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The dire consequences of meddling in Libya


The dire consequences of meddling in Libya

by: Con Coughlin

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Libya has come a long way – and not at all for the good – since David Cameron proclaimed that the successful campaign to overthrow Colonel Muammar Gaddafi in 2011 ***(that was not a successful campaign if you consider that NATO which includes Britain bombed 60.000 sorties in Libya for 8 whole months which was more than what was used in the WWII combined. As for the overthrow I would not call it that I would call it BRUTAL COLD MURDER, that is exactly what they are preparing for the President of Syria. Makes me wonder where the tables turned around what would the West do if one of their psychopaths leaders was brutally murdered? Surely the American idiotic empire would nuke the country who dared to do such an atrocious act, while we the Libyans cannot complain to the UN (because its even worse than NATO) or to anyone for that matter, the same goes for Syria. We have to swallow our pride and dignity accept stoically what is done to us and move on as nothing really happened. How ironic is this? Everywhere I look or research the analysts say that in 2011 we had a civil war – a civil war to begin it has to have 2 different political poles and you must have the country divided which this was not the case. We had a handful of CIA agents plus snipers and expatriates who wanted to invade Libya and murder in cold blood the president of the country that is a FACT not fiction what Cameron, Obama, Sarkozy, UN and NATO did was an ILLEGAL WAR – MASKED AS HUMANITARIAN INTERVENTION and now we see how successful this campaign is)  provided the perfect template for undertaking future military interventions.

After all the political controversy engendered by Britain’s previous military involvement in Afghanistan and Iraq, Downing Street prided itself on the fact that its Libyan campaign objectives were accomplished without the need for any boots on the ground and, more importantly, without incurring a single British combat casualty.

MERCENARIES

Matthew Vandyke American national

 

Matthew Vandyke

Matthew Vandyke

 

these are some of the pictures that USA,UK & French troops on the ground in Libya

these are some of the pictures that USA,UK & French troops on the ground in Libya

 In this March 24, 2011, file photo U.S. Army Gen. Carter Ham, the top U.S.

In this March 24, 2011, file photo U.S. Army Gen. Carter Ham, the top U.S.

Also in this picture are some foreigners just saying that there were no foreign troops on the ground... one  picture 1000 words

Also in this picture are some foreigners just saying that there were no foreign troops on the ground… one picture 1000 words 

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BELHAJ &LIFG

 

****(that is a blatant LIE, all English/Americans/French/Dutch/Qatari/Saudi Arabia/Turkey/UAE/Kuwait soldiers and private armies had their families sign a gag order never to say that they were killed in Libya and I have to say yes we did kill quite a few and a lot more imprisoned, we had Sarkozy and Co.(Dutch/Americans and Brits) running up and down to free their bunch.)

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For a few months after Gaddafi’s demise, Mr Cameron basked in the warm afterglow of his first personal experience of military conflict, even making triumphant visits to Tripoli and Benghazi, where he was greeted by cheering crowds ****(I wouldn’t say cheering crowds but paid with over a thousand dinars crowd). Indeed, the belief among senior ministers that Libya constituted a great foreign policy success persisted long after the country had descended ****(they did not persisted they were protected by the European and American Secret AGENTS that is how they stayed into power) into chaos, with lawless bands of Islamist militias roaming the country, killing and kidnapping their opponents with impunity. In 2013, when I accompanied William Hague, the then Foreign Secretary, on a visit to Mali, where Libya-based Islamist groups were threatening to overrun the country, I was subjected to several lectures by his entourage on the merits of the Coalition’s Libyan adventure. ****( and this is what your coalition left behind)

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I think this picture say's it all

I think this picture say’s it all

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victims of the coalition who decided to protect the civilians! REALLY?

victims of the coalition who decided to protect the civilians! REALLY?

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These days Libya is so demonstrably a basket case that, with the general election campaign now well under way, I very much doubt we will be hearing any more idle boasts from Tory politicians about their hollow achievements in the country. On the contrary, I suspect they will be doing everything in their power to gloss over the issue, preferring to concentrate on more certain vote-winning issues, such as the strength of the economy, than their meddling in what has now become North Africa’s most troubled region.

