Libya in a week: August 16 to August 23, 2013
This report reviews the most important political events, security and social taking place in occupied Libya over the whole week, the report focuses in particular on the situation of human rights in Libya specially after the proliferation of militias and armed gangs, and the government’s inability to deal with it or face it, in addition to what the Libyan citizens are facing from various violations of fundamental rights, especially women and children.
First: the security situation:
1 – Clashes between gunmen from El-Zawia and Orishvana. Armed clashes broke out with heavy and medium weapons, between an armed group from the Zawia and a group of armed from Rishvana in Abossrh area resulted in the killing one person and wounding of others.
2 – The Wall Street Journal: Libya on the brink of chaos .. and the citizens are disgruntled on the government
The american Wall Street Journal warned that Libya the largest oil supplier to Europe is on the brink of chaos after the numerous assassinations and bombing of embassies outside the scope of the judiciary, which did not do Anything to counter these processes. Ben Inkely said in an article published in the Wall Street Journal that, two years after the fall of the former regime, it seems that people’s lives were getting worse, where citizens are suffering in Libya’s obsolete schools and dirty hospitals, not to mention the rampant corruption, thus increasing the discontent against the government.
3 – Foreign Policy: Four armies control Libya
Under the title .. “Who actually controls the weapons in Libya?” Said the American Foreign Policy magazine, in Libya there are four armies all are mandated by the government and just under the gov. controls by name but in fact they operate according to conflicting agendas ..
First Army is driven by the Chief of Staff of the army, which consists of a Libyan shield militias and its strength center is in Misurata.
The second follows the Secretary of Defense and was founded by former minister Osama Elgwily and its strength center is in Zintan and controls some of the most powerful militias in Tripoli …
The third is the border controls army, which has a commander and its own budget and oppose any calls for integration under the leadership of the Chief of Staff and asserts its independence.
The fourth force is Burqa’s Army which is considered by many as the armed wing of the Council of Burqa, which calls for the independence of the east of the country that is rich by oil.
The magazine also said that the deployment of forces of the Libyan shield in capital Tripoli was a proactive step to prevent a coup similar to what happened in Egypt, in addition to being an attempt to protect the influence of Islamists and control of the capital Tripoli, with the help of their allies in Misurata.
4 – A Congolese diplomat was injured in a robbery under duress in Janzour a Congolese diplomat Wasa injured on Monday evening, in his left leg during a robbery under duress near the Academy of graduate studies in Janzour. The head of the interim Supreme Security Committee Hashem Beshr said that the Information Office at the Victory Street confirmed the injury of the first security Supplement at the consulate of Congo and steal his Mitsubishi Lancer car.
5 – Break-ins and robberies on the National Commercial Bank Bani Walid branch National Commercial Bank in Bani Walid branch was exposed to a robbery by a group of outlaws. They dislocated the iron fence of protection of the bank building after assaulting the security guard who is in charge of the protection of the building.
Second: the crimes of armed militias:
1 – The assassination of Colonel Mustafa Moroccan explosives expert in Benghazi, Unknown persons fired on Colonel Mustafa Moroccan resulting in his death when he was getting out of the mosque Al Ansari after prayers on Friday, while Libyan security source confirmed that he was assassinated by firing squad, where unknown shot him, and the Colonel was the head of detecting explosives unit of the security Directorate of Benghazi.
2-The assassination of a former judge Fathi Elkafifi, was shot dead in Benghazi in Libya Unknown assailants killed a former judge was shot dead on Monday in Benghazi in eastern Libya upon leaving the mosque. Colonel Abdullah al-Zaidi said “Fathi Elkhafifi a former judge, was shot dead upon leaving the mosque in Benghazi at dawn on Monday. Where was shot in the head by unidentified men riding in a car.
3 – The attempt assassination of Mohammed Abdul Rahman Anizh a member of the Committee of Wise Men and the Shura Council in Sirte Coordinator of the tribe of Alqmazfah and a member of the Committee of Wise Men and the Shura Council in Sirte, Mohammed Abdul Rahman Anizh, on Saturday evening, faced an assassination attempt in front of his home and he was hit in the shoulder. A security source said that an unknown car launched bullets on Anizh, pointing out that he was transferred to the hospital immediately and is now in stable condition after his injury.
4-An officer was killed in Sirte after leaving dawn prayers The officer Salem Milad Kadhafi was assassinated on Thursday morning, in front of his apartment in Sirte after leaving dawn prayers in the mosque of Rabat. A security source in Sirte said that unknown assailants opened fire on Gaddafi after dawn prayers in the Rabat mosque in the city, stressing that the assassination which targeted a pioneer in the civil police of the Directorate of National Security is far to be a political assassination.
