War Crime: NATO Deliberately Destroyed Libya’s Water Infrastructure

War Crime: NATO Deliberately Destroyed Libya’s Water Infrastructure

By Nafeez Ahmed, The Ecologist | Report

The military targeting of civilian infrastructure, especially of water supplies, is a war crime under the Geneva Conventions. Yet this is precisely what NATO did in Libya, while blaming the damage on Gaddafi himself. Since then, the country’s water infrastructure – and the suffering of its people – has only deteriorated further.

Numerous reports comment on the water crisis that is escalating across Libya as consumption outpaces production. Some have noted the environmental context in regional water scarcity due to climate change.

But what they ignore is the fact that the complex national irrigation system that had been carefully built and maintained over decades to overcome this problem was targeted and disrupted by NATO.

During the 2011 military invasion, press reports surfaced, mostly citing pro-rebel sources, claiming that pro-Gaddafi loyalists had shut down the water supply system as a mechanism to win the war and punish civilians.

This is a lie.

But truth, after all, is the first casualty of war – especially for mainstream media journos who can’t be bothered to fact-check the claims of people they interview in war zones, while under pressure from editors to produce copy that doesn’t rock too many boats.

Critical Water Installations Bombed – Then Blamed on Gaddafi

It was in fact NATO which debilitated Libya’s water supply by targeting critical state-owned water installations, including a water-pipe factory in Brega.

The factory, one of just two in the country (the other one being in Gaddafi’s home-town of Sirte), manufactured pre-stressed concrete cylinder pipes for the Great Manmade River (GMR) project, an ingenious irrigation system transporting water from aquifers beneath Libya’s southern desert to about 70% of the population.

On 18th July, a rebel commander boasted that some of Gaddafi’s troops had holed up in industrial facilities in Brega, but that rebels had blocked their access to water: “Their food and water supplies are cut and they now will not be able to sleep.”

In other words, the rebels, not Gaddafi loyalists, had sabotaged the GMR water pipeline into Brega. On 22nd July, NATO followed up by bombing the Brega water-pipes factory on the pretext that it was a Gaddafi “military storage” facility concealing rocket launchers.

“Major parts of the plant have been damaged”, said Abdel-Hakim el-Shwehdy, head of the company running the project. “There could be major setback for the future projects.”

Legitimate Military Target Left Untouched in the Attack

When asked to provide concrete evidence of Gaddafi loyalists firing from inside the water-pipe factory, NATO officials failed to answer. Instead, NATO satellite images shown to journalists confirm that a BM-21 rocket launcher identified near the facility days earlier, remained perfectly intact the day after the NATO attack.

Earlier, NATO forces had already bombed water facilities in Sirte, killing several “employees of the state water utility who were working during the attack.”

By August, UNICEF reported that the conflict had “put the Great Manmade River Authority, the primary distributor of potable water in Libya, at risk of failing to meet the country’s water needs.”

The same month, Agence France Presse reported that the GMR could be crippled by the lack of spare parts and chemicals” – reinforced by NATO’s destruction of water installations critical to the GMR in Sirte and Brega.

The GMR is now “struggling to keep reservoirs at a level that can provide a sustainable supply”, UN officials said. “If the project were to fail, agencies fear a massive humanitarian emergency.”

Christian Balslev-Olesen, UNICEF Libya’s head of office, warned that the city faced “an absolute worst-case scenario” that “could turn into an unprecedented health epidemic” without resumption of water supplies.

Stratfor Email: “So Much Shit Doesn’t Add Up Here”

While pro-rebel sources attempted to blame Gaddafi loyalists for the disruption of Libya’s water supply, leaked emails from the US intelligence contractor Stratfor, which publicly endorsed these sources, show that the firm privately doubted its own claims.

“So much shit doesn’t add up here”, wrote Bayless Parsley, Stratfor’s Middle East analyst, in an email to executives. “I am pretty much not confident in ANY of the sources … If anything, just need to be very clear how contradictory all the information is on this project … a lot of the conclusions drawn from it are not really air tight.”

But the private US intelligence firm, which has played a key role in liaising with senior Pentagon officials in facilitating military intelligence operations, was keenly aware of what the shutdown of the GMR would mean for Libya’s population:

“Since the first phase of the ‘river’s’ construction in 1991, Libya’s population has doubled. Remove that river and, well, there would likely be a very rapid natural correction back to normal carrying capacities.”