Prior to the 2011 campaign, Libya was producing 1.6 billion barrels per day of its “light sweet” variety of crude oil, with significant quantities being sold to British refineries. Total daily output now stands at around 350,000 barrels, none of which is finding its way on to the export market and is barely sufficient to keep Libya’s own refineries operating – those, that is, whose oil tanks have not been set ablaze by rogue rockets fired by Islamist militias.

For while the Libyan economy is in freefall, the far greater concern remains the endemic state of lawlessness that has made the country a virtual no-go zone for Westerners, and indeed many Libyans. By conservative estimates there are around 100 ***(250) different Libyan militias operating in the country – though the actual figure could be three times that number – with more than 125,000 Libyans bearing arms. Assassinations and kidnappings have become so routine throughout the country that in 2013 the Libyan charged with investigating the assassinations was himself assassinated.

The security situation is further complicated by the growing involvement of other regional powers in the conflict, with Egypt’s new military hard man, General Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, sending Egyptian warplanes to bomb anti-government rebels, and Turkey ***(USA, UK & QATAR) openly backing Libya’s Muslim Brotherhood organisation – one of the many factions that are competing for power. The growing confidence of Islamist groups in Libya, furthermore, has resulted in the inevitable link-up with Islamic State fighters operating in Syria and Iraq, with the result that Western intelligence officials are now genuinely concerned that, ****(I doubt they are concerned the journalist has to explain why the Western intelligence is financing and training these terrorists, lets not forget that McCain has a camp in the United States where the terrorists ISIS were being trained, lets also not forget that the pentagon has given the go ahead in training these jihadists in Syria, so please explain to me this controversy? Maybe the Western intelligence are worried that it will be found out again like with the Benghazigate scandal you know the one where the ambassador was murdered and he was an arms dealer between the USA – LIBYA – TURKEY FINAL DESTINATION SYRIA)  with large numbers of jihadists travelling to North Africa, it is only a question of time before Libyan-trained terrorists turn their attentions to Europe, and launch a campaign of violence on the streets of Britain and other European cities. ****(My dear Journalist we in Libya do not have Libyan-trained terrorists what we do have are mercenaries that your country brought into our country, we have no desire to kill anyone in Europe or in America other than Cameron, Hague, Obama, Sarkozy, Clinton, Erdogan, the Prince of Qatar and the late king of Saudi Arabia. It’s a wishful thinking, maybe if all Libyans concentrate with his mind on every single person named above, maybe they will die who knows God works in a mysterious ways. BUT THE ONES THAT YOUR COUNTRY HAS TRAINED IT WOULD BE AN IRONY IF THEY CAME TO YOUR COUNTRY AND CAUSE CHAOS THE SAME WAY THEY HAVE CAUSED IN LIBYA, SYRIA, IRAQ, AFGHANISTAN, PAKISTAN AND YEMEN)

If that happens, then Mr Cameron and his supporters really will have some explaining to do. Certainly, the fact that the latest round of UN-sponsored peace talks in Geneva yesterday broke up without agreement does not bode well for Libya’s immediate future.

Several grave miscalculations on the part of the Coalition and its allies have created this miserable state of affairs. Whitehall’s ill-judged support for the so-called Arab Spring meant that Britain demanded Gaddafi’s overthrow without any consideration for the likely consequences his removal would have for Libya’s future. Another factor was the Government’s refusal to commit ground troops which, while keeping British casualties to a minimum, meant that Britain and its allies were unable to influence Libya’s post-conflict reconstruction phase in a positive, pro-Western direction. ****(What you do not understand dear Journalist who the f@@k gave the right to the coalition to invade Libya, who ever told you we were dissatisfied with our government? Who ever told you we wanted to follow the pro-Western direction, the only thing we wanted is to become like Dubai well that is what the younger generation wanted and its understandable when all our youngsters had everything, everything was provided for them so they wanted a new toy, to look like Dubai, to have an underground (metro) to have trains, to have private jets, to have concerts, nightclubs and alcohol that is all they wanted, they did not want your culture, your sex slave trafficking, your NO RESPECT FOR OTHER HUMAN BEINGS, your no respect for older people or family values and you have no respect for our tribal customs)

