The Government of Libya fail to recover Tmanhunt military base and warplanes bombed southern Sabha, Libya


The Government of Libya fail to recover Tmanhunt military base and warplanes bombed southern Sabha, Libya

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Failed militias, the Libyan government to extend its control over the base Tmanhunt military, which lies in the center of Libya and the northern city of Sabha about 30 km, which seized control of the al-Qaeda forces popular trace Libyan tribes, despite the military build large carried out by the Libyan government in order to recover the military base, but It failed to do so catastrophic failure, and suffered great losses in its ranks, where their  field commander got killed, “Ali Triki,” ordered the battalion leopard that Chen Tmanhunt attack on the base, was also killed dozens and injured hundreds of militias between yesterday and today.

As fighter jets bombed the Libyan city of Sabha south of the Libyan capital, killing 10 people and destroying the walls of the historic Castle Sabha and the destruction of homes of citizens.

In a related development, the International Red Cross warned of a humanitarian catastrophe in the south of Libya, after the Libyan government has prevented the passage of humanitarian aid to the cities of the south of Libya against it.

Due to the policy of opacity and mute the other, the National Congress to issue a decision restricting the freedom of the press and the media. Where the lock many channels Libyan transporting what is going on massacres and criminality against the sons of the Libyan people, and warned the organization Human Rights Watch said the decision was null and void and the defendant to ridicule, and advised the Libyan government, which claims it came from the womb of what they claim he revolutionized desist from restricting freedom of opinion and erase them.

source: jana-news.marocprof.net

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Libya: 6 Months On, Scant Action on Protester Killings


Libya: 6 Months On, Scant Action on Protester Killings

 

Failures in Police Protection, Lack of Accountability of Militias

(Tripoli) – Libyan authorities should urgently announce the results of promised investigations into at least two deadly clashes between protesters and militias during 2013. The clashes killed dozens of people and injured hundreds.

Six months after 32 people died in Benghazi on June 8, 2013, in what came to be known as “Black Saturday,” the authorities have made no known arrests, have been silent on the identities of any suspects, and seem unwilling to conduct a thorough and impartial investigation, Human Rights Watch said. In the second clash, on November 15 in Tripoli, at least 46 people died and 500 were injured.

“The authorities urgently need to work out a feasible plan to question witnesses and militia members in connection with these deadly attacks on protesters,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “It’s bad enough the authorities seem to be powerless to defend Libyan citizens, but they need to make greater efforts to investigate the deaths of dozens of people.”

On June 8, demonstrators gathered in Benghazi in front of the headquarters of a militia, the Libya Shield Forces 1, demanding that its members clear out of the city. Militia members fired on the protesters, and the resulting exchange of fire, including heavy weapons and anti-aircraft weapons, killed 32 people and injured dozens. Members of the army special forces, al-Sa’iqa, were present and, according to witnesses, participated in the exchange of fire, but the government has yet to clarify their role in the incident.

On June 9, Libya’s General National Congress (GNC) called on the general prosecutor, Abdelqader Radwan, to investigate the Benghazi incident and bring those responsible to justice. In a meeting with Human Rights Watch on December 5, Alaejeili Teitesh, the head of the General Prosecutor’s Office, said the investigation is “ongoing,” but provided no concrete details. Six months after the killings, there is no indication that the authorities have identified, interrogated, or detained any suspects in connection with the killings.

The government has also apparently been slow to investigate the large-scale attack on protesters in Tripoli on November 15. Militias, mainly from the city of Misurata, fired heavy weapons at what appeared to be a largely peaceful protest. The ensuing clashes resulted in the killing of at least 46 people and wounding of 500. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that the police and military police were present, accompanying the organized demonstration, yet failed to intervene.

Almost three weeks later, Teitesh told Human Rights Watch that, based on a general prosecutor’s decision [No. 265/2013], a seven-member prosecution committee, headed by Tripoli Appeals Court Attorney General Omar Zinbeel, had opened an investigation into 47 deaths.

He said the committee was analyzing videos obtained from monitoring cameras adjacent to the where clashes took place and planned to issue arrest warrants “no matter who the perpetrators are,” after it finished collecting evidence and statements from witnesses. In addition, according to media reports, it appears that a militia unit in Tripoli is detaining at least one suspect, Abdelmajid al-Drat, a member of a Misurata militia based in Gharghour, in connection with the incident. But there is no indication that the Libyan authorities have interrogated or officially detained any other suspects.

According to media reports, other militia commanders and militia members who were involved in the attacks left Tripoli after the events and returned to Misurata. There is no confirmation of how many people Misurata militias detained during the clashes, or their whereabouts.“Militias have been able to defy the government and enjoy de-facto immunity from prosecution for two years now,” Whitson said, “Libya’s future stability is at risk unless there is a concerted effort by the Libyan authorities to change that and start indicting wrongdoers.

For background on the militias, the security forces’ role, and the security issues involved, please see below.

Role of Security Forces
The government has given no indication that it is investigating the failure of Libyan security forces to protect protesters even though the security forces were present at both protests.

In the June 2013 clashes in Benghazi, the Army Special Forces were present during the clashes, according to witnesses, and allegedly only intervened after numerous casualties.

In last month’s clashes in Tripoli, units of both the civil and the military police were present during the demonstration and remained in the vicinity once clashes broke out. But they failed to intervene to protect protesters or to arrest people firing at seemingly unarmed citizens at the beginning of the demonstrations, before clashes broke out. Prime Minister Ali Zeidan said the security forces were powerless to confront the militias during the Tripoli attacks, and that the militias had out-powered the security forces.

The government deployed the police and army to the streets of Tripoli only days after the November 15 killings in an effort to re-establish security, though only after the militias that had occupied Tripoli neighborhoods and military bases began to leave the city.

The government’s human rights responsibilities include the duty to secure the rights to life and to security of all people within its territory or jurisdiction. This includes taking reasonable steps to protect people from identifiable or predictable threats to their lives.

The Militia Problem
Hundreds of militias with varying regional, ideological, religious, political, and economic agendas have continued to operate with impunity since the end of the uprising against Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. They have killed, tortured, harassed, and arbitrarily detained hundreds of Libyans without any known prosecutions against any member of a militia.

Successive interim authorities have been either unable or unwilling to curb militia abuses or to prosecute those responsible for serious crimes. Despite repeated promises, the authorities have also failed to disband militias and integrate sufficient numbers of militiamen deemed eligible after individual vetting under government authority into the official security forces. Contrary to their stated commitments, interim authorities have contracted with and paid militias to operate as paramilitary forces parallel to the government, including them in operations reserved for state security forces under Libyan law, such as arrests and detention.

A GNC decree authorized the “Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room,” a coalition of powerful militias, to protect Tripoli. However, this coalition includes militias previously implicated in attacks on protesters.

The GNC has issued numerous decrees aimed at disbanding the country’s militias, but the government has been slow to carry them out. On November 12, the GNC issued Decree 87/2013, calling on the head of the government to carry out two previous decrees (27/2013 and 53/2013) that called on the government to clear “illegitimate” armed formations from cities and merge all armed formations that have gained legitimacy into state security forces.

Decree 27/2013 authorized the government to use all necessary means, including military force, to clear Tripoli of “illegitimate” armed groups. It also ordered armed groups operating under the umbrella of the Defense and Interior Ministries to leave the city boundaries and move to specific locations in the outskirts.

The GNC issued Decree 53/ 2013 on June 9, in the wake of the Benghazi killings. The decree calls on the head of the government to “clear” all areas in Libya of illegitimate armed formations using all necessary means, including military power. It also orders the head of government to produce a plan to merge all members of armed formations with “legitimacy” into state security forces individually, rather than by militia group, and to issue them official army serial numbers. The deadline for carrying out this decree is December 31.

After the November 12 clashes, the GNC reiterated its call for implementation of Decrees 27 and 53 by December 31. Libya’s current Minister of Electricity, Ali Muheirig, is tasked with the implementation of these Decrees.