“How often do Libyans bathe? You’d have drinking water for a month if you skipped a shower”, joked Kevin Stech, a Stratfor research director. “Seriously. Cut the baths and the showers and your well water should suffice for drinking and less-than-optional hygiene.”

The Truth – Government Officials Were Trying to Keep Water Flowing

Meanwhile, UNICEF confirmed that Libyan government officials were not sabotaging water facilities, but in fact working closely with a UN technical team to “facilitate an assessment of water wells, review urgent response options and identify alternatives for water sources.”

Nevertheless, by September, UNICEF reported that the disruption to the GMR had left 4 million Libyans without potable water.

The GMR remains disrupted to this day, and Libya’s national water crisis continues to escalate.

The deliberate destruction of a nation’s water infrastructure, with the knowledge that doing so would result in massive deaths of the population as a direct consequence, is not simply a war crime, but potentially a genocidal strategy.

It raises serious questions about the conventional mythology of a clean, humanitarian war in Libya – questions that mainstream journalists appear to be uninterested in, or unable to ask.


‘Bought Journalism’: German bestseller reveals CIA pay Western media for spin & bias

‘Bought Journalism’: German bestseller reveals CIA pay Western media for spin & bias



Anti-Jihad Journalist Gunned down in Libya’s Benghazi by Jihadists 27 May 2014

Anti-Jihad Journalist Gunned down in Libya’s Benghazi by Jihadists

By PAMELA GELLER hates Islam and thinks that the Quaran says to kill all Jews….
meftah bouzid

Photo: A picture taken on December 3, 2013, shows Meftah Bouzid (R), editor of the weekly newspaper Burniq, walking with fellow journalists in the Libyan capital Tripoli (AFP Photo/Abdullah Doma)


Without strategy, statecraft, forethought and judgement, Obama backed the ouster and cold blooded of Qaddafi, and backed the jihadists that have brutally taken over Libya. The same jihadists who murdered our Ambassador and three American attaches.

Libya has been lost to the jihadists. Qaddafi contained the jihad threat. The domino effect has reached Algeria, Tunisia, Morocco and beyond. Africa is being subsumed by jihadists while Obama whistles past the graveyard of Sean Smith, Tyrone Woods, Glen Doherty and Ambassador Chris Stevens. 

 The message is crystal clear: oppose jihad and you are dead. ****(lady here you are wrong oppose America and its cronies and you are dead)

benghazi libya journalist

Protesters hold a banner bearing the portrait of Meftah Bouzid, editor of the weekly newspaper Burniq, during a rally to protest against his assassination on May 26, 2014 in Tripoli (AFP Photo/Mahmud Turkia)

“Journalist gunned down in Libya’s Benghazi,” AFP, May 26, 2014

Benghazi (Libya) (AFP) – A newspaper editor and critic of Libya’s jihadists was gunned down Monday in the lawless eastern city of Benghazi, an Islamist stronghold, medics said.

They said Meftah Bouzid, 50, editor of the weekly newspaper Burniq, was shot dead in the centre of the Mediterranean city.

A journalist and analyst, Bouzid often went on television to criticise Islamic extremists, resulting in threats to his life according to a friend.

Libyan authorities have struggled to stamp out lawlessness in a country awash with weapons from the 2011 revolution which toppled longtime dictator Moamer Qaddafi. ****(really I haven’t seen this struggle for the past three years on the contrary they are under the government and they are paid with a high salary… so how are they struggling?

Ex-rebels, especially Islamists, have been blamed for deadly attacks on dozens of members of the security forces, judges and foreigners in Benghazi, the city where the revolution was born. *****(What revolution lady? are you for real? This was an illegal war done by F.UK.US and they financed & trained some criminals who were in Guantanamo to pursue a new career as extremists  while the salary is good and they get arms from the UNITED STATES VIA QATAR.)

Bouzid and his paper came out openly in support of a military drive launched on May 16 by renegade general Khalifa Haftar to crush Islamists in Benghazi, in a so-called “dignity” campaign.

Hundreds of people attended Bouzid’s funeral, including a number of journalists, an AFP correspondent said. At the same time, journalists gathered in Benghazi and Tripoli to speak out against attacks on the media.

Media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF), condemned the killing “in the strongest terms,” urging the “authorities to conduct an investigation as quickly as possible” to identify those responsible for the murder. ****(I doubt this will ever happen it was an order from the U.S.)

Last week, the watchdog had voiced “deep concern about the fate of the country’s journalists, who are yet again the targets of violence.”

