Migrants held in Libya say they were hung from trees, whipped – Now This is the reality of Todays Libya


Migrants held in Libya say they were hung from trees, whipped – Now This is the reality of Today’s Libya

 

Human Rights Watch documents horrific abuse claims by migrants in detention centres run by the Libyan government. ****(Well if HRW had done its job correctly from the beginning instead of helping the Western Media with its respective governments We the Libyans wouldn’t be in this situation)

Migrants wait to disembark from an Italian navy ship in Sicily, Italy, in May. The world is currently experiencing the biggest movement of migrants since the Second World War.

CARMELO IMBESI / THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Migrants wait to disembark from an Italian navy ship in Sicily, Italy, in May. The world is currently experiencing the biggest movement of migrants since the Second World War.

By:  Staff Reporter, Published on Thu Jul 03 2014

 

Refugees hung, upside down, from trees and whipped. Migrant women and girls strip-searched and violated. Dozens crammed into tiny cells with blocked and overflowing toilets.

Those are some of the horrific conditions facing migrants in Libyan detention centres, according to Human Rights Watch, which documented abuses in eight of 19 facilities run by the Libyan government.

The migrants in these holding facilities are often fleeing conflict or poverty in Africa and are trying to escape, in boats, across the Mediterranean to the European Union.

In eight of the centres, 93 detainees, including boys as young as 14, told researchers from Human Rights Watch that they were regularly assaulted — beaten with iron rods or rifle butts, whipped with cables and hoses, burned by cigarettes, kicked and punched, shot with tasers, probed with electric shocks and hung upside down and beaten.

“We were shocked at the level of extreme violence used by guards against defenceless migrants and asylum seekers,” said Hanan Salah, a researcher for Human Rights Watch in Tripoli, the Libyan capital. ***(she was shocked? really? when she was reporting that Qaddafi gave VIAGRA to his army so that they could rape which was then denied by HRW but the harm was already done she was not shocked? she was not shocked when the ratverments were killing everything that moved on two legs whether a child or an adult? she was not shocked when the ratverments were killing in the thousands innocent Libyan people? she was not shocked when she covered up all the ratverments rapes done to our Libyan sisters? she was not shocked when Sirt was bombarded from air, ground and sea killing thousands? she was not shocked when Sirte and Ban Walid was in siege and they didn’t bother to help them? she was not shocked when in both cities mentioned white phosphorus and depleted uranium was bombed from the sky? She was not shocked when she lied through her teeth that the mass graves of handcuffed dead soldiers were killed by the ratverments only to come a year later 2012 to admit that yes the ratverments did it.? Hanah Salah and her colleagues are also responsible for this mess, they are also responsible for not doing their job from the beginning of this ILLEGAL war. They should be hanged from the trees for causing this chaos.)

“The stench, filth and overcrowding in some of the detention facilities was almost unbearable at times,” she said, adding HRW researchers “found rampant ill treatment, torture and unfavourable conditions for men, women and children in eight out of nine centres visited, which included beatings, whipping with cables, electric shocks and intrusive body searches.”

Some of the violence used against the detainees was a “form of ‘punishment’” for attempts to flee, but mostly there was “no apparent reason” for it, she said.

Many of the migrants in Libya are on their way to Italy before heading to other destinations in the EU.

The world is currently experiencing the biggest movement of migrants since the Second World WarBy the end of 2013, 51.2 million people were forcibly displaced because of war, persecution, violence and human rights violations, the United Nations reported last June in the UN High Commission For Refugees Global Trends report. Raging conflicts and turmoil in parts of Africa, Syria, Iraq and Afghanistan are mainly behind the exodus. ***(and who is responsible for this? U.S.A. UK, FRANCE, ISRAEL, UN AND HUMAN RIGHTS WATCH.)

In 2014, Italy experienced a record level of refugees seeking asylum. Nearly 42,000 fled to Italy in the first four months of 2014, according to the EU border agency Frontex. More than half of those migrants came from Libya, said HRW in a recent statement issued before the release of a wider report on the Libyan situation.

