(15) 25% of Libyans have college degrees; literacy under Gaddafi rose from 25% to 83%
(16) his monumental Great Man-Made River (GMMR) project
It made the desert bloom. It provided free water. Gaddafi called it the 8th wonder of the world. He did so for good reason.
It developed an ocean-sized aquifer beneath Libyan sands. It was a decades-long work in progress.
In 2011, NATO bombed connecting pipelines and infrastructure. Depleted uranium weapons were used. Doing so irradiated clean, fresh water.
Free supplies no longer exist. Western profiteers intend exploiting them for bottom line priorities.
Predatory capitalism works this way. Ordinary people are exploited for profit. They lose out entirely. Libyans can explain best.
Dystopian harshness replaced North Africa’s most developed country.Doing so added another crime of war, against humanity and genocide to America’s rap sheet.
Obama bears full responsibility. He thrives on war. He wages one after another. He’s got more targets in mind. Libyans won’t ever forgive him.
They’ve got good reason not to. Things won’t ever be the same. Perhaps future generations will regain what they lost. Green resistance hopes one day to restore it.
Violent dystopian dysfunction reflects today’s Libya. Militia gangs control local areas. The entire populated north is a battleground.
Central governance is more illusion than reality. Near-term prospects are grim. A new UN report explains more. It’s titled “Torture and Deaths in Detention in Libya.”
It explains what Western media ignore. It’s ongoing, widespread and horrific.
International law prohibits torture and other forms of abuse at all times, under all circumstances, with no allowed exceptions.
It’s official US and Israeli policy. In Libya, it’s out-of control. In April 2013, Libya’s pseudo-government passed legislation criminalizing torture, forced disappearances and discrimination.
In September, another law requires all conflict-related detainees released or referred to the public prosecutor within 90 days.
It doesn’t matter. Torture and other forms of abuse persist. It’s commonplace to extract confessions. Detainees are denied access to counsel. Family member rarely get to see them.
An estimated 8,000 are affected. They’re brutalized lawlessly. It happens largely out of sight and mind.
In September 2011, Security Council Resolution 2009 established UNSMIL (UN Support Mission in Libya). On March 14, 2013, SC Resolution 2095 extended its mandate another 12 months.
From late 2011 to more recently, it reported 27 torture related deaths. True numbers are likely higher. Other deaths weren’t investigated.
Detention centers nominally are under government control. Local militia gangs effectively run them. They do whatever they want.They’re waging war on suspected Gaddafi loyalists.
UNSMIL’s more involved in militarized occupation than peacekeeping. It’s more part of the problem and related ones than the solution.
It’s true wherever Blue Helmets show up.****(they bring trouble with them)They’re supposed to restore order, enforce peace, maintain security, and help transition to stable normality.
They’re imperial enforcers. They fuel conflict. They commit serious human rights abuses.They’re involved in sex trafficking and other crimes. They’re complicit in what they’re mandated to prevent.
In its World Report 2012: Libya, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said:
Post-Gaddafi prison conditions are “sub-standard, with overcrowding, inadequate food and water, and consistent reports about abuse, including beatings (and) use of electric shock.”
Investigator Sidney Kwiram said HRW documented “ongoing torture” used “to force confessions or for punishment.”
HRW omitted saying most detainees are alleged Gaddafi loyalists.
An Amnesty International (AI) report headlined “Libya: Deaths of detainees amid widespread torture,”saying:
Libyan detainees were tortured and abused. Some died. Victims were pro-Gaddafi loyalists. AI met detainees “in and around Tripoli, Misrata and Gheryan.”
Torture marks were visible.They included “open wounds on the head, limbs, back and other parts of the body.”
They’re inflicted “by officially recognized military and security entities, as well as a multitude of armed militias operating outside any legal framework.”
AI called it “horrifying to find that there has been no progress to stop the use of torture.”
“We are not aware of any proper investigations into (these cases), and neither the survivors or relatives of those who have died in detention have had any recourse to justice or redress for what they have suffered.”
“While many detainees have described their experiences of torture to us, some have proved too scared to speak – fearing harsher torture” by doing so. Instead, they just showed their wounds.
They came from being “suspended in contorted positions, beaten for hours with whips, cables, plastic hoses, metal chains and bars and wooden sticks, and given electric shocks with live wires and Taser-like electro-shock weapons.”
Injuries AI saw confirmed detainee testimonies. So did medical reports. Victims had no legal representation. They confessed to stop pain.
One detainee told AI:
“This morning they took me for interrogation upstairs. Five men in plain clothes took turns beating and whipping me.”
