The Future Gaddafi Foresaw Libya, ISIS and the Unaffordable Luxury of Hindsight
by AHMAD BARQAWI
Who are you?” the late Muammar Gaddafi once rhetorically asked in a famous speech of his towards the end of his reign; (rightly) questioning the legitimacy of those seeking to over-throw his government at the time, calling them extremists, foreign agents, rats and drug-addicts. He was laughed at, unfairly caricatured, ridiculed and incessantly demonized; a distasteful parody video poking fun at the late Libyan leader even went viral on social media; evidently the maker of the video, an Israeli, thought the Libyan colloquial Arabic word “Zenga” (which means an Alleyway) sounded funny enough that he extracted it from one of Gaddafi’s speeches, looped it on top of a hip-hop backing track and voila… he got himself a hit video which was widely (and shamefully) circulated with a “revolutionary” zeal in the Arab world. We shared, we laughed, he died.
But the bloody joke is on all of us; Gaddafi knew what he was talking about; right from the get-go, he accused the so-called Libyan rebels of being influenced by Al-Qaeda ideology and Ben Laden’s school of thought; no one had taken his word for it of course, not even a little bit. I mean why should we have? After all, wasn’t he a vile, sex-centric dictator hell-bent on massacring half of the Libyan population while subjecting the other half to manic raping sprees with the aid of his trusted army of Viagra-gobbling, sub-Saharan mercenaries?At least that’s what we got from the visual cancer that is Al Jazeera channel and its even more acrid Saudi counterpart Al-Arabiya in their heavily skewed coverage of NATO’s vicious conquest of Libya.Plus Gaddafi did dress funny; why would anyone trust a haggard, weird-looking despotdressed in colorful rags when you have well-groomed Zionists like Bernard Henry Levy,John McCain and Hillary Clinton at your side, smiling and flashing the victory sign in group photo-ops, right?
Gaddafi called them drug-addicted, Islamic fundamentalists; we know them as ISIS… it doesn’t seem much of a joke now, does it? And ISIS is what had been in store for us all along; the “revolutionary” lynching and sodomization of Muammar Gaddafi amid manic chants of “Allahu Akbar”, lauded by many at the time as some sort of a warped triumph of the good of popular will (read: NATO-sponsored mob rule) over the evil of dictatorship (sovereign state), was nothing but a gory precursor for the future of the country and the region; mass lynching of entire populations in Libya, Syria and Iraq and the breakup of key Arab states into feuding mini-statelets. The gruesome video of Colonel Gaddafi’s murder, which puts to shame the majority of ISIS videos in terms of unhinged brutality and gore, did not invoke the merest of condemnations back then, on the contrary; everyone seemed perfectly fine with the grotesque end of the Libyan “tyrant”… except that it was only the beginning of a new and unprecedented reign of terror courtesy of NATO’s foot-soldiers and GCC-backed Islamic insurgents.
The rapid proliferation of trigger-happy terrorist groups and Jihadi factions drenched in petrodollars in Libya was not some sort of an intelligence failure on the part of western governments or a mere by-product of the power vacuum left by a slain Gaddafi; it was a deliberate, calculated policy sought after and implemented by NATO and its allies in the Gulf under the cringe-inducing moniker “Friends of Libya” (currently known as the International Coalition against ISIS) to turn the north-African country into the world’s largest ungovernable dumpster of weapons, al-Qaida militants and illegal oil trading.
So it is safe to say that UNSC resolution 1973, which practically gave free rein for NATO to bomb Libya into smithereens, has finally borne fruit… and it’s rotten to its nucleus, you can call the latest gruesome murder of 21 Egyptian fishermen and workers by the Libyan branch of the Islamic State exhibit “A”, not to mention of course the myriad of daily killings, bombings and mini-civil wars that are now dotting the entire country which, ever since the West engineered its coup-d’etat against the Gaddafi government, have become synonymous with the bleak landscape of lawlessness and death that is “Libya” today. And the gift of NATO liberation is sure to keep on giving for years of instability and chaos to come.
In an interview with the western media misinformation collective that is the BBC, ABC and the Sunday Times in February 2011; the late Muammar Gaddafi told his condescending interviewers; “have you seen the Al Qaeda operatives? Have you heard all these Jihadi broadcasts? It is Al Qaeda that is controlling the cities of Al Baida and Darnah, former Guantanamo inmates and extremists unleashed by America to terrorize the Libyan people…”. Darnah is now the main stronghold for ISIS in Libya.
In a bizarre coincidence (or some sort of cosmic irony); the date on which ISIS chose to release its video of the beheading of Egyptian captives, thereby officially declaring its presence in the war-torn country with three oil fields under its control, (appropriately) marked the 4th anniversary of the start of the so-called Libyan revolution on February 15th, 2011; a more apt “tribute” to commemorate the Western instigated regime-change debacle in Libya could not have been made.
But even long before ISIS became the buzzword, the acrid nature of a “revolutionary” Libya showed in full, sickening splendor almost instantly right after the old regime fell, everything the late Gaddafi was falsely accused of doingwas literally perfected to a chilling degree by the so-called rebels; massacres, indiscriminate shelling of residential areas, car-bombings, mass arrests, torture, theft of oil and national resources… the whole lot. In 2013; two British pro-Palestine activists, on their way to Gaza with an aid convoy, got to experience first-hand the rotten fruits of the Libyan chapter of the so-called Arab Spring when they were abducted by a motely crew of Libyan revolutionaries-turned-warlords in the city of Benghazi and gang raped in front of their father.
