David Cameron, Libya and Disaster


David Cameron, Libya and Disaster

By Dr. Binoy Kampmark

The UK Foreign Affairs Committee was a long time coming with this judgment, but when it came, it provided a firm reminder about how far the 2011 intervention against the Gaddafi regime was not merely flawed but calamitous in its consequences. There had been no coherent strategy on the part of the Cameron government; the campaign had not been “informed by accurate intelligence.”

For members of the committee, it was clear that the then UK prime minister, David Cameron, had to carry a rather large can on the issue. “Through his decision-making in the National Security Council, former prime minister David Cameron was ultimately responsible for the failure to develop a coherent Libya strategy.”

The consequential nature of this bloody and ultimately catastrophic blunder of international relations triggered continental instability, with a foul global aftertaste. The collapse of Libya into territories battled over with sectarian fury and the death of Muammar Gaddafi unsettled the ground in Mali. It also propelled violence through North African and the Middle East.

It is hard to rank the levels of severity in what went wrong in the aftermath of the Libyan collapse. Could a finger be pointed at the militia hothouse that was created within the state? (Tripoli alone currently hosts somewhere up to 150.) What of the external outrage stemming from it?

Near the top must be the conflict in northern Mali, precipitated by members of the Tuareg ethnic group who had long supplied Gaddafi with soldiers. Armed to the teeth, the MNLA, with the assistance of such Islamist groups as Ansar Dine, commenced a separatist action that in turn encouraged interventions by al-Qaeda sponsored Islamist groups.

Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb eventually became one of the big and most menacing players, busying itself with operations beyond Mali, including Algeria, Niger, Mauritania, Tunisia and Morocco.

Meshed between these skirmishing groups were a French-led intervention in 2013 that petered out, followed by a continuing peace keeping operation which has long since ditched the word “peace” in its equation.

Not even the presence of 12,000 UN soldiers under the mission known as MINUSMA has done much to prevent the fraying of that land, despite the June 2015 peace deal. Since 2013, the mission has taken over a hundred casualties, a deal of it occasioned by the ubiquitous landmine and roadside bomb.

While Mali burned with fury, other African states felt the aftershocks, notably through a huge, easily accessible arms market that was not brought under control after Gaddafi’s fall. Marty Reardon, Senior Vice President of The Soufran Group, a US-based security consultancy, surprised no one in telling The Independent that Libya’s implosion led to the arming of “well-armed and militant groups” in Tunisia, Algeria, Niger, Chad, Sudan and Egypt.[1]

In this belligerent free for all, jihadi groups jostle and scratch for gains, creating a further pool of radicalised fighters who will, in time, find nowhere else to go. The Libyan collapse, in other words, has created a certain type of roving tourist jihadi, notching up points with each campaign.

Crispin Blunt, who chaired the committee, scoldingly suggested that the 2011 intervention was based on “erroneous assumptions and an incomplete understanding of the country.” This kindergarten world view did not stop there.

Having made a right royal mess, it was incumbent on France and the UK to right the ship, with a “responsibility to support Libyan economic and political reconstruction.” This responsibility was also a muddled one, with British and French institution builders profoundly ignorant about local matters. Having pushed Humpty Dumpty over, they showed scant knowledge on how to put him back together.

The sense of culpability for Cameron is further compounded by the nonsense the intervention made of such international humanitarian doctrines as the responsibility to protect. There was always a sense that the French-UK led mission was struggling for a plausible alibi, but recourse to the nonsensical notion of civilian protection reared its head.

That door was opened by the hoovering effect of UN Security Council Resolution 1973, which authorised “all necessary means” to protect that most wonderful contrivance, irrespective of what those in the host state thought.[2] Find the civilians and save the day.

While it remains the most insidious of contrivances at international law, that responsibility to protect could be said to have been discharged rapidly – after the initial round of strikes. In the words of the MPs, “If the primary object of the coalition intervention was the urgent need to protect civilians in Benghazi, then this objective was achieved in March 2011 in less than 24 hours.”

This was not to be. Instead, the intervention ballooned into a monstrous matter of regime change, with no attempt made to “pause military action” when Benghazi was being secured. “This meant that a limited intervention to protect civilians drifted into an opportunist policy of regime change by military means.” Docks in international criminal courts should be warmed by such adventurous men.

