(15) 25% of Libyans have college degrees; literacy under Gaddafi rose from 25% to 83%
(16) his monumental Great Man-Made River (GMMR) project
It made the desert bloom. It provided free water. Gaddafi called it the 8th wonder of the world. He did so for good reason.
It developed an ocean-sized aquifer beneath Libyan sands. It was a decades-long work in progress.
In 2011, NATO bombed connecting pipelines and infrastructure. Depleted uranium weapons were used. Doing so irradiated clean, fresh water.
Free supplies no longer exist. Western profiteers intend exploiting them for bottom line priorities.
Predatory capitalism works this way. Ordinary people are exploited for profit. They lose out entirely. Libyans can explain best.
Dystopian harshness replaced North Africa’s most developed country.Doing so added another crime of war, against humanity and genocide to America’s rap sheet.
Obama bears full responsibility. He thrives on war. He wages one after another. He’s got more targets in mind. Libyans won’t ever forgive him.
They’ve got good reason not to. Things won’t ever be the same. Perhaps future generations will regain what they lost. Green resistance hopes one day to restore it.
Violent dystopian dysfunction reflects today’s Libya. Militia gangs control local areas. The entire populated north is a battleground.
Central governance is more illusion than reality. Near-term prospects are grim. A new UN report explains more. It’s titled “Torture and Deaths in Detention in Libya.”
It explains what Western media ignore. It’s ongoing, widespread and horrific.
International law prohibits torture and other forms of abuse at all times, under all circumstances, with no allowed exceptions.
It’s official US and Israeli policy. In Libya, it’s out-of control. In April 2013, Libya’s pseudo-government passed legislation criminalizing torture, forced disappearances and discrimination.
In September, another law requires all conflict-related detainees released or referred to the public prosecutor within 90 days.
It doesn’t matter. Torture and other forms of abuse persist. It’s commonplace to extract confessions. Detainees are denied access to counsel. Family member rarely get to see them.
An estimated 8,000 are affected. They’re brutalized lawlessly. It happens largely out of sight and mind.
In September 2011, Security Council Resolution 2009 established UNSMIL (UN Support Mission in Libya). On March 14, 2013, SC Resolution 2095 extended its mandate another 12 months.
From late 2011 to more recently, it reported 27 torture related deaths. True numbers are likely higher. Other deaths weren’t investigated.
Detention centers nominally are under government control. Local militia gangs effectively run them. They do whatever they want.They’re waging war on suspected Gaddafi loyalists.
UNSMIL’s more involved in militarized occupation than peacekeeping. It’s more part of the problem and related ones than the solution.
It’s true wherever Blue Helmets show up.****(they bring trouble with them)They’re supposed to restore order, enforce peace, maintain security, and help transition to stable normality.
They’re imperial enforcers. They fuel conflict. They commit serious human rights abuses.They’re involved in sex trafficking and other crimes. They’re complicit in what they’re mandated to prevent.
In its World Report 2012: Libya, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said:
Post-Gaddafi prison conditions are “sub-standard, with overcrowding, inadequate food and water, and consistent reports about abuse, including beatings (and) use of electric shock.”
Investigator Sidney Kwiram said HRW documented “ongoing torture” used “to force confessions or for punishment.”
HRW omitted saying most detainees are alleged Gaddafi loyalists.
An Amnesty International (AI) report headlined “Libya: Deaths of detainees amid widespread torture,”saying:
Libyan detainees were tortured and abused. Some died. Victims were pro-Gaddafi loyalists. AI met detainees “in and around Tripoli, Misrata and Gheryan.”
Torture marks were visible.They included “open wounds on the head, limbs, back and other parts of the body.”
They’re inflicted “by officially recognized military and security entities, as well as a multitude of armed militias operating outside any legal framework.”
AI called it “horrifying to find that there has been no progress to stop the use of torture.”
“We are not aware of any proper investigations into (these cases), and neither the survivors or relatives of those who have died in detention have had any recourse to justice or redress for what they have suffered.”
“While many detainees have described their experiences of torture to us, some have proved too scared to speak – fearing harsher torture” by doing so. Instead, they just showed their wounds.
They came from being “suspended in contorted positions, beaten for hours with whips, cables, plastic hoses, metal chains and bars and wooden sticks, and given electric shocks with live wires and Taser-like electro-shock weapons.”
Injuries AI saw confirmed detainee testimonies. So did medical reports. Victims had no legal representation. They confessed to stop pain.
