OPINION: Libya has one government and one parliament


OPINION: Libya has one government and one parliament

By Azza K. Maghur

Everyone out there please read carefully & complete.

Libya has one government and one parliament.

Nevertheless, members of the international media and foreign policy makers around the world are distorting this simple fact by speaking of Libya’s government as divided. Repetition has created a misleading media narrative and imposed a perceptual reality that in effect divides Libya. It is pressuring the country’s beleaguered democratization process to a point where it may be aborted, or worse, push Libya towards partition.
A Constitutional Declaration was written in August 2011 to guide Libya forward through the transitional period following its Revolution. Nevertheless, this essential document and the plan it lays out to lead a unified Libya to a democratic civil state is overlooked.
It is disturbing to see legitimate institutions, formed within the framework of the Constitutional Declaration, equated with so-called governments and institutions that are the product of violence. How are acts of warstorming the doors of governmental institutions, forcibly occupying ministries, shelling cities with missiles and destroying the country’s largest airport along with hundreds of millions of dollars of planes – be considered comparable to democratic process?
Peaceful transfer of power is a cornerstone in the democratization processes of newborn democratic states. Libya went through three elections, two of which involved a transfer of power. In accordance with the Constitutional Declaration, Libyan voters elected the country’s House of Representatives (HoR) on 25 June 2014; the House of Representatives then appointed an interim government headed by Prime Minister Abdullah Al-Thinni.
How, after the hard-won steps Libya has taken towards democracy, can members of the diplomatic community and media refer to the democratically elected HoR as the “Tobruk parliament” and its legitimate government as the “Al-Thinni government,” thus ignoring the June 2014 election results and distorting the historical record?
Meanwhile, international media and diplomats refer to the remnant group of politicians in Tripoli as the “GNC,” the parliament that preceded the HoR. The General National Congress (GNC) mandate expired on 21 July 2014 when the results of the HOR election were announced. However, one week before, a coalition of Islamist and regional militias launched an armed operation, called Operation Dawn, to take over the capitol Tripoli. After weeks of urban warfare, it succeeded on 23 August. Operation Dawn’s first political move was to call on the GNC to resume sessions and to appoint a government. A small group of former GNC members began to meet and appointed Omar Al-Hassi as Prime Minister of, what he termed, a National Salvation Government.
Needless to say, the imposition of the rump GNC had no footing in the Constitutional Declaration and was in violation of democratic principles. The mandate of the GNC had expired and there is no constitutional provision for its return. In reality, the rump GNC, composed of thirty or fewer of the original 200-member parliament, became the political arm of the Operation Dawn militias.
How is it possible for a country unified under a Constitutional Declaration to have a “Tobruk parliament” and at the same time a rump “GNC”? The intent of this article is to dust off the truth and build a better understanding of Libya’s governing institutions and the plan laid out in the Constitutional Declaration.

Phase 1: The Constitutional Declaration, August 2011
The Constitutional Declaration was issued by the self-proclaimed political entity of the February 2011 Revolution, the National Transitional Council (NTC). It was simple and recognized the self-proclaimed NTC as the highest authority of the state, granting it a mix of legislative and executive powers. It allowed for the NTC to appoint (and dissolve) a cabinet to govern. A timetable stipulated that the NTC hand over power to an elected body, the GNC, within 240 days from the declaration of the liberation of Libya. Elections for the GNC were held on 7 July 2012 and on the 8 August, in a ceremonial event, the NTC publicly announced the transfer of power to the first parliament elected by Libyans in nearly 50 years.
The ceremony took place under the scrutiny of a people who had survived generations under dictatorship. On that remarkable day, at a time when militias were positioned in every corner, in every city, the NTC managed to transfer power to a purely civil entity chosen by the Libyan people. Nevertheless, the transfer ceremony was not without incident. Salah Badi, an elected GNC member who  demanded that a young Libyan woman leave the stage because her head was uncovered. Sarah Messelati, who was only 22, left the room quietly. However, shamefully no one in the gathering, including women representing 16% of elected GNC members, spoke up in her support. That day, everyone’s hearts and eyes were clinging to the power transfer ceremony and eager for it to take place as quickly and quietly as possible.
In addition to establishing the GNC, the Constitutional Declaration also created the Constitutional Drafting Assembly (CDA) tasked with writing the future Libyan constitution. It allowed 60 days for the CDA to draft the Constitution and then forward it to the Libyan people for referendum. This period was later extended to 180 days.

Phase 2: The General National Congress, July 2012-July 2014
In July 2012, the GNC replaced the NTC as the highest authority of Libya. The main goal and task of the GNC during its mandate was to establish the Constitutional Drafting Assembly (CDA). Following ratification of the Constitution, a second transfer of power would occur, with the GNC handing over to the newly-elected institutions prescribed in the Constitution. In summary, this second phase was about drafting a constitution and a subsequent peaceful power transfer, by which the transitional period would end and a new democratic civil state would be launched.
However, the GNC neglected its mandate, interfered with the executive branch and focused on promulgating a political isolation law by which Libyans became unequal before the law. This law was adopted in May 2013 under armed pressure from militias connected with sympathetic members of the GNC.
Finally, after eight months, the GNC realized it had been sharply diverted from its principle mission and appointed a committee to draft the CDA election law. The CDA election took place in February 2014, over a year and a half after the GNC assumed office. The CDA’s first session was held in the town of Baida in April 2014.