Dr. Binoy Kampmark was a Commonwealth Scholar at Selwyn College, Cambridge. He lectures at RMIT University, Melbourne. Email: bkampmark@gmail.com

Notes

[1] http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/africa/libya-report-britain-uk-gaddafi-civil-war-david-cameron-responsible-terrorism-isis-al-qaeda-mali-a7309821.html

[2] http://www.elac.ox.ac.uk/downloads/Welsh%20Civilian%20Protection%20in%20Libya.pdf

The original source of this article is Global Research

USA returns to Libya with a genocidal military campaign without “endpoint”


USA returns to Libya with a genocidal military campaign without “endpoint”

US criminal and irrational barbarity Western complicity in genocide against the people of Libya

It had long US He planned to extend its military campaign against the Islamic State in Libya

 The actual data more than 240 thousand dead

On August 1 US  bombed  first positions of the Islamic State  in the Libyan city of Sirte.

As noted by the portal  Intercept , attacks represent a significant escalation in the US war against the Islamic State, which now develops far beyond the borders of Syria and Iraq. The attacks were carried out without the authorization of Congress or any prior debate.

“We want to attack the Islamic State wherever lift his head. Libya is one of those places,” said Pentagon spokesman Peter Cook.

According to Cook, air strikes “will continue as long as [the Government of Libya] the request” and have “an end point at this particular time.”

It had long US planned to extend its military campaign in Libya. In January, General Joseph Dunford the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs United States, told reporters that the country was preparing to take “decisive military action against the Islamic State” in Libya.

Does the Pentagon little memory?

The bombings in Libya surprised those who remember the consequences of military intervention in this country in 2011. “The US intervention in Libya was such a resounding success that awaits us a second part,” he quipped one of the founders of Intercept Glenn Greenwald.

The ‘New York Times’  described  the plan as “very worrying” and said it represented a “significant advance of a war that could easily spread to other countries in the continent.”

In 2011 US He led the air campaign  NATO  to oust Muammar Gaddafi from power.However, after the assassination of the dictator, the country was plunged into a chaos that has lasted for years. Later President  Barack Obama  confessed that lack of planning on replacing Gaddafi was his “worst mistake” as thousands of fighters of the Islamic State invaded the country.

And now US returns to Libya. Cook stressed that Washington “is prepared to carry out more air strikes”, but has not provided details of the operation on Monday, even accurate data on victims of the attack.

Libya: Suicide bombing against military leaves at least 23 dead and dozens injured

At least 23 people were killed and 20 others wounded in a suicide attack Tuesday against a group of soldiers in the Libyan city of Benghazi, northwest, reports the agency  RIA Novosti .

Reportedly, the attack was carried out using a car bomb. At the moment no terrorist organization has claimed responsibility for the attack. In Benghazi, troops controlled by Parliament based in Tobruk, contrary to the Government of Tripoli, fighting the jihadists groups Al Qaeda and Islamic State.

Source: https://actualidad.rt.com

USA OPENS ANOTHER MILITARY FRONT AGAINST ISLAMIC STATE

deceptively brandishing the infamous authorization puppet regime of Fayez al-Sarraj, this August 1st, by direct order of slave slave Obama, the US imperialist army has gone into action against ISIS in Libya.Indeed, by orders Pentagon has begun aerial bombardment against the city of Sirte, located between Tripoli and Benghazi, and martyred in the North African country.

Peter Cook, a Pentagon spokesman, said: “At the request of the Libyan government of national unity” -not laugh, please, which is seriously N QG- “US military conducted airstrikes against targets precise ISIS. in Sirte, Libya. “and often he remarked that” the United States stands with the international community in supporting the national unity government and its struggle to restore stability and security in Libya. “so, auto justification wolf his new depredation harm the Libyan people.

 With such a statement from his spokesman, he is given by officially initiated, by such imperialist superpower War Imperialist Aggression US-led coalition against Libya.Coalition who they are part, among others, England, France, Italy, Spain and presumably Belgium.

 For his part, President Obama, liveried footman of white supremacists and Yankees hegemonistic, read the mandate have dictated the fascist military of the Pentagon that “operations … are consistent with our approach to combat ISIS, working with forces competent local and motivated. “

 Meanwhile the puppet of Tripoli Fayez al-Sarraz, very loose tongue has exposed its sad role of traitor and accomplice of the new slaughter of his people, through television said: “We have inflicted heavy losses on terrorists” (read anti-imperialist fighters loyal to Libyan EI).

