The first references that appear in the history of Libya, referring to the Libyan mercenaries hired by the Ancient Egypt in the first millennium BC C. The Carthaginian army of Hannibal Barca will also later with the mercenaries that will be the strongest point of the infantry of his army in his famous expedition to the peninsula through the Alps. The coastline of the country was visited by Greeks and Phoenicians, and later dominated by the Roman Empire, Genseric the Vandal kingdom, the Byzantine Empire, the Arabs and the Ottoman Empire.
In 1912, Libya was invaded by Italy. Until that time, due to their low economic and strategic value, the territory (then controlled by Bedouin chiefs) had escaped the voracity of the European imperialist powers, but the Italians, who wanted to create a colonial empire, they had better invade land, to which was added the geographical proximity of the territory with its own peninsula. Italian rule over Libya lasted until the end of the Second World War conflagration in which the country witnessed the battle between Rommel’s Afrika Korps on the part of the Axis, and the troops of Montgomery, by Great Britain.
At the end of the war the allies fail to agree on the future of the former Italian colony. At that time was a territory more than five times higher than Italy itself. However, the population surpassed one million inhabitants, representing an appropriate destination for the remaining population of Italy began to look for places to which to emigrate after the war. The distrust between the West and the Soviet Union make the UN finally decided to give independence to the country leaving it in the hands of King Idris.
Thus Libya became the first African colony to achieve independence. European powers later regret this fact, it helped to trigger the various struggles for African independence. Also lost to have the last opportunity to build a European-style state in the southern Mediterranean coast.
Muammar al-Gaddafi Libyan People leader, successfully led to the Great Socialist People’s Libyan Revolution (State of the Masses), a system of direct rule where the people exercise power through the direct and leading role in decision making (Power Popular). For supporting left-wing revolutionary movements in different countries of the world, the imperialist government of the United States through President Ronald Reagan ordered a bombing of Tripoli and Benghazi, its two main cities in 1986. In the midst of these actions killed several civilians, including an adopted daughter of Al-Gaddafi, Jana.
At the end of the eighties of the twentieth century two planes exploded as a result of terrorist attacks, one in the United Kingdom (Lockerbie bombing) and in Africa (Attack of flight UTA 772). The United States, Britain and France accused Libya of such actions and undertook a series of sanctions that led to the isolation of the country.
On the other hand, the African Union was officially formed in March 2001 during a ceremony held in the Libyan city of Sirte.
In 2003 the Libyan government recognized the responsibility of Libyan nationals in the attacks and came to agreements by which it undertook to compensate the families of the victims of the two planes. As a result, they have lifted the sanctions that existed over the country.
60 Minutes – “Libya’s Qaddafi” (1980)