Italy and the EU financially support many of the detention centres and the Libyan agencies working within them. That money — nearly 12 million euros over the next four years — should be immediately suspended until the UN can ascertain that the torture has stopped, HRW says.

“Donors, in particular the EU and Italy, recipient of tens of thousands of migrants and asylum seekers coming on boats from North Africa, should immediately suspend all aid to migrant detention facilities until the Libyan authorities launch an investigation into these abuses and the UN is able to verify the abuses have stopped,” Salah said. ****(YES this is only words, where was she when we needed her? Drinking coffee with Sarkozy, Levi, Cameron and Obama.)

There are 19 official Libyan detention centres holding anywhere between 1,000 and 6,000 people. Human Rights Watch was allowed to visit nine of the facilities and to speak with 138 detainees; almost 100 of them reported some form of torture.

Researchers found up to 60 men and boys crammed into rooms as small as 30 square metres. They also witnessed hundreds of detainees kept in small rooms and corridors that were flooded with sewage from overflowing, blocked toilets, their statement said.

They discovered people detained in shipping containers, former veterinary centres and vacant government offices.

As one 27-year-old Somali man told the rights agency: “Since I came here (earlier this year) the guards attacked me twice. They whipped me with metal wire and beat and punched me all over my body. I also saw them hang four or five people upside-down from the tree outside the entrance door and then beat and whipped their feet and stomach.”

 

About these ads

“Israel Is A Monster”


“Israel Is A Monster”

“I was a Zionist”

Tzvia Thier at demonstration (Union Square, June 26, 2014) against Israeli raids in West Bank

The Truth of Libya (Finally) Goes Mainstream


The Truth of Libya (Finally) Goes Mainstream

Mustafa Abdul Jalil Head of False Libyan Revolution Admits Qaddafi did not Kill Protesters

Author: Eric Draitser

Editors note: The article admits that the Illegal war in Libya was a false flag, its what we have been saying since 2011 finally the truth is coming out and going into the mainstream. We the simple people have been writing about it from the beginning and the Mainstream was calling us conspirators, Qaddafi loyalists are some of the names that I can remember. Thanks to all the activists and bloggers who spent hours on end with no financial back up. We have been for the last three years laughed at, condemned at, some were prosecuted, some lost their lives and some are still in hiding as the Libyan Militias have put a price on our heads. I would like to thank the author and his colleagues who took the time to read our articles, videos etc and to decide to write an article about the truth. We still have a long way to go, but its a start.

99977

Sirt

 

More than three years after the US and its NATO allies unleashed an “intervention” and regime change in Libya, the US establishment admits they maybe have “got it wrong.” Naturally, there were many of us who were demonized endlessly for speaking out against that war, and against all those politicians, analysts, and “activists” on the left and right, who championed the “humanitarianism” of waging war on Libya. We were attacked as “soft on dictators,” “conspiracy theorists,” and “anti-Americans.” And yet, today it is our voices that still proclaim loudly the immorality and illegality of that war. Thankfully, it seems the establishment is beginning to hear us.

One of the most highly regarded politico-academic institutions in the US – the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University – has issued a report which undermines the established narrative of the war in Libya, laying bare the cold, hard reality of what Libya was at the outset of the war, what really happened in the early days, and what Libya has become today. Of course, responsibility for the tragic and lasting effects of that war should be laid at the feet of Obama, Cameron, Sarkozy, and the other participants, in addition to those media outlets and NGOs that deliberately spread lies about the reality on the ground in Libya. All must be held accountable.

Finally Seeing the Light?

The recent report, which is actually almost a year old, was written by Dr. Alan Kuperman, Associate Professor of Public Affairs at the University of Texas, Austin. Dr. Kuperman attempts to shed light on some of the key aspects of disinformation before and during the war in Libya. These important findings contradict every single justification for that war, from the lies and distortions of Samantha Power, Susan Rice, and Hillary Clinton, to the deluge of propaganda from so-called NGOs such as Human rights Watch and Amnesty International. By examining the obfuscations and outright lies told by these individuals and organs of soft power, Dr. Kuperman makes it quite clear that, just as with Iraq, the people of the United States (and much of the world) have been lied into yet another war.

