(15) 25% of Libyans have college degrees; literacy under Gaddafi rose from 25% to 83%
(16) his monumental Great Man-Made River (GMMR) project
It made the desert bloom. It provided free water. Gaddafi called it the 8th wonder of the world. He did so for good reason.
It developed an ocean-sized aquifer beneath Libyan sands. It was a decades-long work in progress.
In 2011, NATO bombed connecting pipelines and infrastructure. Depleted uranium weapons were used. Doing so irradiated clean, fresh water.
Free supplies no longer exist. Western profiteers intend exploiting them for bottom line priorities.
Predatory capitalism works this way. Ordinary people are exploited for profit. They lose out entirely. Libyans can explain best.
Dystopian harshness replaced North Africa’s most developed country.Doing so added another crime of war, against humanity and genocide to America’s rap sheet.
Obama bears full responsibility. He thrives on war. He wages one after another. He’s got more targets in mind. Libyans won’t ever forgive him.
They’ve got good reason not to. Things won’t ever be the same. Perhaps future generations will regain what they lost. Green resistance hopes one day to restore it.
Violent dystopian dysfunction reflects today’s Libya. Militia gangs control local areas. The entire populated north is a battleground.
Central governance is more illusion than reality. Near-term prospects are grim. A new UN report explains more. It’s titled “Torture and Deaths in Detention in Libya.”
It explains what Western media ignore. It’s ongoing, widespread and horrific.
International law prohibits torture and other forms of abuse at all times, under all circumstances, with no allowed exceptions.
It’s official US and Israeli policy. In Libya, it’s out-of control. In April 2013, Libya’s pseudo-government passed legislation criminalizing torture, forced disappearances and discrimination.
In September, another law requires all conflict-related detainees released or referred to the public prosecutor within 90 days.
It doesn’t matter. Torture and other forms of abuse persist. It’s commonplace to extract confessions. Detainees are denied access to counsel. Family member rarely get to see them.
An estimated 8,000 are affected. They’re brutalized lawlessly. It happens largely out of sight and mind.
In September 2011, Security Council Resolution 2009 established UNSMIL (UN Support Mission in Libya). On March 14, 2013, SC Resolution 2095 extended its mandate another 12 months.
From late 2011 to more recently, it reported 27 torture related deaths. True numbers are likely higher. Other deaths weren’t investigated.
Detention centers nominally are under government control. Local militia gangs effectively run them. They do whatever they want.They’re waging war on suspected Gaddafi loyalists.
UNSMIL’s more involved in militarized occupation than peacekeeping. It’s more part of the problem and related ones than the solution.
It’s true wherever Blue Helmets show up.****(they bring trouble with them)They’re supposed to restore order, enforce peace, maintain security, and help transition to stable normality.
They’re imperial enforcers. They fuel conflict. They commit serious human rights abuses.They’re involved in sex trafficking and other crimes. They’re complicit in what they’re mandated to prevent.
In its World Report 2012: Libya, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said:
Post-Gaddafi prison conditions are “sub-standard, with overcrowding, inadequate food and water, and consistent reports about abuse, including beatings (and) use of electric shock.”
Investigator Sidney Kwiram said HRW documented “ongoing torture” used “to force confessions or for punishment.”
HRW omitted saying most detainees are alleged Gaddafi loyalists.
An Amnesty International (AI) report headlined “Libya: Deaths of detainees amid widespread torture,”saying:
Libyan detainees were tortured and abused. Some died. Victims were pro-Gaddafi loyalists. AI met detainees “in and around Tripoli, Misrata and Gheryan.”
Torture marks were visible.They included “open wounds on the head, limbs, back and other parts of the body.”
They’re inflicted “by officially recognized military and security entities, as well as a multitude of armed militias operating outside any legal framework.”
AI called it “horrifying to find that there has been no progress to stop the use of torture.”
“We are not aware of any proper investigations into (these cases), and neither the survivors or relatives of those who have died in detention have had any recourse to justice or redress for what they have suffered.”