Phase 2.5: The February Committee, February-April 2014
As the GNC tenure wore on, it became increasingly apparent that the body was unable to run the country efficiently and its interference with the executive was making governance an impossible mission. When the GNC finally initiated the process of drafting the CDA election law in April 2013, disgruntled Libyans were already in the streets demanding that the GNC step down and transfer power to a new representative body.
Every time the GNC stretched the period of fulfilling its major duty, the establishment of the CDA, it also stretched its own mandate and continued to be the highest authority in the country. It became clear that the simplicity of the Constitutional Declaration did not account for a separation or balance of powers between the executive and legislative branches of government. The conclusion reached by the citizenry and many members of the GNC was that the limitations of the Constitutional Declaration made the GNC inadequate as a vehicle to take Libya out of the transitional period to a modern constitution.
Under tremendous pressure from within the GNC and the general public, a Sixth Amendment to the Constitutional Declaration was adopted by the GNC, by which a new phase was drawn to revive the democratization process. The GNC created a constitutional committee called the February Committee to take the necessary steps to amend the Constitutional Declaration to allow new parliamentary and presidential elections. Accordingly, the GNC decided to end to its existence, even before a constitution was issued and transfer power to a new parliament. This new parliament would be based on democratic principles, including separation of powers between branches, a series of checks and balances and a distinctly separate executive branch headed by an elected president with a clear mandate to state powers. By taking this step, the legislative power would no longer be the highest authority of the state of Libya.
A new road map introduced by the February Committee added an additional phase to allow for a new parliamentary body, the House of Representatives (HoR) and a directly elected President. Most significantly, the February Committee introduced a conventional module of governance based on equilibrium and separation of powers.
On 31 March 2014, the GNC adopted the February Committee’s first set of recommendations. However, the matter of the election of a President of the State was postponed to be reviewed by the HoR. The newly elected HoR would resolve whether the President would be elected directly by the people (as recommended by the February Committee) or by the HoR. By doing so, the GNC again created hurdles to the democratization process. The elements of the February Committee proposal were interconnected and could only be adopted as a whole. Any substantive changes or postponement of the proposal’s clauses rendered the concept of democratization refreshment useless.

Therefore, a third and additional phase, which was not originally anticipated in the Constitutional Declaration, was adopted by the GNC in March. On 29 April , the GNC passed Election Law Number 10 of 2014 to provide for the election of the HoR. This third phase afforded a dignified exit to the GNC and a peaceful hand over to a new parliament. The GNC was under an obligation to fulfill the peaceful transfer of power to the HoR as its predecessor had to it. Any failure to do so entailed individual legal responsibility of GNC members before the law.

Phase 3: The House of Representatives, June 2014-present
The GNC adopted a series of required legislative steps to insure a peaceful transfer of power to the HoR. These included a decree issued by the GNC President ordering preparations for the ceremonial transfer of power to the HoR and calling on the HoR to convene.

Beginning in May 2014 armed conflict ignited in parts of Libya and till now, this continues to complicate Libya’s transition to democracy. At the time of the 25 June election, fighting was underway in the city of Benghazi. An thinkable tragedy unfolded the night of the election when Salwa Boughaigis, a prominent civil society activist, lawyer, and deputy president of the National Preparatory Dialogue Commission, was brutally murdered in her home in Benghazi, not long after she posted on social media photos of herself voting. Her husband, Essam Gheriani, was kidnapped and to date has not been found. A national hero for her role in the revolution, Boughaigis became one of hundreds of Libyan civil society activists, military and security professionals, politicians and media figures assassinated in the years following the revolution.
On 21 July 2014, the High National Elections Commission announced the results of the H0R election: 188 members out of 200 were elected. The remaining twelve would have been from communities that were prevented from voting by extremist militias. In addition Amazigh communities chose to boycott the election as part of their campaign against what they claimed was constitutional marginalization.

In line with the February Committee recommendations, the seat of the HoR would be located in Benghazi. Preparations were already in progress to refurbish the Tibesti Hotel as its headquarters in order to allow the HoR to begin meeting there by the end of July. However, the combination of armed conflict, the closure of the airport in Benghazi and other violent incidents made it infeasible for the HoR to convene in Benghazi. The freshly-elected body was forced to quickly find a new place to meet. Given that armed conflict had spread to Tripoli, HoR members followed the suggestion of the body’s senior members and convened in the quiet eastern city of Tobruk on 4 August.
By the time the HoR convened, Libya’s democratization process was in deep crisis, but still surviving. Urban warfare in Tripoli compelled many residents to flee the city, including government ministers who began meeting in the relatively calm and secured city of Beida where the Constitutional Drafting Assembly had been working. This phase of the transitional period can certainly not be described as peaceful. How could it be in a country in the grip of militias?
The inaugural meeting of the HoR was attended by 158 of the 188 elected members; thirty members boycotted in protest of the change of location and some remnant GNC members tried to halt the process under pretext of ceremonial procedure.

Despite the series of decrees the GNC had issued to initiate the necessary steps to ensure a peaceful transfer of power, members of the body, led by its President, Nouri Busahmain, refused to attend the meeting in Tobruk. However, the inaugural session was attended by the GNC’s First Deputy, Ezzedine al-Awami. Al-Awami represented a large bloc of GNC members who supported the democratization and legitimacy requirements defined by the Constitutional Declaration. This document, as amended by the February Committee, emphasizes that the HoR must convene within two weeks of the date of the HNEC announcement of the final election results. This precise date, 21 July 2014, constituted the transfer of power between the GNC and its successor. The Constitutional Declaration stipulates that power and legitimacy originate from the people as “the source of powers.” Therefore, all other related acts and decisions from the previous legislative power are considered ceremonial only and add nothing to the result of the elections.