One of the principal lies told about Libya and Gaddafi was the totally unsubstantiated claim of “massacres” by Gaddafi forces in Benghazi and a few other cities. This claim, perpetrated by Human Rights Watch among others, was repeated ad nauseam by every major media outlet. As Dr. Kuperman writes:

Contrary to Western media reports, Qaddafi did not initiate Libya’s violence by targeting peaceful protesters. The United Nations and Amnesty International have documented that in all four Libyan cities initially consumed by civil conflict in mid-February 2011—Benghazi, Al Bayda, Tripoli, and Misurata—violence was actually initiated by the protesters. The government responded to the rebels militarily but never intentionally targeted civilians or resorted to “indiscriminate” force, as Western media clai med. Early press accounts exaggerated the death toll by a factor of ten, citing “more than 2,000 deaths” in Benghazi during the initial days of the uprising, whereas Human Rights Watch (HRW) later documented only 233 deaths across all of Libya in that period.

These are indeed significant facts that merit further examination as they completely contradict the standard narrative of the war in Libya and, most importantly, the justifications for it. First and foremost is the question of who initiated violence. The talking points in Western media all through early 2011 held that Gaddafi was “murdering his own people,” and that this justified a humanitarian intervention, to “help the people of Benghazi.” However, the hitherto suppressed truth is that it was the violent “protesters” (who should rightly be referred to as terrorists within the protests) who actually initiated the violence, using protesters as human shields.

Secondly, the notion that Gaddafi’s forces intentionally targeted civilians has been thoroughly debunked. Quite the contrary, the evidence now shows that Gaddafi went to great lengths to make sure that no civilians were harmed in the counter-terrorism operation as can be evidenced by the fact that “Qaddafi avoided targeting civilians…HRW reports that of the 949 people wounded [in Misrata] in the rebellion’s initial seven weeks, only 30 were women or children, meaning that Qaddafi’s forces focused narrowly on combatants.” Rather than ordering the wanton killing of civilians, Gaddafi attempted to maintain discipline among his forces such that they could stamp out insurgency with as little collateral damage as possible.

Third is the simple fact that all death tolls reported by the media leading up to the war were not only inaccurate, but wildly exaggerated beyond the parameters of “margin of error.” In fact, by overestimating the death toll by a factor of ten, Human Rights Watch consciously played the part of public relations clearinghouse for US-NATO. Of course, Human Rights Watch, long since understood to be very cozy with the State Department, Pentagon and CIA, has become increasingly discredited in the eyes of serious human rights investigators and activists. The role of HRW in Libya exposed the organization in ways it had never been exposed before – as an organ of US soft power projection, working tirelessly to justify on humanitarian grounds what is undoubtedly a nakedly imperialist war.

Dr. Kuperman also points out another key aspect of the Western narrative which is a complete fiction, namely that US-NATO’s goal in waging the war was not regime change, but the protecting of civilians. As Kuperman writes:

The conventional wisdom is also wrong in asserting that NATO’s main goal in Libya was to protect civilians. Evidence reveals that NATO’s primary aim was to overthrow Qaddafi’s regime, even at the expense of increasing the harm to Libyans. NATO attacked Libyan forces indiscriminately, including some in retreat and others in Qaddafi’s hometown of Sirte, where they posed no threat to civilians. Moreover, NATO continued to aid the rebels even when they repeatedly rejected government cease-fire offers that could have ended the violence and spared civilians. Such military assistance included weapons, training, and covert deployment of hundreds of troops from Qatar, eventually enabling the rebels to capture and summarily execute Qaddafi and seize power in October 2011.

Indeed, the US and its allies abandoned the “protection of civilians” justification almost as soon as UNSC Resolution 1973 was passed, authorizing merely a No Fly Zone in Libya which the NATO forces took as a de facto authorization for total war. As Dr. Kuperman describes, NATO forces were clearly engaged in an air war to destroy the military and political institutions of the Gaddafi government, rather than simply protecting civilians and providing support to rebels. Indeed, the NATO forces became the primary driver of the campaign against Gaddafi, allowing the rebels to take territory and, I might add, carry out their massacres of civilians.

bp2Even Human Rights Watch, which vigorously suppressed the truth about ethnic cleansing carried out against black Libyans while it was happening, was forced to admit crimes against humanity in Libya, specifically the forced displacement of the Tawergha ethnic group. Naturally, these revelations came much too late to save the many innocent black Libyans, particularly in the Fezzan province, who were slaughtered by the rebels backed by US-NATO.