5-The injury of a policeman in an attack on the security center in Sinaon and the arrest of the perpetrators of the attack Policeman was injured in an armed attack the Center for National Security suffered from in Sinaon by two people. The spokesman of the Libyan Interior Ministry Rami Kaaal Said that the attack resulted in the injury of one of the elements of the Security Center which led to the amputation of his leg. And Kaaal explained that they arrested the perpetrators of this criminal act, and that they currently under investigation, he pointed out at the same time that one of the perpetrators of the attack carries the Algerian nationality and the other is Libyan.
Third: The political situation:
1 – An argument about mandating the Secretary of Defense the tasks the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces
Reactions varied in Libya after the President of the Conference Nuri Bushmin has mandated tasks of the Supreme Commander of the armed forces to the defense minister Abdullah Elthanni. The Member of the Constitutional Committee and the National Conference legislative Mahmoud Gharyani said that this delegation came with the decision of the conference, adding that it’s his right to delegate whoever he sees appropriate of take this task. Gharyani added there was a constitutional argument previously within the Conference on granting the president the powers of the supreme commander of the armed forces, noting that the Constitutional Declaration does not give the President of the National Congress this status, explaining at the same time that what’s called “custom constitutional” is blocking some shortcomings constitutional in this regard.
2 – Calls for an end to all sit-ins in Libya sheikhs and notables of the Elders and members of civil society institutions in Zueitina working area of oil fields Called for an end to all sit-ins in the country. They pointed out that this sit-ins, in particular in the oil fields and ports lead to paralyze of economic and social life. Stressed elders and sheikhs of Zueitina, in a statement on the need to respect the legitimacy of the state of Libya represented in the general National Congress and the interim government.
3 – The United States have indicated their willingness to support and train Libyan army. United States of America announced its willingness to provide support and training necessary for the construction of the Libyan army, in a meeting between Libyan Defence Minister Abdullah Elthany and military attaché of the American embassy in Libya at the General Staff headquarters in Tripoli. A spokesman for the Libyan Ministry of Defense Abdel Razek Cbahi, that the U.S. support the training aspects, military equipment and capabilities, according to specific laws and regulations.
4 - National Congress questioned the government in a secret session on the security situation the government on Tuesday in a non-public hearing in front of the General National Congress was represented where discussed the security situation in general, as well as what was reported by the resigned Interior Minister Colonel “Mohamed Sheikh” in his book, addressed to the General National Congress, and the situation on the oil sector.The spokesman for the General National Congress Omar Humaidan said that the head of the government, “Ali Zaidan” and the minister responded to all the questions raised by the gentlemen members especially in regard to the intervention of the President of the Government in the work of the resigned interior minister , where Zaidane confirmed that the head of the government or any of its members didn’t intervene in the work of the Interior Ministry or other ministries, but the work was done with harmony and consultation and that the interior minister did not give during his presence at the head of the ministry any plans or programs, although the approved budget for the Ministry is sufficient to implement any plans or programs, such as those composed by former Minister, Dr. Ashour Hoael and just needed to be implemented.
5 – Zaidane refuses to resign and denies the charge of domineering interim Prime Minister Ali Zaidan during an interrogation session in front of the National Congress, Announced that he would not resign from his post unless the members of the Conference see he should be dismissed , and endorsed the opinion of Zaidane, who told the members of the Conference “that the slow down of the activation army and the police and the lack of a clear plan to restore state control is the responsibility of the Congress and the government and all of the people. About the statements of some ministers after the submission of their resignations and which claimed that Zaidane “pull the authorities of them,” said Haj that Zaidane, cleared his name and called the National Congress to question ministers and confirm “whether he is authoritarian and remiss.”
6 – Libyans are afraid of the confrontation between Muslim brotherhood and the opposition forces The Guardian newspaper reported that Libyans are afraid from facing the Brotherhood under the heavily armed militias, similar to what happened in Egypt. The newspaper said that Libya resist the political isolation law, which stands behind it the Brotherhood to replace the leaders of the army, police and government, which affects a large segment in Libya .. The government also has become a simple influence that does not exceed the capital, which is also witnessing nightly battles, raising the boredom of the residents.