Immediately after the GNC was announced to be back on stage by the Operation Dawn militias, the media began to use different terms when writing about Libya. The international press went from celebrating the HoR elections, covering the HNEC’s announcement of the winners and speculating on the leadership and political composition of the new parliament, to writing as if Libya had two parliaments and two governments, in effect rendering Libya’s short but rich democratization process insignificant.

The democratization process and its values, including the transfer of power, do not depend on protocol and ceremonies. Ceremonial procedures are never considered an impediment during the democratization process; the crucial and substantive principle of the transfer of power overrides ceremonial procedures. Peaceful transfer of power constitutes a vital obligation for democracy, while the ceremonial process of “hand over,” if any, is merely a public declaration of it. Ceremonial steps cannot be used to impede or block the democratization process. The rump GNC, however, reached a point where it denied any transfer of power, for the simple reason that the GNC President’s insistence to hold the handover ceremony in Tripoli was not accepted by the HoR. To accept the rump GNC’s position would be to say that one person, i.e. “the Speaker of the Parliament,” can twist the whole concept of democracy, and block it.

In addition to the pressures exerted on Libya’s democratization process, foreign policy makers and the international media are undermining the process by imposing an unlawful, illegitimate and artificial reality. Each of the many references to members of the former GNC as the “GNC,” as if the dissolved body continued to exist, constitutes a false and erroneous statement. There is no longer the GNC body; rather, there are some former members of the former GNC who are contravening the spirit of the Constitutional Declaration and the essence of democracy. The GNC wittingly ended its term in office, amending the Constitutional Declaration and issuing legislation and decrees. It can never reverse this process because it is a legal obligation and the GNC is obliged to fulfill this obligation.

The remnant GNC members are claiming that they are still in power based on their interpretation of the Libyan Supreme Court November 6, 2014 ruling. They argue that it dissolves the HoR. Regardless of whether or not this is a correct interpretation, dissolving the HoR does not allow the GNC to return as the governing authority in Libya. If the HoR were dissolved, it would only open venues for new elections, a new road map and a new phase in Libya’s difficult road towards democracy based on the Constitutional Declaration, a political agreement or on a new constitution.

Today there is neither a GNC, nor a so-called National Salvation Government. Legitimacy is not a carte blanche conferred by the media or policy makers. Power can be divided and shared, but legitimacy cannot. If democracy is not only about elections, it is certainly about the transfer of power. If elections alone do not consign legitimacy, then refusal to transfer power is the suffocation and poisoning of democracy itself. The conclusion is that Libya has one government and one parliament.

To think or write about the Libyan State in any other way, gives a false image of Libya and threatens the country’s troubled democratization process, recklessly pushing it towards possible partition.

Azza Kamel Maghur is a Libyan lawyer, human rights activist and former member of the 2014 February Committee tasked by the General National Congress to amend the transitional Constitution and prepare the elections law.

NEWS FROM OCCUPIED LIBYA APRIL 2015


NEWS FROM OCCUPIED LIBYA APRIL 2015

Lyon: any party may propose amendments to the draft should be sent before May 3rd.

His majesty has spoken and if we do not do what he say’s there will be blood to pay… So King Leon who represents UNZION has ordered us to propose amendments whether we like it or not wow who is the DICTATOR now? So here is a preview of what this asshole pro MUSLIM BROTHERHOOOD had to say to us:

Bernardino Leon President of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (file: Internet) (photo:)

Bernardino Leon pro MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD & President of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (file: Internet)

The head of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya, Bernardino Leon, the Libyan draft political agreement seeks to establish a government capable of separation of powers, executive authority.

He called on all parties to Lyon in the event of approval of the draft or having some reservations being communicated and send any proposals for changes in the date of the third of May.

Leon said in a press release on Wednesday morning in New York: «The draft political agreement will put an end to the political and military conflict in the country». **** Yeah right!!! I am wondering what kind of drugs he is taking  to believe such BS this will never happen and especially when the want to promote Belhaj the most wanted terrorist in the world a political leader in Libya who by the way has sworn allegiance to Isis/Daesh but the western media is blacking out, I wonder why?

The document text expanded to drafts that are discussed in the dialogue rounds, offering a vision of institutional restructuring and security arrangements that support the path of the transition period, according to the Libyan news agency.

And draft details Lyon said: «The draft agreement provides for a transition period is limited not to exceed two years, and outlines democratic principles including the peaceful transfer of power, and a commitment to the results of the June elections 2014 fair, in addition to the establishment of a government capable of separation of powers, executive authority» . **** when he says two years he is exaggerating, the same thing was done in 2011 and look where we are! Still a failed nation, starving, poor, thousand of people killed. So again while reading from his script that the Elitists gave him does he really believe that he is doing everything? No he hasn’t spoken to the tribes and I am sorry your majesty if you haven’t spoken to the tribes everything is null and void… Start over we are a stubborn bunch not easy to conquer and especially when we were free for 42 years and we have tasted what it meant to be free from you assholes… so again on what drugs is he on?????

Austrians bought out of Libyan Cement Company by local investor

Benghazi-based Libya Holdings Group is buying out the Austrian majority owner in the Libyan Cement Company, in a deal which will give it control of the largest cement maker in North Africa.

The Austrian building materials firm Asamer bought into LCC when it was privatised in 2008 paying LD 200 million for a 50.6 percent share. The remaining equity was held by the Economic and Social Development Fund. Ten percent of the ESDF’s shares were supposed to be distributed to the workers.

Last year Asamer ran into financial troubles and some of its assets, including its shares in LCC, were transferred to a holding company for disposal. It is from this holding company, QuadraCir that Libya Holdings is acquiring ownership at an undisclosed price in a deal which is likely to be sealed this Thursday.