Kuperman’s report also highlights a number of other disastrous effects of the US-NATO war on Libya, including the civil war in Mali, the proliferation of weapons to terrorist groups throughout North Africa, and the general chaos and breakdown of all political, economic, and social institutions in Libya. Additionally, Kuperman notes that the US-NATO war prolonged significantly the war. He writes:

When NATO intervened in mid-March 2011, Qaddafi already had regained control of most of Libya, while the rebels were retreating rapidly toward Egypt. Thus, the conflict was about to end, barely six weeks after it started, at a toll of about 1,000 dead, including soldiers, rebels, and civilians caught in the crossfire. By intervening, NATO enabled the rebels to resume their attack, which prolonged the war for another seven months and caused at least 7,000 more deaths. ****(unfortunately it was not 7,000 deaths the number is a lot bigger to even for someone to grasp it. In these eight months the death toll arrived over 100 thousand people including women and children.)

This is a critical point to highlight. Even by the western investigation number of 7,000 – a gross underestimation in my view, the death toll is likely much higher – the US-NATO war led directly to at least 6,000 additional deaths in Libya. Far from “protecting civilians,” it seems US-NATO was too busy killing them.

While noting some of the critical points, Kuperman’s report also leaves out a number of other shameful outcomes of the war including the deliberate destruction of critical infrastructure (including the Great Man Made River Project), the oppression of women whose rights were protected under Gaddafi, the displacement of many black Libyans and Africans from other neighboring countries who had taken refuge and found employment in Gaddafi’s Libya, and many other deeply troubling developments.

Who Should Pay?

Because the entire narrative of the Libya war has been shown to be a fabrication of the State Department, CIA, International Criminal Court, NGOs and other appendages of US hard and soft power, the question of guilt and culpability comes into play. The United States, along with its allies, has been howling for Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, held illegally by the Zintan militia since 2011, to be taken to the International Criminal Court to be tried for war crimes. Now that both mainstream and non-mainstream, western and non-western sources have emerged to challenge this narrative, it’s time we start asking who in the West should be held to account.

First among the criminals must be high-ranking officials in the Obama administration, including former Secretary of State Hillary “We Came, We Saw, He Died” Clinton, and President Obama himself. Not only have they, and their subordinates, blatantly fabricated intelligence leading to an aggressive war (a crime against peace, the most serious of the Nuremburg charges), they deliberately misled the world as to the nature of their operation in Libya. Russia and China certainly feel betrayed by the US and its lies in the UN Security Council. But this is merely the tip of the iceberg.

What price should be paid by media organizations and NGOs deliberately spreading misinformation? Human Rights Watch and Amnesty International should face serious investigations into criminal negligence, or at least gross misconduct, in terms of their dissemination of lies – lies which were used as the prime justification for the war in terms of how it was sold to the people. Is it a crime to inflate by 1000% casualty figures, the end result of which is a justification for war? If not, it should be, as without such propaganda, the war could never have been sold to the public.

Media organizations, especially some ostensibly on the Left, should also be held to account for their misinformation and disinformation. Democracy Now is at the top of the list of guilty organizations. As Bruce Dixon, Managing Editor of Black Agenda Report, wrote at the height of the war:

So like every other Western reporter, Anjali Kamat [Democracy Now’s Libya correspondent] never saw any “mercenaries,” just their oversized bullets. She never saw any mass graves of the hundreds or thousands allegedly killed by Qaddafi’s “heavy machine gun fire” either, or that would be on Democracy Now too. It’s not. Nobody’s located the thousands of wounded survivors either, that must have been the result of shooting into crowds killing hundreds of people, and none of this has stopped Democracy Now from carrying the story just like Fox News or CNN or MSNBC…Something is really wrong with this picture. We have to wonder whether, at least as far as the war in Libya goes, whether Democracy Now is simply feeding us the line of corporate media, the Pentagon and the State Department rather than fulfilling the role of unembedded, independent journalists.