Proponents of Humanitarian Interventions must be patting themselves on the back these days; now that Libya has completed its democratic makeover from a country with the highest standard of living in Africa under Gaddafi’s rule into a textbook definition of a failed state; a godless wasteland of religious fanaticism, internal bloodletting and wholesale head-chopping, in fact Libya became so “democratic” that there are now two parliaments and two (warring) governments; each with its own (criminal) army and supported with money and caches of weapons from competing foreign powers, not to mention the myriad of secessionist movements and militias which the illegal coup against Gaddafi has spawned all over the country while free health care, education and electricity, which the Libyans took for granted under Gaddafi’s regime, are all now but relics of the past; that’s the “Odyssey Dawn”the Libyans were promised; a sanitized version of Iraq sans the public outrage, neatly re-packaged in a “responsibility to protect” caveat and delivered via aerial bombing campaigns where even the West’s overzealous Gulf Co-conspirators Club (GCC), driven by nothing beyond petty personal vendettas against Gaddafi, got to test the lethality of its rusted, American-made military aircrafts alongside NATO on the people of Tripoli and Sirte.
This is what Gaddafi had predicted right from the get-go and then some; the ephemeral euphoria of the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions was just too potent and too exhilarating for us to read the fine print; was it a conspiracy or a true revolutionary spirit gone awry? It doesn’t really matter now that ISIS has become the true legacy of Tahrir Square; “they will turn Libya into another Afghanistan, another Somalia, another Iraq… your women won’t be allowed out, they will transform Libya into an Islamic Emirate and America will bomb the country under the pretext of fighting terrorism”, the late Libyan leader had said in a televised speech on February 22nd, 2011, and more prophetic words were never spoken.
America’s “clean war” Libyan prototype proved to be such a success that it was replicated with a wanton abandon in Syria; Paul Bremer’s “Blackwater” death squads of old, which reigned terror all over Iraq, are back… with an Islamic twist; bearded, clad in black and explosives from head to toe and mounting convoys of Toyota Land Cruiser trucks with an ever-expanding, seemingly borderless Islamic Caliphate (that somehow leaves the Zionist regime unencumbered in its occupation of Palestine) set in their sights.
Everyday the Arab World is awakened to a new-videotaped atrocity; steeped in gore and maniacal terror courtesy of ISIS (or IS or ISIL), and countless of other “youtubeless”, albeit more heinous crimes courtesy of America’s very own ever-grinding, one-sided drone warfare;the entire region seesaws between machete beheadings and hellfire missile incinerations.Death from above… as well as below; the War on Terror rears its ugly head once again; to bring in line those nasty terrorists that the West itself funded and sponsored in the name of democracy to destabilize “unsavory” regimes;an unrelenting Groundhog Day that starts with the Responsibility to Protect and ends with the War on Terror, with thousands of innocent lives, typically chalked up to collateral damage, crushed in the process.
This is exactly what Gaddafi foresaw; a Libya mired in utter chaos, civil conflict and western diktats; a breeding ground for Jihadi fundamentalism and extremists…
too bad we just laughed his warnings off to an Israeli-made parody tune.
Amnesty calls for U.N. (MORE) sanctions, war crimes probe in Libya
Amnesty and the UN are a little too late it has taken them four years to decided for more sanctions and of course to investigate of WAR CRIMES, but question is; The UN while it has sanctioned Libya for arms, ammunition, food, medicine etc, so the legal government has no means because of the sanctions to bringing any arms into the country to get rid of the installed NATO JIHADISTS, Criminal Militias and a list of Designated terrorist organizations. So please could you explain to us Libyans how we can fight them?
Secondly what the Hell does Amnesty wants from the Libyans? When we were calling for the Amnesty people to come to Libya in 2011 they took the side of the terrorists so what do want now? To investigate WAR CRIMES? Really? How about investigating NATO CRIMES? ILLEGAL WAR OF 2011 DONE BY THE FOLLOWING PLAYERS WHO PLANNED A TOTAL COLD MURDER OF A PRESIDENT AND KILLED OVER 1 MILLION POPULATION ON THE PROCESS => SARKOZY CRIMES? BERNARD LEVI CRIMES? CAMERON & HAGUE CRIMES? OBAMA AND HILLARY CLINTON CRIMES? LASTLY ISRAEL CRIMES?
So when I read an article from REUTERS lap-dog of Israel, America and the War Lords, I cringe with all the misinformation they write so here is their article:
(Reuters) - Rights group Amnesty International called on Wednesday for targeted U.N. sanctions and investigations into possible war crimes in Libya to end a cycle of abductions and summary killings by rival armed factions. PLEASE EXPLAIN HOW YOU ARE GOING TO DO THAT? BY INVADING ILLEGALLY LIBYA AGAIN? Or bringing NATO for HUMANITARIAN REASONS?
An Amnesty report released on Wednesday focused on Benghazi, where an alliance of Islamist militants and ex-rebels, known as Shura Council, has battled for months with forces allied to army General Khalifa Haftar, who declared war on Islamist extremists. What Reuters is not telling you that Haftar (CIA ASSET), Shura Council are fighting each other for political power and not to get rid of the JIHADISTS, both parties are USA FUNDED and protected by the UN so dear Amnesty please explain what you really want to do… the fact is that the UN, U.S.A., AMNESTY WANT THE ISLAMIST EXTREMISTS IN LIBYA SO THAT LIBYA WILL BE DIVIDED LIKE IRAQ, SUDAN, YUGOSLAVIA IN OTHER WORDS THEY WANT TO BALKANIZE LIBYA.