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The Coalition’s insistence, moreover, on sticking with its “no boots on the ground” mantra has significant implications for the current military campaign being undertaken against Islamic State militants in Iraq and Syria. Bombing Isil positions from 20,000ft, as RAF Tornado GR4 warplanes are doing on a regular basis, represents little more than a token gesture, and has only succeeded in halting Isil’s advance further south in Iraq, rather than forcing it to relinquish the large swathes of territory it seized last summer. And, as delegates arriving in London for tomorrow’s summit on Isil will discover, so long as Britain and its allies lack the political will to deploy ground troops, there is little prospect of ending Isil’s murderous reign of terror in Syria and Iraq. ****(Are you that naive? All these terrorist groups are paid by your taxes, these terrorists are the cheap labour army for the Western countries like yours and America so they do not put boots on the ground and have their asses kicked to hell like it was done in Afghanistan, Iraq, Pakistan…. what better way to invade  MIDDLE EASTERN countries with cheap labour army which is not western so NO ONE CAN CLAIM THAT THE WEST DID THIS!!!! If they used their own army there would be many body bags which the western government could not explain to its people the why they were killed when the Middle east is not a security risk but the only thing the West wants is to steal all of our RESOURCES. But the plan has backfired into your face people are waking up and are understanding the manipulation all of you journalists are doing in the name of freedom and democracy…. which it should be told in the name of slavery and dictatorship. Your colonies one by one is waking up and demanding that you leave their country pay damages which will bankrupt the west… that is what you are fighting for, to keep your comfortable houses, jobs etc, but once its gone from your hands and become poor like the African states and expect the UN to feed you with expired food cans, you will expect Brad and Jolie to come and hold your children’s hands when they will be sold for sex slaves to the elitists or to NEW WORLD ORDER which is Israel then maybe then you will understand how evil you were with the rest of the world.)

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Images 25/1/15


Originally posted on Follow The Money:

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amen to that..

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captain america..i am on the side of the team with 2 eyes..

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order out of chaos even..

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madonna and her chest..note the crucifix and a skull ring..

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nick young..known as swaggy-p..cute..

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original poster for the jesus of nazareth movie from many years ago..

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the world renowned fringe festival held in my city annually nearly always features an eye in its posters which cover buses all over the town..

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historical fact..all things come to an end eventually..

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a lot going on in this image..VC summed it up here: http://vigilantcitizen.com/vigilantreport/economist-2015-cover-filled-cryptic-symbols-dire-predictions/

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the pyramid of german helmets assembled in new york after ww1 ended..very esoteric and what is on top?

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a poster of killed pakistani students from last december featuring noah pozner, second from the right, who was also “killed” at sandy hook..the matrix has a glitch..

Ellen Allien

german musician ellen allien..not her real name..not sure what she is advertising here but…

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Counter Intelligence – The Company


Counter Intelligence – The Company

A film by Scott Noble of Metanoia Films (2013)

“An extraordinary work by a gifted filmmaker, ‘Counter-Intelligence’ shines sunlight into the darkest crevices of empire run amok. The film vividly exposes a monstrous and unconstitutional ‘deep state’ in which multiple competing chains of command — all but one illegalhijack government capabilities and taxpayer funds to commit crimes against humanity in our name. Anyone who cares about democracy, good government, and the future will want to watch all five segments of this remarkable film.” 

Counter-Intelligence is a 5 part series that explores in-depth, the vast, sprawling and secret National Security State that operates throughout the United States–and indeed the world. The series examines the foundations of the Military-Industrial-Intelligence Complex, charting through to the myriad consequences in today’s world where secret intelligence organisations continue to hijack governments, manipulate elections and commit heinous crimes against humanity–all under the cloak of “National Security”. In the wake of the continued revelations of the NSA PRISM program, this series is now more important than ever to provide a solid historical context to the workings of the rapacious and ever-expanding National Security State…

This first episode lays out the structure of the modern intelligence agency, using the evolution of the CIA and the creation of the concept of ‘plausible deniability’ to show how the continued rapacious spread of the clandestine National Security State has been built up over time, to the complex network it is today. Examples of previous operations by secret agencies show election tampering; assassinations; the setting up of NGO’s and front companies for ‘economic hit-men'; creation of mercenary groups and paramilitaries; the clandestine modern military-intelligence bureaucracy, including JSOC and NSA; as well as illustrating the emergence of The Panopticon–the vast National Security surveillance network. This network is more powerful than even governments–with examples in Australia showing how Gough Whitlam is expelled for wanting to shut down Pine Gap and other top secret US military bases…