On December 3, Prime Minister Zeidan announced the formation of another committee made up of several ministers including former Interior Minister Ashour Shwail, and headed by Higher Education Minister Mohamed Abu-Bakr, to work on carrying out Decree 53 in the city of Benghazi.

None of these decrees propose a mechanism for the handover of weapons by militias or mention accountability for militia crimes. Nor do they foresee a mechanism to handover detainees held by militias to the government, Human Rights Watch said.

Libyan authorities should at least start issuing arrest warrants for militia members suspected of crimes and for their commanders, to put them on notice that the authorities will no longer tolerate impunity, Human Rights Watch said. The non-existent prosecution in the last two years now stands in the way of Libya’s bid to embrace the rule of law.

Libya’s international partners, including countries that participated in the NATO campaign in 2011 against pro-Gaddafi forces, have done little to follow through with a coordinated restructuring policy, based on basic protection of human rights and ending of international crimes.

The United Nations Security Council has remained largely apathetic about militia abuses, including crimes against humanity, despite Libya’s obligations to “prevent and investigate violations and abuses of human rights” as stipulated in UN Security Council Resolution 2095, adopted on March 14.

Some countries, including the US, UK, France, Italy, and Turkey, have announced their readiness to train militia members for a future “General Purpose Force.” But they have yet to establish screening procedures to ensure that militia members who are trained for this force have not committed serious crimes, including unlawful killings and torture. Despite some support to Libya’s institutions, Libya’s allies did little to support Libya in setting up a functioning justice system, including independent prosecutors and judges that have the capacity to arrest and try the most serious perpetrators.

The International Criminal Court has ongoing jurisdiction over crimes against humanity committed in Libya since February 15, 2011, taking into account, among other factors, whether the Libyan authorities are willing and able to prosecute those responsible for these crimes.

source: hrw.org

 

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Global Public Alert – (Unite Yourself Together) HILLARY & BERNARD The Jew and Libya

http://www.gilad.co.uk/writings/hillary-bernard.html

http://counterpsyops.com/2012/09/17/hillary-bernard-the-jew-and-libya/

Following the recent events in Libya, Hillary Clinton http://times247.com/articles/clinton-confounded-by-libya-s-violence. ****(SORRY THE LINK CANNOT BE FOUND)

was quoted saying “how can this happen in a country we help liberate (colonize), in a city [Benghazi] we helped save from destruction?”***(really what destruction? when you finance the Al Qaida Muslim brotherhood, L.IF.G and the mercenaries of black ops CIA/MOSSAD/MI6/DGSE)

I guess that the American Foreign Secretary should address this question to Bernard-Henri Levy – the architect behind that interventionist war.

Apparently, a few months ago, at a convention organised by the notoriously right wing French Zionist Council of Jewish Organizations (CRIF), Bernard-Henri Levy announced:

http://extremeprejudiceusa.wordpress.com/2011/11/24/bernard-henri-levy-would-not-have-gone-to-libya-he-he-not-been-jewish/
“it is as a Jew“ that I “participated in the political adventure in Libya”, no kidding. “I would not have done it if I had not been Jewish,” added the immoral interventionist.

I guess that after more than a decade of Zio-centric global conflicts causing carnage and destruction to tens of millions of people around the world, we are too used to seeing a Zionist at the centre of every man-made disaster.

I have made myself a rule. Whenever I hear a person speak in the name of ‘Jewish values’ or ‘as a Jew’, I immediately seek cover. I suggest you do the same…

Bernard-Henri Lévy v. Abdel al-Bari Atwan on Libya intervention

The Poison of Bernard Henry Levy

Nothing against the normal jewish people….but people your religion has been hijacked by a group of criminals posing as peacekeepers…...be warned…
*- original source: http://youtu.be/9nPTZYSuCu0

_______________________________
Libya S.O.S.: BERNARD-HENRI LÉVY or BHL French members of the Israeli lobby [I]
http://libyasos.blogspot.ru/2011/11/bernard-henri-levy-or-bhl-french.html

BERNARD-HENRI LÉVY or BHL, French members of the Israeli lobby [I]
http://libyaagainstsuperpowermedia.org/2011/11/08/bernard-henri-levy-or-bhl-french-members-of-the-israeli-lobby-i/

WHO IS Bernard Henry Levi?
http://libyasos.blogspot.ru/search?q=Bernard+Henry+Levi

Bernard-Henri Levy: Turning to Syria
http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/bernard-henri-levy-turning-syria

REUPLOAD: Zionist Conspiracy on Libya (Sarkozy, Bernard Henri Levy, Klarsfeld (siehe Beschreibung))

Bernard Henry LEVY, le chef spirituel, commandant, philosophe des rebelles libyens.

Non, vous ne rêvez pas, c’est bien BHL…
Mais sur quel monde vit-on ???

Who is Gog and Magog?

ماشاء الله عليهم ….مسلمين …..لعنة الله على من ولاهم ..لوكانو يحمون المدنيين لدافعو عنهم فى العراق وفى فلسطين
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10150808713147333
لاكن طالما هناك جردان على وجه الارض فالنصرلهم لامحاله..

https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=280362778725618
هذا الخائن الجالس بجانب اليهودى ليفى هو حسن الدروعى من سكان مدينة سرت, تخرج من جامعة التحدى وخرج على حساب المجتمع لأكمال دراسته فى فرنسا وكان يرافق شباب سرت فى فرنسا, وبعد عدم تحصله على أمين أتحاد الطلبة فى فرنسا قبل شهور من هذه الفورة اللعينة وما أن جاءت الفورة كان هو من أوائل الكلاب اللي خانت وباعت وباع أهله فى سرت وذهب مع برنارد ليفى ليفنى الغازى وكان يشتغل كمترجم له. وبعد طرد السفير الليبى من فرنسا, قام جرذان الشرق بتقسيم مقاعد السفارة الليبية هناك ولم يتحصل هذا العميل حتى وظيفة عشاش على باب السفارة استخدموه وقعد كلب لان هذا مصير اللي يبيع هله وناسه وبلاده واللي مافيه خير لاهله مافيه خير لحد, وبعد ذلك لكى يزيد من اهتمام مجلس النذاله به قام بربط جرذان سرت بالناتو كـ عبدالسلام بالحاج وأخوته”على وعبدالله” وعجاج سكر وأبناء زرقون ومزاريط سرت اليهود وبعض كلاب القاعدة كـ على العمارى والصفرانى وعلى الكيوى وأبناء حريبة. والكلب مخلوف الناصري
ولقد تبرأ منه أهله منذ بداية الأحداث وأتصل خاله وأبوه بالدكتور حمزة التهامى وكان أخوته يجاهدون فى الجبهات. وتم هدر دمه من قبيلته.
فى المقعد الأمامىالخائن المقبور عبدالفتاح يونس والعميل مصطفى الزاقزلى. والحساب ماعادش بعيد لكل خاين فرخ حرام باع بلده

 

Conspiracy on Libya! {with Bernard Levi}
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?v=249304155086580

Conspiracy on Libya المؤامرة على ليبي {with Bernard Levi}

Bernard Levy said that it was him who convince Sarkozy to begin preparing for a war against Libya!
He repeatedly visited Benghazi and arranged for the rebels to meet in Paris to discuss the future shape of Libya.
Levy has a habit of turning up in every major trouble spot in the world! He has been directly involved in major trouble spots and in contact with the main players in these countries.

This behavior is unusual for a person who sees himself as an intellectual rather than a troublemaker.
In this video we will explore Bernard Henri Levy’s interventions through images showing his presence and involvement in the trouble spots.

Isn’t it surprising that countries like Bosnia and Sudan where he was active are now partitioned and its people divided?
Doesn’t this prove that the intent is to divide Libya between east and west?
We will also explore the special relation Levy has with the Zionist state of Israel and we will also look at Nicola Sarkosy’s Jewish roots.
>
Don’t forget and this in Bernard Henry Levy crimes series:

Libya Whos behind Sarkozy?
Many talk about that Sarkozy is going to be prosecuted but what about the man behind Sarkozy? Will he be allowed to run free and help terrorists in Algeria and Syria?