The battle over Benghazi is part of a wider conflict involving two major factions and their competing governments struggling for control of the North African state and its oil resources four years after civil war ousted Muammar Gaddafi. THERE WAS NO CIVIL WAR IN LIBYA AND STOP USING THAT WORD, YOU REMIND ME OF THE JEWS AND THEIR PROPAGANDA OF ANTISEMITISM. A WELL PLANNED DESTRUCTION DONE BY THE WESTERN ALLIES TOGETHER WITH THE LIBYAN EXPATRIATES CATCHING THE OPPORTUNITY OF THE ARAB SPRING… A BOY OF 5 YEARS OLD CAN RESEARCH THIS ILLEGAL INVASION AND WILL FIND THAT EVERYTHING WAS STAGED TO MURDER IN COLD BLOOD A PRESIDENT AND TEAR APART A WHOLE NATION.
London-based Amnesty said that the fighting in Benghazi, the main city in eastern Libya, involved tit-for-tat attacks, abductions, summary killings and torture by each side.
“Benghazi has steadily descended into chaos and misrule. The city has been ripped apart by spiraling violence waged by rival groups and their supporters seeking vengeance,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, a regional deputy director for Amnesty.
Amnesty’s statement called for an international demonstration of will to investigate war crimes and hold perpetrators accountable as a way to end impunity. YES RIGHT WE CAN TELL YOU THE FIRST PEOPLE TO HOLD ACCOUNTABLE FOR THESE WAR CRIMES: OBAMA, CLINTON, LEVI, SARKOZY, CAMERON, HAGUE, JALIL, HAFTER, MAGARIEF, BELHAJ=>AL QAIDA AFFILIATE, JIBRIL, GOGA, HASSI, BADI, LIBYAN DAWN, LIBYAN SUNRISE, MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD=>ALLIES WITH OBAMA, HILLARY AND THE UN BERNANDINO, BANDAR BUSH, ALARABIA TV CHANNEL, AL JAZEERA TV CHANNEL, SHEIKH HAMAD BIN KHALIFA AL-THANI OF QATAR, ERDOGAN, NATO MURDERER=>ANDERS FOGH RASMUSSEN THE CHILD KILLER AND ALL NATO NATIONS THAT WERE INVOLVED IN THIS MASSACRE OF 2011 LEAVING BEHIND AND INSTALLING A NEW GOVERNMENT OF AL QAEDA, ISIS, DAASH AND OTHER TERRORIST GROUPS. ALL WESTERN MEDIA OUTLETS HAVE ALSO BLOOD IN THEIR HANDS, DOCTORS WITHOUT BORDERS, RED CROSS WAS ASSISTING WITH ARMS THESE TERRORISTS AND DID NOT HELP THE PEOPLE IN NEED. SO THERE IS THE FIRST LIST WHEN YOU FINISH WITH THEM WE WILL GIVE THE NEXT LIST. YOUR STATEMENTS MEAN NOTHING TO THE 70,000 P.O.W. WHO ARE TORTURED, RAPPED AND KILLED DAILY BY THE ABOVE INSURGENTS.
Amnesty called on the U.N. Security Council to impose targeted sanctions such as travel bans and asset freezes on those responsible for violations. It said the International Criminal Court should also expand its probe into war crimes. DEAR AMNESTY THIS YOU SHOULD HAVE DONE IT FROM THE FIRST DAY BUT YOUR WORRIES AT THAT TIME WERE QADDAFI’S => LIBYA ASSETS AND OF COURSE FOR THE FAMILY AND RELATIVES OF QADDAFI NOT TO FLEE BUT TO BE COLD BLOODED MURDERED IN LIBYA AND THE REST IS HISTORY…
Amnesty accused both forces from the Shura Council and fighters allied to Haftar’s Operation Dignity of carrying out abductions and assassinations for political motives. Doh! gee wiz! I am speechless with your assumption! You think? The people who are contributing to your high salaries should have 1st checked your IQ standard before hiring you…
The United Nations is negotiating in Geneva with some of Libya’s factions to form a unity government, end hostilities and return the country to some stability. But key factions from Tripoli have so far stayed away. NO THE UN ASSHOLE BERNARDINO WHO WANTS THE MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD INSTALLED AS A PUPPET GOVERNMENT WHICH IS ILLEGALLY IN TRIPOLI. HE => (BERNARDINO) INVITED ONLY THE TERRORIST GROUPS TO THIS MEETING IGNORING THE LEGAL AND INTERNATIONALLY RECOGNIZED DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT WHICH SAID THEY WOULD NOT SIT WITH THE TERRORISTS WHO BROUGHT LIBYA DOWN. SO LET BERNARDINO EXPLAIN WHY HE IS GOING AGAINST THE WILL OF THE LIBYAN PEOPLE?
“Efforts to reach a political settlement will be meaningless if they do not ensure human rights concerns are addressed,” Amnesty said. “Human rights abuses committed by the warring parties are fuelling grievances and cannot be swept under the carpet.” WHY NOT? YOU DID IT IN 2011 SO WHAT’S YOUR PROBLEM NOW? TOO MANY PEOPLE WOKE UP AND WILL NOT SWALLOW YOUR LIES ANYMORE? OR ARE THE INTERNET BLOGGERS GIVING YOU A HARD TIME BY SHOWING THE TRUTH ON EVERY TURN YOU TAKE?