The Doha Meetings: Truth vs Deceit


The Doha Meetings: Truth vs Deceit

Jamahiriya News Agency
Contrary to statements made by attendees that Qatar simply hosted the Doha meetings and in no way influenced them, the Muslim Brotherhood, through Turkey, Qatar, the US and the United Nations, have been deeply invested in these dialogues chaired by their terrorist colleague, Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) commander, Khaled Al Sharif.
Facts to Remember:
Qatar was a major supporter of the NATO-backed 2011 war. Qatar not only funneled hundreds of millions to the opposition, but dispatched Western-trained advisers who helped finance, arm and train terrorist militias. At least 5,000 Qatari troops were sent in to colonize Libya.
Qatar owns 49% of Libya’s state bank.
A former Qatari intelligence officer confirmed that the plot to assassinate Revolutionary Leader, Mu’ammar Al Qaddafi was hatched in Doha. (The Saudi Cables)
Two years after the murder of Mu’ammar Qaddafi Western intelligence and Qatar govern Libya.
Today, Libya remains oppressed and shackled by the Muslim Brotherhood project.
Regarding the Doha meetings, Moussa Ibrahim stated that, (approximate translation, please see the original in Arabic)
The Muslim Brotherhood are attempting to monopolize the National Dialogue project by conducting meetings in Doha that will lead to the certain failure of efforts for national reconciliation in the country.
He added,
Certain foreign countries, such as Qatar and Turkey, have a vested interest in dominating the Libyan landscape, imposing their own agendas to usurp Libyan sovereignty, undermining the will of the Libyan people.
Al Sharif, Chair of the Doha meetings, is also the head of the Presidential Guard and National Guard, which morphed from its terrorist designation when first formed in 2013, to being an internationally recognized army appointed to serve the US-UN-instated government of accord, a Muslim Brotherhood project sanctioned by over 20 nations in Vienna…
…The United States, United Nations, Turkey and Qatar conspired to usurp Libyan sovereignty, complete a coup d’etat that began five years ago with their brutal murder of beloved leader Muammar al Qaddafi, place the Muslim Brotherhood in power as the official government, assign terrorists the task of guarding them.
In March, Martin Kobler announced on his twitter account that he had concluded successful meetings with terrorist commanders from Libya.
Attendees included the notorious Abdel Hakim Belhaj, al Qaeda commander.
Other Islamist militia leaders present were:
Hafed Gaddour of the Coalition of liberal forces,
Rufadi Abdallah of the National Front,
Jamal Ashur of the National party,
Abdel Mona Fageh of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Was Martin Kobler a witness to the Istanbul meeting with the above participants that plotted the assassination of Libyan Army officers?

Before the latest Doha meetings began, Martin Kobler announced that he had met with Qatari Foreign Minister, Sheikh Mohammad Bin Abdul Rahman, to brief him on the encouraging developments in Libya.
Martin Kobler ‏@KoblerSRSG
We remain firm in our position that we resolutely reject both the Doha meetings and the “Forget September and February” initiative. We also reject all efforts of the UN|UNSMIL and regard them as unlawful interventionism, blatant foreign interference in Libya’s sovereign affairs.
Regarding the plans for the permanent occupation of Libya, there is no separation between the Muslim Brotherhood agenda, al Qaeda, Da’esh and other Islamist militias, NATO, AFRICOM, the United Nations, United States, United Kingdom, France, Turkey, Saudi Arabia and Qatar. They are the enemies of Libya.

Could This Be The Reason Why Ambassador Stevens Was Murdered?


Could This Be The Reason Why Ambassador Stevens Was Murdered?

I just read an article about Hillary Clinton while she was a Secretary of State she was also the director of the French company Lafarge, which was handling the US’s secret mission in Syria that aimed to topple the government of President Assad.

According to Assange from Wikileaks Clinton took $100k cash from & was director of company that gave money to ISIS http://www.thecanary.co/2016/07/29/paris-strikes-astonishing-partnership-secret-isis-sponsor-ties-hillary-clinton/ … docs: https://search.wikileaks.org/?

In her hacked emails there are plenty of proof that she has orchestrated everything from the shipping arms from Libya to Syria and also it confirms that Clinton dismissed the reluctance of Pentagon officials to overthrow Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, while they had also predicted the possible outcome of the war in Libya, that we are witnessing today.