LCC contributed to Asamer’s financial woes. It has three plants with 2,300 employees. Despite sending four aid convoys to its workers during the revolution, the management quickly ran into industrial unrest after Qaddafi’s defeat. Staff demanded to be paid LD33 million in wages for when the three plants, two in Benghzi and one outside Derna, were idle.  A crippling strike and threat to 33 foreign employees forced Asamer to shut the plant.

Production was beginning to restart when violence returned to Benghazi. Both the factories in that city are in Hawari, one of the main centres of fighting against Ansar Al-Sharia. Neither is currently operational.

Ahmed Ben Halim, the founder of Libya Holdings has said the deal is worth “tens of millions of dollars”. He added that it would also involve Libya Holdings investing millions more in upgrading production facilities.

Halim’s father Mustafa Ahmed Ben Halim was King Idris’ prime minister for three years until 1957 and lived in exile after Qaddafi came to power.

Halim said that Libya Holdings was being backed on the LCC deal by 15 investors from “the Arabian Peninsular” including Saudis, Kuwaitis and citizens of the UAE as well some investors based in Europe.

As we are talking about Austria today is the anniversary of Shokri Ghanem who was murdered in Vienna on the 29/4/2012 but still we do not know why he was assassinated. Here are some questions not yet answered:

Why did they have to assassinate him  after agreeing to testify to the Attorney General in outside Libya? Why progress immediately after the Attorney General Abdulaziz Alhsada his resignation in March 2013 and claimed it for health reasons?

The resignation of Attorney General the issue of the assassination of Shokri Ghanem?
Why was the assassination of then Attorney General Abdulaziz Alhsada in April 2014?
Was it intended to assassinate Attorney General because he was very close in discovering who was involved in the assassination of Shokri Ghanem file?

Why the world press and the media ignored the subject of assassination,  despite its importance in terms of the person and the time, place and event?
Pain cheering every February, and the leaders of the West vindictive man to split the system and listing factual lot of competencies and abilities and considered a victory for them. Is the paper burned after its secession and ended its importance?

Is it that these cases stay under lock and key? Like its predecessors NTC who still have not found the killers and who gave the order to murder General Younis and his two companions, and dozens of issues have they become forgotten?
Don’t these people have rights under the citizenship of a Libyan in this chaos and the law of the jungle and the Government and Parliament of gangs and militias that forcibly classify and say they want democracy, freedom and legitimate institutions and dress falsely?
..
This is not the issue. But we will not accept in any way that the Libyan people are killed in this horrific way in a European capital without knowing the details and the perpetrators and why? Why the silence of the Criminal Investigations Office in Austria for pursuing the case and revealed details?  Was Shokri Ghanem spill the beans on who really was involved in the false flag of 2011 and the agencies were worried? As the whole protect the civilians was a total BS?  Many questions that no one is willing to give answers too as the Great empire with Israel would crumble…

Shokri Ghanem (Secretary of the General People’s Committee as well as the Secretary of the General People’s Committee for Economy and Trade, as well as the General Secretariat of the National Oil Corporation and was director of research at the International OPEC) was assassinated in the streets of one of the capital in Austria

 

Private Plane Full of Foreign Diplomats Lands in Misurata

by JoanneM

Reporting raw intel from the ground in Libya.

Two nights ago very early in the morning, a private jet landed at the Misurata airport. This plane was carrying 16 Americans, 4 French people and 3 Swedish people all carrying diplomatic passports.

They were picked up by someone who took them to the home of Ali Dbeeba. Most Libyans will recognize the name of Dbeeba, he was in the government of Libya before the 2011 illegal NATO war. He turned against his country and joined the radical Islamists, he is a traitor. But it was to his home that the foreign diplomats were taken.

It is pretty obvious that this group was sent by the Zionist cabal to discuss the impending attack on ISIS from the Egyptian army. Of course the Zionist, one world order, criminals are not at all happy about this attack. First of all they conquered Libya by illegal means but they own it now and they want to keep it, the Libyan people be damned. Second. the military industrial complex that makes them billions of dollars by selling weapons to both sides of the war on terror, is not working this time as they are not involved.

We don’t know what was discussed by this private visit but today in Tripoli there are big conflicts starting with the UN representative (Leon), himself a Zionist and other western Zionist representatives. The militias that illegally control Tripoli by force are finally showing their TRUE colors. They are radical psychopathic Islamists that never had any intention of negotiating with the legitimate Libyan government. They don’t want peace, they want ultimate control by any means and they want all the wealth of Libya and they will never give it up unless they are forced to; which is something that is going to happen and there are no amount of words that can stop it. The great Tribes of Libya and the Libyan army (not Haftar – he is a CIA traitor) will clean their country of this rubbish and there will be blood, it is the only way as no one cannot negotiate with terrorists.

God Speed them to victory and help them to bring home the 2 million Libyans who are forced to live in exile while these foreign scum mercenaries sit on their land

Doubts cast on Cyrenaica TV killings

Doubts are being cast on yesterday’s reports of the five-member TV crew of Cyrenaica TV having been killed by the Islamic State (IS).

Despite allegations that bodies had been found, either near Beida or Derna, there have been no pictures published,  no statements from officials who would normally quick to indict IS for such a crime, and the families in Ajdabiya of four of the TV team say they have heard nothing.

The government’s official spokesman, Hatem Oraibi, has meanwhile said that the administration knows nothing about any bodies being found.  Nor have hospitals anywhere in the east of the country reported five bodies being brought in.

The five were seized on 5 August last year while they were driving back to Ajdabiya from Tobruk where they had been filming the inauguration of the House of Representatives.

For its part IS is reported first to have put out a statement denying the killings, then another denying that it had put any such statement.