S.O.S BEWARE OF KHALIFA HAFTAR WHO IS A CIA AGENT AND A TRAITOR TO LIBYA AND TO THE LIBYAN INTERESTS.
TO ALL LIBYAN READERS WHO READ MY BLOG PLEASE PLEASE BEWARE OF THE WESTERN PROPAGANDA WHO ARE PUSHING KHALIFA HAFTAR TO BECOME THE NEW LEADER OF LIBYA DO NOT BE FOOLED. IN THIS ARTICLE I WILL PROVE TO YOU THAT THIS MAN AND HIS FAMILY DO NOT WANT LIBYA TO BE FREE FROM COLONIZERS NOR DOES HE CARE ABOUT THE INTERESTS OF THE LIBYAN PEOPLE.
He who has lost his dignity in Chad is not going to regain it back in Libya
So I will begin with some clippings of Western Media what they say about him:
A TRAITOR RISEN FROM THE DEAD A CIA/MOSSAD AGENT WHO COLLABORATED WITH THE WEST FOR THE DESTRUCTION OF LIBYA AND TO BECOME THE NEW LEADER.
A year before Reagan’s election a Libyan mob, imitating Iranian revolutionaries, burned down the US embassy in Tripoli and diplomatic relations were suspended. Two years later the Libyan embassy in Washington was closed down while US and Libyan jets skirmished over the Gulf of Sidra, which Gaddafi claimed to be part of Libya’s territorial waters.
Later in 1981 American press reports claimed that Libyan hit squads had been sent to the US to assassinate Reagan, shots were fired at the US ambassador to France while the ambassador to Italy was withdrawn after a plot to kidnap him was uncovered. After explosives were found in musical equipment at a US embassy sponsored dance in Khartoum, Sudan, Reagan ordered a travel ban and ordered all Americans out of Libya. ****(only to allow them in again with Canadian, British, French passports. THIS I SAW IT WITH MY OWN EYES WHEN TRAVELLING TO GERMANY FROM LIBYA A PLANE FULL OF AMERICANS BUT THEIR PASSPORTS WHERE CANADIAN, FRENCH, ENGLISH. When I asked why they said the American government had to re enter Libya but while there was a ban order they used the back door with other national passports.)
In 1983 there were more air skirmishes off the Libyan coast; two years later five US citizens were killed by bombs planted at Rome and Vienna airports and US officials blamed Libya. The worst clashes came in 1986, beginning with more air skirmishes over the Gulf of Sidra and the destruction of Libyan SAM sites by American missiles. In April a bomb exploded at the LaBelle nightclub in Berlin, a bar frequented by off-duty American servicemen.***(although Mossad/Stazi/KGB stated otherwise America wanted to blame Libya)Three people were killed, two of whom were US soldiers and of the 200 wounded, sixty were American citizens. President Reagan blamed Libya and on April 15th, some 100 US aircraft, many flying out of bases in the UK, bombed Libyan bases and military complexes. The Libyans said that 70 people were killed in the attacks which also targeted Gaddafi’s compound in Tripoli, killing his adopted infant daughter, Hana. One ACCOUNT claimed that nine of the jets had been directed to blast Gaddafi’s compound in a clear attempt to kill him.
By the mid-1980’s, the Reagan administration and the CIA believed that Gaddafi was supporting terrorist groups or helping fellow radical states throughout the globe. In a November 3rd, 1985 article for the Washington Post, Bob Woodward listed the countries where Gaddafi was said by the White House to be active. They included Chad, Tunisia, Sudan, Iran, Syria, Ethiopia, Nicaragua, the Philippines, Guatemala, El Salvador, Chile, Colombia, the Dominican Republic, Lebanon and Iraq. Gaddafi was also supporting the IRA in Northern Ireland and significantly stepped up supplies of arms and CASH to the group after a British policewoman was shot dead and diplomats expelled following a confrontation and lengthy siege at the Libyan embassy in London in 1984.
In May 1984, less than a month after the London embassy siege, gunmen launched rocket and gun attacks against the Tripoli army barracks where Gaddafi’s family compound was located. The initial assault was repulsed and most of the insurgents killed when Libyan tanks shelled the building overlooking the barracks where the gunmen had taken refuge. It was though the most serious challenge to Gaddafi’s hold on power in Libya, made all the more threatening by the fact that it had happened on his doorstep.
The attack was claimed by a group calling itself the National Front for the Salvation of Libya (NFSL), composed of anti-Gaddafi exiles, some of them supporters of the Idris monarchy overthrown in the 1969 revolution. Claims that the NFSL was at that time supported by US intelligencederive some support from a leak to American newspapers a few days before the attack in Tripoli that President Reagan had recently signed a new directive authorizing US agencies to “take the offensive” against international terrorism by mounting retaliatory or pre-emptive attacks. But the Americans were, at this stage, not directly involved in supporting the exile group’s activities.
The NFSL was getting aid mostly from Saudi Arabia whose ruling family despised Gaddafi after he had accused them of defiling holy Islamic sites in their country but also from Egypt and Tunisia in whose internal affairs Gaddafi had meddled. Sudan was another sponsor. Gaddafi had tried to foment an uprising against its pro-Western leadership and in response Sudan supplied the NFSL with bases from which the May 1984 attack was planned.