“While many detainees have described their experiences of torture to us, some have proved too scared to speak – fearing harsher torture” by doing so. Instead, they just showed their wounds.
They came from being “suspended in contorted positions, beaten for hours with whips, cables, plastic hoses, metal chains and bars and wooden sticks, and given electric shocks with live wires and Taser-like electro-shock weapons.”
Injuries AI saw confirmed detainee testimonies. So did medical reports. Victims had no legal representation. They confessed to stop pain.
One detainee told AI:
“This morning they took me for interrogation upstairs. Five men in plain clothes took turns beating and whipping me.”
“They suspended me from the top of the door by my wrists for about an hour and kept beating me. They also kicked me.”
Another said he was beaten on wounds sustained weeks earlier, adding:
“Yesterday they beat me with electric cables while my hands were cuffed behind my back and my feet were bound together.”
“They threatened to send me back to the militia (that) captured me, who would kill me.”
Others died from torture-inflicted injuries. Deep bruises and open wounds confirmed it. It’s unclear how many were affected. Perhaps dozens or more died this way.
Little is done to stop it. Dysfunctional conditions exist. Dismissiveness lets innocent thousands suffer in harsh confinement.
Doing so reflects reality in today’s Libya. Heart of darkness lawless viciousness describes things. Pseudo-government does little to change them. Nor does UNSMIL. Rule of law in Libya doesn’t exist.
An estimated 37 detention facilities operate nationwide. With few exceptions, militia gangs control them. They do whatever they want.
They do it without oversight. They get away with torture, other forms of abuse and murder.
Victims are abducted from homes, workplaces, on streets, and at checkpoints. Doing so is arbitrary. It’s lawless.Due process, judicial fairness and proper redress don’t exist.
Ali Mas’ud death reflected others. A preliminary forensic report said “death (was) caused by a cerebral bleeding and cardiac arrest.”
“The corpse had several traumatic bruises. The death was caused by beatings and torture.”
Abdelhakim Belaid al-Tajuri died on route to hospitalization. Forensic analysis said he “died as a result of widespread injuries to his body and bleeding inside the head cavity.”
His face was badly swollen. Injuries were clearly visible. His hands and feet showed evidence of torture.
Gaddafi era 1991 Law No. 20 on the Promotion of Freedoms stated:
“No one can be deprived of his freedom, searched or questioned unless he has been charged with committing an act that is punishable by law,pursuant to an order issued by a competent court, and in accordance with the conditions and time limits specified by law.”
Article 30 of Gaddafi’s Code of Criminal Procedure required security officers to have an official competent authority-issued warrant authorizing arrest and detention.
Article 31 afforded detainees the right to challenge why they were held.
Article 106 mandated the right of counsel during criminal interrogations.
Article 321 authorized providing legal representation if defendants had none.
Article 26 limited referring suspects for General Prosecution to 48 hours. For crimes against the state, it was seven days.
Article 435 mandated 10 years imprisonment for “any public official who order(ed) the torture of or tortures an accused.”
Articles 379 – 381 ordered up to one year in prison for “causing harm to another person leading to a sickness.”
Two years were mandated if it was life-threatening or caused paralysis for less than 40 days.
Five years were ordered in case of incurable illness, loss of body part or functioning organ, or other disability.
That was then. This is now. Anarchic viciousness replaced Gaddafi era law and order.
As signatory to the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), Libya is obligated to prevent these type abuses. So is UNSMIL as an occupying authority.
ICCPR’s Article 7 enshrines the right to life, stating:
“Every human being has the inherent right to life. This right shall be protected by law. No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his life.”
Article 7 states:
“No person shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.”
Article 10 states:
“All persons deprived of their liberty shall be treated with humanity and with respect for the inherent dignity of the human person.”
Other fundamental international laws have similar provisions. Under Gaddafi, Libya, as signatory, agreed to enforce them.
Little or nothing is done today. Innocent victims suffer horrifically. Torture and other forms of abuse persist. Law and order are figures of speech.
Obama bears full responsibility. He transformed sovereignLibya into dystopian hell.Out-of-control horrific conditions reflect today’s reality.