>
https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=231807890174384
ثوار الناتو ينقسمون حول المبادرة الإفريقية ويدلون بتصريحات متناقضة
الاحد 3 تموز (يوليو) 2011

أدلى ثوار الناتو يوم السبت بتصريحات متضاربة حول موقفهم من المبادرة الإفريقية لحل الأزمة الليبية، فقد نقلت وكالة أنباء ارويترز عن ممثل المجلس الانتقامي في باريس قوله إن المجلس يقبل المبادرة الإفريقية ويفسرها على أنها تلبي معظم شروطه التفاوضية..

بعد ساعات من إذاعة هذا التصريح ظهر المتحدث باسم المجلس في بنغازي على القنوات الفضائية ليلعن أن المجلس لا يقبل المبادرة، وذهب ابعد من ذك حين قال إن الافارقة غير مؤهلين لطرح أي مبادرة..
التصريحات المتضادة تعكس عمق الهوة بين ما يسمى المعارضة الليبية، وهي هوة تتسع يوما بعد آخر، خاصة مع تكشف حقائق جديدة في وسائل الإعلام العالمي عن لجوء بعض المعارضين إلى التفاوض سرا مع طرابلس دون إشعار زملائهم، وهو ما زرع بذور الشك والريبة في نفوس بعضهم تجاه البعض الآخر..
وسبق لما يسمى الجبهة الوطنية لإنقاذ ليبيا أن بعثت برسالة إلى عبد الجليل تؤكد له فيها إجبارية المرور بها قبل الإدلاء بأي تصريح آخذة عليه تعدد الناطقين باسم المجلس وعدم التنسيق فيما بينهم..
ويذهب عدد من المراقبين إلى القول إن أيام المجلس باتت معدودة خاصة وأن الحلف الأطلسي بدأ ينفض يديه من اللعبة بعد ثلاثة أشهر لم يتحقق فيها شيئ على الأرض..
ويقول دبلوماسيون غربيون إن المعارضة الليبية خدعتهم حين قالت لهم إن لديها رجالا في الدائرة الضيقة حول القائد، وأنهم سيتحركون بمجرد سقوط أول صاروخ على طرابلس، وهو تأكد زيفه لاحقا إذ أفضت العمليات الجوية إلى نتائج عكسية وزادت من اللحمة الوطنية حول القائد الذي ينظر إليه الليبيون على أنه رمز وطني وقائد من النوع النادر جدا..

الدليل الموريتاني

ها ها ها ها هادي اخرتها.

Libyan Egaغرفة اسود الراية الخضراء
زيدو كبرو وخودو ساتر …. الفلوس رح تنتهي … ودعاية عصر الحرية رح تبان وتشديق الديمقراطية سراب تحلمو بيه.

لو في 1 من المليون من المليار من المية في انسان ايقول لا الله الا الله وأن محمد رسول الله وقف بجنب اليهود والنصري وساندهم ولو بكلمة يقول انا انسان مايدير لداروه ناس العار والفضائح.
.

لا حول ولا قوة الا بالله وحسبي الله ونعم الوكيل.
اللهم لا تاخدنا بما فعل السفها بينا.
.

Redstar Leroye >> Global Public Alert – (Unite Yourself Together)

Bernard Henry LEVY is now Libyan !!
He was naturalized Libyan by the Rebels of Misrata to thank him for his collaboration and commitment in influencing Nicolas SARKOZY to trigger off the military intervention in Libya.
Bernard Henry LEVY es…See More
Bernard Henry LEVY est libyen.

Il a été naturalisé libyen par les rebelles de Misrata pour le remercier de sa collaboration et de son engagement d’avoir fais influence sur Nicolas SARKOZY pour qu’il intervienne en Libye.

>

WARNING !!! The World Jewish Mafia is preparing to occupy the second country and kill hundreds of thousands of Libyans !!!

Jewish arrogance will never cease to harass the world, especially Muslims!

I am convinced that soon we will want in Egypt to return hundreds of thousands of Jews, because …
… 3-4 thousand years before the Egyptian Pharaoh cast them out (now in Egypt Zionist puppet military junta – is seeking civilian puppets!)

In Libya, thousands of mysterious Jews want to return and obtain redress for that mysteriously been banned!?
1) Is there evidence that the Jews were expelled to Libya … or are you going alone?
2) Is there evidence of just how much are these Jews?
3) Are there any Jewish evidence that he or his relatives have property in Libya?
4) Is there ever expelled or left the Jews of Libya?
5) The Jewish community will give you the compensations (hundreds of billions)

****(Libyan Jews in the 70′s left Libya on their own accord there was no order or law telling Libyan Jews to live the country)

Do all the Libyan people for murder, destruction of NATO and its terrorists and will return the full amount + redress robbed Libyan sovereign Jewish assets in monetary institutions (the reasons are – World Jewish Mafia (lobby) plan, perform and continue – genocide, ethnic cleansing, terrorism, colonization with the usual Jewish settlements and privatization of resources !!!

Throughout the genocide and destruction in Libya’s sovereign began with a lie - “thousands of peaceful protesters bombarded the Libyan aviation”, this historical lie constantly announced in the Zionist “media” (CNN, SKY, BBC, FOX, FRANCE 24, AL JAZEERA .. ….) and Zionist organizations such as false – “Human Rights Watch” and “Amnesty International” and “ICC” and all these parasitic and terrorist organizations and the media are owned or funded by the Jewish lobby !!! ….

… But someone must pay “bill” and “someone” must be judged on historical trial for genocide and ethnic cleansing, destruction and robbery of a peaceful, prosperous and beautiful country – Libya !?!

Required Libyan people should seek (and to take) hundreds of billions of redress from the Jewish community because -
1) just as the Jewish community planning, orchestration and ignite war in Libya, which all begin with false reports and propaganda in the Jewish media (CNN, SKY , BBC, FOX, FRANCE 24, AL JAZEERA ……)!
2) Just as the Jews caused the war and that Sarkozy parasite – Bernard Levy!
3) That the Jews in the Jewish monetary authorities arrested, Eastern and plundered billions of Libyan assets that are owned by the Libyan people!
4) That the Jewish lobby done and continues to do so – pressure on governments, politicians and all organizations working on behalf of the Board of rats and rats!
5) Just Jewish drone missile commit terrorist attacks against the Libyan people (not to wonder what these pilots and their conscience to carry out this genocide – read “Talmud” and you’ll understand why)
6) On the Jews and the Jewish lobby ran illegal TVsovereign in Libya (Benghazi) without the permission of the legitimate government and the Libyan people and deliberately drowned broadcast Libyan state television!? This means that the insurgency (with Libyan nationality) fought and killed the Libyan brothers and sisters, because they lied that the Libyan army carried out mass killings and rapes and that most cities were “liberated” by the “revolutionaries” and that there waiting for them with open hearts!
7) The Jewish lobby and Jewish politicians exert pressure in the U.S. to steal Libyan assets and to support the extermination, robbery and destruction of the Libyan people, sovereignty, infrastructure and state!
8) The Jewish Lobby performed worldwide pressure on governments and politicians to support a false and illegal resolutions in Libya (the UN) and talk shit about Gaddafi … “” Mode “”!
9) Jewish terrorist organization – Mossad arms and helped al-Qaeda (CIA + Mossad + M6) and the Libyan terrorists to kill, torture, kidnapping, rape and threaten Libyans!
10) The World Jewish Mafia war on fire in order not to violate Jewish world monetary monopoly of Gaddafi’s plans to establish an African Monetary Fund IMF and expelling terrorist! World Jewish Mafia and Jewish lobby (same) support the ethnic cleansing of blacks in Libya and genocide against the entire Libyan people to be able to reduce the population of the Libyans on behalf of Jewish settlers (with the lie that lived in Libya or relatives the Jews “expelled” from Libya …… usual lies and dirt of the Zionists), because Libya has everything that a nation wants – energy, water … everything needed to create a second Jewish state – second Palestine!
11) false Jewish organizations – owned by Jews and financed by Jews set fire to maintain and continue to backfire through the lies, manipulations and false reports to all their impertinence with the Libyan army accused of crimes against humanity and pass when the crimes of terrorists NATO – as “crimes committed by the Libyan army and militia … Gaddafi (” mode “)! We carcasses Libyans killed by NATO and its terrorists are transferred to the victims of Gaddafi …” mode “!? Jewish question organization or organizations created and funded by the Jewish mafia is as follows - “Amnesty International” and “Human Rights Watch” (most popular) – owned by Jewish terrorist financing George Soros and the so-called – “ICC”!
12) huge pressure from world Jewish Mafia – UN and Council of “security” vote “resolution” of the final decision – Libyan Q and of course – a change of the constitution and the UN Charter, international law and the Geneva Convention!!