The Deep State

The Strategy of Tension

The Strategy of Tension examines the history of false flag operations used for war, propaganda and psychological operations–or ‘psy-ops’. Operation Northwoods and Operation Gladio are examples used to illustrate the nature of clandestine operation planning and execution; as well as shedding light on the intent and extent to which the National Security apparatus manipulates events and manufactures outcomes to suit its goals. This programme also looks at the issues that spin off from the history of false flag operations–such as how conspiracy theories are used to discredit inquiry and investigative journalism; and also how the cultural preconditions around dismissing false flag operations serve to protect their continuation and ‘plausible deniability’…

Necrophilous

This episode investigates how torture and extensive demonstrative violence have been used as tools throughout clandestine operations, intelligence gathering and also outright war. Recent examples covered are the abuses by the United States military in Abu Ghraib and Guantánamo Bay, as well as the workings of covert operations involving torture and organised violence. Also discussed are attitudes towards civilian casualties in modern war, as well as recent framing conditions of propaganda such as Islamophobia–the driving force behind warmongering and mainstream media manipulation.

 

Drone Nation

On New Years Eve 2011, Barack Obama signs into law (without much opposition) the NDEAA Act–a law that allows the government to detain its own citizens without charge indefinitely, and even murder its own citizens without due process. Case in point was the assassination of Anwar al-Awlaki in Yemen in 2011. This new law then leads to further secret drone strikes throughout Yemen, Pakistan, Somalia, Afghanistan and Iraq directed by Obama and institutions such as the CIA. What direction are we heading in from here?

Axis Of Evil – Documentary Of Zionists, Israel, United States, Canada, Britain


Axis Of Evil – Documentary Of Zionists, Israel, United States, Canada, Britain

Editor’s note: Here is a video which shows exactly how the masses are manipulated, why the masses can not get organized. Why the 1% governs the masses. This video should go viral so people/masses may wake up from their lethargic sleep and stand up to the 1%.

Libya: Extremists Terrorizing Derna Residents


Libya: Extremists Terrorizing Derna Residents

An armed motorcade belonging to members of Derna's Islamic Youth Shura Council that pledged allegiance to ISIS, drive along a road in eastern Libya on October 3, 2014. © 2014 Reuters

An armed motorcade belonging to members of Derna’s Islamic Youth Shura Council that pledged allegiance to ISIS, drive along a road in eastern Libya on October 3, 2014.
© 2014 Reuters

Summary Executions, Public Floggings, No Rule of Law

(Beirut) – Armed militias that control the eastern city of Derna are terrorizing residents through summary executions, public floggings, and other violent abuse. The abuses are taking place in the absence of state authorities and the rule of law. The groups include some that have affiliated with the extremist group Islamic State (also known as ISIS).

Human Rights Watch documented 3 apparent summary executions and at least 10 public floggings by the Islamic Youth Shura Council, an extremist group which publicly pledged allegiance to ISIS in November. Human Rights Watch also documented beheadings of three Derna residents in what appear to be war crimes, and dozens of seemingly politically motivated assassinations of public officials, judges and members of the security forces, and others, including women.

“Extremist militias controlling Derna in the absence of any state authorities have unleashed a reign of terror against its inhabitants,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and North Africa director. “Commanders should understand that they may face domestic or international prosecution for the grave rights abuses their forces are committing.”

Since May, an armed conflict between forces allied with the elected Libyan government based in Tobruk and led by General Khalifa Hiftar and Islamist militias has engulfed eastern Libya. In and around Derna, in addition to the powerful Islamic Shura Youth Council, the militias include members of Ansar al-Sharia and the Abu Saleem Martyrs Brigade.

Human Rights Watch spoke with Derna residents who fled the city to escape persecution by Islamist militias and in anticipation of an announced military offensive by forces allied to Libya’s elected government. One Derna activist, who said he left the city at the end of October after receiving death threats for speaking out against the militias, described Derna as “fully under the control of fundamentalists” who have imposed an extremist ideology, and enforced a strict interpretation of Shari’a law with public executions and floggings. He said extremist militias shared the same ideology and the only dispute between them related to the Islamic Youth Shura Council’s pledge of allegiance to ISIS.

The United Nations should urgently establish an international commission of inquiry or similar mechanisms to investigate alleged war crimes and other serious violations by all sides of the conflict in Libya, with a view to ensuring future ACCOUNTABILITY, Human Rights Watch said.