Green resistance struggles for freedom. It remains a distant dream.
Stephen Lendman lives in Chicago. He can be reached at email@example.com.
Assassination of Salah Al Najma Club coach football in front of the door of the club
Sources news about the assassination of Salah al-Sharif coach football star quintet in front of the door of the club. Did not give any information about the sources of that the assassination.
Exposure to players and administrative team Ahli Tripoli attacked and beaten.
According to news sources for exposure to players and administrative team Ahli Tripoli was attacked and beaten by the army and the police forces of Finance.
Video statement deterrence and rapid intervention concerning the statement Khalifa Haftar
Fraraadd of detainees from a prison in the city of Zliten Mager
News sources reported today from the city of Zliten about 90 detainees escape from a prison in the city of Zliten and Majer sources said that smuggler was arrested with the help of the people of the region, against the backdrop of the kidnapping of 40 detainees from prison two days ago by armed militias from Misurata.
Video expulsion of Al-Jazeera crew by demonstrators in the city of Benghazi
Video Tripoli Local Council statement about the statement Khalifa Haftar 14/02/2014
Colonel Boubacar Najat Ali al-Obeidi, an assassination attempt in Benghazi
Sources said shortly before the news of the city of Benghazi on the survival of Colonel Ali al-Obeidi, Boubacar an assassination attempt outside his home district of the city of Benghazi peace and sources said that al-Obeidi exposure to shootings by unidentified gunmen and was injured in the chest area.
editors note: Till now there is an arrest warrant for Hefter but no body is willing to catch him please do not forget that Hefter belongs to CIA he exiled himself while he was in the army with the Jamahiriya government and later was trained by the CIA, he came back on 2011 to topple the government. Last year one of his sons tried to rob a bank where he was shot on the leg and I think they cut off his leg now both of his sons live abroad with the money of Libya.
Everything is very quiet in Tripoli so quiet that you can hear a pin fall down waiting for the storm to come as we say here in Libya. The only thing that is moving in Tripoli are the UN TRUCKS with their special units checking the streets.
One last piece of news in Tobruk airport they caught a Qatari plane which was forced to land in Tobruk because of a malfunction and when searched they found military arms all the crew was arrested.
The Free Libyan people self-determination, dignity and regain our sovereignty. Under a single slogan Expel the colonialist invaders and their dogs!
“By self-determination of nations means the separation of the state authorities of another nation, the formation of an independent national state means.”
“… If we want to understand what it means to self-determination of nations, without playing legal definitions or” inventing “abstract definitions, but by examining the historical and economic conditions of the national movements inevitably arrive at the following conclusion: for self-determination nations understand their communities state separation from another nation, the formation of an independent national state means. “
“The parties of the Second International promised a revolutionary act, but we see from them any real revolutionary work and no support for the uprisings of the exploited and dependent against the oppressor nations, nor see, in my opinion, among the most matches who have dropped out and wish to join the Third International. We should say it out loud, to let everyone know. This can not be refuted, and we’ll see if any attempt is made to refute it. “
Quotes by Lenin on the right to self-determination and independence of peoples and oppressed nations.
Check the definition to Zintan, are they with the enemy or colonialist loyal to the Jamahiriya Libya?
There comes a great opportunity for the Zintan tribe resume its natural place [of the tribes] but the word alone is not enough Zintan of the tribes decision has to be translated into action, Zintan must return the wrong pilgrimage in which they entered [from February and holding hands with NATO], there are opportunities to do so, and this time after promising days from the south, if honest Libyans from Zintan decides to become with the people of Libya against colonial rule and extremist groups or Zintan plays no part in the liberation of Libya have been left alone, and they must be remembered - that they - the descendants Mujahid Salim Abdul Nabi, who defeated the Italians in 1914 there is the possibility to retake its historic past and returning back to the country in 2014.