One detainee told AI:
“This morning they took me for interrogation upstairs. Five men in plain clothes took turns beating and whipping me.”
“They suspended me from the top of the door by my wrists for about an hour and kept beating me. They also kicked me.”
Another said he was beaten on wounds sustained weeks earlier, adding:
“Yesterday they beat me with electric cables while my hands were cuffed behind my back and my feet were bound together.”
“They threatened to send me back to the militia (that) captured me, who would kill me.”
Others died from torture-inflicted injuries. Deep bruises and open wounds confirmed it. It’s unclear how many were affected. Perhaps dozens or more died this way.
Little is done to stop it. Dysfunctional conditions exist. Dismissiveness lets innocent thousands suffer in harsh confinement.
Doing so reflects reality in today’s Libya. Heart of darkness lawless viciousness describes things. Pseudo-government does little to change them. Nor does UNSMIL. Rule of law in Libya doesn’t exist.
An estimated 37 detention facilities operate nationwide. With few exceptions, militia gangs control them. They do whatever they want.
They do it without oversight. They get away with torture, other forms of abuse and murder.
Victims are abducted from homes, workplaces, on streets, and at checkpoints. Doing so is arbitrary. It’s lawless.Due process, judicial fairness and proper redress don’t exist.
Ali Mas’ud death reflected others. A preliminary forensic report said “death (was) caused by a cerebral bleeding and cardiac arrest.”
“The corpse had several traumatic bruises. The death was caused by beatings and torture.”
Abdelhakim Belaid al-Tajuri died on route to hospitalization. Forensic analysis said he “died as a result of widespread injuries to his body and bleeding inside the head cavity.”
His face was badly swollen. Injuries were clearly visible. His hands and feet showed evidence of torture.
Gaddafi era 1991 Law No. 20 on the Promotion of Freedoms stated:
“No one can be deprived of his freedom, searched or questioned unless he has been charged with committing an act that is punishable by law,pursuant to an order issued by a competent court, and in accordance with the conditions and time limits specified by law.”
Article 30 of Gaddafi’s Code of Criminal Procedure required security officers to have an official competent authority-issued warrant authorizing arrest and detention.
Article 31 afforded detainees the right to challenge why they were held.
Article 106 mandated the right of counsel during criminal interrogations.
Article 321 authorized providing legal representation if defendants had none.
Article 26 limited referring suspects for General Prosecution to 48 hours. For crimes against the state, it was seven days.
Article 435 mandated 10 years imprisonment for “any public official who order(ed) the torture of or tortures an accused.”
Articles 379 – 381 ordered up to one year in prison for “causing harm to another person leading to a sickness.”
Two years were mandated if it was life-threatening or caused paralysis for less than 40 days.
Five years were ordered in case of incurable illness, loss of body part or functioning organ, or other disability.
That was then. This is now. Anarchic viciousness replaced Gaddafi era law and order.
As signatory to the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Libya is obligated to prevent these type abuses. So is UNSMIL as an occupying authority.
ICCPR’s Article 7 enshrines the right to life, stating:
“Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”
Article 7 states:
“No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”
Article 10 states:
“All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person.”
Other fundamental international laws have similar provisions. Under Gaddafi, Libya, as signatory, agreed to enforce them.
Little or nothing is done today. Innocent victims suffer horrifically. Torture and other forms of abuse persist. Law and order are figures of speech.
Obama bears full responsibility. He transformed sovereignLibya into dystopian hell.Out-of-control horrific conditions reflect today’s reality.
Green resistance struggles for freedom. It remains a distant dream.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
A new decree passed by Libya’s parliament banning satellite television stations critical of the government and the 2011 uprising against Gaddafi violates free speech and Libya’s Provisional Constitutional Declaration. The decree was passed January 22, 2014. The government also slashed scholarship funding for students abroad, along with salaries and bonuses to employees who take part in activities “inimical” to the revolution.
“You’d think that Libyans learned long ago that suppressing speech, no matter how harsh, does nothing to foster security or peace,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and North Africa director. “The best way to confront opinions that the government doesn’t like is to challenge them with better ideas that will convince Libyans.”
Decree 5/2014, “Concerning the Cessation and Ban on the Broadcasting of Certain Satellite Channels,” passed by Libya’s parliament, the General National Congress (GNC), on January 22, instructs the ministries of Foreign Affairs, Communications, and [Mass] Media to “take necessary steps required” to halt the transmission of all satellite television stations that are “hostile to the February 17 revolution and whose purpose is the destabilization of the country or creating divisions among Libyans.” It further instructs the government to “take all measures” against states or businesses in territories from where the channels are broadcast if they do not block the transmission of these stations.