As Dixon points out, Democracy Now exhibited at the very least poor journalistic practice, and at worst, served as the left flank of the imperial propaganda machine. By faithfully reporting the “facts”, which have now been utterly discredited, Kamat and Democracy Now primed the pump of left progressive support for “humanitarian” war.

Of course, Democracy Now is not the only outlet that should be held responsible. All major media in the US obviously toed the US line on Libya. So too did Al Jazeera, the Qatari-owned news outlet which gained notoriety during the Bush years as a news outlet hostile to US policy in Iraq. However, by the time of the war in Libya, Al Jazeera had purged its staff of anyone truly critical of US foreign policy, particularly as it pertained to the “Arab Spring” narrative. In fact, insiders have told me that a wave of resignations, forced resignations, and firings at Al Jazeera coincided with the refusal by some of the more principled journalists to suppress the truth of what was happening in Libya. It would seem then that, rather than reporting the news, Al Jazeera, like its western counterparts, was more interested in serving power than challenging it.

In fact, Al Jazeera was the first news organization to report, and repeat ad nauseam, the lie that Gaddafi’s soldiers were systematically raping women in Benghazi, and that they had been issued Viagra by their commanding officers. This claim, repeated by Hillary Clinton, Susan Rice, UN Human Rights Commissioner Navi Pillay, and many others has since been debunked, with absolutely zero evidence ever surfacing to substantiate the allegation. And yet, it was one of the principal claims used to justify the indictment issued by Luis Moreno-Ocampo as head of the International Criminal Court. This fact, among many others, shows how the irresponsibility of Al Jazeera, and nearly every other journalistic and human rights organization, led directly to the war in Libya.

Sadly, it is unlikely that any of the parties responsible for the criminal and shameful war on Libya will ever be held to account for their crimes in a courtroom. However, they can be held to account in the court of public opinion. Their institutions must be discredited. Their names and faces must be known and repeated the world over. They all share responsibility for the misery inflicted on the innocent people of Libya. And we who have stood against this war from the beginning, we have been vindicated. Unfortunately, there is no solace to be found in a Libyan graveyard.

 

source: journal-neo.org

The Government of Libya fail to recover Tmanhunt military base and warplanes bombed southern Sabha, Libya


The Government of Libya fail to recover Tmanhunt military base and warplanes bombed southern Sabha, Libya

alt

 

Failed militias, the Libyan government to extend its control over the base Tmanhunt military, which lies in the center of Libya and the northern city of Sabha about 30 km, which seized control of the al-Qaeda forces popular trace Libyan tribes, despite the military build large carried out by the Libyan government in order to recover the military base, but It failed to do so catastrophic failure, and suffered great losses in its ranks, where their  field commander got killed, “Ali Triki,” ordered the battalion leopard that Chen Tmanhunt attack on the base, was also killed dozens and injured hundreds of militias between yesterday and today.

As fighter jets bombed the Libyan city of Sabha south of the Libyan capital, killing 10 people and destroying the walls of the historic Castle Sabha and the destruction of homes of citizens.

In a related development, the International Red Cross warned of a humanitarian catastrophe in the south of Libya, after the Libyan government has prevented the passage of humanitarian aid to the cities of the south of Libya against it.

Due to the policy of opacity and mute the other, the National Congress to issue a decision restricting the freedom of the press and the media. Where the lock many channels Libyan transporting what is going on massacres and criminality against the sons of the Libyan people, and warned the organization Human Rights Watch said the decision was null and void and the defendant to ridicule, and advised the Libyan government, which claims it came from the womb of what they claim he revolutionized desist from restricting freedom of opinion and erase them.

source: jana-news.marocprof.net

Libya: 6 Months On, Scant Action on Protester Killings


Libya: 6 Months On, Scant Action on Protester Killings

 

Failures in Police Protection, Lack of Accountability of Militias

(Tripoli) – Libyan authorities should urgently announce the results of promised investigations into at least two deadly clashes between protesters and militias during 2013. The clashes killed dozens of people and injured hundreds.