7 – Mitri advised of the Supreme Council of the Amazigh to pursue the method of dialogue the Special Representative of the General-Secretary of the United Nations in Libya, Tarek Mitri on Sunday, Stressed that the nature of the political system agreed upon by Libyans and that the drafting of their constitution is a sovereign affair. And the transfer of the official site of the United Nations in Tripoli it’s the word of Mitri in a meeting with a delegation of the Supreme Council for the Amazigh of Libya, to discuss their demands for cultural and social development, which stated that “the Special Representative of the United Nations in Libya with a delegation of the Supreme Council of the Amazigh, discussed recent developments relating demands and rights of citizens belonging to the cultural and social components. “also that he assured the delegation that the nature of the political system in Libya is agreed upon by the Libyans, and the formulation and adoption of the constitution is a Libyan sovereign.
8- Declaration of Burqa a federal territory and the establishment of power to protect it A Libyan group led by a friend Ghaithi Announced Cyrenaica as a federal territory its capital Benghazi under full self-management within the framework of the Libyan state. The group said in a – a statement on Sunday – that Alshariah alasalamah is the source of legislation in Libya. Referring to the creation of a defense force to protect the region and maintain security. And adding that it has been a formation of political office tasked with the administration of the Territory and supervision of the institutions and given the powers of the President of the Region, and Ibrahim Saeed Jdharan was delegated of these tasks.
9 – Local councils for Brega, Tobruk and Sabha and Koba warns of compromising national unity rejecting the Declaration of Ras Lanuf, civil and local councils of Brega and Tobruk and Sabha and dome warns of compromising the national unity and the forum of people of the Brega and its environs warned from compromising the national unity and territorial integrity in Libya, stressing to preserve the higher interests of the nation and not to jeopardize it in any way, the statement of the forum, which brought together the elders, and youth of various tribes and clans of the region and the employees of the institutions of civil society, rejected for any person to speak on the behalf of the people of the region.. He stressed that the people of the tribes and the region heroes are the only ones who have the right to speak on its behalf.
10 – Increasing the rejection of the Declaration of Ras Lanuf by establishing a federal region in Burqa
a number of elders and wisemen in city of Bayda and civil society activists Condemned what’s in the statement issued in the area of Ras Lanuf to declare the territory of Burqa as federal territory, stressing their rejection of categorical division of territory of Libya and compromising the savings of Libyan people from oil. And during the meeting with the Chief of Staff, Major General “Abdul Salam JadallahObeidi, the day before yesterday in El Bayda, they renewed their emphasis on sticking to the legitimacy of the General national Congress and the interim government, demanding to quickly build the Libyan state.
11 – Former defense minister accused the Brotherhood members with his dismissal The former Defense Minister Mohamed Elborghothy Said that thirty of the mass of Justice and the General National Congress met and forced the prime minister to resign or trust will be taken from him. Elborghothy added that some members are obstructing the formation of the Libyan army, pointing to the disruption of the financial support of the army and shields support in return.
12- Zaidane accept the resignation of the interior minister and assigned Abdul Karim with the ministry tasks.
The head of the interim government Ali Zaidane accepts the resignation of the Interior Minister Mohamed Sheikh which had been made by earlier on Sunday. And gave the head of the interim government, according to sources in the Prime Minister’s Office his deputy Dr. “Abdul Karim” the tasks the Ministry of the Interior until the assignment of a new interior minister.
13 – Tuareg and Toubou declare the failure of the government in the State Administration and threaten the independence of Fezzan the Tuareg and Toubou. Announced the government’s failure in state administration and control of the militias, the frustration and exclusion and continued suffering in the south and threaten to declare Fezzan as independent region, and demanded the formation of a crisis government and amend Constitutional Proclamation and a new electoral law and to expedite the issuance of the law of transitional justice and ending all forms of discrimination and defamation and distortion and exclusion.
Fourth: the economic situation
1 – The continuation of the closure of the ports of Sidr and Zueitina in Libya Omar Alchukmak, deputy oil minister said on Thursday that Libyan port of Sidr, which is the largest oil export terminal in Libya and Zueitina port are still closed. Nevertheless, other ports experienced some improvement. The firm said to the Libyan National Oil Company on its website on Thursday that it reduced the case of force majeure declared by removing the port of Marsa Brega from the list.
2 - Armed clashes in the port of Zueitina The commander of the Guard of Libyan oil installations asked for reinforcements from the government to Zueitina oil terminal due to armed clashes erupted in the wake of an escalating controversy between the government and some militants, who have started to sell oil for their personal benefit.