“It’s just rumours on Twitter,” said a Libyan reporter who has been in touch with the families. “There is no reason to believe it’s true.”

Family feud turns deadly in Sebha

A four-hour gun battle between two families in Sebha yesterday left two men dead and several others injured.

The fight broke out in the New Hijara area of Sebha, behind the town’s pasta factory.  A disagreement between two members of the family led to shots being fired.  In the end two men were shot and killed.  Hassan Jumaa Hagar, a 30-year old, and Ibrahim Faraj Al-Senussi, 26, both received fatal wounds to the chest.

The injured include Ibrahim’s 65-year-old father, Faraj Al-Senussi, as well as Mohammed Hassan Khalifa, Mohamed Abubaker Adam, Hamid Ahmed Al-Sunni and Ahmed Ibrahim.  It is thought that some of the injured were simply bystanders and not directly involved in the dispute.  They are all in stable condition.

After police barricaded the street, family elders were brought in and able to bring an end to the fighting.  The incident is now being investigated by the police.

Refugees in Libya face despair from all sides

Thousands of migrants embark on the risky sea journey from Libya to Italy’s Lampedusa Island. The Libyan coast guard is poorly equipped, so are Libyan detention centers where for many the journey ends.
Barely a day passes without boats that are hardly seaworthy making their way from the coast of Libya towards Europe. On board are desperate refugees in search of a better future.

Reports about disastrous shipwrecks with hundreds of people drowning are increasing by the day. Instead of dealing with the emergency as one would expect, a strange silence prevails at the Libyan coast guard in the capital Tripoli. It’s almost as if no one is at work.

Rather than counting the boats at his disposal, Shubi Bisher who is in charge of operations, counts the boats that need repairs. He complains that there is a lack of spare parts. “I have a private boat, we use that sometimes,” Shubi said. “We use our own facilities.”

Since January 2015, the Libyan coast guard no longer goes out on patrol. They only operate when they get information that a refugee boat is making its way to the Italian island of Lampedusa. The 1,800 kilometer-long (1,118 mile) Libyan coastline makes it hard to detect all tugs and refugee boats heading towards Italy. Lampedusa lies around 300 kilometers away.

One million people on ‘waiting list’

According to estimates by the European Commission, nearly one million people are waiting in Libya to make their trip to Europe. Anyone caught by the police without a valid residence permit ends up in a Libyan detention center.

Former Libyan president Moammar Gadhafi had a close cooperation with Europe on migration.

A Libyan coast guard points towards a broken down boat.

The Libyan Coast Guard suffers from depleted resources

Libya supervised its coast and prevented refugees from leaving Libyan territory. Instead they were kept in detention centers.

But since the fall of Gadhafi in October 2011, the Libyan state rapidly collapsed. Different militias now control large parts of the country, making it easy for human smugglers to traffic immigrants across the country, and cram them into boats heading to Europe.

Mohamed Baithi, head of Libya’s coast guard, says most of the migrants do not wish to return to Libya. “They want to go to Europe, sometimes if we bring them back, they cry or they try to destroy our boat,” Baithi told in an interview. Most refugee boats send out distress calls which are picked up by the coast guard. Merchant ships or nearby fishing vessels are then obliged under international maritime law to come and rescue the refugees. “They must take all these people on board,” Baithi said.

Deplorable detention camps

Lamin Kebe sits barefoot in the courtyard of one detention camp located in Zawiya, some 50 kilometers west of Tripoli. The Senegalese national is one of the 8,000 migrants currently holed up in such a camp, according to the current Libyan Interior Minister Khalifa Gwell.

Children sit on top of table inside a Libyan detention camp.

The inmates of Libya’s detention camps include women and children

 Despite harsh conditions in the detention centers, Zawiya Kebe and about 420 other detainees still carry the hope that brought them to Libya. They are held for weeks or months by Libyan authorities.

During that time, they may not work or leave the country. “They lock us inside our rooms and treat us like dogs,” says 19-year-old Boubaker Bari from Guinea. He says guards occasionally beat and insult them. “They wear respirators because they say we stink.” Only five showers are available for the more than 400 inmates.

No help from Libyan authorities

The poor conditions in the camp are causing friction. The migrants are becoming increasingly violent says Lieutenant Khaled Attumi, head of the Zawiya detention center. “They constantly try to escape and yesterday they tried to beat up a policeman.”

Attumi says he understands the situation the migrant detainees find themselves in. “The food is bad – sometimes they get bread, sometimes they don’t,” he said. “This is now the third year in a row that the government has not provided a single dinar for this institution, what can I do? If it continues like this, I will let them run away.”

That would open up the way for yet more migrants to try to come to Europe. Libyan coast guard Shubi Bisher says the refugees know that they are risking their lives. “In January, a fishing boat crew found four bodies hanging in their net but the coast guard does not even have money for body bags,” Shubi said. “It’s a disaster.”

BREAKING – ISIS Moves From Derna to Tobruk, Haftar Purposely FAILS

by JoanneM

ISIS the Islamic state has moved itself very close to the acting capital of Libya, the city of Tobruk in Eastern Libya

** All Libyans be alerted, the man known as Haftar is doing nothing to restrain (stop) ISIS, be alerted that this man is a spy with the CIA and this is known to all countries. It is well-known that ISIS was founded and is supported by the CIA so you have a traitor in your midst and he will steal your country from you. PLEASE WAKE UP

PLEASE BE ADVISED TO ALL WHO READ THIS – NOW IS THE TIME TO STEP UP AND HELP YOUR LIBYAN BROTHERS WHO FIGHT THIS EVIL FOR THE ENTIRE WORLD

 

Report: Egypt Preparing Large Assault Against ISIS in Libya Despite Opposition From Obama


Report: Egypt Preparing Large Assault Against ISIS in Libya Despite Opposition From Obama

 

AP Photo

The Middle East is on the brink of its fourth war (after Syria, Iraq and Yemen). debkafile’s military and intelligence sources report that Egypt is massing large-scale ground and air forces in the Western Desert along the Libyan border, in preparation for a military campaign to capture eastern Libya – Cyrenaica – from the Islamist State of Syria and Iraq – ISIS – occupation.