“They suspended me from the top of the door by my wrists for about an hour and kept beating me. They also kicked me.”
Another said he was beaten on wounds sustained weeks earlier, adding:
“Yesterday they beat me with electric cables while my hands were cuffed behind my back and my feet were bound together.”
“They threatened to send me back to the militia (that) captured me, who would kill me.”
Others died from torture-inflicted injuries. Deep bruises and open wounds confirmed it. It’s unclear how many were affected. Perhaps dozens or more died this way.
Little is done to stop it. Dysfunctional conditions exist. Dismissiveness lets innocent thousands suffer in harsh confinement.
Doing so reflects reality in today’s Libya. Heart of darkness lawless viciousness describes things. Pseudo-government does little to change them. Nor does UNSMIL. Rule of law in Libya doesn’t exist.
An estimated 37 detention facilities operate nationwide. With few exceptions, militia gangs control them. They do whatever they want.
They do it without oversight. They get away with torture, other forms of abuse and murder.
Victims are abducted from homes, workplaces, on streets, and at checkpoints. Doing so is arbitrary. It’s lawless.Due process, judicial fairness and proper redress don’t exist.
Ali Mas’ud death reflected others. A preliminary forensic report said “death (was) caused by a cerebral bleeding and cardiac arrest.”
“The corpse had several traumatic bruises. The death was caused by beatings and torture.”
Abdelhakim Belaid al-Tajuri died on route to hospitalization. Forensic analysis said he “died as a result of widespread injuries to his body and bleeding inside the head cavity.”
His face was badly swollen. Injuries were clearly visible. His hands and feet showed evidence of torture.
Gaddafi era 1991 Law No. 20 on the Promotion of Freedoms stated:
“No one can be deprived of his freedom, searched or questioned unless he has been charged with committing an act that is punishable by law,pursuant to an order issued by a competent court, and in accordance with the conditions and time limits specified by law.”
Article 30 of Gaddafi’s Code of Criminal Procedure required security officers to have an official competent authority-issued warrant authorizing arrest and detention.
Article 31 afforded detainees the right to challenge why they were held.
Article 106 mandated the right of counsel during criminal interrogations.
Article 321 authorized providing legal representation if defendants had none.
Article 26 limited referring suspects for General Prosecution to 48 hours. For crimes against the state, it was seven days.
Article 435 mandated 10 years imprisonment for “any public official who order(ed) the torture of or tortures an accused.”
Articles 379 – 381 ordered up to one year in prison for “causing harm to another person leading to a sickness.”
Two years were mandated if it was life-threatening or caused paralysis for less than 40 days.
Five years were ordered in case of incurable illness, loss of body part or functioning organ, or other disability.
That was then. This is now. Anarchic viciousness replaced Gaddafi era law and order.
As signatory to the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Libya is obligated to prevent these type abuses. So is UNSMIL as an occupying authority.
ICCPR’s Article 7 enshrines the right to life, stating:
“Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”
Article 7 states:
“No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”
Article 10 states:
“All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person.”
Other fundamental international laws have similar provisions. Under Gaddafi, Libya, as signatory, agreed to enforce them.
Little or nothing is done today. Innocent victims suffer horrifically. Torture and other forms of abuse persist. Law and order are figures of speech.
Obama bears full responsibility. He transformed sovereignLibya into dystopian hell.Out-of-control horrific conditions reflect today’s reality.
Green resistance struggles for freedom. It remains a distant dream.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
15 prisoners escape from the institution of reform and rehabilitation Ajdabiya
Sources said news of the city of Ajdabiya for escape of 15 prisoner of institution reform and rehabilitation of Ajdabiya, said a security source that he was arrested on four of the fugitives and still chasing the rest, the source added that the judicial police are charged with protecting the prison and that some of the elements is accused of negligence and receive bribes and to help prisoners to escape.
Video of the meeting the U.S. ambassador in Libya (Deborah K. Jones) on channel Libya Liberal
Both found the body of a lawyer Fethiye Badri and her husband on the penitent in the area Rulrhh
Lt. Col. Ibrahim al-Shara official spokesman room security Benghazi that he found the body of a man and a woman in the area Rulrhh as it is this body belong to the lawyer Fethiye Badri and her husband Altaib been kidnapped replace Oqathm in the city of Benghazi and hit the victim and the victim Lobel of bullets were found on them today the morning after the false tip from a police station and Alkorashh bodies now exist in the Benghazi Medical Center.