According to this amendment (if done) from now on, foreign governments can be elected and appointed government, politicians and political systems in foreign “sovereign” countries! reason for this latest perversion of the Council of “security” and when the UN appointed government of Libya (rejected by the Libyan people) and which”Government is composed of foreigners, Jews lied that lived in Libya, a proven leader of a terrorist organization, Libyan traitors and former employees of the Libyan government (or through bribery or threats) and Libyan criminals!

As the United Nations with all its arrogance under pressure from Jewish Mafia gave full permission of the false “Libyan government to” kill, kidnapping, raping, torturing, and executing each threatens a Libyan terrorist government rejects al-Qaeda, NATO, foreigners, criminals and Libyan Jewish Mafia !!!

Indeed, who knows tricks and impudence of those Jewish communities (followers of the Talmud)! An example is the criminal acquisition of double, triple + citizenship through pressure from the Jewish Mafia and use their weapons – the “anti-Semitism!” For Israeli passports everyone knows! Jewslove to pretend always the most “tortured”, “most disadvantaged”, “most persecuted” ….. A “poor”!

They love to come to foreign countries and finds that it is their relatives who lived there before 50 … 100 or 200 years ago and immediately scream that his heirs and want passports for them, their children,their cousins … and their pets (often redress from the State for the fictional “repression” than their relatives)! In this way many Jews have several passport! It is possible that soon Jewish scientist to discover that Jews come from the planet Mars and claim ownership of Mars and Martians reparations that have driven them from “their home” place!!!!!

Democracy ?

Zionist European Union, USA, Israel and their false “media and organizations” – just not allowed to use such a word “democracy” “freedom,” “human rights and freedoms”, “free media” and “freedom of political orientation ” !!!

Example of what happens in Bulgaria! – Scenarios conducted by the World Jewish mafia is the same! Example of what happens in my country Bulgaria after the introduction of “democracy”!

Suddenly there were thousands of Jews claiming to be expelled after World War II came to power by the communist government?

Actually that’s a lie! Indeed, the communist government made nationalization, but Jews no one pursued them, just some decide to leave voluntarily by selling their properties in Bulgarian families and other property Bulgarian government gave compensation to Jewish owners – how fair is it not already know. …

But something has happened more than 60 years!

During this time these properties were repaired and maintained by the Bulgarian families and they are grown for 2-3 generations of Bulgarian families! (By this logic, the Jews can claim compensation from the Egyptian people that thousands of years ago Jewish slaves worked on the pyramids andthey had not been provided then the care deserved!)

Under pressure from the World Jewish Mafia “Bulgarian” puppet government Bulgarian families expelled from their homes and give them the mysterious Jewish heirs – repaired and maintained by Bulgarian citizens decades, “Bulgarian” Court even does not respect the documents presented by the Bulgarians, that these properties were bought with money from their moms and dads (or grandparents) and those Jewish heirs can not claim for restitution!This “little problem” was solved by a puppet “Bulgarian Parliament” by law for mandatory restitution to Jewish heirs who earn a “victim” and that their relatives in the past have received less money under threat!

So one way or another, all Jews were given their property and Bulgarian families hit the street on which they were given some junk – pieces of paper (called – compensatory vouchers) that not only were tens of times less value than those taken Jews of their property, but subsequently deliberately devalued by the Jewish mafia, which of course already had all the financial institutions in Bulgaria!

So far, this Bulgarian families litigate in Bulgarian and European courts without any result, of course! By the way thanks to the Jewish Mafia and many state properties and agricultural lands were “returned” to the Jews - not even own or produce documents and evidence to claim ownership of …

… were spent again they or their relatives in the past – “victims of repression” by … Ahhh “poor” – the communist regime !!!

WARNING !!! - UN and Council of “security” (the weapon of the Zionists) started a new Jewish occupation of the next sovereign state and its people -Libya!

Of course, again accompanied with genocide, destruction,humiliation and systematic extermination of the Libyan people(make them kill each – other and separate NATO and al-Qaeda (Mossad) further helps to reduce the population of the Libyan population!

Suddenly, that “someone “in the past been banished 37,000 Jews and mysterious” was taken away “their property” !?! Of course these “harassment” and mysterious Jews “had become”has 200,000,000 !?!

This means that hundreds of thousands of Libyans will be destroyed and hundreds of thousands of Libyan families will be displaced and their homes will be seized by the Jewish dirt (a fictitious reason that these were their homes and taken from the Libyans)! separate Jewish army and paid terrorists would deliberately kill and harass Libyan people for the simple treason to reduce this population, while others migrate !!!

Certainly hundreds of billions that are owned by the Libyan people and arrested (robbed) of Jewish monetary institutions will be forfeited in favor of the new Jewish state – Libya’s Jewish! …

… These dirty and sneaky Jews always pretend to be violated most of the planet and the world suffers most because of them! And now brazenly reclaim some mysterious “Jewish property” in Libya … !?

Jews want something from Libya?

OK – then we must speak the truth (without by passing) – Libya’s Jews ask

1) restoration of property destroyed by a Libyan terrorist Zionist Alliance!
2) redress from the Jewish community for complicity in genocide in Libya (UN Jewish pressure, “media” fake organizations “human rights” Jewish terrorism (by Mossad) and many leading Jewish evil lies, illegal war, genocide, ethnic cleansing of blacks, robbery Libyan sovereign assets of Jewish financial institutions ….!
3) Complete recovery of stolen Jewish institutions Libyan assets!
4) Court for the Jewish people made war in Libya – the instigators of war, the Jewish “media” false Jewish organizations (to know), Jewish agents (such as Bernard Levy), Jewish lobbies – like McCain and other parasites and the global war mongers!

After the war in Libya, no longer to ask stupid questions – why people hate Jews …
Perhaps it is true that all wars are for Jews !?!

(If a Jew is insulted … I recommend him to address his countrymen to criticism)
*-sourcephoto:

+

The Truth about Israel – Zionism & Oil

<<|| — with Syarif Hidayat, Blanca Lembo, Elena A. Stamenkov, Kareltje Van de Tuin, Miralem Campara, Metin Gülbahar, Funda Kansu, Sabyasachi Chatterjee, Rictv Newsagency Rictvagencia Noticias, Konstantin Scheglikov, Wilmer Enrique Agüero, Christof Lehmann, John Reed, Omar Sharif, Anthony F. Angelic, Ana Martinovic, Hassan Omar, Williams Ribeiro de Farias, Niakoi Niakakav, Carline Seiser, Ironsides xx, Jazira Chuibekova, Caty Cat, Che Bavaria, Marco Cataldi, Christella Bernardene Krebs, Md Sadiq, Ana Tsivdari, Ursula Riches, Salome Davidson, Hans Cany, Tatjana Dimitrijevic, Wissem Typhoon and Dejan Malićanin.