The Sudanese, according to one ACCOUNT, kept the CIA informed of the plot. CIA Director, William Casey, was heartened by the attack even though it had failed and renewed his efforts to persuade Reagan to authorize specific covert action against the Libyan leader. Casey is said to have remarked: “It proves for the first time that Libyans are willing to die to get rid of that bastard” (p. 85). From thereon the NFSL was put on the CIA’s payroll.
It was after the unsuccessful effort to kill Gaddafi in his Tripoli compound that Reagan took the intelligence offensive. Bob Woodward revealed Reagan’s move, first in the Washington Post (November 3rd, 1985) and then in his ACCOUNT of Reagan’s secret wars in his book Veil, published in 1987. A secret presidential directive, which Woodward was able to quote, signaled that the exile groups like NFSL would be an important weapon wielded in this campaign against the Libyan leader: “…the exile groups, if supported to a substantial degree, could soon begin an intermittent campaign of sabotage and violence which could prompt further challenges to Qaddafi’s authority.”
The Reagan directive had listed ten options for action against Gaddafi, which ranged from regime change to economic sanctions, although it was obvious that the operation could only be judged a success if Gaddafi was dislodged: “…no course of action short of stimulating Qaddafi’s fall will bring any significant and enduring change in Libyan policies”, the document read.
The former French colony of Chad on Libya’s southern border had already been a major battleground in the war between Reagan and Gaddafi and after the 1984 bid to kill the Libyan dictator it assumed even greater importance. Chad had gained independence from France in 1960 but its history for many years thereafter has been one of coups and civil wars, often sponsored by foreign powers using Chad as an arena for their rivalry.
Libyan interest and activity in Chad pre-dated Gaddafi’s 1969 revolution and centered on a piece of land in Northern Chad called the Aouzou Strip which is rich in uranium and other rare minerals. Gaddafi formed an alliance with the government of Goukouni Wedeye who allowed the Libyans to occupy the strip but in 1982 Wedeye was overthrown by Hissene Habre who was backed by the CIA and by French troops.
Hebre’s was a brutal regime. During the eight years of his leadership some 40,000 people were estimated to have died in detention or executed. Human Rights Watch observed: “Under President Reagan, the United States gave covert CIA paramilitary support to help install Habre in order, according to secretary of state, Alexander Haig, to ‘bloody Gadafi’s nose’”. Bob Woodward wrote in Veil that the Chadian coup was William Casey’s first covert operation as head of the CIA.
During the years following Habre’s coup, Gaddafi’s army and the forces of the Chad government, the CIA and French intelligence clashed repeatedly. In March 1987 a force of some 600-700 Libyan soldiers under the command of General Khalifa Haftir was captured and imprisoned. Gaddafi disowned Heftir, presumably in anger at his capture, and the former Libyan General then defected to the major Libyan opposition group, the NFSL.
A Congressional Research Service report of December 1996 named Heftir as the head of the NFSL’s military wing, the Libyan National Army. After he joined the exile group, the CRS report added, Heftir began “preparing an army to march on Libya”. The NFSL, the CSR said, is in exile “with many of its members in the United States.”
In 1990 French troops helped to oust Habre and installed Idriss Debry to replace him. According to one ACCOUNT the French had grown weary of Habre’s genocidal policies while the new resident in the White House, George H W Bush did not have the same interest as Reagan had in using Chad as a proxy to damage Gaddafi even though the Libyan leader formed an alliance with Debry.
A New York Times report of May 1991 shed more light on the CIA’s sponsorship of Heftir’s men. “They were trained” it said, “by American intelligence officials in sabotage and other guerilla skills,officials said, at a base near Ndjamena, the Chadian capital. The plan to use the exiles fit neatly into the Reagan administration’s eagerness to topple Colonel Qaddafi”.
Following the fall of Habre, Gaddafi demanded that the new government hand over Heftir’s men but instead Debry allowed the Americans to fly them to Zaire. There Libyan officials were given access to the men and about half agreed to return to Libya. The remainder refused, saying they feared for their lives if they went back home. When US financial aid offered to Zaire for giving the rebels refuge failed to materialise they were expelled and sent to Kenya.
Eventually the Kenyans said the men were no longer welcome and the United States agreed to bring them to America where they were admitted to the US refugee programme. A State Department spokesman said the men would have “access to normal resettlement assistance, including English-language and vocational training and, if necessary, financial and medical assistance.” According to one report the remnants of Heftir’s army were dispersed to all fifty states.
That was not, however, the end of the Libyan National Army. In March 1996, Heftir returned to Libya and took part in an uprising against Gaddafi. Details of what happened are scant but the Washington Post reported from Egypt on March 26th that travelers from Libya had spoken of “unrest today in Jabal Akhdar mountains of eastern Libya and said armed rebels may have joined escaped prisoners in an uprising against the government….and that its leader is Col. Khalifa Haftar,of a contra-style group based in the United States called the Libyan National Army, the travelers said.”
The report continued: “The travelers, whose ACCOUNTS could not be confirmed independently, said they heard that the death toll had risen to 23 in five days of fighting between security forces and rebels, including men who escaped from Benghazi prison thursday and then fled into the eastern mountains.”