Armed clashes in the vicinity of the headquarters of Canal Street, the official Libyan victory Tripoli
According to news sources from the city of Tripoli shortly before the occurrence of armed clashes in the vicinity of the headquarters of Channel Official Street victory, the source added that the clashes were between residents of the regions of Mansoura and Alsreem with members of deterrence located inside the headquarters a few days ago, and did not benefit the source for reasons outbreak of clashes or for injuries between the two parties.
Ultra-circuit voltage (oases bed godless) General Electricity Company attached to their work and leave the area of the bed
The ultra-circuit voltage (oases bed godless) General Electricity Company to suspend its work and left the bed area and ensure the safety of the staff and the teams that are working with them because of the deteriorating security situation repeated.
Assassination of Salah Al Najma Club coach football in front of the door of the club
Sources news about the assassination of Salah al-Sharif coach football star quintet in front of the door of the club. Did not give any information about the sources of that the assassination.
Exposure to players and administrative team Ahli Tripoli attacked and beaten.
According to news sources for exposure to players and administrative team Ahli Tripoli was attacked and beaten by the army and the police forces of Finance.
Video statement deterrence and rapid intervention concerning the statement Khalifa Haftar
Fraraadd of detainees from a prison in the city of Zliten Mager
News sources reported today from the city of Zliten about 90 detainees escape from a prison in the city of Zliten and Majer sources said that smuggler was arrested with the help of the people of the region, against the backdrop of the kidnapping of 40 detainees from prison two days ago by armed militias from Misurata.
Video expulsion of Al-Jazeera crew by demonstrators in the city of Benghazi
Video Tripoli Local Council statement about the statement Khalifa Haftar 14/02/2014
Colonel Boubacar Najat Ali al-Obeidi, an assassination attempt in Benghazi
Sources said shortly before the news of the city of Benghazi on the survival of Colonel Ali al-Obeidi, Boubacar an assassination attempt outside his home district of the city of Benghazi peace and sources said that al-Obeidi exposure to shootings by unidentified gunmen and was injured in the chest area.
editors note: Till now there is an arrest warrant for Hefter but no body is willing to catch him please do not forget that Hefter belongs to CIA he exiled himself while he was in the army with the Jamahiriya government and later was trained by the CIA, he came back on 2011 to topple the government. Last year one of his sons tried to rob a bank where he was shot on the leg and I think they cut off his leg now both of his sons live abroad with the money of Libya.
Everything is very quiet in Tripoli so quiet that you can hear a pin fall down waiting for the storm to come as we say here in Libya. The only thing that is moving in Tripoli are the UN TRUCKS with their special units checking the streets.
One last piece of news in Tobruk airport they caught a Qatari plane which was forced to land in Tobruk because of a malfunction and when searched they found military arms all the crew was arrested.
A new decree passed by Libya’s parliament banning satellite television stations critical of the government and the 2011 uprising against Gaddafi violates free speech and Libya’s Provisional Constitutional Declaration. The decree was passed January 22, 2014. The government also slashed scholarship funding for students abroad, along with salaries and bonuses to employees who take part in activities “inimical” to the revolution.
“You’d think that Libyans learned long ago that suppressing speech, no matter how harsh, does nothing to foster security or peace,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and North Africa director. “The best way to confront opinions that the government doesn’t like is to challenge them with better ideas that will convince Libyans.”
Decree 5/2014, “Concerning the Cessation and Ban on the Broadcasting of Certain Satellite Channels,” passed by Libya’s parliament, the General National Congress (GNC), on January 22, instructs the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Communications, and [Mass] Media to “take necessary steps required” to halt the transmission of all satellite television stations that are “hostile to the February 17 revolution and whose purpose is the destabilization of the country or creating divisions among Libyans.” It further instructs the government to “take all measures” against states or businesses in territories from where the channels are broadcast if they do not block the transmission of these stations.
The decree violates freedom of expression because it censors a wide range of speech, including peaceful political dissent, and its broad and vague wording is open to arbitrary implementation, Human Rights Watch said. While the government could lawfully ban speech that is found to directly incite violence, it should not ban all of a satellite channel’s broadcasts even if some of the speech that it disseminates is found to incite violence. Human Rights Watch urged the government to revoke the resolution.
The ban appears intended to block satellite stations that have taken a pro-Gaddafi position in their editorial content; in particular, it appears aimed at a pro-Gaddafi station, al-Khadra Channel, and al-Jamahiriyah.
Libya’s government also passed Resolution 13/2014 on January 24, discontinuing scholarships to students studying abroad and salaries and bonuses to Libyan employees, for “taking part in activities inimical to the February 17 revolution,” which is widely understood to encompass statements and protests against the current government. It calls on Libyan embassies abroad and others to draw up lists of names and refer them to the Prosecutor General for prosecution.