So we come back to the Ambassador Stevens, he must have known that Hillary Clinton had partnered with “Lafarge” which was arming Isis and realised that everything eventually will come out (Libyan ship seized in Turkey with a full load of arms) and he (Stevens) will be the scapegoat charged and indicted for treason. When Stevens understood the whole concept I am sure he spoke with Hillary Clinton and the (then Advisor of Obama) now Head of the CIA John Bremman who was responsible for all blackops. Both were not very happy about that and especially that Stevens vowed to expose them… Just think about it for a minute… it makes sense.. Bremman being an expert in Blackops and Hillary being a conniving egotistical expert in murdering people and making it look like an accident.. Both were the perfect match in heaven so easy to get rid of one person who is spoiling their business in earning millions…. And how dare Stevens wants to expose them?

Yes you could chuck it to a conspiracy theory but is it? Just think go back in 2012 Petraeus was kicked out from the CIA so that he wouldn’t testify, Hillary and her staff although they testified at the senate but lied through their teeth, how do we know that through her hacked emails. I could go to more details but if you read on the pages of “Benghazigate” you will find all the information there. You don’t need to hack in the emails its in-front of you if you really want  to know the why and how.

Gaddafi’s Ghosts: Return of the Libyan Jamahiriya


Gaddafi’s Ghosts: Return of the Libyan Jamahiriya

by dan glazebrook

When NATO murdered Gaddafi and blitzed his country in 2011, they hoped the socialist “Jamahiriya” movement he led would be dead and buried. Now his son has been released from prison to a hero’s welcome with his movement increasingly in the ascendancy.

There were various moments during NATO’s destruction of Libya that were supposed to symbolically crown Western supremacy over Libya and its institutions (and, by implication, over all African and Arab peoples): the “fall of Tripoli” in August 2011; Cameron and Sarkozy’s victory speeches the following month; the lynch-mob execution of Muammar Gaddafi that came soon after. All of them were pyrrhic victories – but none more so than the death sentence handed down to Gaddafi’s son (and effective deputy leader) Saif al-Gaddafi in July 2015.

Saif had been captured by the Zintan militia shortly after his father and brother were killed by NATO’s death squads in late 2011. The International Criminal Court – a neocolonial farce which has only ever indicted Africans – demanded he be handed over to them, but the Zintan – fiercely patriotic despite having fought with NATO against Gaddafi – refused. Over the next two years the country descended into the chaos and societal collapse that Gaddafi had predicted, sliding inexorably towards civil war.

By 2014, the country’s militias had coalesced around two main groupings – the Libyan National Army, composed of those who supported the newly elected, and mainly secular, House of Representatives; and the Libya Dawn coalition, composed of the militias who supported the Islamist parties that had dominated the country’s previous parliament but refused to recognize their defeat at the polls in 2014. After fierce fighting, the Libya Dawn faction took control of Tripoli. It was there that Saif, along with dozens of other officials of the Jamahiriya – the Libyan “People’s State” which Gaddafi had led – were put on trial for their life. However, once again the Zintan militia – allied to the Libyan National Army – refused to hand him over.

After a trial condemned by human rights groups as “riddled with legal flaws,” in a court system dominated by the Libya Dawn militias, an absent Saif was sentenced to death, along with eight other former government officials. The trial was never recognized by the elected government, by then relocated to Tobruk. A gloating Western media made sure to inform the world of the death sentence, which they hoped would extinguish forever the Libyan people’s hopes for a restoration of the independence, peace and prosperity his family name had come to represent.

It was a hope that would soon be dashed. Less than a year later, the France 24 news agency arranged an interview with Saif Al Gaddafi’s lawyer Karim Khan in which he revealed to the world that Saif had in fact, “been given his liberty on April 12, 2016,” in accordance with the amnesty law passed by the Tobruk parliament the previous year. Given the crowing over Saif’s death sentence the previous year, and his indictment by the International Criminal Court, this was a major story. Yet, by and large, it was one the Western media chose to steadfastly ignore – indeed, the BBC did not breathe a single word about it.

What is so significant about his release, however, is what it represents: the recognition, by Libya’s elected authorities, that there is no future for Libya without the involvement of the Jamahiriya movement.

The truth is, this movement never went away. Rather, having been forced underground in 2011, it has been increasingly coming out into the open, building up its support amongst a population sick of the depravities and deprivations of the post-Gaddafi era.