The substantial naval and marine forces assembling at Egypt’s Mediterranean ports indicate the possible launching of the offensive by dropping Egyptian marines on the Libyan coast around Derna (pop: 100,000), which ISIS has made its provincial capital. They may be accompanied by simultaneous landings of paratroops from the air.

For President Abdel-Fatteh El-Sisi, ISIS’s presence in eastern Libya (as well as Sinai) poses an unacceptable peril to his country. He has been warned in a number of intelligence reports that the Islamic State’s terrorists have already penetrated some Egyptian towns and even infiltrated certain army units.

To counter the Egyptian plan of campaign, ISIS is rushing reinforcements to eastern Libya from Syria and Iraq. From Syria, they are traveling by air or sea through the Mediterranean; from Iraq, through the Sinai Peninsula, whence oil and drug rings smuggle them across the Suez Canal and Egypt.

debkafile’s sources reveal that Egypt’s projected invasion of Libya was high on the agenda of American CIA Director John Brennan’s unannounced visit to Cairo on April 19 for a meeting with the president.
In reply to his visitor’s demand for precise information on Egypt’s Libyan campaign. President El-Sisi offered an assurance that he had no intention of keeping the Egyptian army in Libya. He would pull the troops out after defeating and disarming the jihadis and hand power to the Libyan government, which has established its seat in the eastern town of Tobruk near the Egyptian border and home to Libyan military bases and oil terminals.

The Tobruk government was set up by Libyan members of parliament who fled the capital Tripoli when it was overrun by a group of extremist Islamist militias, known as the Libyan Dawn, which included elements associated with Al Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb – AQIM.

The head of the this government is Abdullah al-Thinni, who is recognized by the United States and most Western governments as the legitimate prime minister of Libya.

President El-Sisi was not surprised to hear from the CIA director that the Obama administration objects to a direct Egyptian invasion of Libya, but would not oppose Cairo acting through local Libyan militias.

Brennan put forward the name of Gen. Khalifa Hifter, a Libyan-American, who set up a militia in the eastern Libyan town of Benghazi to fight the Islamists, aided by Libyan army units based in the region.
On March 2, Prime Minister al-Thinni and the Tobruk parliament appointed Gen. Hifter commander-in-chief of the Libyan army, promoting him to the rank of lieutenant general.

He was entrusted with two missions: To liberate Libya from the clutches of the Islamic militias and to rebuild the national army.

debkafile’s military sources disclose that, for the past six months, the Egyptian president has given Hifter his support and even supplied him with weapons. But he does not see him as a sufficiently powerful and emblematic figure to unify the Libyan nation.

Brennan leaned hard on the Egyptian president to follow Washington’s line, but El-Sisi refused.
Their differences on the Libyan campaign were reflected by omission in the joint communiqué they issued after their conversation: After discussing “regional issues, terrorism and ways of enhancing bilateral relations, the two sides agreed to continue consultation and coordination on issues of mutual interest.”

Interestingly, Egypt is ready to throw ground, sea and air forces into its offensive in Libya, while at the same time abstaining from deploying air or ground power in the Yemeni conflict, although it is a member of the Saudi-led coalition fighting Iran-backed rebels.
Egypt is already fighting the Islamic State’s branch in Sinai. It is now gearing up to tackle the Islamist peril on its western border.

 

 

NEWS FROM OCCUPIED TRIPOLI LIBYA


NEWS FROM OCCUPIED TRIPOLI LIBYA

1. Yesterday it was announced that we are getting a new British Ambassador replacing Michael Aron who did not do such a good job, Mr. Aron believed that Badi (Libyan Dawn)the Gargour killer, Belhaj (Issis/Daesh/LIFG)MI6 asset and Haftar (Libya Dignity) CIA asset were good people and fighting for DEMOCRACY, Aaron forgot to mention that these good people are responsible for thousands of civilians deaths, thousands imprisoned, thousands tortured, rapped and finally killed or decapitated so their families could not collect them. Anyone who did not agree with their ruling were against their militia and they were labeled as criminals. Mr. Aron is being again degraded and is being sent to Sudan to do an even worse job than he did in Libya, good luck to the Sudanese people.  So now we are going to have a new ambassador, I am sure that Cameron has explained to the new ambassador that he has to insist to have the Muslim Brotherhood in the new government otherwise he will have failed like his predecessor. The unfortunate thing is that the UK do not understand it’s not up to the ambassador or their country in meddling into Libyan affairs and if they do not take the time to talk to the Honorable Tribes there is never going to be PEACE IN LIBYA. So lets congratulate the new ambassador don’t let his looks fool you he is ruthless, worked in Doha, Brussels, Greece, Cyprus and Jordan and now his being transferred to Libya. This is what he had to say: Commenting on his appointment as ambassador to Libya, Ambassador Millett said that the current crisis in Libya occupies great importance to the United Kingdom and Europe, and I am honored to have the opportunity to contribute to international efforts to bring stability and security and the renewal opportunities prosperity to the Libyan people. He added that the presence of extremists and terrorists in Libya and continued fighting in which means the need to reach a political solution and the early formation of a national unity government to unite all Libyans behind one goal.