“These efforts to sanction Libyans who don’t support the revolution or the current government should be an embarrassment for all those who pledged a new era of freedom for Libyans,”Whitson said. “Punishing students and employees who don’t toe the government’s political line is a tactic that should have ended with the fall of Gaddafi.”
The government’s effort to ban pro-Gaddafi media comes in the context of a difficult political and security environment. Seemingly pro-Gaddafi armed groups in southern and western Libya have engaged in pitched battles against pro-government forces, resulting in at least 154 deaths and 463 injured people according to an Agence France Presse report. In the past year, armed groups and unknown assailantsassassinated at least 70 Libyans associated with the Gaddafi government, mainly former members of the Gaddafi security forces, but also political opponents of Gaddafi, and judges, with virtually no arrests by the government.
It is unclear how the Libyan government will enforce this ban against satellite stations operating outside of the country.
These decrees follow a number of prosecutions of high-profile activists, journalists and politicians who have expressed critical views. A court sentenced Jamal al-Hajji, an activist detained under Gaddafi, to eight months in prison with labor and a steep fine for making false accusations against government officials and others.
Since the removal of the Gaddafi government, prosecutors have relied on penal code provisions restricting speech to prosecute at least three other people for speech related “crimes,”including blasphemy and defamation charges.
On June 14, 2012, the Libyan Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a law that criminalized free speech, Law 37/2012, which the National Transitional Council had passed on May 2, 2012. The law criminalized a variety of types of political speech, including speech that “glorifies the tyrant [Muammar Gaddafi],” did “damage [to] the February 17 Revolution,” or insulted Libya’s institutions. The presiding Judge, Kamal Edhan, declared the law unconstitutional. The case was litigated by a group of lawyers who included the current justice minister, Salah al-Marghani, and the National Council for Civil Liberties and Human Rights.
“While the authorities would be right to prosecute those whose speech directly incites violence and killings of other Libyans, this law against satellite channels that oppose the revolution is far too broad and goes well beyond any permitted restrictions on speech,” Whitson said. “Rather than trying to silence those who oppose the revolution, the government should be demonstrating through its achievements why the people of Libya should support it.”
The idea that asylum seekers can work in Libya is wrong, according to the Jesuit Refugee Service. Photo: Darrin Zammit Lupi
Women are raped, men sexually abused. People are kidnapped, trapped into forced labour, made to go for days without food and forced to drink from toilets.
This is life in Libyan detention centres, as recounted by asylum seekers who survived the physical and psychological trauma and managed to reach the safe shores of Malta.
“The question ‘why didn’t you seek asylum in Libya’ is disgusting for me. It makes mockery of what we have gone through.
“Where am I supposed to seek asylum in a place that doesn’t even have institutions?” asks Farah, whose feet were beaten to a pulp at the detention centre so he could not escape.
“When I heard the Maltese government was planning to return some people to Libya I was shocked. I panicked. I thought it was me they wanted to take back. Dying would be better,” said Abuubakar, another survivor.
These accounts are catalogued in Beyond Imagination, a Jesuit Refugee Service publication documenting the experiences of asylum seekers arriving in Malta through Libya.
At the launch at Europe House, Valletta, last night, JRS programme coordinator Goitom Yosief spoke of his personal experience of Libya when he ran away from Eritrea, aged 26.
“From what I have seen being in Libya, it is much worse than being sent to my country,” he said.
There is the idea that, in Libya, asylum seekers can work, he said, but that was far from the truth: “You are in hiding all the time. Even going to the shops can be dangerous.”
Migrants have no rights: they can be detained at any point by police, the army, militia groups or even civilians, he said.
“And even now that the Gaddafi regime has collapsed, the situation is still the same.”
Beyond Imagination highlights the horror stories of a country awash with weapons, targeted assassinations, kidnappings and tribal clashes: a lawless scenario where migrants are vulnerable.
JRS director Katerine Camilleri’s message was clear: “We are reiterating our call to the government to refrain from actions that will result, directly or indirectly, in the return of migrants to Libya until the situation there has drastically improved and the Libyan government puts in place effective measures to safeguard human rights and guarantee access to protection in practice.”
In the publication, JRS referred to the Maltese government’s insistence on more than one occasion that Libya should be seen not as part of the problem of irregular migration but as an essential part of the solution.
“This is nothing less than a travesty of the migrants’ fundamental rights… the truth is that Libya today is nowhere near ready to guarantee anybody’s human rights, let alone those of foreigners,” JRS notes.