3 – Libyan Navy oil tanker stops an oil tanker Libyan navy forces prevented an oil tanker tried to enter Libyan waters off the Libyan oil port of Sidra illegally. Sources in the presidency of the General Staff of the Libyan army said that the gunboats, which monitored the oil tanker when hovering near the Libyan territorial waters responded to this tanker when trying to access Libyan water from port of Sidra., The sources said Libyan gunboats approached from this oil tanker labeled “Wael” by trying more than once to enter Libyan waters, and was prevented from doing so.
4 – Resumption of work in oil port and the declaration of a state of force majeure in other 4 Libya was forced to suspend contractual obligations to declare a state of force majeure on some oil exports and admitted that the nonworking ports for weeks reduced the exports to the lowest level since the civil war in 2011. And reopening of the port of Marsa Harika if continued may also refer to the start of strikes in the sector. It showed a document to the National Oil Corporation of Libya on Monday that the authorities have declared a state of force majeure on exports of crude and products from Zueitina ports and Marsa Brega and Ras Lanuf and Sidr.
Fifth: the observer documentary:
Libyan observer issued this week the first part of the documentary ‘’elders of sedition’’ reviewing the contradictory opinions of Dr. Yusuf al-Qaradawi, which led to ignite a civil war in a number of Arab countries for the implementation of the American scheme to divide the Arab world and the establishment of the great American Middle East.
Sixth: details of human rights:
1 – National Council for Liberties holds the government and the National Congress the responsibility for the deterioration of the security situation The National Council for Public Freedoms and Human Rights holds the interim government and the General National Congress full legal and historical responsibility on the deterioration of the security situation in Libya. The council said in a statement that it follow up with all concerns and regret the series of assassinations that occurs daily in Libya, which targeted the judiciary, the army and police, journalists and political activists, and the most recent was the assassination of a retired judge Moftah Elkhafifi. The statement added that “this terrorist act has become a daily scene and with it the lives of all Libyans became in constant danger, adding that the competent authorities did not move a finger to curb this criminal phenomenon which became hindering positive movement to build Libya.
2 – A coalition of human rights organizations from Yemen and Libya denounces what witnessed in the so-called Arab Spring countries of chaos. A number of human rights organizations in Libya and Yemen in a joint statement condemn the situation of chaos taking place in the Arab area in general, and countries experiencing Arab revolutions particularly that does not encourage building a democratic atmosphere that meets aspirations of the peoples in freedom and democracy, dignity and social justice, and because we are deeply concerned about the continuing chaos and soft escalating violence that claimed the lives of many in those countries.
Seventh: Libyan Foreign relations:
1 – The Mossad is recruiting Libyan to destabilize Algeria Sources reported that the Israeli intelligence service “Mossad”, is behind most of the events that is known to areas of the south, the most recent is the tribal conflicts at Badji Mokhtar tower, state of Adrar, and Mossad used its plan to hit the stability of Algeria, the Libyan parties of the Movement of the Emancipation Alozoad is in constant contact with Algeria. According to the same sources the competent organization stopped during the last hours of many illegal immigrants, most of whom are young people, connected with a subsidiary of Israel organizations, taking from Libya a base for them.
2- 6 wounded in an explosion Egyptian consulate in Libya Witnesses said the explosion occurred at the interface and the Egyptian consulate in the city of Benghazi in eastern Libya, causing the injury of a guard and 5 children. They added that “the 5 children were also wounded by flying glass from the explosion, which shook the windows and caused serious damages to the building facing the consulate.” There was no immediate claim of responsibility. Witnesses explained that “the bomb was hidden in what appears to be a paper bag.” And police sealed off the area and gathered evidence. The police opened later the street but additional forces deployed in front of the consulate.
3-The interim government consider what is happening in Egypt is an Egyptian internal affair. The interim government considered that what is happening in Egypt is an internal affair, the Libyan state accept what is approved by the Egyptian people. She stressed in a statement its extreme regret and pain of lost lives and the blood that is spilled, it prays to Allah Almighty to save Egypt and its people from all harm and dominated by safety and stability.
4-Tunisian are trained in camps of al-Qaeda in Misurata The Algerian newspaper «Elsherouk» in an article released the day before yesterday, quoting from a Libyan reliable sources said that the Libyan city of Misurata turned into a quasi-military zone outside the scope of the Libyan state, and the new system of Tripoli, which followed the overthrow of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi, The newspaper revealed quoting the same sources that the terrorist organization called al-Qaeda with its two branches in the East and the Islamic Maghreb, found favorable climate to open training camps which attracted hundreds of militants from Libya, Tunisia, Algeria and Yemen.