Zintan should understand today that this is the ultimate opportunity to be part of the Libyan people, not an enemy against him, the enemy invading and humiliate the Zintan by extremist groups in all media, and drive them to pursue a macabre acts against their brothers for affecting the lives of people and to participate in the robbery, theft and the smuggling of them to act like a man of confidence of a wolf in sheep’s clothing.
Beware the signal Zintan, has become the last bullet to protect the people of Libya, or the first bullet at the end of the farce after the green strength to return things to normal … Zintan can not be an ally of Misrata because it is being used as Scapegoat immoral and Zintan know exactly what are the people of Misrata, these traitors are vengeful, violent, subservient to Zionism that crushes the fate of the Libyan people, and Zintan Libyan whole have the same enemy are terrorists and extremist Muslim Brotherhood groups sent by the West.
We are waiting for the word of Zintan, a word about Green commitment among the people, and we do not agree with those who insists that “sacrificed for the sake of Libya and its people,” because the victim – is our principle, and know they have a source of weapons, men and money, and they have the most important of all – Saif al-Islam Gaddafi. These skills help you win the battle against the invaders Takfiris, Wahhabis and foreign service of NATO and the U.S., who do not leave you alone to mercenaries Libyan people, because the goal is to Zintan with the same feeling of all the people and Libyan tribes, Zintan was the decisive moment should meet with free men follow the example of all the tribes, to end the occupation of the country.Are you with us, there is no other option these days has started cleaning days of the nation, or your people will be martyred?.
* The arrival of the first secret of Zintan Brigades from heavily armed civilians supposedly to protect civilians in Tripoli.
* Two stolen gunships yesterday armed group belonging to zintantsam! Surprisingly, it turned out that the helicopters were dismantled and removed from the base of Al Watani. The Mi-35 helicopters were in good condition and is in order.
And the fact that the group made two helicopters, and took them to an unknown location.
- Urgent: The terrorist who acts mob boss in “NATO government in Libya” Ali Zeidane gave the green lightto U.S. troops entering the sacred territory of Libya.
- Bin Jawad: A powerful explosion in the ammunition storage in west Naufaliya Bin Jawad. At present one dead Egyptian reported in the explosion and is believed that resistance conducted sabotage against a center of Al-Qaida.
- Border Tunisia – Libya: Tunisian security forces captured Al Jazeera correspondents wiretapping equipment. Who works under the roof of journalists? An investigation is ongoing.
* Tunisia – Libya: Tunisian authorities closed the border crossing of Ras Dzhdir between Tunisia and Libya on Sunday night in connection with the seizure of a number of trucks armed groups and kidnapping a number of Tunisians in Libya …
- Cyrenaica: Sheikhs and heads of Cyrenaica, said: “Any attack against any soldier or any other attacks in the area of oil fields and ports located in the province of Cyrenaica is an attack on the entire population of the province of Cyrenaica”
Military command of the area declared a state of emergency and alert, because there are reports that a convoy from Misurata to the border with the intention of attacking Barca (Cyrenaica) to seize and take control of the oil fields.
The rat Ali Zeidan issued an order that the mercenaries take over the oil fields and offered them all the theft and a thousand dinars a day of ordinary people …
Until this moment all fields in Jala are still under the control of the children of Cyrenaica
- Benghazi : In the area of refugee “Syria” in Benghazi heavy gunfire over 30 cars belonging to NATO bandits burned.
- Misurata: rebels rats led by NATO, Misurata and takfiris ends meet and announce the following:
One. Bring down the government of Prime Minister with his Zeidane before February 7, 2014, the alternative government to the rebels,
Two. Privacy law is established as a result of the political instrument international conspiracy called “the revolution of February …”
Three. Defense of the legitimacy of a national conference and strongly defended and not to any other entity,
April. Abolition of political parties in the National Conference and the recommendation of the independence of the rebels by his constituency and his revolutionary alternative to recommend to replace it.
May. continue working with the new composition in late October.
- Turf:murder of two officers of the Air Force airbase Maratubet, attempts to settle a third officer, blew his house in the city, as witnesses say.
