a Libyan lawyer, human rights activist and former member of the 2014 February Committee tasked by the General National Congress to amend the transitional Constitution and prepare the elections law.