Derna has had no significant presence of state authorities, including police and a functioning judiciary, since the end of the 2011 revolution in Libya that toppled Muammar Gaddafi.

Since 2013, unidentified assailants in Derna have assassinated at least five judges and prosecutors, and two women – a former lawmaker and a former security official. Unidentified armed militias have also attacked and destroyed tombs in mosques, including Derna’s historic al-Sahaba Mosque, which extremists have repeatedly targeted since 2011.

The Libyan air force, allied with the elected government, has conducted air strikes against militia targets in Derna, Benghazi, and elsewhere, while the militias have mounted purported suicide and other attacks in Tobruk, al-Baida, and Benghazi. Both sides have carried out indiscriminate attacks that amount to war crimes, killing and injuring civilians and civilian objects. *****(Adding in these war crimes they should add NATO’s crimes when they were bombing indiscriminate attacks all over the country killing over 100.000 civilians including children)

All parties to the conflict in Libya are required to abide by the laws of war. Certain serious violations of these laws, when committed with criminal intent, are war crimes. War crimes include “the passing of sentences and the carrying out of executions without previous judgment pronounced by a regularly constituted court, affording all judicial guarantees which are generally recognized as indispensable.” Murder on a systematic or widespread scale when used as state policy or by an organized group is a crime against humanity. Those who commit, order, assist, or have command responsibility for war crimes or crimes against humanity are subject to prosecution by domestic courts or the International Criminal Court (ICC). ****(Well ICC should take in account that the war crimes committed in Libya now are the result of F.U.K.US and NATO who they should also be charged for their illegal intervention killing thousands, murdering the leader of the country, using Depleted uranium, destroying the infrastructure of Libya, bombing hospitals killing injured people by the thousands. Using cluster bombs which are forbidden by international law but they used them anyway killing thousand of people. Bombing Sirte for over two weeks and not allowing the Red Cross to enter to give food, medicine and whatever else was needed. The list is too long to write but if ICC decides to charge for war Crimes first in the list should be OBAMA, CLINTON, McCain, SUSAN RICE, CAMERON, HAGUE, SARKOZY, BERNARD LEVI, Ki Moon of the UN, ERDOGAN OF TURKEY, THE HOUSE OF SAUDI last but not the least HAMAD BIN KHALIFA AL-THANI of Qatar and of course lets not forget NATO COUNTRIES WHO BOMBED LIBYA TOGETHER  WITH THE CHIEF AT THE TIME ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN. Then the ICC can charge for war crimes that the Libyans did to each other.)

Libyan authorities have shown themselves powerless or unwilling to investigate and prosecute those responsible for unlawful killings and other serious rights abuses in the country. International ACCOUNTABILITY efforts for serious crimes have stalled despite an existing ICC mandate in Libya and a UN Security Council resolution threatening individual sanctions. The UN Human Rights Council ended the mandate of its commission of inquiry into violations in Libya in 2012.

“UN Security Council threats of sanctions become hollow if they are never acted upon,” Whitson said. “As each day passes, more people die and more opportunities to reverse Libya’s downward spiral are being frittered away.”

Security Council and ICC

The ICC has jurisdiction over war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide committed in Libya since February 15, 2011, under UN Security Council Resolution 1970. Human Rights Watch has urged the ICC prosecutor to consider additional cases addressing ongoing violations by all sides in Libya. In a November 11statement to the Security Council, the ICC prosecutor said that the combined effect of instability in Libya and lack of resources had undermined further efforts to investigate ongoing abuses. The Security Council, whose members unanimously gave the ICC authority to investigate in Libya, have special responsibility to extend their full support to facilitate the prosecutor’s continued work there, Human Rights Watch said.

On November 20, the Security Council added the extremist groups Ansar al-Sharia in Derna and in Benghazi to the Al Qaeda sanctions list. Members of these two entities are now subject to international travel bans and asset freezes.

On August 27, the Security Council passed resolution 2174 (2014) broadening international sanctions on Libya to include people who engage in or support acts that “threaten the peace, stability or security of Libya, or obstruct or undermine the successful completion of its political transition.” Such acts include “planning, directing, or committing acts that violate applicable international human rights law or international humanitarian law, or acts that constitute human rights abuses.” The Security Council is still to deliver on this threat of sanctions by designating individuals to be subjected to a travel ban and assets freeze under the expanded sanctions regime.