KARK

 source: aljamahiria.algaddafi.org

Global Public Alert – (Unite Yourself Together) HILLARY & BERNARD The Jew and Libya

The Privatization of War: Mercenaries, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC)


The Privatization of War: Mercenaries, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC)

Beyond the WikiLeaks Files

 

By Jose L. Gomez del Prado

Global Research,

The Privatization of War: Mercenaries, Private Military and Security Companies (PMSC)

Private military and security companies (PMSC) are the modern reincarnation of a long lineage of private providers of physical force: corsairs, privateers and mercenaries. Mercenaries, which had practically disappeared during the XIXth and XXth centuries, reappeared in the 1960’s during the decolonization period operating mainly in Africa and Asia. Under the United Nations a convention was adopted which outlaws and criminalizes their activities. Additional Protocol I of the Geneva Conventions also contains a definition of mercenary.

These non-state entities of the XXIst century operate in extremely blurred situations where the frontiers are difficult to separate. The new security industry of private companies moves large quantities of weapons and military equipment. It provides services for military operations recruiting former militaries as civilians to carry out passive or defensive security.

However, these individuals cannot be considered as civilians, given that they often carry and use weapons, interrogate prisoners, load bombs, drive military trucks and fulfill other essential military functions. Those who are armed can easily switch from a passive/defensive to an active/offensive role and can commit human rights violations and even destabilize governments. They cannot be considered soldiers or supporting militias under international humanitarian law either, since they are not part of the army or in the chain of command, and often belong to a large number of different nationalities.

PMSC personnel cannot usually be considered to be mercenaries for the definition of mercenaries as stipulated in the international conventions dealing with this issue does not generally apply to the personnel of PMSCs which are legally operating in foreign countries under contracts of legally registered companies.

Private military and security companies operate in a legal vacuum: they pose a threat to civilians and to international human rights law. The UN Human Rights Council has entrusted the UN Working Group on the use of mercenaries, principally, with the mandate: “To monitor and study the effects of the activities of private companies offering military assistance, consultancy and security services on the international market on the enjoyment of human Rights (…) and to prepare draft international basic principles that encourage respect for human rights on the part of those companies in their activities”.

During the past five years, the Working Group has been studying emerging issues, manifestations and trends regarding private military and security companies.  In our reports we have informed the Human Rights Council and the General Assembly about these issues. Of particular importance are the reports of the Working Group to the last session of the Human Rights Council, held in September 2010, on the Mission to the United States of America  (20 July to 3 August 2009), Document A/HRC/15/25/Add.3; on the Mission to Afghanistan (4-9 April 2009), Document A/HRC/15/25/Add.2, and the general report of the Working Group containing the Draft of a possible Convention on Private Military and Security Companies (PMSCs) for consideration and action by the Human Rights Council, Document A/HRC/15/25.

In the course of our research, since 2006, we have collected ample information which indicate the negative impact of the activities of “private contractors”, “private soldiers” or “guns for hire”, whatever denomination we may choose to name the individuals employed by private military and security companies as civilians but in general heavily armed. In the cluster of human rights violations allegedly perpetrated by employees of these companies, which the Working Group has examined one can find: summary executions, acts of torture, cases of arbitrary detention; of trafficking of persons; serious health damages caused by their activities; as well as attempts against the right of self-determination. It also appears that PMSCs, in their search for profit, neglect security and do not provide their employees with their basic rights, and often put their staff in situations of danger and vulnerability.

 

Summary executions

 

On 16 September 2007 in Baghdad, employees of the US-based firm Blackwater[1] were involved in a shooting incident in Nisoor Square in which 17 civilians were killed and more than 20 other persons were wounded including women and children. Local eyewitness accounts indicate the use of arms from vehicles and rocket fire from a helicopter belonging to this company.

There are also concerns over the activities and approach of PMSC personnel, their convoys of armored vehicles and their conduct in traffic, in particular their use of lethal force. This particular incident was not the first of its kind, neither the first involving Blackwater.

According to a congressional report on the behaviour of Xe/Blackwater in Iraq, Xe/Blackwater guards were found to have been involved in nearly 200 escalation-of-force incidents that involved the firing of shots since 2005. Despite the terms of the contracts which provided that the company could engage only in defensive use of force, the company reported that in over 80 per cent of the shooting incidents, its forces fired the first shots.

In Najaf in April 2004 and on several other occasions, employees of this company took part in direct hostilities, as well as in May 2007, where another incident involving the same company reportedly occurred involving guards belonging to the company and forces belonging to the Iraqi Ministry of the Interior allegedly exchanged gunfire in a sector of Baghdad.

Also in central Baghdad the shooting of employees of the PMSC, Unity Resources Group (URG)[2], protecting a convoy, left two Armenian women, Genevia Antranick and Mary Awanis dead on 9 October 2007 when their car came too close to a protected convoy. The family of Genevia Antranick was offered no compensation and has begun court proceedings against URG in the United States.

This company was also involved in the shooting of 72-year-old Australian Kays Juma. Professor Juma was shot in March 2006 as he approached an intersection being blockaded for a convoy URG was protecting. Professor Juma, a 25-year resident of Baghdad who drove through the city every day, allegedly sped up his vehicle as he approached the guards and did not heed warnings to stop, including hand signals, flares, warning shots into the body of his car and floodlights. The incident occurred at 10am[3].

 

Torture

 

Two United States-based corporations, CACI and L-3 Services (formerly Titan Corporation), were involved in the torture of Iraqi detainees at Abu Ghraib. CACI and L-3 Services, contracted by the Government of the United States, were responsible for interrogation and translation services, respectively, at Abu Ghraib prison and other facilities in Iraq.

Seventy two Iraqi citizens who were formerly detained at military prisons in Iraq, have sued L-3 Services, Inc. (“L-3”), a military private contractor which provided civilian translators for United States military forces in Iraq and Adel Nakhla, a former employee of L-3 who served as one of its translators there under the Alien Tort Statute. They allege having been tortured and physically and mentally abused during their detention and that they should be held liable in damages for their actions. The plaintiffs assert 20 causes of action, among which: torture; cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment; assault and battery; intentional infliction of emotional distress[4].

Arbitrary detention 

 

A number of reports indicate that private security guards have played central roles in some of the most sensitive activities of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) such as the arbitrary detention and clandestine raids against alleged insurgents in Iraq and Afghanistan[5] and the involvement in CIA rendition flights[6] as well as joint covert operations[7]. Employees of PMSC would have been involved in the taking of detainees, from “pick up points” (such as Tuzla, Islamabad or Skopje) transporting them in rendition flights and delivering them to drop off points (such as Cairo, Rabat, Bucharest, Amman or Guantanamo) as well as in the construction, equipping and staffing of CIA’s “black sites”.

Within this context, the American Civil Liberties Union has filed a lawsuit in May 2007 against Jeppesen DataPlan Inc. (a subsidiary company of Boeing) on behalf of five persons who were kidnapped by the CIA disappearing in overseas prisons kept by USA secret services. Jeppesen would have participated in the rendition by providing flight planning and logistical support. The five persons were tortured during their arbitrary detention[8].

 

Health

 

The 2009 annual report of DynCorp International refers to four lawsuits concerning the spraying of narcotic plant crops along the Colombian border adjacent to Ecuador on behalf of 3 Ecuadorian Providences and 3266 plaintiffs[9].

From 1991, the United States Department of State contracted the private company DynCorp to supply services for this air-spraying program against narcotics in the Andean region. In accordance with the subscribed contract of 30 January 1998, DynCorp provides the essential logistics to the anti-drug Office of activities of Colombia, in conformity with three main objectives: eradication of cultivations of illicit drugs, training of the army and of personnel of the country, and dismantling of illicit drug laboratories and illicit drug-trafficking networks.

An NGO report indicated the consequences of the spraying carried out within the Plan Colombia had on persons living in the frontier region[10].  One third of the 47 women in the study exposed to the spraying showed cells with some genetic damage. The study established the relationship of the air fumigations of the Plan Colombia with damages in the genetic material. The study demonstrates that when the population is subjected to fumigations “the risk of cellular damage can increase and that, once permanent, the cases of cancerous mutations and important embryonic alterations are increased that prompt among other possibilities the rise in abortions in the area.

