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MEET THE KEY PLAYERS FIGHTING IN LIBYA


MEET THE KEY PLAYERS FIGHTING IN LIBYA

Since Qaddafi’s downfall, Libya has been overtaken by a chaotic mix of rival governments, armed groups and jihadi militants. ISIS has established bases in Libya, while an Al-Qaeda affiliated group is also active.

The Government of General National Congress (GNC)

Who?

On the 8th of August 2012 the NTC has officially handed over power to the General National Conference. In June 2014 the House of Representatives was democratically elected but the GNC did not accept this defeat. Thus they brought in the Misurata militias to burn the international airport of Tripoli and cause the biggest environmental disaster in Libya. All militias are financed by GNC and GNA otherwise they would have been overthrown.

 Where?

The GNC is based in Tripoli where they took power in August 2014, the GNC represents the Muslim Brotherhood and all other fanatic sects. Holds the capital of Tripoli under captivity till today together with the GNC.

Aligned with?

The GNC has a broad base of Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, England, France and the USA support. All these countries support the Muslim-brotherhood as moderate muslims.

The Government of National Accord (GNA)

Who?

Established in early 2016 after a U.N.-backed negotiation process, the GNA represents the international community’s hope for a return to peace and stability in Libya. It is led by the Presidential Council, headed by Prime Minister Fayez al-Serraj, a trained architect with little political experience prior to his appointment.

Where?

The GNA is based in Tripoli, the country’s capital located in western Libya. Which is under captivity of  the two governments  the GNC and the GNA..

Aligned with?

The GNA has a broad base of international support. The U.S. ambassador to Libya, Peter Bodde, visited Serraj in Tripoli on Tuesday—the first visit by an U.S. ambassador since 2014, where Safira Deborah run out off  Tripoli even-though she praised the Islamists and  five years after Islamist militants killed four U.S. officials, including the then-ambassador Christopher Stevens—where he pledged support the NTC, promising to assist with expanding its “counter-terrorism capacity” and train Libya’s armed forces. Various militias who are financed are also supportive of the 2 governments in Tripoli.

Fayez al-Serraj

Prime Minister of Libya’s Government of UN backed Gov, Fayez al-Serraj, attends a news conference with the U.S. ambassador to Libya Peter Bodde and Marine General Thomas Waldhauser, the top U.S. military commander overseeing troops in Africa, in Tripoli, Libya. Serraj represents the international community’s hope for restoring stability to Libya. HANI AMARA/REUTERS

The Libyan National Army

Who?

The Libyan National Army (LNA) constitutes the remnants of the country’s military, defeated under Qaddafi in the 2011 revolution and disbanded. It is led by Khalifa Haftar, who has pledged to fight terrorism in Libya but has rejected the authority of the GNA and the GNC. Haftar served alongside Qaddafi in the Libyan military, but later plotted to overthrow Qaddafi and fled Libya to the United States in the mid 1980s. He thought he had a senior role in forces that overthrew Qaddafi in 2011 till he had General Abdel Fatah Younes assassinated .

Where?

Haftar and his forces are based in the eastern city of Tobruk and control much of eastern Libya, including valuable oil fields and pipelines. The LNA has also been battling for control of Benghazi, Libya’s second-largest city, since 2014 against the Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC), a group of Islamist militias and jihadi groups including Ansar al-Sharia, the main militant group in the country.

Aligned with?

While Haftar has refused to endorse theGNC and GNA, he met with Serraj recently in the United Arab Emirates for talks; Haftar released a statement calling for changes to the U.N.-backed deal that formed the GNA. Haftar has also courted international support from Russia.

Khalifa Haftar

General Khalifa Haftar during a press conference in Amman, Jordan, August 24, 2015. Haftar commands armed forces in the east of the country and has so far refused to recognize the U.N.-backed government in Tripoli. KHALIL MAZRAAWI/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

The Self-proclaimed Islamic State militant group (ISIS) in Libya

Who?