What part the CIA played in the failed uprising and whether the then US president, Bill Clinton had given the operation his approval are not known. By coincidence or not, three months later, Gaddafi’s forces killed some 1200 political prisoners being held in Benghazi’s Abu Simal jail. It was the arrest of the lawyer representing many of the prisoners’ families that sparked the February 17th uprising against Gaddafi and with it, the return of Khalifa Heftir.
As usual, the back story is complex. Valuable strategic resources abound. There are no good guys. And, as usual, the reporting that commands most of our attention just isn’t very good at helping us understand what is really going on.
Here isanother link:
Khalifa Hifter was once a top military officer for Libyan leader Moammar Gadhafi, but after a disastrous military adventure in Chad in the late 1980s, Hifter switched to the anti-Gadhafi opposition. In the early 1990s, he moved to suburban Virginia, where he established a life but maintained ties to anti-Gadhafi groups.
Late last week, Hifter was appointed to lead the rebel army, which has been in chaos for weeks. He is the third such leader in less than a month, and rebels interviewed in Libya openly voiced distrust for the most recent leader, Abdel Fatah Younes, who had been at Gadhafi’s side until just a month ago. ****( Haftar had Abdel Fatah Younes murdered, although never proven not for lack of evidence but the CIA covered it up and pointing to the direction to a fanatic Islamist militia of committing this murder. Its a well known fact that Haftar never liked Abdel Fatah Younes the feelings were mutual but Younes had more experience than Haftar and Younis did not allow Haftar to be chief of military operations. Haftar complained to his daddy =>CIA and the CIA took care of Younes as their asset was very unhappy and going into depression in having Younes as his boss! Younis’s defection emboldened the rebels like no other, before or since. He was instrumental in the liberation of Benghazi from 18-20 February when he helped negotiate a ceasefire at the besieged main military base in the centre of town, allowing loyalist forces to flee. Of course CIA realised that Younes had found out about the big conspiracy done over the Libyan people and he was in secret talks with the Jamahirya which meant that had Younes returned to the Jamahirya he would have also taken his battalion which was very well-trained and one of the best in Libya, they also knew that Younes was very popular with the Libyan people and he was from a big tribe in Benghazi).
The New York Times always in touch with the CIA/Mossad say this about Haftar:
General Hifter has cast himself in the role of strongman and national protector, the man who will “correct” Libya’s faltering revolution and purge the country of extremists. But he is a polarizing figure, as notorious for his ambition as for his shifting allegiances, and many people here wonder whether he will amount to more than a warlord, advancing his own narrow interests.
He has gathered a corps of soldiers, air force units and militiamen that he has declared to be the Libyan national army, ****(the LIBYAN ARMY ARE FROM THE HONORABLE TRIBES AND HAS NO CONNECTIONS TO HAFTAR) and has used it to mount assaults on the bases of powerful Islamist militias in the east, including several airstrikes on Wednesday. Libya’s multitude of militias have been a major focus of public anger, not least for repeatedly refusing to disarm.
For the moment, the front lines are in Benghazi. General Hifter’s troops operate from several bases, *****(one base) including one outside the city, while the militias have generally retreated to the farmland on the outskirts of town. Fighting flares nightly around the city’s edge, with heavy weapons deployed in some areas emptied of residents.
“They have declared war on each other,” Anas Toweir, a radiologist from Benghazi, said of General Hifter and the local militias. “No one is quite sure what’s going on. Everyone is hiding in their homes.”
General Hifter already has a controversial history in Libya. He was part of the team that carried out the 1969 coup, and later led a controversial war against Chad from 1978 to 1987. After Libya’s defeat in the war, General Hifter defected to the United States, where he became an American citizen and devoted himself to toppling the Qaddafi regime.
When the 2011 uprising began, General Hifter came back to Libya and fought side by side with the Islamists he has now condemned. While he presents himself as the unifier of Libya, some view his movement as a reaction to Libya’s controversial banning of all high-ranking members of Colonel Qaddafi’s government from holding public office, including General Hifter.
Dressed in military uniform, Haftar, whom the speaker of parliament accused of plotting a coup, said his troops had temporarily withdrawn from Benghazi for tactical reasons. ***(Yes he lost as he is NO leader and stayed outside Benghazi till the HONORABLE TRIBES clean the place and then Haftar together with the western Media proclaimed that he did it… I will say it again he is a wimp has no leadership skills and he has his own agenda together with the CIA/MOSSAD corporation.)
Hifter said that he began planning his offensive around a month ago ****(his financiers have been planning it from 2013, he is not capable of planning or even executing anything, his bakers are France, America (playing with both sides) Israel, Canada and Britain (also playing with both sides) but that there had been discontent among former military officers for more than a year and a half. “We planned it after we saw people being slaughtered in the streets,” he said, referring to the slayings of police officers, judges, lawyers and others in Benghazi. *****(lets not forget who started the slaughtering; Hafter was first in line when he sided with the mercenaries that his second country gave him so that he could topple Qaddafi. There is a saying that a leopard can not change his spots neither Hafter, he is a TRAITOR TO LIBYA, A CIA/MOSSAD AGENT AND IS WORKING AGAINST LIBYA AND ITS INTERESTS.)
He said that he saw no quick end to the fighting.
“Operation Dignity is multiple battles; it’s not just one battle,” Hifter said. *****(What dignity? Hafter lost his dignity in Chad will not regain it in Libya)
Haftar’s offensive ultimately stalled, however, in part due to suspicions about his political ambitions and unconfirmed links to the CIA, as well as his aggressive stance against even moderate Islamist groups. His relationship to the government in Tobruk is ambiguous.