The decree violates freedom of expression because it censors a wide range of speech, including peaceful political dissent, and its broad and vague wording is open to arbitrary implementation, Human Rights Watch said. While the government could lawfully ban speech that is found to directly incite violence, it should not ban all of a satellite channel’s broadcasts even if some of the speech that it disseminates is found to incite violence. Human Rights Watch urged the government to revoke the resolution.
The ban appears intended to block satellite stations that have taken a pro-Gaddafi position in their editorial content; in particular, it appears aimed at a pro-Gaddafi station, al-Khadra Channel, and al-Jamahiriyah.
Libya’s government also passed Resolution 13/2014 on January 24, discontinuing scholarships to students studying abroad and salaries and bonuses to Libyan employees, for “taking part in activities inimical to the February 17 revolution,” which is widely understood to encompass statements and protests against the current government. It calls on Libyan embassies abroad and others to draw up lists of names and refer them to the Prosecutor General for prosecution.
“These efforts to sanction Libyans who don’t support the revolution or the current government should be an embarrassment for all those who pledged a new era of freedom for Libyans,”Whitson said. “Punishing students and employees who don’t toe the government’s political line is a tactic that should have ended with the fall of Gaddafi.”
The government’s effort to ban pro-Gaddafi media comes in the context of a difficult political and security environment. Seemingly pro-Gaddafi armed groups in southern and western Libya have engaged in pitched battles against pro-government forces, resulting in at least 154 deaths and 463 injured people according to an Agence France Presse report. In the past year, armed groups and unknown assailantsassassinated at least 70 Libyans associated with the Gaddafi government, mainly former members of the Gaddafi security forces, but also political opponents of Gaddafi, and judges, with virtually no arrests by the government.
It is unclear how the Libyan government will enforce this ban against satellite stations operating outside of the country.
These decrees follow a number of prosecutions of high-profile activists, journalists and politicians who have expressed critical views. A court sentenced Jamal al-Hajji, an activist detained under Gaddafi, to eight months in prison with labor and a steep fine for making false accusations against government officials and others.
Since the removal of the Gaddafi government, prosecutors have relied on penal code provisions restricting speech to prosecute at least three other people for speech related “crimes,”including blasphemy and defamation charges.
On June 14, 2012, the Libyan Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a law that criminalized free speech, Law 37/2012, which the National Transitional Council had passed on May 2, 2012. The law criminalized a variety of types of political speech, including speech that “glorifies the tyrant [Muammar Gaddafi],” did “damage [to] the February 17 Revolution,” or insulted Libya’s institutions. The presiding Judge, Kamal Edhan, declared the law unconstitutional. The case was litigated by a group of lawyers who included the current justice minister, Salah al-Marghani, and the National Council for Civil Liberties and Human Rights.
“While the authorities would be right to prosecute those whose speech directly incites violence and killings of other Libyans, this law against satellite channels that oppose the revolution is far too broad and goes well beyond any permitted restrictions on speech,” Whitson said. “Rather than trying to silence those who oppose the revolution, the government should be demonstrating through its achievements why the people of Libya should support it.”
Is not imminent as first expected, given the huge gap in the balance of power, but not as long as advocates hoped Colonel -. Gave some important lessons and the key to understanding the trends.
LESSON ONE Making war in the old sense disappeared. Now it is important to understand not only the number of tanks, planes, soldiers, etc., but the target audience of local media and global communication in the country, their mood, the presence of opinion leaders, etc activities of “Al-Jazeera” showed that a few smart journalists, editor and director of its most important military significance, along with their tanks and general units.
LESSON TWO Party preparing for war the old type, is doomed to failurebecause of its operational maneuver space is initially determined by the extent of the plot, which imposes more advanced opponent. Gaddafi was preparing to storm Tripoli, in the tradition of military operations, and the operation was in the spirit of the militants television. As a result, he was not able to implement the tactical advantages he had, if the assault took place in the standard model. No matter what the stories about taking Tripoli “Al Jazeera” filmed in Qatar, it is important that Tripoli saw as evidence of facts. In war there is no true or false. In war, they are not effective or not effective.