Since late 2014, ISIS has gradually built up its fighters and presence in Libya. Some former pro-Qaddafi strongholds turned to the jihadi group after their leader’s downfall, while the group has also been boosted by a flow of foreign fighters, many from other Arab states. The group’s leader, Iraqi national Abu Nabil, was killed in a U.S. airstrike in late 2015; it is unclear whether a new leader has been appointed, although an ISIS publication carried an interview with Abdul Qadr al-Najdi in March 2016, identifying him as the “emir tasked with administering the Libyan provinces.”

Where?

From 2012 till 2015 the jihadi group main base was Derna on the East side of Libya till it was destroyed what was left moved their base to Sirte until late 2016, a coastal city in central Libya that was Qaddafi’s hometown and was captured by ISIS in June 2015. But after six months of fighting, pro-government forces liberated the city from the militants in December 2016. ISIS has carried out attacks in all Libya’s major cities, including Tripoli, and previously controlled the cities of Sabratha in the west but has since lost control of all three.

Aligned with?

The group is aligned with Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, the purported caliph of ISIS who is thought to be based between Iraq and Syria. ISIS in Libya has on occasion cooperated with Ansar al-Sharia, but the latter group has not given its allegiance to Baghdadi and has suffered defections to the former.

Misrata Libya ISIS

Libyan security forces and citizens inspect the damage after a car bomb attack on a security post in the Saddada area near the eastern Libyan city of Misrata, on April 13, 2016. The city was retaken from ISIS in December 2016 by pro-government militias. STRINGER/AFP/GETTY IMAGES

Ansar al-Sharia

Who?

Formed in 2012 after a merger of several Islamist militias, Ansar al-Sharia (ASL)—whose name means “Partisans of Islamic Law”—are an extremists militant group calling for the imposition of Islamic law across Libya. The group was headed up by Mohammad al-Zahawi, a Libyan imprisoned under Qaddafi; but the group said in January 2015 that Zahawi had been killed, and it is unclear whether a replacement has been appointed. U.S. officials also blamed ASL for the Benghazi consulate attack, although the group denied responsibility.

Where?

ASL is based in Benghazi, where it has been fighting against General Haftar’s forces for several years as part of the Shura Council.

Aligned with?

In 2014, the U.N. added Ansar al-Sharia’s brigades in Benghazi and Derna to its sanctions list of groups and individuals associated with Al-Qaeda, the global jihadi franchise. The U.N. said that ASL ran training camps for fighters traveling to Syria, Iraq and Mali. The group itself has denied links to Al-Qaeda and has in recent years focused its energies on charitable and da’wah—spreading the faith of Islam—in a bid to shake off its image as a militant group.

Benghazi Revolutionaries Shura Council (BRSC)

An umbrella group of Islamist militias and jihadis, including ASL, the BRSC is based in Benghazi and battling against Haftar’s forces for control of the city. In this respect, it is fighting alongside ISIS, and the group has experienced tensions because of the association with the militant group, according to the European Council on Foreign Affairs.

Various militias and brigades

Libya is home to a vast collection of local and tribal militias, some of which support the U.N.-backed government, others which are concerned with local interests. Prominent among these are the Misrata brigades, which played a key role in liberating Sirte from ISIS; the Zintan brigades, who  captured Qaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam in 2011; and the Third Force, a GNA-backed militia accused of perpetrating an attack on an airbase in southern Libya earlier in May that killed 141 people, mostly soldiers loyal to Haftar.

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The Vicious Role of Qatar Towards Libya Abdul Rahim Ali reveals the Terrorists Planted by Doha in the Libyan Army, The Ruling Family Must Be Held Accountable


The Vicious Role of Qatar Towards Libya Abdul Rahim Ali reveals the Terrorists Planted by Doha in the Libyan Army, The Ruling Family Must Be Held Accountable.

         Dr. Abdel Rahim Ali, Member of the House of Representatives

 

I will present a file containing Qatar’s crimes to the International Criminal Court. 

The file includes Qatar’s and Tamim’s malicious plan to overthrow Libya and Syria, the scenario of the killing of Gaddafi and their attempt to export Isis members to Egypt to undermine its role.