KEY PLAYERS IN LIBYA FROM THE ABOVE ARTICLE:
The small Gulf state signaled its outsized geopolitical ambition in 2011 when it played an overt role in aiding the rebellion against Gaddafi. Reports at the time indicated Qatari special forces were operating inside Libya and that Qatari fighter jets may have run sorties in the country. Since 2011, the Qataris have emerged as one of the key backers of political Islamin the Middle East and North Africa, supporting the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt and a range of Islamist outfits from Tunisia to Syria. As The Washington Post reported Tuesday, Qatar’s connections to an al-Qaeda-linked Salafist militia in Syria were instrumental in WINNING the release of a kidnapped American journalist this weekend.
This conspicuous footprint has made Qatar — as well as the government of Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan, a moderate Islamist — the target of criticism from Arab autocrats and secularists elsewhere.
On Monday, U.S. officials speaking on condition of anonymity said that Egypt had been involved in two airstrikes on Islamist forces in Libya. Fighter planes from the United Arab Emirates were believed to have used Egyptian bases as a launch pad for the attacks (Washington was not informed of the raids and Egypt has officially denied military operations in Libya).
If true, this intervention would appear to be driven by a broader policy against Islamist movements led by President Abdel Fattah el-Sissi.
The United Arab Emirates
While airstrikes were believed to have been conducted from Egypt, U.S. officials say that the planes flown had come from the UAE, the small country that sits on the Persian Gulf, more than 2,500 miles from Tripoli. The country’s air force is well-regarded and helped in the fight against Qaddafi’s government during the 2011 civil war.
The UAE is a military ally for the United States and a militia commander told The Washington Post that whoever launched the airstrikes had used munitions manufactured by the United States. “The bombs were American-made, and as far as our information goes regarding that ammunition, it is only used by Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Israel in the Middle East,” Abubaker al-Huta, a militia commander, said.
Egypt and the UAE may have taken the lead this week in striking against Islamist targets in Libya, but behind the scenes, the Saudis are playing a concerted role. The kingdom looked on with horror at the 2011 Arab Spring uprisings, as a series of Arab autocrats backed by Riyadh were replaced by chaotic, fledgling democracies that reshaped the geopolitical map of the Middle East. Now, it’s striking back with the UAE, a perennial sidekick, in tow alongside Sissi’s Egypt, to which it has already extended billions of dollars in aid.
As part of its larger regional chess match with Iran, a Shiite theocracy, the Saudis have at various times enabled the rise of Sunni militancy in corners of the Middle East. The country remains the source of support for some of the most virulent strains of Salafism in the Muslim world.
“Hifter’s military power is actually quite limited,” Abdullah said. “He hasn’t been able to control the situation.”
In addition to the scores of deaths, the fighting over the past couple of months has forced the evacuation of several civilian neighborhoods in Benghazi, government officials say.
Abdullah, who worked with Hifter before the 2011 revolt as part of the U.S.-based opposition to Gaddafi, says he believes the commander is aiming for a senior position in any new government. Elections to choose a new parliament were held June 25.
“He is as power hungry as it gets,” Abdullah said. “A lot of political movements wanted to piggyback on his popularity. But people are starting to take a step back.”
“He won’t stop until he’s the Sissi of Libya,” he said. ***(Pardon my French but Hafter doesn’t have the balls of the late Qaddafi or of Sissi.)
As a young army officer, Hifter took part in the coup that brought Gaddafi to power in 1969. But Hifter switched sides in the late 1980s, after he was captured while fighting for Gaddafi’s army in a war in neighboring Chad.
He became the leader of a rebel group called the Libyan National Army, which he claimed received U.S. assistance. He later sought refuge in the United States. He apparently became a U.S. citizen — he voted in Virginia in elections in 2008 and 2009, records show.
One member of a prominent Libyan opposition family who knew Hifter when both were living in Northern Virginia noted that he and his family were comfortable. Hifter resided in Falls Church until 2007 and later in a five-bedroom home in a quiet neighborhood in Vienna, near the golf course of the Westwood Country Club. He sold the second home in 2010 for $612,000, according to public records.
“They lived a very good life, and nobody knows what his source for compensation was,” said the acquaintance, who added that Hifter’s family was not originally wealthy.
(The former general spelled his name “Hifter” on legal documents in the United States. It has also been rendered in reports from Libya as “Haftar” and “Hiftar.”)
But some who knew him said he was arrogant and angled for power.
“He was like a little child. He was actually trying to become the chief of staff,” said Jallal Galal, a former spokesman for the rebels. After the rebels chose another former general, Abdul Fattah Younis, to lead them, Hifter was irate, Galal recalled.
KH: We see that confrontation is the solution. What is the discussion? They are armed, I do not think talks will work with them. These are criminals, international criminals from Europe and Asia and Africa. Unfortunately, we are not defending only Libya but we are now defending the entire world in this way because the escapists and killers they move from place to place. If we expel them from Libya they will go to another place, but if we are following them everywhere the situation will be different for all countries who fight terrorism. *****(He does not say that he brought them with him when F.UK.US decided to topple Qaddafi I am sure they promised him a leading role but got tired of waiting. Anyway back to his answer these criminals that he is talking about were his comrades when they entered Libya illegally in 2011, so what is he saying is he a lesser criminal than his comrades? All of them are financed by F.UK.US)
TWP: Are you receiving any support from abroad?