LESSON THREE. Lack of protection of airspace leads to the fact that there is no front line. Strikes are of nowhere and from different angles. This pressure to divert scarce resources to permanently plug the holes, which drastically reduces the maneuverability of the army and sentenced to a defensive battle. Failed attack means you can not win.
LESSON FOUR. If you do not report your problem to a global audience, the war is lost. This means you should be able to speak the language of a global audience, which implies an understanding of their interests.
LESSON FIVE. Media blows mainly aimed at blocking the activity of a large number of people from the enemy. When growing struggle million, mainly hard to achieve victory. In the Libyan war actively participated in about 5%of the population on each side. Therefore, 90% of the population in the passive position. Under these conditions, won that he knew how to achieve the superiority of forces at key points.The fact that hundreds of thousands of residents of Tripoli Gaddafi loyalists, not important, as your motivation to help him blocked with enemy propaganda. People do not understand what is happening is real, because nothing. Not just what people think, but also what the motivation of the action-inaction formed.
LESSON SIX. It follows that the Gaddafi regime had real problems, lets you create a start-up and growth of the insurgency. The Western media exaggerate the shortcomings of the Gaddafi regime, mobilizing disaffected and blocking hesitant. Those critical look at the existing order of things crisis. They think: why should I take risks to protect the power that gives both, and suddenly under the new government would be better? When it comes to the new government, the balance of power is changing irrevocably, and play the situation is impossible. Therefore, similar to the fall of Gaddafi’s fall of the USSR. At the crucial moment of most of the population had no motivation to defend the regime and was in the position of the observer, and his opponents were better organized and motivated. It happened Libya, and earlier in the USSR, Yugoslavia, Iraq and a number of other countries. Time to find an answer to the question posed at the beginning of this article, public agencies gone, the situation is getting warmer by the minute happens. From state leadership requires immediate drastic action item that will change the and take situation under control.
The Free Libyan people self-determination, dignity and regain our sovereignty. Under a single slogan Expel the colonialist invaders and their dogs!
“By self-determination of nations means the separation of the state authorities of another nation, the formation of an independent national state means.”
“… If we want to understand what it means to self-determination of nations, without playing legal definitions or” inventing “abstract definitions, but by examining the historical and economic conditions of the national movements inevitably arrive at the following conclusion: for self-determination nations understand their communities state separation from another nation, the formation of an independent national state means. “
“The parties of the Second International promised a revolutionary act, but we see from them any real revolutionary work and no support for the uprisings of the exploited and dependent against the oppressor nations, nor see, in my opinion, among the most matches who have dropped out and wish to join the Third International. We should say it out loud, to let everyone know. This can not be refuted, and we’ll see if any attempt is made to refute it. “
Quotes by Lenin on the right to self-determination and independence of peoples and oppressed nations.
Check the definition to Zintan, are they with the enemy or colonialist loyal to the Jamahiriya Libya?
There comes a great opportunity for the Zintan tribe resume its natural place [of the tribes] but the word alone is not enough Zintan of the tribes decision has to be translated into action, Zintan must return the wrong pilgrimage in which they entered [from February and holding hands with NATO], there are opportunities to do so, and this time after promising days from the south, if honest Libyans from Zintan decides to become with the people of Libya against colonial rule and extremist groups or Zintan plays no part in the liberation of Libya have been left alone, and they must be remembered - that they - the descendants Mujahid Salim Abdul Nabi, who defeated the Italians in 1914 there is the possibility to retake its historic past and returning back to the country in 2014.
Zintan should understand today that this is the ultimate opportunity to be part of the Libyan people, not an enemy against him, the enemy invading and humiliate the Zintan by extremist groups in all media, and drive them to pursue a macabre acts against their brothers for affecting the lives of people and to participate in the robbery, theft and the smuggling of them to act like a man of confidence of a wolf in sheep’s clothing.
Beware the signal Zintan, has become the last bullet to protect the people of Libya, or the first bullet at the end of the farce after the green strength to return things to normal … Zintan can not be an ally of Misrata because it is being used as Scapegoat immoral and Zintan know exactly what are the people of Misrata, these traitors are vengeful, violent, subservient to Zionism that crushes the fate of the Libyan people, and Zintan Libyan whole have the same enemy are terrorists and extremist Muslim Brotherhood groups sent by the West.