Attacks, Abuses in Derna

Human Rights Watch spoke with Derna residents who witnessed militia members carrying out cruel punishments, including summary executions and floggings. Human Rights Watch also spoke with family members and friends of victims, and community activists, and reviewed available online content, including videos, photos, and statements.

An activist who recently fled Derna told Human Rights Watch on November 13 that the Islamic Youth Shura Council emerged in April, gradually took control of the city and created its own public administration to rule Derna. The group, which rejects democracy and only accepts Sharia law, established a Legal Committee for Dispute Resolution and Reconciliation and appointed judges to a new Islamic court who have interrogated, prosecuted, and pronounced sentence on those deemed to have offended against their strict interpretation of Sharia law. Information the Islamic Youth Shura Council published says it has also set up a body called theDiwan al-Hisbah to oversee the “promotion of virtue and prevention of vice,” as well as a bureau for education and its own “Islamic police” force. Derna residents told Human Rights Watch that some of the judges at the Islamic Court were foreign nationals.

Summary Executions

Derna residents said they witnessed militants of the Islamic Shura Youth Council carry out public executions of three men accused of murder in two separate incidents. On July 27, militants of the group shot Al-Sanussi Nasri al-Huweidi, a Libyan, and an unidentified Egyptian national, for the alleged killing of Hamad Miloud al-Hassadi on July 25. According to a witness, the family of the victim handed the two alleged killers to the Islamic Shura Youth Council, which interrogated and declared them guilty on the same day.

One witness said armed men belonging to the group took the two accused to Martyrs place at al-Sahaba Square at around 1:30 a.m., where a member of the group shot both the accused in the head, one with a single bullet and the other with two, after the victim’s family declined to shoot them:

The Shura Council, which now became ISIS, hardly waited at all before executing the suspects. It all happened so fast within just two days. The sessions at the Islamic Court where people are interrogated and sentenced by a panel of three judges are not public. Usually, the court announces if it will carry out a death sentence beforehand. In this case the family of the victims refused to pardon the suspect, so the court carried out the sentence.

On August 19, the Islamic Shura Youth Council oversaw the public execution of Mohamed Ahmed Mohamed, an Egyptian national, at a football stadium in western Derna, after accusing him of killing Khalid al-Drissi, a Libyan. In a six-minute video posted online, an unidentifiable masked man reads charges against the accused man, who is kneeling, blindfolded and with his hands tied behind his back, on a plastic covered stretcher. The masked man first asks members of the victim’s family if they wish to pardon the alleged murderer and, when they refuse, hands a pistol to one of the family members, who shoots the accused man in the head, killing him.

Public Flogging

A Derna resident told Human Rights Watch on November 18 that he witnessed the public floggings of eight young men in Derna’s Old Mosque Square on October 25 or 26. He said two masked men alternate in flogging the men:

Masked men from the Shura Council lined up eight young men at Al-Sahaba Square and punished each with 40 whips after they were caught drinking alcoholic beverages at a “bachelor party” together with the groom. The council member starts by whipping the shoulders and then continues all the way down to the feet, 40 lashes. If an individual is caught drinking alcohol, they [Shura Council] will implement the “whipping punishment” [had al-Jald] on the spot.

Photographs and ACCOUNTS published by the Islamic Shura Youth Council on social media show two other public floggings in front of the Islamic Court. On each occasion, three men were flogged for allegedly drinking alcohol. Human Rights Watch was able to corroborate the floggings but not the dates on which they took place.

Assassinations

Human Rights Watch has tracked 250 cases of apparently politically motivated killings in Derna and Benghazi since the beginning of 2014. The victims included former and current members of the military and security agencies, as well as five judges and members of the public prosecution. In all cases, the killings were carried out by unidentified assailants. None of these unlawful killings have been investigated, and no one has been prosecuted or convicted for these crimes.

Mohamed Najib Hweidi, head of the appeals court for the Green Mountain region, was assassinated on June 16, 2013; Mohamed Khalifah al-Naas, deputy general prosecutor for the Green Mountain region was killed on November 9, 2013; Retired judge Youssef al-Kreimi died in Tunis on December 24, 2013 from wounds he sustained during an assassination attempt on November 25, 2013 in Derna; Abdelaziz al-Hassadi, Libya’s former general prosecutor, was assassinated on February 8, 2014; and former judge Mohamed Bouejeilah al-Mansouri was killed on April 28, 2014.