This example is particularly important given that Plan Colombia has served as the model for the arrangements that the United States would apply later to Iraq and Afghanistan. Plan Colombia provides immunity to the employees of the PMSC contracted (DynCorp) the same as Order 14 of the Coalition Provisional Authority did in Iraq.

 

Self-determination

 

The 2004 attempted coup d’état, which was perpetrated in Equatorial Guinea is a clear example of the link between the phenomenon of mercenaries and PMSCs as a means of violating the sovereignty of States. In this particular case, the mercenaries involved were mostly former directors and personnel of Executive Outcomes, a PMSC that had become famous for its operations in Angola and Sierra Leone. The team of mercenaries also included security guards who were still employed by PMSCs as was the case of two employees of the company Meteoric Tactical Systems providing security to diplomats of Western Embassies in Baghdad-among which to the Ambassador of Switzerland. It also included a security guard who had previously worked for the PMSC “Steele Foundation” and had given protection to President Aristide of Haiti and conducted him to the plane who took him to exile[11].

 

Trafficking in persons

 

In 2005, 105 Chileans were providing/or undergoing military training in the former army base of Lepaterique in Honduras. The instruction consisted in anti‐guerrilla tactics such as possible ambushes and deactivation of explosives and mortars how to avoid them. The Chileans had entered Honduras as tourists and were illegally in Honduras. They used high‐caliber weapons such as M‐16 rifles or light machine guns. They had been contracted by a subsidiary of Triple Canopy.

They were part of a group, which included also 189 Hondurans recruited and trained in Honduras. Triple Canopy had been awarded a contract by the United States Department of State. The strong contingent left the country by air from San Pedro Sula, Honduras, in several groups with a stopover in Iceland. Then reached the Middle East and were smuggled into Iraq[12].

The majority of the Chileans and Hondurans were engaged as security guards at fixed facilities in Iraq. They had been contracted by Your Solutions Honduras SRL, a local agent of Your Solutions Incorporated, registered in Illinois, United States of America, which in turn had been subcontracted by Triple Canopy, based in Chicago, United States of America. Some of the Chileans are presently working in Baghdad providing security to the Embassy of Australia under a contract by Unity Resources Group (URG).

Human rights violations committed by PMSC to their employees

 

PMSC often put the contracted private guards in situations of danger and vulnerability, such as the ‘private contractors’ of Blackwater, killed in Fallujah in 2004 allegedly due to the lack of the necessary safety means that Blackwater was supposed to provide in order to carry out the mission.

It should not be forgotten that this incident changed dramatically the course of the war and the occupation by the United States in Iraq. It may be considered as the turning point in the occupation of Iraq. This led to an abortive US operation to recapture control of the city and a successful recapture operation in the city in November 2004, called Operation Phantom Fury, which resulted in the death of over 1,350 insurgent fighters. Approximately 95 America troops were killed, and 560 wounded.

The U.S. military first denied that it has use white phosphorus as an anti-personnel weapon in Fallujah, but later retracted that denial, and admitted to using the incendiary in the city as an offensive weapon. Reports following the events of November 2004 have alleged war crimes, and a massacre by U.S. personnel, including indiscriminate violence against civilians and children. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fallujah – cite_note-17 This point of view is presented in the 2005 documentary film, “Fallujah, the Hidden Massacre”. In 2010, the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, a leading medical journal, published a study, which shows that the rates of cancer, infant mortality and leukemia exceed those reported in Hiroshima and Nagasaki[13].

The over 300 000 classified military documents made public by Wikileaks show that the “Use of Contractors Added to War’s Chaos in Iraq”, as has been widely reported by the international media recently.

The United States has relied and continues to rely heavily on private military and security contractors in conducting its military operations. The United States used private security contractors to conduct narcotics intervention operations in Colombia in the 1990s and recently signed a supplemental agreement that authorizes it to deploy troops and contractors in seven Colombian military bases. During the conflict in the Balkans, the United States used a private security contractor to train Croat troops to conduct operations against Serbian troops. Nowadays, it is in the context of its operations in Iraq and Afghanistan in particular that the State is massively contracting out security functions to private firms.

In 2009, the Department of Defense employed 218,000 private contractors (all types) while there were 195,000 uniformed personnel. According to the figures, about 8 per cent of these contractors are armed security contractors, i.e. about 20,000 armed guards. If one includes other theatres of operations, the figure rises to 242,657, with 54,387 United States citizens, 94,260 third country nationals and 94,010 host-country nationals.

The State Department relies on about 2,000 private security contractors to provide United States personnel and facilities with personal protective and guard services in Afghanistan, Iraq, Israel and Pakistan, and aviation services in Iraq. The contracts for protective services were awarded in 2005 to three PMSCs, namely, Triple Canopy, DynCorp International and the U.S. Training Center, part of the Xe (then Blackwater) group of companies. These three companies still hold the State Department protective services contracts today.

 

Lack of transparency

 

The information accessible to the public on the scope and type of contracts between the Government of the United States and PMSCs is scarce and opaque. The lack of transparency is particularly significant when companies subcontract to others. Often, the contracts with PMSCs are not disclosed to the public despite extensive freedom of information rules in the United States, either because they contain confidential commercial information or on the argument that non-disclosure is in the interest of national defense or foreign policy. The situation is particularly opaque when United States intelligence agencies contract PMSCs.

 

Lack of accountability

 

Despite the fact of their involvement in grave human rights violations, not a single PMSC or employee of these companies has been sanctioned.

In the course of litigation, several recurring legal arguments have been used in the defense of PMSCs and their personnel, including the Government contractor defense, the political question doctrine and derivative immunity arguments. PMSCs are using the Government contractor defense to argue that they were operating under the exclusive control of the Government of the United States when the alleged acts were committed and therefore cannot be held liable for their actions.

It looks as if when the acts are committed by agents of the government they are considered human rights violations but when these same acts are perpetrated by PMSC it is “business as usual”.

The human rights violation perpetrated by private military and security companies are indications of the threat posed to the foundations of democracy itself by the privatization of inherently public functions such as the monopoly of the legitimate use of force. In this connection I cannot help but to refer to the final speech of President Eisenhower.

In 1961, President Eisenhower warned the American public opinion against the growing danger of a military industrial complex stating: “(…) we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex. The potential for the disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist. We must never let the weight of this combination endanger our liberties or democratic processes. We should take nothing for granted. Only an alert and knowledgeable citizenry can compel the proper meshing of the huge industrial and military machinery of defence with our peaceful methods and goals, so that security and liberty may prosper together”.

Fifty years later, on 8 September 2001, Donald Rumsfeld in his speech in the Department of Defence warned the militaries of the Pentagon against “an adversary that poses a threat, a serious threat, to the security of the United States of America (…) Let’s make no mistake: The modernization of the Department of Defense is (…) a matter of life and death, ultimately, every American’s. (…) The adversary. (…) It’s the Pentagon bureaucracy. (…)That’s why we’re here today challenging us all to wage an all-out campaign to shift Pentagon’s resources from bureaucracy to the battlefield, from tail to the tooth. We know the adversary. We know the threat. And with the same firmness of purpose that any effort against a determined adversary demands, we must get at it and stay at it. Some might ask, how in the world could the Secretary of Defense attack the Pentagon in front of its people? To them I reply, I have no desire to attack the Pentagon; I want to liberate it. We need to save it from itself.”

Rumsfeld should have said the shift from the Pentagon’s resources from bureaucracy to the private sector. Indeed, that shift had been accelerated by the Bush Administration: the number of persons employed by contract which had been outsourced (privatized) by the Pentagon was already four times more than at the Department of Defense.

It is not anymore a military industrial complex but as Noam Chomsky has indicated “it’s just the industrial system operating under one or another pretext”.