- Tripoli:Misurata say the INC (National Congress) is in the “red line”. He warns that it will be changed
* 55 prisoners escaped from a prison near Babiy Zhaps
- Sabha: Today, the Resistance men convey greetings to you and peace from the center of Sabha, in particular, and people in the stadium and the center of Sabha.
* They get reports from Misurata bandits are moving a convoy of mercenaries heading toward Sabha.
- NATO Rats fall from grace? Nowadays, Fatou Bensouda, the head of the International Criminal Court has ordered the arrest of 247 criminals puppets of NATO brazenly filmed videos of their crimesduring the war?? ?
For the sake of a wider process of systematically distorted picture of life of common people in Libya?
Mission of a party on NATO theft .. And now preparing another. Of those who danced and sang in the bodies under the video … Even willing to put in jail and quickly condemn and erase the traces of their crimes, and that no state prevailing decorate?
How is it not better to give armed leaders in refugee camps in cities devastated by theft? God is not jealous of them?
We – do not … A Muslim does not wallow in his brother … But how many dead, how much human misery and fear brought the patient to the people of other religions? Right to punish only in Allah and His Messenger?
And tell others until it was too late …
- Intellectuals, poets, philosophers and artists analisan and discuss the work and figure Mohamar Al Gaddafi in his contribution to culture, peace and solidarity among men and nations in the Book Fair in Cairo
It was Muammar Gaddafi`s dream to provide fresh water for all Libyans and to make Libya self-sufficient in food production.
Libyans called it the eighth wonder of the world. Western media called it a pet project and the pipe dream of a mad dog. The “mad dog” himself in 1991 prophetically said about the largest civil engineering venture in the world:
After this achievement, American threats against Libya will double. The United States will make excuses, but the real reason is to stop this achievement, to keep the people of Libya oppressed.
It was Muammar Gaddafi’s dream to provide fresh water for all Libyans and to make Libya self-sufficient in food production. In 1953, the search for new oilfields in the deserts of southern Libya led to the discovery not just of significant oil reserves, but also of vast quantities of fresh water trapped in the underlying strata. The four ancient water aquifers that were discovered, each had estimated capacities ranging between 4,800 and 20,000 cubic kilometers. Most of this water was collected between 38,000 and 14,000 years ago, though some pockets are believed to be only 7,000 years old.
After Gaddafi and the Free Unitary Officers seized power in a bloodless coup from the corrupt King Idris during the Al-Fateh Revolution in 1969, the Jamahiriya government nationalized the oil companies and spent much of the oil revenues to harness the supply of fresh water from the desert aquifers by putting in hundreds of bore wells. Large farms were established in southern Libya to encourage the people to move to the desert. It turned out that the majority of the people however preferred life in the northern coastal areas.
Therefore Gaddafi subsequently conceived a plan to bring the water to the people instead.The Libyan Jamahiriya government conducted the initial feasibility studies in 1974, and in 1983 the Great Man-Made River Authority was set up. This fully government funded project was designed in five phases, each of them largely separate in itself, but which eventually would combine to form an integrated system. As water in Gaddafi’s Libya was regarded to be a human right, there has not been any charge on the people, nor were any international loans needed for the almost $30 billion cost of the project. *****(and now Nestle wants to privatize the water as they do not think or regard to be a HUMAN RIGHT)
In 1996, during the opening of Phase II of the Great Man-Made River Project, Gaddafi said:
This is the biggest answer to America and all the evil forces who accuse us of being concerned with terrorism. We are only concerned with peace and progress. America is against life and progress; it pushes the world toward darkness.
Development and destruction
At the time of the NATO-led war against Libya in 2011, three phases of the Great Man-Made River Project were completed. The first and largest phase, providing two million cubic metres of water a day along a 1,200 km pipeline to Benghazi and Sirte, was formally inaugurated in August 1991. Phase II includes the delivery of one million cubic metres of water a day to the western coastal belt and also supplies Tripoli. Phase III provides the planned expansion of the existing Phase I system, and supplies Tobruk and the coast from a new wellfield.