This to happen he has first to respect the will of the Libyan people talk to the Honorable Tribes and to assist the legal government to kick out the terrorists which his predecessor thought were good people, then we can discuss for unity.

He said the British ambassador that he hopes to re-open the British Embassy in Tripoli during the period of his service, and to address the issue of the reconstruction of the country in the future.

I am wondering does he mean that his country will pay the damages they did in Libya? Just asking?

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PETER MILLET APPOINTED BRITISH AMBASSADOR TO LIBYA

 

2. Negotiations between the tribe and the elders and notables Rishvana Janzur area, under the auspices of the Elders of the city Asbi’a and the presence of members of civil society organizations from the two regions and the imams and the Director of the Directorate of Security Janzur and Red Crescent Societies in Asbi’a. The two sides reached an agreement for the exchange of prisoners and the return of the bodies, adding that during the meeting to sign an agreement between the parties to the dispute by the elders and wise men of the two regions under the auspices of the Red Crescent Asbi’a. The city will  release detainees tomorrow Saturday morning, after the completion of the discussion of all details agreement for the safety of detainees from both sides.

“The Nomad” that the points of agreement reached states:

1. The release of all detainees between the parties
2. improve household transaction between two parties
3. The failure to arrest the absolute identity
4. Non-Aggression of property between public and private parties
He thanked “the Bedouin, and the delegations of the wise Basabah and Zintan and the Elders and Rishvana and Janzur, to their efforts to stop the bloodshed.

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3. The common security room Tarhuna raise social cover all belong to what is known as the organization of the state (Daash) or al-Qaeda of the sons of Tarhuna or arrivals.

They said in the room during a meeting of the Municipal Council and the Council of Elders Tarhuna and the Shura Council and civil society institutions that they have agreed to the fight against the terrorist organizations and named them guilty of extremism and thought excommunicating.

They stressed the joint security room on the need to intensify efforts to bring security and stability in the city of Tarhuna and cooperation between state institutions to ensure the safety of citizens.

Saw Tarhuna city during the last few days terrorist operations, Militias belonging to “the dawn of Libya” kills 5 members of the Abyssinian family Petrhona and killed five of his family members in Alraya Twenty of last month, by the militias “Libyan Dawn” extremist belonging to the process blew Libya. You remember when Safira Deborah was complementing Libyan Dawn and that the 5 members who were killed in Tarhuna it was done by the Libyan army! yes that is how Safira Deborah sees things…

And ran out of the militia dawn, several assassination targeting leaders from the city of Tarhuna operations in the city of Tripoli, and on the back of their affiliation and support for the process and the dignity of the Libyan Parliament elected in the city of Tobruk.

The final statement of the meeting room for the first contrastive joint security operations Tarhuna Municipal Council
The final statement of the meeting room for the first contrastive joint security operations Tarhuna Municipal Council

4.General Commander of the Armed Forces Jamahiriya, the team’s first  completing preparations for the Libyan army militarily and on the ground to liberate the city of Benghazi announced.

In view of the current situation in Benghazi, has issued the Libyan Armed Forces General Command, a decree appointing Colonel Mohammad Abdali commanding military area of ​​Benghazi, as a prelude to ending the fighting in the city, announced by the House of Representatives stricken city.

The Libyan army forces regained control of the military police camp in Benghazi, located in the area of ​​al-Hawari, a few days after the control of the militias known as the council of Benghazi extreme on the security headquarters.

Furthermore, the Benghazi local council, called the members of the House of Representatives of the city, to hold a joint meeting as soon as possible, given the current situation through which the Benghazi, and witnessed the events still negative impact based on the level of services provided to its residents at all levels.

The city’s local council and asked the deputies to use their authority supreme authority of the interim government put in front of their responsibility to mitigate the crisis and the suffering of the population.

 

HERE IS TODAY’S JOKE: “Haftar holds the key to peace in Libya”


HERE IS TODAY’S JOKE: “Haftar holds the key to peace in Libya”

The Middle East Eye has an article written by Mattias Toaldo who is policy fellow in the Middle East and North Africa Programme at the European Council on Foreign Relations and thinks he knows Libya very well.

Haftar showing his feminine side

Haftar showing his feminine side

He say’s :The UN Special Envoy for Libya Bernardino Leon (by the way he is a Muslim Brotherhood and in these talks are only the militias and Muslim Brotherhood) announced this week that the factions he gathered in Morocco could be very close to signing a national unity deal, leading to a consensus government for which names are being discussed. Yet, regardless of the outcome of those talks, the real kingmaker of Libya’s civil war will remain Khalifa Haftar, the man who started it and the only man who can stop it.” Now let me explain Haftar did not begin anything he was coached by the CIA in February 2014 to do a coup de eta which was not successful and he run away for his life and hid behind the skirts of the US ambassador Deborah Jones who kept him in-house for a couple of months till she could ship him to Benghazi. To try a second coup which again was not successful but got some people from the Libyan army to follow him. He was given assistance by the USA and allies to go forward but gave up on him from the moment he started loosing and always running away from any battle. Hafter is also responsible of a whole village killing Libyan civilians in Benghazi in the summer of 2014. Nobody supports him even though HoR put him as a head of the military, we all know he is a traitor and does not love Libya, he does not have the strength or the balls of Qaddafi may he rest in peace. NO LIBYAN TRUSTS HIM, he can try but he will never be trusted, he has too much Libyan blood in his hands.