Cairo –  Abdel Rehim Ali, Member of the Egyptian House of Representatives, said that he is currently preparing a comprehensive file including war crimes committed by the Qatari emirate and its leaders against civilians in Libya, Syria and Yemen.

In a statement issued on Saturday, Ali stated that the tampering of Qatar and its prince with the Arab national security will not go unchecked as what has been happening during the last years.  He disclosed evidence that incriminates Qatar in supporting radicals and terrorists in Libya and how it supported a terrorist called Abdel Hakim Bilhaz who became a millionaire after being penniless as well as Qatar’s involvement in assassinating Moamer El Gaddafi, the former Libyan president.  
In his statement, Ali pointed out that Abdel Hakim Bilhaz, the leader of Al Jamaa Al Islamiyah in Libya, which serves as the branch of Isis in the Arab region has obtained the bulk of the funds coming from Qatar, and has shifted from being a beggar to a billionaire.  Ali added that Bilhaz, who is not at all popular and is actually hated by the people of Libya now owns an airline with more than 70 aircrafts, a television station and a political party.  He assured that Al Jazeera, the Qatari TV channel used Mahmoud El Shamam who is a member of the opposition to convey false information about the former Libyan regime. Proof of this is Doha’s reward of appointing him as minister of information in the transitional government during the events.

The video details the involvement of “McCain” in the killing of Gaddafi

Dr. Abdul Rahim Ali presented a video of Russian President Vladimir Putin confirming John McCain’s involvement in Gadhafi’s killing and revealing the common directions in the same region.

“John McCain fought in Vietnam before, his hand stained with the blood of many innocent peaceful citizens, and he can not live without such scenes that we saw when they took Gaddafi, and I think he enjoyed it, is this democracy?” Putin said during the video.

Evidence of Qatar’s involvement in the assassination of Gaddafi

Ali pointed out that Qatar is involved in supporting the terrorist Jamaa El Islamiyah to kill Gaddafi assuring that the Qatari flag appeared on Gaddafi’s palace in Azizeya when it was raided which proves that it planned for the invasion and destruction of Libya.  It also recruited the Libyan mufti who is a Muslim Brotherhood member who announced that “whoever does not thank Qatar for invading Libya is lesser than a dog.”
Ali disclosed that France, Qatar and some Libyan organizations drew an intricate plan for the downfall of Gadaffi assuring that Qatar and Abdel Hakim Bilhaz seized the money of the Central Bank, after the death of Muammar Gaddafi, estimated at 160 billion dollars, and 400 billion dinars
Moreover, Ali added that Bilhaz and some members of the Qatari system raided the central bank and seized this money even though Gaddafi had pardoned Bilhaz from prison in 2010.  Ali also stressed that he has an important video of a  Russian spy ship of a recorded call between the former Qatari Foreign Minister Hamad bin Jassim, and the Qatari military commander who was on Libyan where the first ordered the second to kill Moamer Gaddafi and not hand him over alive. 

Video of armored vehicles carrying the flag of Qatar on Libyan territory

In addition, Ali stated that Qatar formed Isis to execute its filthy plans that the Muslim Brotherhood and Abdel Hakim Bilhaz could not carry out pointing that 700 Libyan officers were brutally massacred after which the Libyan army.
Ali added that what is happening in Libya is directly connected to Egypt’s national security as all the weapons that enter Egypt comes from Libya and that the presence the Libyan army prevented major calamities and disasters that could have happened in Egypt.  Ali continued saying that despite this, a lot of disasters that happened in Egypt came from Libya through terrorists. He said, “At the beginning of February 2011, Qatar’s main aim was to separate the west of Libya from its east by controlling Benghazi and provoking the Libyan army to enter the battle and hunt down the militants who called themselves “demonstrators.”
Ali added, “All those who responded to the pressure of foreign countries to spread terrorism in the region will receive the penalty of what they did sooner or later “ He assured that the case he is preparing against Qatar will be the case of the century that will unveil amazing surprises.  He added, “They wanted Egypt to fall because it had thwarted the grand scheme of Qatar’s access to Libyan and Arab oil after its takeover of the Egyptian decision, but the June 30 revolution thwarted this attempt.”