Unidentified assailants also targeted and killed two women, Fariha al-Barkawi and Salwa Yunis al-Hinaid, in 2014 in Derna in what appears to have been politically motivated assassinations. Two Derna residents, one an activist, said that the shooting death of a third woman in February only weeks after the killing of her husband, a former army officer, was not linked to politics but to a family dispute.

Unidentified assailants killed al-Barkawi, a former Derna city representative to the General National Congress (GNC), and a member of the National Forces Alliance, a political party with a non-Islamist agenda on July 17. One of her relatives in Derna, who spoke to Human Rights Watch on November 19, said al-Barkawi’s killing occurred five months after she resigned from the GNC, where she had called vocally for the presence of state authorities in Derna and criticized Islamist extremists. The relative said:

She was on her way to a market in western Shiha area to do some shopping for the month of Ramadan when she was killed by three bullets after her car was sprayed with a hail of bullets by a passing car with unidentified assailants. Although some passers-by tried to help her, it was too late. She died before she reached Al-Harish Hospital. There is no forensics examiner in Derna, so she was transferred to al-Bayda, which is 100 kilometers away and back the next day to be buried. The prosecutor’s offices are shut and the court was burned down early in 2011, during the revolution. There is no one who can investigate the killing.

Unidentified assailants gunned down al-Hinaid, a former employee of the state’s internal security apparatus under Muammar Gaddafi on September 9, 2014. A relative told Human Rights Watch on November 19 that gunmen killed al-Hinaid at around 8 a.m. as she left her house to buy bread, a regular routine. Several bullets hit her, and she died on the spot. No one has claimed responsibility.

Kidnappings and Beheadings

On November 1, a video statement by a group of nine masked young men, some of them armed, calling themselves Youth of Derna circulated on the social media. The statement pledged allegiance to the so-called Dignity military operation led by General Hiftar, who had been reinstated with 16 other officers in November by the elected government, and recognized the authority of the elected House of Representatives in Tobruk.

The group called on revolutionaries to take up arms and fight the “extremist militias in Derna including Ansar al-Sharia and ISIS,” and threatened to avenge unlawful killings and other rights abuses of the preceding three years that they alleged the “Muslim Brotherhood and extremist militias” had carried out, vowing to “show no mercy.”

The members of the group remain unidentified but they appear to have included at least one of three young men – Siraj Katish, Mohamed Btaou, and Mohamed al-Mismari – who were subsequently abducted in separate but seemingly coordinated incidents on November 5 in Derna. Their bodies were subsequently found in fields at Hisha, southern Derna. All three had been decapitated.

Derna residents identified al-Mismari as the likely spokesperson who appeared in the video, but Human Rights Watch was unable to confirm the identities of any of the nine youths. Derna residents said al-Mismari had spoken out against the Islamist militias in a June interview but that Katish and Btaou had no known public profiles as activists.

A Derna resident told Human Rights Watch on November 21 that unidentified armed men who arrived in three cars abducted Katish on November 5 as he stood in front of his house with three friends. A Derna resident familiar with the case told Human Rights Watch that on November 10 a shepherd alerted the Derna branch of the Red Crescent after finding the remains of two men, whose heads had been severed and were missing. The bodies were later identified by their families as those of Katish and Btaou. Al-Mismari’s was then found in an adjacent field; his head had also been severed, according to a news report. Human Rights Watch could not confirm the circumstances surrounding the abduction and killing of al-Mismari.

No one has claimed responsibility for these abductions and killings, although local residents have told Human Rights Watch they believe Islamist militants were responsible. One Derna resident who knew Katish said, “The extremists who pledged allegiance to ISIS are de facto in control of the entire city, they are now the strongest group there and they control everything, so they are undoubtedly responsible for the beheadings.”

In another incident, gunmen killed Moataz Bouruaq al-Shalwi near his house on November 13, according to a Derna resident who lives close by. Soon after, news circulated that militants of the Islamic Youth Shura Council had detained three people alleged to have killed al-Shalwi. Activists and news sites suggested that they faced imminent execution by shooting if the victim’s family desired it. There has been no news of the three since.

A May 28 news report said that the severed head of Abdul Moaz Turkawi, a Derna student who had previously challenged militia manning a checkpoint, was found in the compound of the city’s Al-Sahaba Mosque.