Six months after 32 people died in Benghazi on June 8, 2013, in what came to be known as “Black Saturday,” the authorities have made no known arrests, have been silent on the identities of any suspects, and seem unwilling to conduct a thorough and impartial investigation, Human Rights Watch said. In the second clash, on November 15 in Tripoli, at least 46 people died and 500 were injured.

“The authorities urgently need to work out a feasible plan to question witnesses and militia members in connection with these deadly attacks on protesters,” said Sarah Leah Whitson, Middle East and North Africa director at Human Rights Watch. “It’s bad enough the authorities seem to be powerless to defend Libyan citizens, but they need to make greater efforts to investigate the deaths of dozens of people.”

On June 8, demonstrators gathered in Benghazi in front of the headquarters of a militia, the Libya Shield Forces 1, demanding that its members clear out of the city. Militia members fired on the protesters, and the resulting exchange of fire, including heavy weapons and anti-aircraft weapons, killed 32 people and injured dozens. Members of the army special forces, al-Sa’iqa, were present and, according to witnesses, participated in the exchange of fire, but the government has yet to clarify their role in the incident.

On June 9, Libya’s General National Congress (GNC) called on the general prosecutor, Abdelqader Radwan, to investigate the Benghazi incident and bring those responsible to justice. In a meeting with Human Rights Watch on December 5, Alaejeili Teitesh, the head of the General Prosecutor’s Office, said the investigation is “ongoing,” but provided no concrete details. Six months after the killings, there is no indication that the authorities have identified, interrogated, or detained any suspects in connection with the killings.

The government has also apparently been slow to investigate the large-scale attack on protesters in Tripoli on November 15. Militias, mainly from the city of Misurata, fired heavy weapons at what appeared to be a largely peaceful protest. The ensuing clashes resulted in the killing of at least 46 people and wounding of 500. Witnesses told Human Rights Watch that the police and military police were present, accompanying the organized demonstration, yet failed to intervene.

Almost three weeks later, Teitesh told Human Rights Watch that, based on a general prosecutor’s decision [No. 265/2013], a seven-member prosecution committee, headed by Tripoli Appeals Court Attorney General Omar Zinbeel, had opened an investigation into 47 deaths.

He said the committee was analyzing videos obtained from monitoring cameras adjacent to the where clashes took place and planned to issue arrest warrants “no matter who the perpetrators are,” after it finished collecting evidence and statements from witnesses. In addition, according to media reports, it appears that a militia unit in Tripoli is detaining at least one suspect, Abdelmajid al-Drat, a member of a Misurata militia based in Gharghour, in connection with the incident. But there is no indication that the Libyan authorities have interrogated or officially detained any other suspects.

According to media reports, other militia commanders and militia members who were involved in the attacks left Tripoli after the events and returned to Misurata. There is no confirmation of how many people Misurata militias detained during the clashes, or their whereabouts.“Militias have been able to defy the government and enjoy de-facto immunity from prosecution for two years now,” Whitson said, “Libya’s future stability is at risk unless there is a concerted effort by the Libyan authorities to change that and start indicting wrongdoers.

For background on the militias, the security forces’ role, and the security issues involved, please see below.

Role of Security Forces
The government has given no indication that it is investigating the failure of Libyan security forces to protect protesters even though the security forces were present at both protests.

In the June 2013 clashes in Benghazi, the Army Special Forces were present during the clashes, according to witnesses, and allegedly only intervened after numerous casualties.

In last month’s clashes in Tripoli, units of both the civil and the military police were present during the demonstration and remained in the vicinity once clashes broke out. But they failed to intervene to protect protesters or to arrest people firing at seemingly unarmed citizens at the beginning of the demonstrations, before clashes broke out. Prime Minister Ali Zeidan said the security forces were powerless to confront the militias during the Tripoli attacks, and that the militias had out-powered the security forces.

The government deployed the police and army to the streets of Tripoli only days after the November 15 killings in an effort to re-establish security, though only after the militias that had occupied Tripoli neighborhoods and military bases began to leave the city.