 

Confessions of a Libyan officer on the involvement of Qatar in internal crises
“Ali” reviewed a video of Colonel Mukhtar Fernana, commander of the military police in the western military zone in Libya, confirming the involvement of Qatar and Sheikha Mozah in the events inside Libya.

“The policies and ideas come from outside the borders, and what is happening now in the arena is the implementation of these instructions from Arab countries, the State of Qatar, and the proof that everyone who traveled to Qatar, or before the hands of the Emir of Qatar Sheikha Mozah, All those who gave loyalty and obedience or cost Qatar to move within Libya reached positions.

He said that Qatar has recruited the second grade in the government, especially in the army, police and finance, pointing out that the appointment of Qatar is required for the United Nations as the first agent of the Libyan Ministry of Defense to arm.

“The report is about how Qatar funds extremists with weapons, specifically the bombing of Libya against the” Karama” operation carried out by the army after the military men led by  Khalifa Hafter in protest against the assassination of 700 military personnel.

Ali stressed that Qatari and terrorist elements were involved in the killing of the Libyan army. He pointed out that members of the terrorist militias confessed to the rape of the Libyans. The army was established to protect Libyan supply and soil and to secure the meetings of the House of Representatives.

The Libyan army was dissolved in 2011 so a new one appeared which was a terrorist militia belonging to Qatar and the Muslim Brotherhood
Dr. Abdul Rahim Ali said that Libya had a group of terrorist militias belonging to the Brotherhood and Qatar, and was called the Libyan army, but the House of Representatives brought back the Libyan army led by Haftar.
He added that among the terrorist militias that represented the Libyan army before the arrival of the “Haftar” was Khalid Mohammed Al-Sharif, who was the Undersecretary of the Libyan Ministry of Defense for Public Affairs. He has a very large terrorist history and was appointed in 2013. , Asserting that this person was a terrorist who fought in Afghanistan and Pakistan and traveled to Sudan to export terrorists abroad.

He added, that Marshal Khalifeh Hafter is cleaning operations within the Libyan army, and identify the terrorist groups belonging to the Brotherhood, pointing out that there is a person named Abu Bakr Mohammed Musa Rumaila is currently the Undersecretary of the Libyan Ministry of Finance, a Libyan British nationality, then traveled abroad, then returned to Libya during the Muslim Brotherhood and took office at the time.
He pointed out that this person is a terrorist in the first place, and used the budget of Libya to support the Muslim Brotherhood and their terrorist militias and Qatar.

Qatar has appointed all terrorist elements in the most important Libyan posts, Dr. Abdul Rahim Ali presented the biography of a person named Siddiq al-Mabruk Ahmed Abubridan al-Ghaithi, pointing out that he is a terrorist in Libya and serves as Libyan Undersecretary of Defense for Border Affairs.
This terrorist had a precedent dealing with the supply of Arab arms worth 150 million dollars, reviewing another person named Mohammed M. Mohammed bin Hammadi, Undersecretary of the Libyan Defense Ministry for military affairs, a terrorist also not known to many from Libya, In Afghanistan and around 1993, he was the official economic wing of the Muslim Brotherhood.
“This person is wanted internationally in the charge of harboring terrorists,” he said, referring to the names of those who hold positions in Libya and belong to the Muslim Brotherhood and terrorist groups, including Abdel Basset Fadil Zouaoui, .

Qatar planted all the terrorists and its brothers in the most important positions in Libya during the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood in Libya.”