The ‘rivers’ are a 4000-kilometer network of 4 meters diameter lined concrete pipes, buried below the desert sands to prevent evaporation. There are 1300 wells, 500,000 sections of pipe, 3700 kilometers of haul roads, and 250 million cubic meters of excavation. All material for the project was locally manufactured. Large reservoirs provide storage, and pumping stations control the flow into the cities.
The last two phases of the project should involve extending the distribution network together. When completed, the irrigation water from the Great Man-Made River would enable about 155,000 hectares of land to be cultivated. Or, as Gaddafi defined, the project would make the desert as green as the flag of the Libyan Jamahiriya.
In 1999, UNESCO accepted Libya’s offer to fund the Great Man-Made River International Water Prize, an award that rewards remarkable scientific research work on water usage in arid areas.
Many foreign nationals worked in Libya on the Great Man-Made River Project for decades. But after the start of NATO’s so-called humanitarian bombing of the North-African country in March 2011, most foreign workers have returned home. In July 2011, NATO not only bombed the Great Man-Made River water supply pipeline near Brega, but also destroyed the factory that produces the pipes to repair it, claiming in justification that it was used as “a military storage facility” and that “rockets were launched from there”. Six of the facility’s security guards were killed in the NATO attack, and the water supply for the 70% of the population who depend on the piped supply for personal use and for irrigation has been compromised with this damageto Libya’s vital infrastructure.
The construction on the last two phases of the Great Man-Made River Project were scheduled to continue over the next two decades, but NATO’s war on Libya has thrown the project’s future – and the well being of the Libyan people – into great jeopardy.
A German language documentary shows the size and brilliance of the project:
Fresh clean water, as provided to the Libyans by the Great Man-Made River, is essential to all life forms. Without fresh water we simply cannot function. Right now, 40% of the global population has little to no access to clean water, and that figure is actually expected to jump to 50% by 2025. According to the United Nations Development Program 2007, global consumption of water is doubling every 20 years, more than twice the rate of human population growth. Simultaneously, every single year most of the major deserts around the world are becoming bigger and the amount of usable agricultural land in most areas is becoming smaller, while rivers, lakes and major underground aquifers around the globe are drying up – except in Gaddafi’s Libya.
In the light of the current world developments, there is more to the NATO destruction of the Great Man-Made River Project than being an isolated war crime. The United Nations Environment Program 2007 describes a so-called “water for profit scheme”, which actively promotes the privatization and monopolization for the world’s water supplies by multinational corporations.Meanwhile the World Bank recently adopted a policy of water privatization and full-cost water pricing, with one of its formerdirectors, Ismail Serageldin, stating:
“The wars of the 21st century will be fought over water”.
In practice this means that the United Nations in collaboration with the World Bank plans to secure water resources to use at their disposal, and that once they totally control these resources, the resources become assets to be reallocated back to the enslaved nations for a price. Those prices will rise while the quality of the water will decrease, and fresh water sources will become less accessible to those who desperately need it. Simply put, one of the most effective ways to enslave the people is to take control of their basic daily needs and to take away their self-sufficiency.
How this relates to the NATO destruction of Gaddafi’s Great Man-Made River Project in July 2011 can be best illustrated by the Hegelian Dialectic, popularly known as the concept of Problem -> Reaction -> Solution. In this case, by bombing the water supply and the pipes factory, a Problem was created with an ulterior motive, namely to gain control over the most precious part of Libya’s infrastructure. Subsequently a Reaction in the form of an immediate widespread need was provoked as a result of the Problem, since as much as 70% of the Libyans depend on the Great Man-Made River for personal use as well as for the watering of the land. A month after the destruction of the Great Man-Made River, more than half of Libya was without running water. Ultimately a predetermined Solution was implemented: in order to have access to fresh water, the inhabitants of the war-torn country had no choice but to fully depend on – and thus to be enslaved to – the NATO-installed government.
A ‘democratic’ and ‘democracy-bringing’ government that came to power through the wounding and killing of thousands of Libyans by ‘humanitarian bombs’, and that overthrow the ‘dictator’ whose dream it was to provide fresh water for all Libyans for free.