He continues to say “For some months now, UN-led negotiations in Libya have moved in parallel with the fighting. The latter track has obviously hampered the former, as different eruptions of violence have from time to time delayed or even blocked the talks brokered by Leon.” but the eruptions as he puts it are no eruptions but cleaning the terrorist militias that “Leon”is supporting and its done by the tribes who are cleaning the mess “Leon and his friends” are supporting. “This collision between talks and fighting is not an accident but rather part of a deliberate strategy. Nowhere was this clearer than on Friday 20 March, when a military offensive was declared on the same day in which talks were due to resume in Morocco. The eastern-based, internationally recognised government of Abdullah al-Thinni and its “top military commander” Khalifa Haftar stated that the goal of the offensive was to recapture Tripoli.” What Matias is not saying here is that Tripoli has been hold captive since August 2014 by the militias of Muslim Brotherhood which include Libya Dawn, Sunrise, Al Qaeda, Isis/Daesh which the leader is Abdulhakim Belahj, governor of Tripoli installed by NATO and the Islamic Armed Movement(H.M.S) and its leader is Hassi the taxi driver from United States plus a CIA asset. Al Thinni is doing everything in his power to bring peace in Libya but the US with its allies and UN do not want peace with the democratic elected government and that is why the ban of arms is not lifted, also Al Thini was warned by them not to put Heftar as a top military reason was not given and the PM did not oblige but did what he thought is necessary which speaks volumes about his act to dismiss their warning.

“As part of this onslaught, Tripoli’s only remaining airport of Maitiga was hit. This facility is civilian, although according to a recent UN report, some of the commercial flights coming in from Turkey had been used in the past to smuggle small weapons to the militias now in control of the city.” It’s amazing how you can manipulate the truth, the military airport Metiga was rightly HIT because it did not bring “small weapons” but a full load of arms, military cars, terrorists who are willing to fight for the right price, from my own experience traveling from Istanbul to Metiga I did not get my suitcase because on the flight in its cargo instead of having our luggage was fully filled with ammunition and arms, when we complained we were nearly put in jail. “According to a recent UN report” is absolute bull as its trying to cover it up that they are not supporting Muslim Brotherhood.

“Prime Minister Thinni had abandoned the capital last summer, in the midst of the fighting between the militias of Zintan – which previously controlled the city – and those coming mostly from Misrata that eventually gained control of Tripoli after destroying its international airport.” Again a whole of misinformation, Matias either he has no idea of the facts or he is purposely misinforming the facts. The HoR abandoned the capital because through the Muslim Brotherhood and Libyan Dawn were harassing and threatening their livelihood together with their families and the reason for this was that the Muslim Brotherhood had lost the elections in June 2014 and the USA together with MB would not allow this. As for the destruction of the International airport it was the doing of Libyan Dawn who come from Misurata as they wanted the airport to be able to bring more arms and terrorists. Libyan Dawn broke the agreement with the Zintan after 24 hours as the Libyan Dawn wanted by all means to get the international airport as it brought in a lot of money… so that they could finance their militias. While Libyan Dawn could not get a hold of the airport they decided to destroy it by hitting the petroleum deposits causing one of the biggest disasters to the ECO SYSTEM. We have to thank the Libyan dawnshits together with the UN/FUKUS  for supporting them instead of supporting the legal government.

“Hitting civilian airports is against international law and yet too many “military commanders” have gotten away with it – starting with those responsible for the events of last summer. This occurred despite a specific UN Security Council Resolution (2174) allowed for issuing individual sanctions against those responsible for violating international law and human rights.” Now really his talking BS what International law? Where was the international law when NATO was BOMBING US WITH DEPLETED URANIUM? BOMBING SCHOOLS, HOSPITALS, INFRASTRUCTURE, WATER RESERVES AND WATER PUMPS? WHEN IT WAS KILLING INNOCENT CHILDREN, WOMEN AND OLD MEN? He is talking about the UN security council resolution and sanctions for what? The torture to death that these militias did to prisoners of war? The continuing of kidnapping, rapping, killing innocent civilians??? Is this man for real? When you talk about International law it has to work for everything not to choose on what  you are going to sanction.. 

“Haftar’s sense of impunity in leading successive attacks against Tripoli’s civilian airport is further heightened by a powerful web of international patrons and by the current political situation in Libya.” please get a grip of yourself what successive attacks if it wasn’t for the Libyan tribes…. to afraid to mention about the tribes and what they are doing and hiding behind Heftar? really?

“Ultimately, the Thinni government, sitting in Tobruk, has increasingly come to represent just one side of the civil war. This was particularly evident after the gradual integration with Operation Dignity, launched in May 2014 by Haftar himself with the aim of uprooting Islamists of all stripes from Libya.” what a load of crap, what operation dignity? you mean operation of wimps because Hafter did nothing but kill innocent people. Hafter could not uproot any Islamists if it hit him in the face… he is no leader but a wimp has no power over people continues to run to his mummy the CIA and complain while he has shitted his pants from fear, his NO QADDAFI and never will be so stop trying to make him look like a hero because he is nothing but a Judas and will always remain a Judas.

He keeps on saying that Hafter has powerful friends Like Italy and France which I doubt that. One thing I can say about Matias his trying very hard to portray Hafter as a leader and that he is one of the main links for the discussions with UN but unfortunately that is not true.. The Leaders who are controlling the scene are the Tribes and only the tribes will be able to control Libya and bring peace, the sooner the UN and its allies realize this the better for the Libyan people. No Hafter, Hassi or any other asshole could control Libya not even Isis/Daesh and Libyan Dawn. The Libyan race it’s completely different race than the other Arab countries the only thing that is tying us with them is the religion we have nothing in common with them and that is why NO MILITIA, ISIS/DAESH, MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD WILL NOT SURVIVE IN LIBYA. We are tribal people it may take us another 50 years to get rid of the colonizers but we will get rid of them or we will die trying.