The articles of the Washington Post “Top Secret America: A hidden world, growing beyond control”, by Dana Priest and William M. Arkin (19 July 2010) show the extent that “The top-secret world the government created in response to the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, has become so large, so unwieldy and so secretive that no one knows how much money it costs, how many people it employs, how many programs exist within it or exactly how many agencies do the same work”.

The investigation’s findings include that some 1,271 government organizations and 1,931 private companies work on programs related to counter-terrorism, homeland security and intelligence in about 10,000 locations across the United States; and that an estimated 854,000 people, nearly 1.5 times as many people as live in Washington, D.C., hold top-secret security clearances. A number of private military and security companies are among the security and intelligence agencies mentioned in the report of the Washington Post.

The Working Group received information from several sources that up to 70 per cent of the budget of United States intelligence is spent on contractors. These contracts are classified and very little information is available to the public on the nature of the activities carried out by these contractors.

The privatization of war has created a structural dynamic, which responds to a commercial logic of the industry.

A short look at the careers of the current managers of BAE Systems, as well as on their address-books, confirms we are not any longer dealing with a normal corporation, but with a cartel uniting high tech weaponry (BAE Systems, United Defence Industries, Lockheed Martin), with speculative financiers (Lazard Frères, Goldman Sachs, Deutsche Bank), together with raw material cartels (British Petroleum, Shell Oil) with on the ground, private military and security companies[14].

The majority of the private military and security companies has been created or are managed by former militaries or ex-policemen for whom it is big business. Just to give an example MPRI (Military Professional Resources Incorporation) was created by four former generals of the United States Army when they were due for retirement[15]. The same is true for Blackwater and its affiliate companies or subsidiaries, which employ former directors of the C.I.A.[16]. Social Scientists refer to this phenomenon as the Rotating Door Syndrome.

The use of security contractors is expected to grow as American forces shrink. A July report by theCommission on Wartime Contracting, a panel established by Congress, estimated that the State Department alone would need more than double the number of contractors it had protecting the American Embassy and consulates in Iraq.

“Without contractors: (1) the military engagement would have had to be smaller–a strategically problematic alternative; (2) the United States would have had to deploy its finite number of active personnel for even longer tours of duty -a politically dicey and short-sighted option; (3) the United States would have had to consider a civilian draft or boost retention and recruitment by raising military pay significantly–two politically untenable options; or (4) the need for greater commitments from other nations would have arisen and with it, the United States would have had to make more concessions to build and sustain a truly multinational effort. Thus, the tangible differences in the type of war waged, the effect on military personnel, and the need for coalition partners are greatly magnified when the government has the option to supplement its troops with contractors”[17].

The military cannot do without them. There are more contractors over all than actual members of the military serving in the worsening war in Afghanistan.

CONCLUSIONS OF THE SENATE ARMED SERVICES COMMITTEE impact of Private Security Contracting on U.S. Goals in Afghanistan[18]

Conclusion I: The proliferation of private security personnel in Afghanistan is inconsistent with the counterinsurgency strategy. In May 2010 the U.S. Central Command’s Armed Contractor Oversight Directorate reported that there were more than 26,000 private security contractor personnel operating in Afghanistan. Many of those private security personnel are associated with armed groups that operate outside government control.

Conclusion 2: Afghan warlords and strongmen operating as force providers to private security contractors have acted against U.S. and Afghan government interests. Warlords and strongmen associated with U.S.-funded security contractors have been linked to anti Coalition activities, murder, bribery, and kidnapping. The Committee’s examination of the U.S. funded security contract with ArmorGroup at Shindand Airbase in Afghanistan revealed that ArmorGroup relied on a series of warlords to provide armed men to act as security, guards at the Airbase.

Open-ended intergovernmental working group established by the HR Council

Because of their impact in the enjoyment of human rights the Working Group on mercenaries in its 2010 reports to the UN Human Rights Council and General Assembly has recommended a legally binding instrument regulating and monitoring their activities at the national and international level.

The motion to create an open ended intergovernmental working group has been the object of lengthy negotiations, in the Human Rights Council, led by South Africa in order to accommodate the concerns of the Western Group, but primarily those of the United States and the United Kingdom and of a lot a pressure exerted in the capitals of African countries supporting the draft resolution. The text of the resolution was weakened in order to pass the resolution by consensus. But even so the position of the Western States has been a “fin de non recevoir”.

The resolution was adopted by a majority of 32 in favour, 12 against and 3 abstentions. Among the supporters of this initiative are four out of the five members of BRICS (Brazil, Russia, China and South Africa) in addition to the African Group, the Organization of the Islamic Conference and the Arab Group.

The adoption of this resolution opens an interesting process in the UN Human Rights Council where civil society can participate in the elaboration of an international framework on the regulation, monitoring and oversight of the activities of private military and security companies.  The new open ended intergovernmental working group will be the forum for all stakeholders to receive inputs, not only the draft text of a possible convention and the elements elaborated by the UN Working Group on mercenaries but also of other initiatives such as the proposal submitted to the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the Montreux Document and the international code of conduct being elaborated under the Swiss Initiative.

However, the negative vote of the delegations of the Western Group indicates that the interests of the new staggering security industry – its annual market revenue is estimated to be over USD one hundred billion – have been quite well defended as was the case in a number of other occasions. It also shows that Western governments will be absent from the start in a full in-depth discussion of the issues raised by the activities of PMSC.

We urge all States to support the process initiated by the Council by designating their representatives to the new open-ended intergovernmental working group, which will hold its first session in 2011, and to continue a process of discussions regarding a legally binding instrument.

The participation of the UK and USA main exporters of these activities (it is estimated at 70% the industry of security in these two countries) as well as other Western countries where the new industry is expanding is of particular importance.

The Working Group also urges the United States Government to implement the recommendations we made, in particular, to:

support the Congress Stop Outsourcing Security (SOS) Act, which clearly defines the functions which are inherently governmental and that cannot be outsourced to the private sector;

rescind immunity to contractors carrying out activities in other countries under bilateral agreements;

carry out prompt and effective investigation of human rights violations committed by PMSCs and prosecute alleged perpetrators;

ensure that the oversight of private military and security contractors is not outsourced to PMSCs;
establish a specific system of federal licensing of PMSCs for their activities abroad;

set up a vetting procedure for awarding contracts to PMSCs;

ensure that United States criminal jurisdiction applies to private military and security companies contracted by the Government to carry out activities abroad; and

respond to pending communications from the Working Group.

The United Nations Human Rights Council, under the Universal Periodic Review, initiated a review in November 2010 in Geneva, focussing on the human rights record of the United States. The above article is an edited version of the presentation given by Jose L. Gomez del Prado in Geneva on 3 November 2010 at a parallel meeting at the UN Palais des Nations on that occasion.

Notes

[1] Blackwater Worldwide abandoned its tarnished brand name in order to shake its reputation battered by its criticized work in Iraq, renaming its family of two-dozen businesses under the name Xe’see Mike Baker, ‘Blackwater dumps tarnished brand name’, AP News Break, 13 February 2009.

[2] URG, an Australian private military and security company, uses a number of ex military Chileans to provide security to the Australian Embassy in Baghdad. Recently one of those “private guards” shot himself, ABC News, reported by La Tercera, Chile, 16 September 2010.

[3]J.Mendes & S Mitchell, “Who is Unity Resources Group?”, ABC News Australia, 16 September 2010.

[4] Case 8:08-cv-01696-PJM, Document 103, Filed 07/29/10. Defendants have filed Motions to Dismiss on a number of grounds. They argue, among others, that the suit must be dismissed in its entirety because they are immune under the laws of war, because the suit raises non-justiciable political questions, and because they possess derivative sovereign immunity. They seek dismissal of the state law claims on the basis of government contractor immunity, premised on the notion that Plaintiffs cannot proceed on state law claims, which arise out of combatant activities of the military. The United States District Court for the district of Maryland Greenbelt Division has decided to proceed with the case against L-3 Services, Inc. It has not accepted the motions to dismiss allowing the case to go forward.

[5] Mission to the United States of America, Report of the Working Group on the use of mercenaries, United Nations document, A/HRC/15/25/Add.3, paragraphs 22.