The government’s human rights responsibilities include the duty to secure the rights to life and to security of all people within its territory or jurisdiction. This includes taking reasonable steps to protect people from identifiable or predictable threats to their lives.

The Militia Problem
Hundreds of militias with varying regional, ideological, religious, political, and economic agendas have continued to operate with impunity since the end of the uprising against Muammar Gaddafi in 2011. They have killed, tortured, harassed, and arbitrarily detained hundreds of Libyans without any known prosecutions against any member of a militia.

Successive interim authorities have been either unable or unwilling to curb militia abuses or to prosecute those responsible for serious crimes. Despite repeated promises, the authorities have also failed to disband militias and integrate sufficient numbers of militiamen deemed eligible after individual vetting under government authority into the official security forces. Contrary to their stated commitments, interim authorities have contracted with and paid militias to operate as paramilitary forces parallel to the government, including them in operations reserved for state security forces under Libyan law, such as arrests and detention.

A GNC decree authorized the “Libya Revolutionaries Operations Room,” a coalition of powerful militias, to protect Tripoli. However, this coalition includes militias previously implicated in attacks on protesters.

The GNC has issued numerous decrees aimed at disbanding the country’s militias, but the government has been slow to carry them out. On November 12, the GNC issued Decree 87/2013, calling on the head of the government to carry out two previous decrees (27/2013 and 53/2013) that called on the government to clear “illegitimate” armed formations from cities and merge all armed formations that have gained legitimacy into state security forces.

Decree 27/2013 authorized the government to use all necessary means, including military force, to clear Tripoli of “illegitimate” armed groups. It also ordered armed groups operating under the umbrella of the Defense and Interior Ministries to leave the city boundaries and move to specific locations in the outskirts.

The GNC issued Decree 53/ 2013 on June 9, in the wake of the Benghazi killings. The decree calls on the head of the government to “clear” all areas in Libya of illegitimate armed formations using all necessary means, including military power. It also orders the head of government to produce a plan to merge all members of armed formations with “legitimacy” into state security forces individually, rather than by militia group, and to issue them official army serial numbers. The deadline for carrying out this decree is December 31.

After the November 12 clashes, the GNC reiterated its call for implementation of Decrees 27 and 53 by December 31. Libya’s current Minister of Electricity, Ali Muheirig, is tasked with the implementation of these Decrees.

On December 3, Prime Minister Zeidan announced the formation of another committee made up of several ministers including former Interior Minister Ashour Shwail, and headed by Higher Education Minister Mohamed Abu-Bakr, to work on carrying out Decree 53 in the city of Benghazi.

None of these decrees propose a mechanism for the handover of weapons by militias or mention accountability for militia crimes. Nor do they foresee a mechanism to handover detainees held by militias to the government, Human Rights Watch said.

Libyan authorities should at least start issuing arrest warrants for militia members suspected of crimes and for their commanders, to put them on notice that the authorities will no longer tolerate impunity, Human Rights Watch said. The non-existent prosecution in the last two years now stands in the way of Libya’s bid to embrace the rule of law.

Libya’s international partners, including countries that participated in the NATO campaign in 2011 against pro-Gaddafi forces, have done little to follow through with a coordinated restructuring policy, based on basic protection of human rights and ending of international crimes.

The United Nations Security Council has remained largely apathetic about militia abuses, including crimes against humanity, despite Libya’s obligations to “prevent and investigate violations and abuses of human rights” as stipulated in UN Security Council Resolution 2095, adopted on March 14.

Some countries, including the US, UK, France, Italy, and Turkey, have announced their readiness to train militia members for a future “General Purpose Force.” But they have yet to establish screening procedures to ensure that militia members who are trained for this force have not committed serious crimes, including unlawful killings and torture. Despite some support to Libya’s institutions, Libya’s allies did little to support Libya in setting up a functioning justice system, including independent prosecutors and judges that have the capacity to arrest and try the most serious perpetrators.

The International Criminal Court has ongoing jurisdiction over crimes against humanity committed in Libya since February 15, 2011, taking into account, among other factors, whether the Libyan authorities are willing and able to prosecute those responsible for these crimes.

source: hrw.org