Exactly five years ago, following the start of the NATO bombing campaign, Libyans came out onto the streets in massive demonstrations in support of their government in Tripoli, Sirte, Zlitan and elsewhere. Even the BBC admitted that “there is no discounting the genuine support that exists,” adding that, “‘Muammar is the love of millions’ was the message written on the hands of women in the square.

Following the US-UK-Qatari invasion of Tripoli the following month, however, the reign of terror by NATO’s death squad militias ensured that public displays of such sentiments could end up costing one’s life. Tens of thousands of “suspected Gaddafi supporters” were rounded up by the militias in makeshift “detention camps” were torture and abuse was rife; around 7,000 are estimated to be there still to this day, and hundreds have been summarily executed.

Black people in particular were targeted, seen as symbolic of the pro-African policies pursued by Gaddafi but hated by the supremacist militias, with the black Libyan town of Tawergha turned into a ghost town overnight as Misratan militias made good on their promise to kill all those who refused to leave. Such activities were effectively legalised by the NATO-imposed “Transitional National Council” whose Laws 37 and 38 decreed that public support for Gaddafi could be punished by life imprisonment and activities taken “in defence of the revolution” would be exempt from prosecution.

Nevertheless, over the years that followed, as the militias turned on each other and the country rapidly fell apart, reports began to suggest that much of southern Libya was slowly coming under the control of Gaddafi’s supporters. On January 18th 2014, an air force base near the southern city of Sabha was taken by Gaddafi loyalists, frightening the new government enough to impose a state of emergency, ban Libya’s two pro-Gaddafi satellite stations, and embark on aerial bombing missions in the south of the country.

But it was, ironically, the passing of the death sentences themselves – intended to extinguish pro-Gaddafi sentiment for good – that triggered the most open and widespread demonstrations of support for the former government so far, with protests held in August 2015 across the country, and even in ISIS-held Sirte. Middle East Eye reported the following from the demonstration in Sabha (in which 7 were killed when militias opened fire on the protesters):
Previous modest pro-Gaddafi celebrations in the town had been overlooked by the Misratan-led Third Force, stationed in Sabha for over a year – originally to act as a peacekeeping force following local clashes.

‘This time, I think the Third Force saw the seriousness of the pro-Gaddafi movement because a demonstration this big has not been seen in the last four years,’ said Mohamed. ‘There were a lot of people, including women and children, and people were not afraid to show their faces … IS had threatened to shoot anyone who protested on Friday, so there were no green flags in towns they control, apart from Sirte, although there are some green flags flying in remote desert areas,’ he said. ‘But if these protests get stronger across the whole of Libya, people will become braver and we will see more green flags. I know many people who are just waiting for the right time to protest.’

In Sirte, demonstrators were fired at by ISIS fighters, who dispersed the group and took away seven people, including four women. The same Middle East Eye report made the following comment:
The protests have been a public representation of a badly kept secret in Libya, that the pro-Gaddafi movement which has existed since the 2011 revolution has grown in strength, born out of dissatisfaction with the way life has worked out for many ordinary citizens in the last four years…[Mohamed] added that some people who had originally supported the 2011 revolution had joined the protests. Most Libyans just want a quiet life. They don’t care who takes over or who controls Libya’s money, they just want a comfortable life. That’s why Gaddafi stayed in power for 42 years. Salaries were paid on time, we had good subsidies on all the essentials and living was cheap.
Mohammed Eljarh, writing in the conservative US journal Foreign Policy, added that:
These pro-Qaddafi protests have the potential to turn into a national movement against the 2011 revolution, not least because a growing number of Libyans are deeply disillusioned by its outcome…there is now a building consensus that the atrocities and abuses committed by post-Qaddafi groups since the revolution exceed by far those committed by the Qaddafi regime during its rule.
At the same time, the Green resistance is becoming an increasingly influential force within the Libyan National Army, representing the country’s elected House of Representatives. Earlier this year, the Tobruk parliament allowed Gaddafi’s widow back into the country, whilst the LNA entered into an alliance with pro-Gaddafi tribes in the country’s East, and began to recruit open supporters of Gaddafi into its military structures. Gaddafi’s Tuareg commander General Ali Kanna, for example, who fled Libya following Gaddafi’s fall in 2011, has now reportedly been welcomed into the LNA. The policy is already bearing fruit, with several territories near Sirte already seized from ISIS by the new allies.

The Jamahiriya, it seems, is back. But then, it never really went away.