KH: No, there is no foreign support whatsoever given to us, we are fully reliant on ourselves. ***(Yes by France and USA)
TWP: Have you been in contact with the United States government?
KH: Until now, no. ****(Really? So why did he hide at the American Embassy in Tripoli when he did not succeed his coup de tat in February 2014? And let him explain where he gets his finance?)
When speaking to The Post, Hifter denied any intent to assume a permanent leadership position in the country and rejected accusations by opponents that he is a cipher for foreign interests.*****(we all know for a fact that he is a cipher for foreign interests) Instead, he frames his campaign, dubbed “Operation Dignity,” as a kind of nationalist crusade.
On Wednesday, the U.S. ambassador to Libya, Deborah Jones, said at the Stimson Center in Washington: Hifter “has not declared that he wants to be in charge of the state. What he has declared is that he wants the GNC to step aside, because the GNC has thus far failed to take any action to respond to the unhappiness of many Libyans.” She was referring to the parliament *****(Didn’t he say a while ago in an interview that he is not assisted by the USA? In the link of US ambassador Deborah Jones you will hear her interview and who ever has followed her with her statements will know she is lying but that is for another article)
Here is a link from Pravda.ru
Haftarbetrayed the revolution in the 1980s, when he cut a deal with anti-Gaddafi forces in the neighbouring country of Chad during the Chadian-Libyan conflict. In exchange for being freed from the Chadian prison that kept him locked up with about 600 other Libyan fighters, he vowed to set up the anti-Gaddafi Libyan National Army (LNA). This army was founded on June 21, 1988 – but not without the vast support of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), under the approval of then president Ronald Reagan, who had bombed the Libyan capital of Tripoli two years earlier in an attempt to kill the Gaddafi family.
U.S. by then offered a home to 350 Libyan soldiers who plotted to overthrow Gaddafi. Haftar is believed to be one of them. The Benghazi native started to live with his family in the town of Falls Church in suburban Virginia – just a few miles away from the CIA’s headquarters in Langley - for the next twenty years. In that period Haftar was pursuing LNA activities from the U.S.
In order to understand exactly what is going on with general Haftar and his “Operation Dignity” in relation to colonel Gaddafi and the 1969 Al-Fateh revolution, let’s first of all take a look at what is not going on. Contrary to the events on September 1, 1969 and the days after, Haftar’s operation has been far from bloodless. On May 17 alone, nearly 80 were killed in clashes between Haftar loyalists and a number of the militias that control various parts of Libya. But way more significant is the fact that Gaddafi and the FREE Officers Movement enjoyed the overwhelming support of the Libyan people. The Haftar supporters come from quite a different field. Among them is French philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy who applauded the NATO bombing of Libya. His main supporters however seem to be the mainstream journalists and their clients who are eager to report on Haftar’s alleged popularity among the Libyan people. “We are now fighting not only on behalf of Libya, but on behalf of the whole world”, the New York Timesquotes him saying on May 29. Strangely enough, the Libyan people themselves are remaining silent.
In fact they are not. It is the media that remains silent on the voices of the Libyans regarding Haftar.When current U.S. ambassador to Libya, Mrs Deborah Jones, said in a (mis)statement on May 21 that Libya is a strategic goldmine for the West, and that Libyans are incapable of running their own country,the Great Libyan Tribes, who represent 98% of the Libyans worldwide, thought it was about time to speak out in response.In a three page open letter the Tribes explained that their best days were the 42 years under Gaddafi. As for general Haftar, they declared:
“The USA planned to overthrow the legitimate Libyan government in 1980 and hired a traitor Libyan military officer named Khalifa Haftar, trained him and several thousands mercenaries to destroy the Gaddafi government. The change of government in Chad made the USA stop that planned overthrow. Haftar and his band of traitors were moved to the USA near Langley Virginia where Haftar et al worked for the CIA for 20 years.”[…] “You [ambassador Jones] talk as if you do not know General Haftar, when in fact he is the selected military front for the USA-CIA military division in Libya.He receives all his orders from Langley Virginia as do you. In fact, Haftar took refuge in the US embassy in February of this year when his first coup attempt failed. Has the USA not done enough damage to our country?“
So what are we really dealing with here? Clearly not with a Gaddafi-like figure who aims to FREE his country from foreign occupiers and their mercenary puppets, and make it as prosperous as it was before the 2011 war. General Haftar is nothing but the West’s answer to their self-created chaos. This is a well-known strategy used by the imperialist powers all over the world for years now. Three years after the NATO war, Libya obviously has not become the free democratic state that according to the West would sprout from the destructive bombing raids. In other words, the lofty but naive promises of freedom made by the U.S. and the NATO countries in an attempt to justify their aggression, have failed loud and clear.
And here are some more links written about Hafter:
This film explores the evolution of propaganda and public relations in the United States, with an emphasis on the elitist theory of democracy and the relationship between war, propaganda and class.
Includes original interviews with a number of dissident scholars including Noam Chomsky, Howard Zinn, Michael Parenti, Peter Phillips (Project Censored), John Stauber (PR Watch), Christopher Simpson (The Science of Coercion) and others.
A deep, richly illustrated study of the nature and history of propaganda, featuring some of the world’s most insightful critics, Psywar exposes the propaganda system, providing crucial background and insight into the control of information and thought.