[6] James Risen and Mark Mazzetti, “Blackwater guards tied to secret C.I.A. raids ”, New York Times, 10 December 2009.

[7] Adam Ciralsky, “Tycoon, contractor, soldier, spy”, Vanity Fair, January 2010. See also Claim No. HQ08X02800 in the High Court of Justice, Queen’s Bench Division, Binyam Mohamed v. Jeppesen UK Ltd, report of James Gavin Simpson, 26 May 2009.

[8]ACLU Press Release, UN Report Underscores Lack of Accountability and Oversight for Military and Security Contractors, New York, 14 September 2010.

[9] The reports also indicates that the Revenues of DynCorp for 2006 were of USD 1 966 993 and for 2009 USD 3 101 093

[10] Mission to Ecuador, Report of the Working Group on the use of mercenaries, United Nations document, A/HRC/4/42/Add.2

[11] A number of the persons involved in the attempted coup were arrested in Zimbabwe, other in Equatorial Guinea itself the place where the coup was intended to take place to overthrow the government and put another in its place in order to get the rich resources in oil. In 2004 and 2008 the trials took place in Equatorial Guinea of those arrested in connection with this coup attempt, including of the British citizen Simon Mann and the South African Nick du Toit. The President of Equatorial Guinea pardoned all foreigners linked to this coup attempt in November 2009 by. A number of reports indicated that trials failed to comply with international human rights standards and that some of the accused had been subjected to torture and ill-treatment. The government of Equatorial Guinea has three ongoing trials in the United Kingdom, Spain and Lebanon against the persons who were behind the attempted coup.

[12] Report of the Working Group on the use of mercenaries, Mission to Honduras, United Nations document A/HRC/4/42/Add.1.

[13] Wikipedia

[14] Mercenaries without borders by Karel Vereycken,  Friday Sep 21st, 2007

[15] Among which General Carl E. Vuono, Chief of the Army during the Gulf War and the invasion of Panama; General Crosbie E. Saint, former Commander in Chief of the  USA Army in Europe and General Ron Griffith. The President of MPRI is General Bantant J. Craddock.

[16] Such as Cofer Black, former Chief of the Counter Terrorism Center; Enrique Prado, former Chief of Operations and Rof Richter, second in command of the Clandestine Services of the Company

[17] Article published in the Spring 2010 issue of the University of Chicago Law Review, titled “Privatization’s Pretensions” by Jon D. Michaels, Acting Professor of Law at the UCLA School of Law

[18] INQUIRY INTO THE ROLE AND OVERSIGHT OF PRIVATE SECURITY CONTRACTORS IN AFGHANISTAN, R E P O R T TOGETHER WITH ADDITIONAL VIEWS OF THE COMMITTEE ON ARMED SERVICES UNITED STATES SENATE, 28 September 2010

 

Libya: Thousands Detained in Libya Outside State Control


Libya: Thousands Detained in Libya Outside State Control

 

Photo: Iason Foounten/UN

A crowd of demonstrators protest the ongoing use of weapons by rebel militias inside of Tripoli and the accompanying atmosphere of lawlessness (file photo).

TripoliThousands of people in Libya remain locked up in militia prisons, outside of state control, more than two years after the revolution, according to a new UN report presented to the Security Council.

The report says many are suffering torture and mistreatment and calls the situation “unacceptable”.

“We have a big problem. But it is a problem we are trying to tackle,” Libya’s Justice Minister Salah Marghani, speaking after the report’s release, told IRIN.

“We haven’t given up. Even though the circumstances are challenging, we’re still pushing to improve the situation.”

The report estimates the number of conflict-related detainees is around 8,000, some held in facilities only “nominally” under the authority of the justice or defence ministries, and the rest by “armed brigades not affiliated with the State in any form.”

“I remain deeply concerned at the slow and insufficient progress in the transfer of detainees from the custody of armed brigades to the State,” said UN Secretary-General Ban Ki Moon‘s report, which updates the Security Council on the UN Support Mission in Libya.

The UN says it has gathered evidence suggesting that at least 10 deaths in custody this year were due to torture and that no one has yet been held accountable. It also says there is evidence of continuing torture in both government institutions and prisons beyond government control, something humanitarian organizations working in Libya back up.

“Right now, the only factor significantly bringing down the number of detainees being mistreated and tortured is the number of mass prison breaks that are taking place,” said Amnesty International researcher Magda Mughrabi.

Systematic abuse

“We’ve visited prisons where the abuse is systematic,” Mughrabi said. “Often militias come and go as they please, even in prisons that are supposed to be under government control. They’re better armed than the judicial police and treat prisoners however they want. In one detention facility, we even documented a case where a militia abducted a prisoner from within his jail cell.”

Amnesty International says it has found instances of detainees being beaten with hosepipes, set on fire and subjected to electric shocks. Detainees also told the organization they had received cuts to the genitals and were sprayed in the eyes with insect repellent.

“We are still in a state of revolutions,” said Justice Minister Marghani. “You can see the amount of weapons that are spread around. The amount of control you can have in this situation is limited.”

Marghani says many of the 10,000 former rebels who have been integrated into the judicial police have only had basic training, and this is something Libya is trying to combat with the assistance of the international community.

“We’ve got a good programme to train prison guards in place, including an in-house advisor from the UK here in the Justice Ministry. But our capacity is limited.”

The UN Support Mission in Libya, along with the UK and the European Union, is providing training to prison guards and the judiciary, but according to the World Organisation Against Torture (WOAT), an organization that runs some of the training programmes, the current level of assistance is not enough to initiate whole-scale transformation.

 

Governing under duress

 

Prison reform is only one of a number of initiatives currently on standby in Libya as the security situation worsens and the country’s political and judiciary systems struggle.

Libya’s congress is gridlocked over discussions on how to create the country’s constitution, and the UN Secretary-General’s report warns of a deterioration in the effectiveness of the country’s transitional government.

Conflicting interests and views of political and regional forces in the country, reflected in the General National Congress, may have compromised its effectiveness as a legislative body and its standing in the eyes of many Libyans. This has had an undeniable impact on the stability of the political process and has hindered the government in its ability to address the main problems facing the country.”

Militias are also helping to derail the political process by staging armed protests when it comes to key congressional decisions and have caused members of Libya’s congress to complain of being forced to vote under duress.

The threat of violence also hangs over the country’s judiciary.

Prosecutors have repeatedly gone on strike this year in the southwestern city of Sabha due to intimidation by armed groups, a situation that has been exacerbated by repeated break-outs from the city’s prison.

The UN says safety of judicial personnel remains a “serious concern” and warns that “the volatile security situation continues to pose an obstacle to the establishment of a fully functioning judicial system.” It cites several attacks on prosecutors and judges as well as bomb attacks on courthouses in Benghazi and Sirte.

 

No negotiating power

 

The fragile security situation also means that Libya’s government is in a weak position when it comes to negotiating with large brigades, which continue to hold prisoners outside of the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Justice and Ministry of Defence.

One of the biggest armed groups holding prisoners beyond state control is the Supreme Security Committee (SSC), a force parallel to the official army that was created out of the remnants of a number of revolutionary brigades. It is funded and armed by the government and has two prisons at its Tripoli headquarters.

Attempts to force it to hand over detainees have resulted in repeated raids on the Justice Ministry and the intimidation of politicians.

“The SSC shouldn’t have prisons,” said Marghani. “We don’t consider these legitimate. They should hand over those people to the government so they can get real justice.”

source: allafrica.com/stories

 Editor’s opinion: One thing that this article does not say clearly is that the MILITIA’s are governing the country and not the puppet government. The strong MILITIAS ARE: MUSLIM BROTHERHOOD, LIFG, AL-QAEDA, NAWASI, ANSAR SHARIA all of them in my opinion are controlled by CIA/MOSSAD which gives orders to the government what to do, if they don’t like a new law they bomb the place or intimidate them with whatever means possible.