It urged “all civilian, military and political actors …to immediately end all attacks on civilians, including all journalists”.

“News providers have a fundamental role to play in the new Libya, especially in the overall process of building a viable and democratic state for the long term,” the France-based group said. ****(give me a break the French should shut their trap as they are also responsible for this chaos)

The UN mission in Libya also urged a speedy investigation into the shooting, which it labelled a “terrorist act”.*****(What UN mission? It doesn’t exist its only on paper we know from first hand how the UN tried to help us… we see the effects after three years.)

And Mohamed al-Najem, head of the Libyan NGO the Centre for Press Freedom, accused “groups that want to muzzle courageous voices” of being behind the attack in an interview with Al-Nabaa television, without giving further details.

With lawlessness in the mostly desert nation rising, a spokesman for Tunisia’s foreign ministry told AFP that other North African countries will hold an “urgent meeting” on Libya.

Libya will become terror base, Ex-PM warns

Libya will become terror base, Ex-PM warns

Ali Zeidan (AP)

London – Former Libyan prime minister Ali Zeidan on Tuesday warned that Islamist groups were sabotaging attempts to rebuild his country in order that it become a haven for extremists, in an interview with Britain’s newspaper The Times.

Zeidan, who fled to Germany after losing a parliamentary confidence vote earlier this month, said that he was preparing to return “maybe very soon” to help restore order and repel the threat of extremism, two-and-a-half years after the killing of veteran ruler Muammar Gaddafi.  ****(FOR A LONG TIME HE USED TO SAY THAT HE WAS A DICTATOR, ITS FUNNY HOW THINGS CHANGE AND FROM DICTATOR OUR GUIDE HAS TAKEN HIS RIGHTFUL SEAT OF “VETERAN RULER MUAMMER GADDAFI)

“Libya could be a base for al-Qaeda for any operation to Italy, to Britain, to France, to Spain, to Morocco, to everywhere. Weapons are everywhere, ammunition is everywhere,” the former prime minister, who was in London to meet British politicians, told the newspaper.

“My plan is to struggle to reform the state, to stabilise the situation”.

He suggested that groups such as al-Qaeda and the Muslim Brotherhood were exploiting rifts within the country he ruled for 15 months.

“These people want Libya not to be a civil state, not to be a state of law, they want it as what happened in Afghanistan,” he claimed.

Zeidan, an independent, was unable to tame former rebel militia that have carved out their own fiefdoms since the 2011 uprising that toppled the dictatorship of Gaddafi.

The no-confidence motion – triggered when a North-Korean-flagged tanker laden with crude oil from a rebel-held terminal broke through a naval blockade and escaped to sea – was approved by 124 of the 194 members of the General National Congress.

The former prime minister claimed two political groups were behind his removal as premier: the radical Wafa movement, and the Justice and Construction Party which is the political arm of the Libyan branch of the Muslim Brotherhood.


Gaddafi funded ‘mentally deficient’ Sarkozy, interview claims

Gaddafi funded ‘mentally deficient’ Sarkozy, interview claims

A French television programme is set to reveal a potentially damming audio recording in which the late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi claims he helped bankroll former French president Nicolas Sarkozy’s 2007 presidential campaign.

In the recorded interview, which France 3 TV said it would broadcast on Wednesday, Gaddafi insults Sarkozy and says the decision to fund a French presidential election was part of his political strategy.

Asked whether he feels betrayed by France’s president, Gaddafi reportedly answers: “Sarkozy is mentally deficient… It’s thanks to me that he became president… We gave him the funds that allowed him to win.”

The interview by French journalist Delphine Minoui took place on March 16, 2011, a few days after Paris officially recognised the Libyan opposition. France would go on to provide military support that was instrumental in toppling the Libyan autocrat.

Gaddafi says Sarkozy came to ask him for financial support when he was France’s interior minister, but offers no details about the amount allegedly given or about financial transactions.

Sarkozy received Gaddafi at the Elysée Palace in December 2007, seven months after he was sworn in as France’s president.

“For us, as Libyans, if the president of France wins elections thanks to our funds, it is a real advantage,” Gaddafi tells his interviewer.

Claims that Libyan cash secretly funded Sarkozy’s campaign have been made in the past, in particular by Gaddafi’s son Saif al-Islam. Sarkozy, along with a few members of Libya’s ousted regime, have denied the allegations.

(FRANCE 24 with AFP)