 

 

 

 

 


“Erdogan” deliberately lure Libya’s deputies to Tripoli for the fire of terrorism, and explained that the elections of the National Council of Libya had independent groups in the apparent but they follow the Brotherhood in order to seize the Libyan parliament.
He added that the Libyan Brotherhood had 17 deputies in the Libyan parliament and voted against calling the group Dawn of Libya Brotherhood “terrorist group,” noting that the terrorist militias were in control of Tripoli and they wanted to slaughter the Libyan national deputies through Erdogan’s refusal to meet Libyan parliament “Erdogan was attacking the Libyan parliament meeting in Tobruk because he wanted to meet in Tripoli to make it easier for the terrorist militias in Tripoli to eliminate the Libyan deputies,” he said in Tobruk.
There is a video recording of Turkish President Erdogan talking about the Libyan parliament and he rejects the meeting of deputies in Tobruk and that he does not recognise any meetings except in Tripoli, where: “Erdogan himself knows that the gunmen seized Tripoli airport.”

Video of the plot of Turkey to hit Misrata and destroy the Libyan army
“The Salafi” admitted that Turkey does not want to give up Misurata, Turkey was the head of NATO and strongly threw Misrata under Gaddafi.
During a meeting with the program “On the hue of Egypt,” aired on the satellite “An Nahar” on Wednesday, the media Khaled Salah, that Ali al-Salabi admitted that Turkey and its soldiers were hiding behind the NATO forces to throw the city of Misurata and 40 tanks belonging to Gaddafi and the Libyan army. Then it was treason at the time with the help of the brotherly militias.
He pointed out that the Khalifa Hafter is working to restore the Libyan army strongly again and took over large areas of Libya.<= that is the point of the journalist not the Libyans

 

“Abdul Rahim Ali” published a video of a terrorist raping a woman in Libya
He said that everyone was wondering about the video clip in which the rape of a Libyan woman appeared on the incident by one of the leaders of the Libyan militant group affiliated to the Muslim Brotherhood was a Libyan police in the era of the Brotherhood.
During a meeting with the program “On the hue of Egypt,” aired on the satellite “An Nahar”, on Wednesday, the presentation of the media Khaled Salah: “I did not show the video my body chills, and I felt very angry, but I refused to introduce the video for what Of the scenes that provoke anger and disgust, and only provided 5 seconds to the video to rape, to show the extent of the cruelty of the group and bastards who work with the Muslim Brotherhood, especially that the video was in the possession of the phone of the usurper, “asserting that this person named Ahmed Helil Al-Dow, in Libya, demanding accountability for those bastards, saying: “We needed people de t And h International Criminal and necessary the tribes in Libya and only let them take their right in the forest because they were wreaking havoc. ”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SEE HILLARY’S LIBYAN JIHADI ATROCITIES Graphic scenes of violence unleashed after U.S.-backed overthrow


SEE HILLARY’S LIBYAN JIHADI ATROCITIES
Graphic scenes of violence unleashed after U.S.-backed overthrow

by:JEROME R. CORSI

NEW YORK – The extreme brutality unleashed by the mercenaries and Islamic fighters who joined Libyan-based jihadists to oust leader Moammar Gadhafi with the backing of Hillary Clinton’s State Department and NATO is demonstrated in three videos released to WND.

The videos, obtained through a trusted source, were vetted by Libyan tribal parliamentary leaders who spoke to WND. The Libyans verified the videos were taken in Libya in the weeks after the U.S.-backed NATO bombing that began in 2011.

As WND has reported, Clinton’s State Department had decided to rebuff offers Gadhafi had made to abdicate peacefully and avoid a war. And, meanwhile, Politico reported Tuesday the Obama administration is moving to drop charges against an arms dealer who had threatened to expose Hillary Clinton’s determination to arm anti-Gadhafi rebels.

The Libyan tribal parliamentary leaders, in an exclusive Skype interview published by WND on Sept. 21, characterized Clinton as the “Butcher of Libya.” They contended her State Department was “behind the terrorist groups controlling Libya, Ansar al-Sharia, behind the militia in Misurata who destroyed a great part of Libya and displaced 2 million people from their lands because they were accused of being loyal to Gadhafi.”

The ‘Stop Hillary’ campaign is on fire! Join the surging response to this theme: ‘Clinton for prosecution, not president’

Readers are cautioned that the three videos published here are shockingly graphic.