We are waiting for the word of Zintan, a word about Green commitment among the people, and we do not agree with those who insists that “sacrificed for the sake of Libya and its people,” because the victim – is our principle, and know they have a source of weapons, men and money, and they have the most important of all – Saif al-Islam Gaddafi. These skills help you win the battle against the invaders Takfiris, Wahhabis and foreign service of NATO and the U.S., who do not leave you alone to mercenaries Libyan people, because the goal is to Zintan with the same feeling of all the people and Libyan tribes, Zintan was the decisive moment should meet with free men follow the example of all the tribes, to end the occupation of the country.Are you with us, there is no other option these days has started cleaning days of the nation, or your people will be martyred?.
* The arrival of the first secret of Zintan Brigades from heavily armed civilians supposedly to protect civilians in Tripoli.
* Two stolen gunships yesterday armed group belonging to zintantsam! Surprisingly, it turned out that the helicopters were dismantled and removed from the base of Al Watani. The Mi-35 helicopters were in good condition and is in order.
And the fact that the group made two helicopters, and took them to an unknown location.
- Urgent: The terrorist who acts mob boss in “NATO government in Libya” Ali Zeidane gave the green lightto U.S. troops entering the sacred territory of Libya.
- Bin Jawad: A powerful explosion in the ammunition storage in west Naufaliya Bin Jawad. At present one dead Egyptian reported in the explosion and is believed that resistance conducted sabotage against a center of Al-Qaida.
- Border Tunisia – Libya: Tunisian security forces captured Al Jazeera correspondents wiretapping equipment. Who works under the roof of journalists? An investigation is ongoing.
* Tunisia – Libya: Tunisian authorities closed the border crossing of Ras Dzhdir between Tunisia and Libya on Sunday night in connection with the seizure of a number of trucks armed groups and kidnapping a number of Tunisians in Libya …
- Cyrenaica: Sheikhs and heads of Cyrenaica, said: “Any attack against any soldier or any other attacks in the area of oil fields and ports located in the province of Cyrenaica is an attack on the entire population of the province of Cyrenaica”
Military command of the area declared a state of emergency and alert, because there are reports that a convoy from Misurata to the border with the intention of attacking Barca (Cyrenaica) to seize and take control of the oil fields.
The rat Ali Zeidan issued an order that the mercenaries take over the oil fields and offered them all the theft and a thousand dinars a day of ordinary people …
Until this moment all fields in Jala are still under the control of the children of Cyrenaica
- Benghazi : In the area of refugee “Syria” in Benghazi heavy gunfire over 30 cars belonging to NATO bandits burned.
- Misurata: rebels rats led by NATO, Misurata and takfiris ends meet and announce the following:
One. Bring down the government of Prime Minister with his Zeidane before February 7, 2014, the alternative government to the rebels,
Two. Privacy law is established as a result of the political instrument international conspiracy called “the revolution of February …”
Three. Defense of the legitimacy of a national conference and strongly defended and not to any other entity,
April. Abolition of political parties in the National Conference and the recommendation of the independence of the rebels by his constituency and his revolutionary alternative to recommend to replace it.
May. continue working with the new composition in late October.
- Turf:murder of two officers of the Air Force airbase Maratubet, attempts to settle a third officer, blew his house in the city, as witnesses say.
- Tripoli:Misurata say the INC (National Congress) is in the “red line”. He warns that it will be changed
* 55 prisoners escaped from a prison near Babiy Zhaps
- Sabha: Today, the Resistance men convey greetings to you and peace from the center of Sabha, in particular, and people in the stadium and the center of Sabha.
* They get reports from Misurata bandits are moving a convoy of mercenaries heading toward Sabha.
- NATO Rats fall from grace? Nowadays, Fatou Bensouda, the head of the International Criminal Court has ordered the arrest of 247 criminals puppets of NATO brazenly filmed videos of their crimesduring the war?? ?
For the sake of a wider process of systematically distorted picture of life of common people in Libya?
Mission of a party on NATO theft .. And now preparing another. Of those who danced and sang in the bodies under the video … Even willing to put in jail and quickly condemn and erase the traces of their crimes, and that no state prevailing decorate?
How is it not better to give armed leaders in refugee camps in cities devastated by theft? God is not jealous of them?
We – do not … A Muslim does not wallow in his brother … But how many dead, how much human misery and fear brought the patient to the people of other religions? Right to punish only in Allah and His Messenger?
And tell others until it was too late …
- Intellectuals, poets, philosophers and artists analisan and discuss the work and figure Mohamar Al Gaddafi in his contribution to culture, peace and solidarity among men and nations in the Book Fair in Cairo