The first video shows a group of unidentified foreign mercenaries and terrorists interrogating a half-naked soldier from Gadhafi’s army, who is lying prone on his stomach, with his arms and legs spread, while his interrogators simulate sodomy with a weapon and a boot.

Violent interrogation:

CONTINUE READING: http://mobile.wnd.com/2016/10/see-hillarys-libyan-jihadi-atrocities/

 

USA returns to Libya with a genocidal military campaign without “endpoint”


USA returns to Libya with a genocidal military campaign without “endpoint”

US criminal and irrational barbarity Western complicity in genocide against the people of Libya

It had long US He planned to extend its military campaign against the Islamic State in Libya

 The actual data more than 240 thousand dead

On August 1 US  bombed  first positions of the Islamic State  in the Libyan city of Sirte.

As noted by the portal  Intercept , attacks represent a significant escalation in the US war against the Islamic State, which now develops far beyond the borders of Syria and Iraq. The attacks were carried out without the authorization of Congress or any prior debate.

“We want to attack the Islamic State wherever lift his head. Libya is one of those places,” said Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook.

According to Cook, air strikes “will continue as long as [the Government of Libya] the request” and have “an end point at this particular time.”

It had long US planned to extend its military campaign in Libya. In January, General Joseph Dunford the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs United States, told reporters that the country was preparing to take “decisive military action against the Islamic State” in Libya.

Does the Pentagon little memory?

The bombings in Libya surprised those who remember the consequences of military intervention in this country in 2011. “The US intervention in Libya was such a resounding success that awaits us a second part,” he quipped one of the founders of Intercept Glenn Greenwald.

The ‘New York Times’  described  the plan as “very worrying” and said it represented a “significant advance of a war that could easily spread to other countries in the continent.”

In 2011 US He led the air campaign  NATO  to oust Muammar Gaddafi from power.However, after the assassination of the dictator, the country was plunged into a chaos that has lasted for years. Later President  Barack Obama  confessed that lack of planning on replacing Gaddafi was his “worst mistake” as thousands of fighters of the Islamic State invaded the country.

And now US returns to Libya. Cook stressed that Washington “is prepared to carry out more air strikes”, but has not provided details of the operation on Monday, even accurate data on victims of the attack.

Libya: Suicide bombing against military leaves at least 23 dead and dozens injured

At least 23 people were killed and 20 others wounded in a suicide attack Tuesday against a group of soldiers in the Libyan city of Benghazi, northwest, reports the agency  RIA Novosti .

Reportedly, the attack was carried out using a car bomb. At the moment no terrorist organization has claimed responsibility for the attack. In Benghazi, troops controlled by Parliament based in Tobruk, contrary to the Government of Tripoli, fighting the jihadists groups Al Qaeda and Islamic State.

Source: https://actualidad.rt.com

USA OPENS ANOTHER MILITARY FRONT AGAINST ISLAMIC STATE

deceptively brandishing the infamous authorization puppet regime of Fayez al-Sarraj, this August 1st, by direct order of slave slave Obama, the US imperialist army has gone into action against ISIS in Libya.Indeed, by orders Pentagon has begun aerial bombardment against the city of Sirte, located between Tripoli and Benghazi, and martyred in the North African country.

Peter Cook, a Pentagon spokesman, said: “At the request of the Libyan government of national unity” -not laugh, please, which is seriously N QG- “US military conducted airstrikes against targets precise ISIS. in Sirte, Libya. “and often he remarked that” the United States stands with the international community in supporting the national unity government and its struggle to restore stability and security in Libya. “so, auto justification wolf his new depredation harm the Libyan people.

 With such a statement from his spokesman, he is given by officially initiated, by such imperialist superpower War Imperialist Aggression US-led coalition against Libya.Coalition who they are part, among others, England, France, Italy, Spain and presumably Belgium.

 For his part, President Obama, liveried footman of white supremacists and Yankees hegemonistic, read the mandate have dictated the fascist military of the Pentagon that “operations … are consistent with our approach to combat ISIS, working with forces competent local and motivated. “

 Meanwhile the puppet of Tripoli Fayez al-Sarraz, very loose tongue has exposed its sad role of traitor and accomplice of the new slaughter of his people, through television said: “We have inflicted heavy losses on terrorists” (read anti-imperialist fighters loyal to Libyan EI).

‘Feet or Buttocks?’ Shocking Video Shows Gaddafi’s Son Being Tortured in Libyan Prison


‘Feet or Buttocks?’ Shocking Video Shows Gaddafi’s Son Being Tortured in Libyan Prison

A video that shows Saadi Gaddafi, son of Libya’s late Muammar Qaddafi, being tortured in jail has been condemned by lawyers and rights groups.

The nine-minute video shows Saadi, 42, in a green tracksuit, being hooked up to an improvised rack, apparently while in custody at Tripoli’s maximum security al-Hadba prison. His bare feet are then caned.

Segments show him sitting blindfolded and forced to listen to screams of other detainees being beaten in an adjacent room.

WARNING: Some may find elements of video disturbing

linked to Hillary!

“It raises serious concerns about the methods used to interrogate al-Saadi Gaddafi and other detainees at al-Hadba prison,” said Joe Stork, deputy Middle East Director of Human Rights Watch.

“The Tripoli authorities need to urgently establish exactly what did occur.”

The video’s release, by Arabic network Clear News, has alarmed lawyers worried about the treatment of other detainees at al-Hadba, where former Gaddafi-era officials are held.

“This is a shocking video that raises questions about conditions inside the prison,” said Karim Khan QC, London-based lawyer for Libya’s former prime minister al-Baghdadi al-Mahmoudi, also at al-Hadba. “The international community needs to demand a full investigation.”

Gaddafi is blindfolded by his captors, perhaps to prevent him from identifying those who are about to torture him. Photo: YouTube/Clear News

Saadi is facing trial on charges including killing a football player while head of Libya’s football federation. During his father’s time in power, he established a reputation as a playboy and had a brief unsuccessful career playing for several Italian football clubs.

The undated video, consisting of several segments, was apparently made by Saadi’s captors, some of whom are seen in the footage in military uniform. At one stage, a captor asks Saadi if he wants to be beaten on the “feet or buttocks”. He answers: “What kind of question is this? My feet.”

Al-Hadba is held by Libya Dawn, a militia alliance that controls Tripoli and is battling forces of the internationally recognised government based in the east of the country.

Gaddafi pleads with his captors as a metal rack with restraining straps is dragged into the room. Photo: YouTube/Clear News

Gaddafi is bound and helpless, his feet strapped to the rack. Photo: YouTube/Clear News

The release of the video comes a week after Tripoli authorities pronounced death sentences for Saadi’s older brother, Saif al-Islam , and eight other former Gaddafi-era officials, including Mahmoudi, after a trial condemned by rights groups and the United Nations as lacking due process. Saif al-Islam was tried in absentia, since he has been held since 2011 by a former rebel group in Zintan, a region beyond Tripoli’s control. Right groups say the verdict was riddled with flaws.

Despite the manner of his downfall, still enjoys pockets of goodwill.

In a rare demonstration, supporters in the eastern city of Benghazi on Tuesday shouted “Muammar, Muammar”, but dispersed after opponents opened fire with guns and hurled rocks.

No-one appeared to have been hurt among dozens of supporters of Gaddafi.

The Gaddafi supporters waved pictures of the man who had ruled for 42 years, and demanded the release of Saif al-Islam.

“Only God, Muammar and Libya!” the crowd chanted and waved the green flags of the old regime.

They dispersed after other residents, some of them carrying the Libyan national flag, opened fire.

Residents said this was the first protest of Gaddafi loyalists in Libya’s second-largest city, the cradle of the revolution, since 2011.

Frustration has been building among Libyans with the country’s chaos as two governments fight for power with the help of former rebels who have fallen out along political, tribal and regional lines.

Benghazi has been especially hard hit as fighting between forces allied to the official government based in the east and Islamist groups has closed the port, choking off wheat, food and petrol imports.

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